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Pronoun: Wikis

  

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Examples
  • I love you.
  • That reminds me of something.
  • He looked at them.
  • Take it or leave it.
  • Who says so?
Personal pronouns
Standard English personal pronouns:
Parts of speech:
Determinacy:
Gender issues:
Slang:
Other languages:
.In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun (Lat: pronomen) is a pro-form that substitutes for a noun (or noun phrase) with or without a determiner, such as you and they in English.^ Pronouns and determiners are closely related, and some linguists think pronouns are actually determiners without a noun phrase.
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are used 'in place of' (Latin: pro) a noun or a noun phrase.

^ Definitions What is a pronoun and a antecedent A pronoun is a substitute for a noun.
  • Pronoun | ChaCha Answers 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: Reference]

.The replaced phrase is called the antecedent of the pronoun.^ The antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun replaces.
  • Pronouns - TIP Sheets - Butte College 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.butte.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A pronoun's antecedent is the noun or noun phrase it refers to.
  • Pronoun Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.dmturner.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A pronoun refers to or stands in for a noun; the noun replaced by the pronoun is called the "antecedent" of the pronoun.
  • pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.santarosa.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, consider the sentence "Lisa gave the coat to Phil."^ For example, consider the sentence "Lisa gave the coat to Phil."
  • Pronoun | ChaCha Answers 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: Reference]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the coat, Lisa, and Phil have been previously mentioned, the listener can deduce what the pronouns she, it and him refer to and therefore understand the meaning of the sentence; however, if the sentence "She gave it to him."
  • Pronoun | ChaCha Answers 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: Reference]

^ For example, the following sentence is considered grammatically correct in formal English.

.All three nouns in the sentence can be replaced by pronouns: "She gave it to him."^ Pronouns take the place of nouns in sentences.
  • TOEIC Grammar: Pronouns - TestDEN 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.testden.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the following example, the pronouns him replaces the proper noun Shen .

^ Definition: A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun.

If the coat, Lisa, and Phil have been previously mentioned, the listener can deduce what the pronouns she, it and him refer to and therefore understand the meaning of the sentence; however, if the sentence "She gave it to him." is the first presentation of the idea, none of the pronouns have antecedents, and each pronoun is therefore ambiguous. .Pronouns without antecedents are also called unprecursed pronouns.^ Indefinite pronouns Indefinite pronouns may be used without antecedents.

^ Interrogative pronouns without interrogative intonation are called relative pronouns.
  • Armenian Language Lessons Chapter 5 - Armeniapedia.org 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.armeniapedia.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The represented words are called the ``antecedent'' of the pronoun, and the sentence is analysed as if each pronoun were taken out and replaced by its antecedent.
  • Gua\spi Reference Manual: Pronouns and Compounds 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.math.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.English grammar allows pronouns to potentially have multiple candidate antecedents.^ Responses to “English Grammar 101: Pronouns” .

^ English grammar allows pronouns to potentially have multiple candidate antecedents.
  • Pronoun | ChaCha Answers 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: Reference]

^ PRONOUNS. English grammar exercise.
  • PRONOUNS. English grammar exercise. Free lesson to help you check your English language knowledge. Online 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.nonstopenglish.com [Source type: General]

The process of determining which antecedent was intended is known as anaphore resolution.

Contents

Types of pronouns

Common types of pronouns found in the world's languages are as follows:
.
  • Personal pronouns stand in place of the names of people or things:
    • Subjective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the subject of the sentence or clause.^ These pronouns are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

      ^ Personal pronouns refer to people, with the exceptions of “it,” which refers to an animal or thing, and “they,” which can refer to people or things.
      • Tameri Guide for Writers: Nouns and Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.tameri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ In this sentence, the possessive pronoun "theirs" is the subject of the sentence.
      • What is a Pronoun? 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.uottawa.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .English example: I like to eat chips, but she does not.
      • Second person formal and informal pronouns (T-V distinction).^ English example: John likes me but not her .
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

        ^ "Return second person singular of personal pronoun in .
        • pronoun.py - pylatinam - Project Hosting on Google Code 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC code.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ In English the personal pronouns are: .

        .For example, vous and tu in French.^ For example, vous and tu in French.
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

        ^ It's a bit like "vous" in french (versus the explicitly singular "tu"), or "ye" in middle english (versus the explicitly singular "thee").
        • Grammar Girl : Generic Singular Pronouns :: Quick and Dirty Tips ™ 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC grammar.quickanddirtytips.com [Source type: Original source]

        .There is no distinction in modern English though Elizabethan English marked the distinction with "thou" (singular informal) and "you" (plural or singular formal).
      • Inclusive and exclusive "we" pronouns indicate whether the audience is included.^ Pronouns have singular and plural forms.

