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Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois
Regent of the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza
Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois, Duchess of Parma, around 1840
Tenure 27 March 1854 – 9 June 1859
Spouse Charles III, Duke of Parma
Margherita, Duchess of Madrid
Robert I, Duke of Parma
Alice, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Henry, Count of Bardi
Full name
French: Louise Marie Thérèse
Father Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry
Mother Princess Caroline Ferdinande of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Born 21 September 1819(1819-09-21)
Élysée-Bourbon Palace, Paris, Kingdom of France
Died 1 February 1864 (aged 44)
Palazzo Giustinian, Venice, Lombardy-Venetia, Austrian Empire
Burial Kostanjevica Monastery, Nova Gorica, Slovenia

Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois (21 September 1819 – 1 February 1864, was the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, younger son of King Charles X of France and his wife Princess Caroline Ferdinande of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies.

As the granddaughter of the king, Louise was a petite-fille de France. Her younger brother, Henri, duc de Bordeaux, was King of France and of Navarre from 2 to 9 August 1830, and afterwards the Legitimist Pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883.



Louise's father died when she was five months old. When her grandfather abdicated in 1830, Louise joined the rest of her immediate family in exile, eventually settling in Austria.

On 10 November 1845, at Schloss Frohsdorf in Austria, Louise married Ferdinando Carlo, Hereditary Prince of Lucca, known as Charles III, Duke of Parma and Piacenza after 1849.

When her husband died in 1854, Louise served as Regent for their young son, the new duke Robert I. Like the other rulers of the Central Italian states, she and her son were ousted during the Franco-Austrian War of 1859, and they retired to Austrian protection in Venice.

Various schemes following the war either for her and her son's restoration in Parma, or territorial swaps which might leave them ruling over Tuscany, Modena, or the Romagna, came to nothing, as the whole of central Italy was annexed by Piedmont in March 1860. Louise lived out the remainder of her life in exile.

Louise died on 1 February 1864 at the age of forty-four in the Palazzo Giustinian in Venice. She was buried in her grandfather Charles X's crypt at the Franciscan monastery Kostanjevica in Goritz, Austria (now Nova Gorica, Slovenia).

Other members of the French Royal Family buried there include her brother Henri, comte de Chambord, her aunt Marie-Thérèse Charlotte de France, and her uncle Louis-Antoine, Duke of Angoulême.


Ferdinando Carlo and Louise had four children:

Carlos, Duke of Madrid, Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne, had issue.
Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria), had issue.
Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal (daughter of King Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg), had issue.
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, had issue.
Princess Maria Luisa Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria).
Infanta Adelgundes of Portugal, Duchess of Guimarães (daughter of King Miguel of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg).



Louise Marie Thérèse d'Artois
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 21 September 1819 Died: 1 February 1864
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy
Duchess consort of Parma and Piacenza
19 April 1848–27 March 1854
Succeeded by
Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Titular Duchess consort of Parma and Piacenza
Preceded by
Charles III
Duchess regent of Parma and Piacenza
27 March 1854–1859
Succeeded by
Robert I


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