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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Principal may refer to:

Contents

Business

  • Principal: a high-ranking person within a company, enterprise, or partnership, especially one with a stake as a partner, or possessing a management hierarchical status

Economics/Finance

  • Principal sum, the original amount of a debt or investment on which interest is calculated, as distinguished from interest earned on that asset

Education

The head of an educational institution:

Law

  • Principal (commercial law), a person who authorises an agent to act to create a legal relationship with a third party
  • Principal (criminal law), one (or more) primary actor(s) in a criminal offense for which other actors may be criminally liable as accomplices, accessories or conspirators

Science

Performing arts and music

  • Organ stop on a pipe organ
  • A musician in an orchestra who either plays the first part (wind instruments), or who sits in the first chair and leads a section (of string instruments) in playing the same part
  • A performer in an opera or musical who takes a more or less prominent part in the action, and sings solo or in small ensembles
  • Ballet: The first-ranked dancers of a ballet company.
  • The lead in a play or film is often to referred to as the "principal".

Other uses


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PRINCIPAL, a person or thing first, or chief in rank or importance, or, more widely, prominent, leading. The Lat. adj. principalis, first, chief, original, also princely, is formed from princeps, the first, chief, prince, from Primus, first, and capere to hold. In Late Lat. principalis was used as a substitute for an overseer or superintendent, and also for the chief magistrate of a municipality (Symmachus, 9, 1). It is a common title for the head of educational institutions, universities, colleges and schools. It is thus used of the director, of some of the heads of newer universities in England, e.g. London and Birmingham, always so in Scotland, and frequently combined with the vice-chancellorship. At the university of Oxford the name occurs twice as the title of the head of a college, viz. of Brasenose and Jesus. It was always used of the heads of halls, of which St Edmund Hall alone remains. It is also the designation used of the head of the newer theological or denominational colleges, and also of the women's colleges. At Cambridge it does not occur. In law, it is used in distinction from "accessory," for the person who actually commits the crime, "principal in the first degree," or who is present, aiding and abetting at the commission of the crime,"principal in the second degree;" and also for the person for whom another acts by his authority (see Principal And Agent below). Finally as a shortened form of "principal sum," "principal money," &c., the term is used of the original sum lent or invested upon which interest is paid, and so, widely of any capital sum, as opposed to interest or income derived from it.


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Simple English

Not to be confused with principle.

A principal is a person who is in charge of something. The person is usually in charge of a school, or a research project, or a business.








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