        ^ The pronoun you can be singular or plural.
        • pronoun--function of in english grammar 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.iscribe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Plural antecedents need plural pronouns, and singular antecedents need singular pronouns .
        • Unclear Pronoun Reference 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC english.acadiau.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .There is no distinction in English.
      • Intensive pronouns, also known as emphatic pronouns, re-emphasize a noun or pronoun that has already been mentioned.^ In English, there's no distinction; in Kamakawi, there is.
        • Kamakawi Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC dedalvs.conlang.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ Intensive pronouns re-emphasize a noun or pronoun that has already been mentioned.
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

        ^ Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent (the noun that comes before it).
        • http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0885483.html 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .English uses the same forms as for the reflexive pronouns; for example: I did it myself (contrast reflexive use, I did it to myself).
    • Objective pronouns are used when the person or thing is the object of the sentence or clause.^ Whomever” is an objective pronoun; it should be used to refer to the object of a sentence.

      ^ The reflexive pronoun names the receiver of an action that is being done by the same person.
      • Pronoun Agreement 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.cerritos.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ These pronouns are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence.

      .English example: John likes me but not her.
      • Direct and indirect object pronouns.^ Direct object pronouns replace the direct object.
        • French Pronouns - Lessons on French Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC french.about.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ The direct object pronoun replaces the direct object.
        • French Grammar Exercises 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

        ^ Independent pronouns Genitive ("possessive") pronouns Independent genitive pronouns Subject pronouns Direct object pronouns Indirect object pronouns .

        .English uses the same forms for both; for example: Mary loves him (direct object); Mary sent him a letter (indirect object).
      • Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.^ The reflexive pronoun names the receiver of an action that is being done by the same person.
        • Pronoun Agreement 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.cerritos.edu [Source type: Original source]

        ^ An object pronoun is used as an object of a verb in a sentence.
        • CET - ESL Activities Online - Grammar Central 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.tcet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        ^ The reflexive pronoun is placed in the sentence in exactly the same way as a direct object pronoun or an indirect object pronoun.
        • Spanish II: Reflexive Pronouns - CliffsNotes 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.cliffsnotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .English example: John cut himself.
      • Reciprocal pronouns refer to a reciprocal relationship.^ English example: John cut himself .
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

        ^ English example: John likes me but not her .
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
        • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

        ^ In this example, the pronoun it has no antecedent to which it can refer.
        • Unfortunately 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC wwwnew.towson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

        .English example: They do not like each other.
    • Prepositional pronouns come after a preposition.^ In English, pronouns have referents just like any other argument.
      • Gua\spi Reference Manual: Pronouns and Compounds 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.math.ucla.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Prepositional pronouns come after a preposition .
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ English example: John likes me but not her .
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

      .No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Anna and Maria looked at him.
    • Disjunctive pronouns are used in isolation or in certain other special grammatical contexts.^ This pronoun has no honorific form .

      ^ No cannot be used as a pronoun, but it does form nun and no cosa .
      • Pronouns - Vici de LFN 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC lfn.wikia.com [Source type: General]

      ^ No dual forms are used: .
      • Teonaht Pronouns; copyright Sally Caves © 1998 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.frontiernet.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .No distinct forms exist in English; for example: Who does this belong to?^ In English, there's no distinction; in Kamakawi, there is.
      • Kamakawi Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC dedalvs.conlang.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The object-form whom is unusual in modern informal English; if it is not left out, it is sometimes replaced by who .

      ^ In informal English, the form who is often used for the objective as well as for the subjective case.

      .Me.
    • Dummy pronouns are used when grammatical rules require a noun (or pronoun), but none is semantically required.^ We use pronouns so we don’t have to repeat the noun.

      ^ Pronouns are used so that nouns are not repeated.
      • TOEIC Grammar: Pronouns - TestDEN 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.testden.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ An adjective can modify a pronoun when it is used as a noun.
      • The eight parts of speech 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .English example: It is raining.
    • Weak pronouns.
  • Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession or ownership.^ This means a pronoun used to show possession.

    ^ Relative pronoun used as a possessive: .

