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Prolacertiformes: Wikis

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Prolacertiformes
Fossil range: 299–199 Ma
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Permian-Triassic
Macrocnemus, a protorosaur from Europe
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Subclass: Diapsida
Infraclass: Archosauromorpha
Order: Prolacertiformes
Camp, 1945
Families

Protorosauridae
Prolacertidae
Sharovipterygidae
Tanystropheidae

Prolacertiformes (sometimes called protorosaurs) were an order of archosauromorph reptiles that lived during the Permian and Triassic Periods. Many species seem to have been adapted for an arboreal lifestyle, including the "delta-winged glider" Sharovipteryx, while others, such as Tanystropheus, had extremely long, stiffened necks (possibly used to catch fish), and may have been at least partly aquatic.

Other enigmatic reptile groups have sometimes been classified as belonging to the Prolacertiformes, including the drepanosaurids [1], Longisquama [2], and the pterosaurs [2]. Senter (2004) re-assigned the bizarre, arboreal drepanosaurids and Longisquama to a group of more primitive diapsids called Avicephala [3], though some researchers still place these forms among the prolacertiformes.

Classification

References

  1. ^ Renesto, S. (1994). "Megalancosaurus, a possibly arboreal archosauromorph (Reptilia) from the Upper Triassic of northern Italy." Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 14(1): 38-52.
  2. ^ a b Peters, D. (2000). "A Redescription of Four Prolacertiform Genera and Implications for Pterosaur Phylogenesis." Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 106(3): 293–336.
  3. ^ Senter, P. (2004). "Phylogeny of Drepanosauridae (Reptilia: Diapsida)". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2 (3): 257–268. doi:10.1017/S1477201904001427.
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Reptilia
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Divisio: †Unspecified Archosauromorpha Division
Ordo: Prolacertiformes
Familiae: Protorosauridae - Prolacertidae - Sharovipterygidae - Tanystrophidae

Vernacular Name

Nederlands: Prolacertiformes

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