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Кнежевина Србија
Kneževina Srbija
Principality of Serbia

 

1817–1882
Flag Coat of Arms
Principality of Serbia after Berlin Congress in 1878
Capital Kragujevac1
Belgrade
Government Principality
History
 - Recognized by Porte 18172 1817
 - Statehood Day February 15, 18353
 - Internationally recognized July 13, 18784
 - Raised to Kingdom 1882

1 Moved to Belgrade in 1838
2 De jure in the 1830 Hatt-i Sharif.
3 Outbreak of Serbian revolution/ First Constitution adopted
4 De facto independent since 1867, de jure by the Treaty of Berlin

The Serbian Principality (Serbian: Кнежевина Србија, Kneževina Srbija) was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian revolution which lasted between 1804 and 1817. Its creation was negotiated first through an unwritten agreement between the leader of the Second Serbian Uprising Miloš Obrenović and Ottoman official Marashli Pasha (1817), which formally ended the Serbian revolution. It was followed by the series of legal documents published by the Porte in 1828, 1829 and finally, 1830- the Hatt-i Sharif.

Contents

History

Despite serious and extremely brutal oppression and revenge by the Ottoman authorities (that was especially evident between the revolutions), first Karađorđe and then Miloš Obrenović, the revolutionary leaders, succeeded in their goal to liberate Serbia after centuries of Turkish rule. Turkish authorities acknowledged the state in 1830 by the charter known as the Hatisherif, and Miloš became a hereditary prince of the Serbian Principality.

At first, the principality included only the territory of the former Pashaluk of Belgrade, but in 1831-1833 it expanded to the east, south, and west. In 1867 the Ottoman army was expelled from the Principality, securing its de facto independence.[1] A new Constitution in 1869 defined Serbia as an independent state. Serbia was further expanded to the south-east in 1878, when it won full international recognition at the Treaty of Berlin. The Principality would last until 1882 when it was raised to the level of the Kingdom of Serbia.

Rulers

The Principality was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty, except for a period under Prince Aleksandar of the Karađorđević dynasty. Princes Miloš and Mihailo Obrenović each reigned twice.

List of princes of the principality:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://globalanalyst.org/uploads/Yugo_ethnic.pdf

External links

Maps

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