    ^ Possessive pronouns can be used as adjectives.
    • The eight parts of speech 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • In a strict sense, the possessive pronouns are only those that act syntactically as nouns.^ A possessive pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as a marker of possession.
      • Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC newton.uor.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Possessive Pronouns Possessive pronouns replace possessive nouns.
      • Pronouns - TIP Sheets - Butte College 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.butte.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Nouns: 1st Declension Nouns: 2nd Declension Nouns: 3rd Declension Nouns: 4th Declension Nouns: 5th Declension Adjectives: 1st and 2nd Declension Adjectives: 3rd Declension Adjectives: Pronoun Adjectives: Possessive Pronouns: Personal Pronouns: Demonstrative Pronouns: Relative Pronouns: Interrogative Pronouns: Compound .
      • Latin Adjectives, Nouns and Pronouns - Qedoc 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.qedoc.org [Source type: General]

      .English example: Those clothes are mine.
    • Often, though, the term "possessive pronoun" is also applied to the so-called possessive adjectives (or possessive determiners).^ Example of possessive pronoun: This car is mine.

      ^ Wrong or missing possessive pronoun or possessive adjective .
      • Grammar & Editing Help: Nouns & Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.esl.ucsb.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ It also contrasts possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns.
      • Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC newton.uor.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .For example, in English: I lost my wallet. They are not strictly speaking pronouns because they do not substitute for a noun or noun phrase, and as such, some grammarians classify these terms in a separate lexical category called determiners (they have a syntactic role close to that of adjectives, always qualifying a noun).
  • Demonstrative pronouns distinguish the particular objects or people that are referred to from other possible candidates.^ They always modify nouns.
    • The eight parts of speech 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Personal pronouns stand for nouns referring to people, places, objects and ideas.

    ^ (Strictly speaking, a pronoun stands for a noun phrase - more about them later.
    • Correct Use of Pronouns - Education Resource - StudySphere 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.studysphere.com [Source type: General]

    .English example: I'll take these.
  • Indefinite pronouns refer to general categories of people or things.^ Used to refer to nonspecific people or things .
    • Spanish Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC spanish.speak7.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun referring to an identifiable but not specified person or thing.
    • What is a Pronoun? 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.uottawa.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Pronouns (with examples & videos) 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.onlinemathlearning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Generally pronouns stand for or refer to a noun.
    • Relative Pronouns — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

    .English example: Anyone can do that.
    • Distributive pronouns are used to refer to members of a group separately rather than collectively.^ Do not use the pronouns "they" or "their" when referring to a collective noun or an indefinite pronoun.
      • Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.kentlaw.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Using a pronoun to refer to a possessive or an adjective .
      • Pronoun Reference 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.nipissingu.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ When a collective pronoun refers to members acting individually, choose a plural pronoun.

      .English example: To each his own.
    • Negative pronouns indicate the non-existence of people or things.^ It's one of the many sexist pathologies of English that the male third person pronoun is used to indicate a generic third person.
      • Slashdot Book Reviews Story | Python Essential Reference 4th Ed. 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC books.slashdot.org [Source type: General]

      ^ A non-restricting relative pronoun follows a comma, to indicate the clause it introduces is not essential to define the noun.

      ^ Whoever , whomever , whatever , and whichever don’t point back to a noun or pronoun but refer generally to any or all people or things: .
      • Grammar: Pronouns Part XV—Relative « Mots Justes 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC motsjustes.wordpress.com [Source type: General]

      .English example: Nobody thinks that.
  • Relative pronouns refer back to people or things previously mentioned.^ Personal pronouns refer to people, with the exceptions of “it,” which refers to an animal or thing, and “they,” which can refer to people or things.
    • Tameri Guide for Writers: Nouns and Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.tameri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Used to refer to nonspecific people or things .
    • Spanish Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC spanish.speak7.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When used as a relative pronoun, what has the meaning the thing or things that .

    .English example: People who smoke should quit now.
    • Indefinite relative pronouns have some of the properties of both relative pronouns and indefinite pronouns.^ Some examples of indefinite pronoun usage are shown below.
      • pronoun--function of in english grammar 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.iscribe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Examples of relative pronouns .

      ^ What is often an indefinite relative pronoun: .

      .They have a sense of "referring back", but the person or thing to which they refer has not previously been explicitly named.^ Personal pronouns refer to people, with the exceptions of “it,” which refers to an animal or thing, and “they,” which can refer to people or things.
      • Tameri Guide for Writers: Nouns and Pronouns 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.tameri.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Relative pronouns refer back to people or things previously mentioned.
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ It can also be substituted for who (referring to persons) or which (referring to things).

      .English example: I know what I like.
  • Interrogative pronouns ask which person or thing is meant.^ Interrogative pronouns ask questions.
    • The eight parts of speech 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.essortment.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Interrogative pronouns Interrogative pronouns are used in asking questions.

