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Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily: Wikis

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Luisa
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
Luisa Maria by Joseph Dorffmeister in 1797
Spouse Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Issue
Archduchess Caroline
Archduke Francis Leopold
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Archduchess Maria Louisa Josepha
Maria Theresa, Queen of Sardinia
Full name
Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa di Napoli e Sicilia
House House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Mother Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria
Born 27 July 1773(1773-07-27)
Royal Palace[1], Naples, Kingdom of Naples
Died 19 September 1802 (aged 29)
Hofburg Imperial Palace[1], Vienna, Holy Roman Empire

Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Naples and Sicily, Grand Duchess Consort of Tuscany (Naples, 27 July 1773 - Vienna, 19 September 1802) was a Princess of the Naples and Sicily and wife of the third Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Contents

Biography

Luisa Maria Amelia Teresa di Napoli e Sicilia was born at the Royal Palace in Naples, her father was the future King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife, born Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria; her paternal grandparents were Charles III of Spain and his Saxon wife Maria Amalia of Saxony; her maternal grandparents were Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Austria. She was one of 18 children, 7 of which survived into adulthood.

On 15 August 1790, she married her double first cousin, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria. The wedding ceremony took place in Florence. Florence was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany which had been ruled by her husband since the beginning of the year. Her husband ruled the Grand Duchy till 1801, when in the Treaty of Aranjuez, he was forced by Napoleon to make way for the Kingdom of Etruria.

The couple went into exile and lived in Vienna which was the capital of the Austrian Empire which was ruled by Archduke Ferdinand's older brother, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor; later on Ferdinand was compensated by being given the secularized lands of the Archbishop of Salzburg as Grand-Duke of Salzburg.

Maria Luisa died in childbirth the next year at the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna; the princess is buried in the Imperial Crypt with her stillborn son in her arms. Her husband outlived her by 23 years, had his Tuscan title revived in 1814 after the title having been held by Elisa Bonaparte; he also married again on 6 May 1821 to Princess Maria Anna of Saxony; there was no issue from this marriage.

Issue

Their children were:

  1. Archduchess Carolina Ferdinanda Teresa (Carolina Ferdinanda Theresia) (Florence, 2 August 1793 - Vienna, 5 January 1802)
  2. Archduke Francesco Leopoldo of Tuscany (Franz Leopold) (Florence, 15 December 1794 - Vienna, 18 March 1800)
  3. Archduke Leopold Johann Joseph Franz Ferdinand Karl of Tuscany (1797 - 1870), Grand Duke of Tuscany between 1824-1859; married first Princess Maria Anna of Saxony and had issue; then married secondly his first cousin Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies and had issue; it is through the latter line that the present titular rulers of the Two-Sicilies are descended;
  4. Archduchess Maria Luisa Giuseppa Cristina Rosa of Tuscany (Florence, 30 August 1799 - Florence, 15 June 1857)
  5. Archduchess Maria Teresa Franziska Josepha Johanna Benedikta of Tuscany (1801 - 1855). Married Charles Albert of Sardinia and had iissue; present Italian pretender Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples is a descendnt of Maria Luisa;
  6. Archduke X of Tuscany (1802 - 1802), stillborn

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b [1]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

  • 27 July 1773 - 15 August 1790 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Luisa of Naples and Sicily, Infanta of Spain
  • 15 August 1790 - 19 September 1802 Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia etc
    • 1801 - 19 September 1802 Titular Grand Duchess

External links

Titles


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