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Principality of Lippe: Wikis

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Fürstentum Lippe
Principality of Lippe
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
Duchy of Saxony
1123–1918
Flag Coat of arms
Lippe within the German Empire
Capital Detmold
Government Principality
History
 - Established 1123
 - Raised to County 1528
 - Raised to Principality 1789
 - German Revolution 1918
Map of Lippe in 1918.

Lippe (later Lippe-Detmold) was a historical state in Germany. It was located between the Weser River and the southeast part of the Teutoburg forest.

Contents

History

The founder of Lippe was Bernhard I who received a grant of the territory from the Holy Roman Emperor Lothair III in 1123, Bernhard I assumed the title of Lord of Lippe. Bernhard's successors inherited or obtained several counties. Lord Simon V was the first ruler of Lippe to style himself Count.

Following the death of Count Simon VI in 1613, Lippe was split into three counties with Lippe-Detmold going to Count Simon VII, Lippe-Brake going to Count Otto and Lippe-Alverdissen going to Count Philip. The Lippe-Brake county was reunited with the main Detmold line in 1709. Another branch of the family was founded by Count Jobst Herman a son of Count Simon VII, who was founder of the Lippe-Biesterfeld line.

The Counts of Lippe-Detmold were granted the title prince of the empire in 1789.

Shortly after becoming a member state of the German Empire in 1871, the Lippe-Detmold line died out on 20 July 1895. This resulted in an inheritance dispute between the neighbouring principality of Schaumburg-Lippe and the Lippe-Biesterfeld line. The dispute was resolved by the Imperial Court in Leipzig in 1905, with the lands passing to the Lippe-Biesterfeld line who, until this point, had no territorial sovereignty.

The Principality of Lippe came to an end on November 12, 1918 with the abdication of Prince Leopold IV with Lippe becoming a Free State.

Lords of Lippe

  • Bernard I (1123–1158)
  • Herman I (1128–1167)
  • Bernard II (1168–1196)
  • Herman II (1196–1229)
  • Bernard III (1230–1265)
  • Herman III (1265–1273)
  • Bernard IV (1285–1275)
  • Simon I (1273–1344)
  • Simon II (1344)
  • Otto (1344–1360)
  • Bernard V (1344–1364)
  • Simon III (1360–1410)
  • Bernard VI (1410–1415)
  • Simon IV (1415–1429)
  • Bernard VII (1429–1511)
  • Simon V (1511–1536)

Raised to County to 1536.

Counts of Lippe (-Detmold from 1613)

  • Simon V (1511–1536)
  • Bernard VIII (1536–1563)
  • Simon VI (1563–1613)
  • Simon VII (1613–1627)
  • Simon Louis (1627–1636)
  • Simon Philip (1636–1650)
  • John Bernard (1650–1652)
  • Herman Adolphus (1652–1665)
  • Simon Henry (1665–1697)
  • Frederick Adolphus (1697–1718)
  • Simon Henry Adolphus (1718–1734)
  • Simon Augustus (1734–1782)
  • Leopold I (1782–1789)

Raised to Principality 1789.

Princes of Lippe

Monarchy abolished 1918.

Heads of the House of Lippe

Heir Stephan, Hereditary Prince of Lippe (born 1959)

References

External links

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