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Princess Sophia
Full name
Sophia Matilda
House House of Hanover
Father George III of Great Britain
Mother Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Born 2 November 1777(1777-11-02)
Buckingham Palace, London
Died 27 May 1848 (aged 70)
Kensington Palace, London
Burial Kensal Green Cemetery, London

The Princess Sophia (Sophia Matilda; 2 November 1777 – 27 May 1848) was a member of the British Royal Family, the twelfth child and fifth daughter of George III.

Contents

Early life

The Princess Sophia was born at Buckingham Palace, London. Her father was the reigning British monarch, George III, the eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. Her mother was Queen Charlotte (née Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz). The young princess was christened on 1 December 1777 in the Great Council Chamber at St James's Palace by Frederick Cornwallis, The Archbishop of Canterbury. Her godparents were Prince August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (her first cousin once-removed), The Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (her first cousin twice-removed) and The Duchess of Mecklenburg (wife of her first cousin once-removed), all of whom were represented by proxies.[1]

Adulthood

Princess Sophia.jpg

Like most of her other sisters, Princess Sophia was forced to live her life as a companion of her mother, Queen Charlotte. The Princesses were not allowed to mix with anyone outside the Royal Court.

During her life there were various rumours about her alleged incestous relationship with her brother, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland who later became the King of Hanover. It is unclear whether there was truth to these rumours, or whether they were circulated by Whigs to damage the Duke, who was an extreme Tory and influential in the House of Lords.

Some historians contend that, in 1800, she gave birth to an illegitimate child who was possibly fathered by Thomas Garth, her father's chief equerry. Flora Fraser adheres to that theory, and has questioned whether the child was fathered by Garth or her brother the Duke of Cumberland.[2]. However, Anthony Camp challenges the belief that she had a child and provides a detailed summary of the available evidence[3]

Later life

She lived in Kensington Palace during her later years, next to her niece Princess Victoria. As a result, Princess Sophia was one of the few paternal relatives that Victoria saw often. Like her sister-in-law, Sophia fell under the spell of Sir John Conroy and let him manage her money. After having been blind for over ten years, Princess Sophia died on 27 May 1848 at Vicarage Place, Kensington in London. She was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery in London rather than at Windsor Castle, as she wished to be near her brother, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex. After her death, it was discovered that Conroy had squandered most of her money, and that the Princess had virtually no estate to leave.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

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Titles and styles

  • 2 November 1777 – 27 May 1848: Her Royal Highness The Princess Sophia

Arms

As of 1789, as a daughter of the sovereign, Sophia had use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a heart gules, the outer points each bearing a rose gules.[4]

Ancestors

References

External links

Further reading

  • Fraser, Flora. Princesses: The Six Daughters of George III. 2004. London: John Murray, 2005. ISBN 0-7195-6109-4

Simple English

Princess Sophia
Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom
File:Princess
Full name
Sophia Matilda
Titles and styles
HRH The Princess Sophia
Royal house House of Hanover
Father George III
Mother Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Born 2 November 1777(1777-11-02)
Buckingham Palace, London
Baptised St James's Palace, London
Died May 27, 1848 (aged 70)
Kensington Palace, London
Burial Kensal Green Cemetery, London
The Princess Sophia (Sophia Matilda; 2 November 1777 – 27 May 1848) was the fifth daughter of George III and Queen Charlotte.

Ancestors

Princess Sophia of the United Kingdoms ancestors in three generations
Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom Father:
George III of the United Kingdom
Paternal Grandfather:
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Paternal Great-grandfather:
George II of Great Britain
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Caroline of Ansbach
Paternal Grandmother:
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Mother:
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Maternal Grandfather:
. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Prince of Mirow
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
Maternal Grandmother:
Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach

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