Pronunciation: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pronunciation refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. If someone is said to have "correct pronunciation," then it refers to both within a particular dialect.

A word can be spoken in different ways by various individuals or groups, depending on many factors, such as: the area in which they grew up, the area in which they now live, if they have a speech or voice disorder,[1] their ethnic group, their social class, or their education.[2]

Linguistic terminology

Syllables are counted as units of sound (phones) that they use in their language. The branch of linguistics which studies these units of sound is phonetics. Phones which play the same role are grouped together into classes called phonemes; the study of these is phonemics or phonematics or phonology. Phones as components of articulation are usually described using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).[3]


  1. ^ Beech, John R.; Harding, Leonora; Hilton-Jones, Diana (1993). Assessment in speech and language therapy. CUP Archive. p. 55. ISBN 0415078822. 
  2. ^ Labov, William (2003). "Some Sociolinguistic Principles". in Paulston, Christina Bratt; Tucker, G. Richard. Sociolinguistics: the essential readings. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 234–250. ISBN 0631227172. 
  3. ^ Schultz, Tanja; Kirchhoff, Katrin (2008). Multilingual speech processing. Academic Press. p. 12. ISBN 0120885018. 

External links

  • Forvo — All the words in the world pronounced by native speakers.
  • Inogolo — American English audio pronunciation guide
  • Sounds Familiar? — Listen to examples of regional accents and dialects from across the UK on the British Library's 'Sounds Familiar' website
  • Howjsay — Enter a word to hear it spoken. About 100,000 words in British English with alternative pronunciations.

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Wikiversity has a number of resources for pronunciation in a variety of languages.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PRONUNCIATION (Lat. pronuntiatio, from pronuntiare, proclaim, announce, pronounce), the action of pronouncing, the manner of uttering an articulate vocal sound (see Phonetics and Voice). The original sense of the Latin, a public declaration, is preserved in Spanish pronunciamiento, a manifesto or proclamation, especially as issued by a party of insurrection or revolution.

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Simple English

Pronunciation is a way a word is usually spoken. It can be affected by many different factors:

  1. Geographical location
  2. Presence of speech defect
  3. Ethnic group
  4. Education level
  5. Social class

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