    ^ An interrogative pronoun is used to ask question.
    • Learn English - English Speaking Tutorial » Blog Archive » PRONOUNS 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.englishsubject.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .English example: Who did that?
    • In many languages (e.g., Czech, English, French, Interlingua, and Russian), the sets of relative and interrogative pronouns are nearly identical.^ French language » French Grammar » French Pronouns .

      ^ Who, Whom and Whose The use of who , whom and whose as relative pronouns is similar to their use as interrogative pronouns.

      ^ Examples of relative pronouns .

      Compare English: Who is that? (interrogative) to I know who that is. (relative).

Pronouns and determiners

.Pronouns and determiners are closely related, and some linguists think pronouns are actually determiners without a noun or a noun phrase.^ Pronouns and determiners are closely related, and some linguists think pronouns are actually determiners without a noun phrase.
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are not strictly speaking pronouns because they do not substitute for a noun or noun phrase, and as such, some grammarians classify these terms in a separate lexical category called determiners (they have a syntactic role close to that of adjectives , always qualifying a noun).
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In linguistics and grammar , a pronoun (Latin: pronomen ) is a pro-form that substitutes for a noun (or noun phrase ) with or without a determiner , such as you and they in English .
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .The following chart shows their relationships in English.^ The following chart shows their relationships in English.
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Pronouns - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ V. Translate the following sentences into good English which shows that you know the syntax of the Latin sentences.
  • Chapter 17 2 February 2010 9:27 UTC www.usu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Pronoun Determiner
Personal (1st/2nd) we we Scotsmen
Possessive ours our freedom
Demonstrative this this gentleman
Indefinite some some frogs
Interrogative who which option

See also

In English
In other languages
General

References

  1. ^ Postal, Paul (1966), Dinneen, Francis P., ed., "On So-Called "Pronouns" in English", Report of the Seventeenth Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Studies (Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press): 177–206 

External links


Simple English

A pronoun is traditionally called a part of speech in grammar (but many modern linguists, experts in linguistics, call it a special type of noun[1]) In English, pronouns are words such as me, she, his, them, herself, each other, it, what.

Pronouns are often used to take the place of a noun, when that noun is understood (has already been named), to avoid repeating it. For example, instead of saying

  • Tom has a new dog. Tom has named the dog Max and Tom lets the dog sleep by Tom's bed.

it is easier to say

  • Tom has a new dog. He has named it Max and he lets it sleep by his bed.

When a pronoun replaces a noun, the noun is called the antecedent. But, there are times when the pronoun has no antecedent. This is because generally, the antecedent (what comes before) refers grammatically to the use of the relative pronoun in particular. For example, in the sentence: The dog that was walking down the street, the relative pronoun is the word that referring back to the antecedent, the word 'dog'. In the sentence The spy who loved me, the relative pronoun is the word 'who' and its antecedent is the word 'spy'.

Contents

Differences and similarities to nouns

Pronouns are different from common nouns because they normally can not come after articles or other determiners. (For example, people do not say "the it".) Pronouns also rarely come after adjectives. They are also different because many of them change depending on how they are used. For example, "we" is a 'subject' in grammar, but the word changes to us when used as an object.

Pronouns are the same as nouns because they both change for number (singular & plural), case (subject, object, possessive, etc.), and gender (male, female, animate, inanimate, etc.) Nouns and pronouns can be used in almost all the same places in sentences, and they name the same kinds of things: people, objects, etc. Even though they can not normally come after determiners, or adjectives, neither can proper nouns.

Kinds of pronouns

There are four kinds of pronouns: personal, reciprocal, interrogative, and relative.

Kinds of English pronouns
ipersonalyou love themYour sister loves herself
iireciprocalwe like each otherwe are looking at one another
iiiinterrogativewho is there?what happened?
ivrelativethe person who saw itthe time which you told me

Personal pronouns in English

This table shows all the personal pronouns in English that are commonly used today.

Personal pronouns in English
Singular Plural
Subject Object Possessive Subject Object Possessive
First I me mine we us ours
Second you you yours you you yours
Third Feminine she her hers they them theirs
Masculine he him his
Neuter it it its

A Subject Pronoun can replace a noun that is the subject of a sentence. Refer to the table above; the subject pronouns are: I, You, He, She, It, We, They.

Another type of personal pronoun is called the 'reflexive pronoun'. Reflexive pronouns are the words ending in '-self' or '-selves', such as: myself, itself, themselves.

Other pages

References

  1. Huddleston, R. & Pullum, G. K. (2002). The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 20, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Pronoun, which are similar to those in the above article.








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