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For pre-1949 Conservative parties see Conservative parties in Newfoundland (pre-Confederation)

Progressive Conservative Party of Newfoundland and Labrador
Leader Danny Williams
President John Babb
Founded 1949
Headquarters 49-55 Elizabeth Avenue

P.O. Box 8551
St. John's, NL

A1B 3P2
Ideology Progressive Conservatism,
Red Toryism
Official colours Blue
Seats in the House of Commons 42
Website
http://www.pcparty.nf.net
Politics of Canada
Political parties
Elections

The Progressive Conservative Party of Newfoundland and Labrador is a centre-right political party in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Contents

Formation

The party originated as the Responsible Government League, which campaigned against Newfoundland joining Canadian confederation. The League lost the 1949 referendum, and Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. Following the defeat, the League aligned itself with the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, and adopted its name. Responsible Government Leader Peter Cashin was recruited to lead the party into the 1951 general election winning five seats before quitting in 1953.

In opposition

The Tories remained in the political wilderness for over two decades after Confederation. Its support was confined to Roman Catholic communities on the Avalon peninsula outside of St. John's, which had been anti-Confederation strongholds in 1940. The party was unable to win more than seven seats in the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly until the 1970s.

By 1969, Liberal Premier Joey Smallwood had grown autocratic in power and intolerant of opposition within his party. John Crosbie and a number of young Liberals defected to the Tories and revitalised the party, making it a credible force for the first time.

In 1971, the party won one more seat than the Liberals in elections to the House of Assembly, but Smallwood refused to resign. New elections were held in 1972, and the Tories finally defeated Smallwood and formed a government under Frank Moores.

In government

The Tories supported democratic reforms and reorganised the government to give cabinet ministers greater responsibility over their departments. The Moores government continued Smallwood's megaprojects, while pressuring the federal government to give the province more control over its natural resources.

The fight over resources, particularly offshore oil, became a major part of the Tory platform in the latter half of the twentieth century, and was continued by Brian Peckford when he succeeded Moores in 1979.

Developments and ideology

During the Constitutional negotiations of the 1980s, the Tories supported a decentralized federation, while the Liberals were in favour of a strong central government. The Tories lost power in 1989 but continued to argue for decentralization in opposition, voting in favour of a package of proposed constitutional amendments called the Meech Lake Accord, while the Liberals of Clyde Wells opposed it.

While the Conservatives have always been more supportive of the business community and free enterprise, they have avoided the neo-conservative policies of Tory parties elsewhere in Canada and have tended to be Red Tories. This is a result of Newfoundland's widespread poverty and economic problems, particularly in light of the failure of the fishing industry, factors which make hard right fiscal policies unsaleable to voters.

Party under Williams

In 2003, the Tories returned to power under Premier Danny Williams, winning 35 seats in the provincial House of Assembly. The next provincial election in 2007 brought about a landslide victory for the PCs, which gained nine extra seats to bring their caucus to 44 out of a possible 48 seats. This is the largest majority in both the party and the province's history. The party lost two seats in the House of Assembly in 2009. When Paul Oram and Trevor Taylor resigned as MHA's and provincial cabinet ministers.

The provincial party's relationship with the federal Conservative Party of Canada has been at best tenuous since the formation of the latter in 2003. In fact, Williams now openly campaigns against the federal Conservatives, due to a dispute over equalization payments with the Stephen Harper government. During the 2008 federal election, Premier Williams campaigned against the federal Conservative Party candidates for Parliament with the Anything But Conservative campaign. This campaign was effective in stopping any Conservative candidates from getting elected in Newfoundland and Labrador during the 2008 federal election.

A poll conducted in 2009 by the Corporate Research Associates showed that half-way through his second term as Premier support for Danny Williams' Progressive Conservative government is on the rise with 77% of decided voters backing the PCs, that is up from 72% in the last poll. Another poll conducted by Global News and Ipsos Public Affairs during the same period showed similar results of support for the Premier which makes him by far the most popular leader in the country.

Leaders

Moores, Peckford, Rideout and Williams served as leader and Premier.

See also

External links

The Progressive Conservative Party of Newfoundland & Labrador's official website.

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