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Prosopis
Prosopis caldenia, a species of central Argentina.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Mimoseae
Genus: Prosopis
L.[1]
Type species
Prosopis spicigera
L., 1767[2]
Species

See text.

Prosopis is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae. It contains around 45 species of spiny trees and shrubs found in subtropical and tropical regions of the Americas, Africa, Western Asia, and South Asia. They often thrive in arid soil and are resistant to droughts, on occasion developing extremely deep root systems. Their wood is usually hard, dense and durable. Their fruits are pods and may contain large amounts of sugar.

Contents

Species

Some of the species in this genus are:

Phytochemistry

Prosopis species have been found to contain 5-hydroxytryptamine, apigenin, isorhamnetin-3-diglucoside, l-arabinose, quercetin, tannin and tryptamine.[5]

Prosopis Species Known to Contain Alkaloids
Prosopis alba Beta-phenethylamine and tryptamine[6]
Prosopis alpataco "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.[7]
Prosopis argentina "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.[7]
Prosopis chilensis "Aerial parts" contain beta-phenethylamine and derivatives plus tryptamine[7][8]
Prosopis argentina Exudate contains tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.[7]
Prosopis glandulosa Alkaloids in bark and roots,[9] tyramine and N-methyltyramine (a stimulant) in leaves[10]
Prosopis juliflora 5-HTP (plant) and tryptamine (plant).[11]
Prosopis nigra Harman, eleagnine and N-acetyltryptamine[12]
Prosopis pugionata "Aerial parts" contain tryptamine. Phenethylamine derivatives.[7]
Prosopis tamarugo Phenethylamine[8]

Photos

References

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Notes

  1. ^ "Prosopis L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-05. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?9871. Retrieved 2009-12-31.  
  2. ^ "Prosopis L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org/NameDetails.aspx?nameid=40016475. Retrieved 2009-12-31.  
  3. ^ "Prosopis L. mesquite". The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PROSO. Retrieved 2010-01-03.  
  4. ^ "Subordinate Taxa of Prosopis L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org/NameSubordinateTaxa.aspx?nameid=40016475. Retrieved 2010-01-03.  
  5. ^ Medicinal Plants of the Southwest
  6. ^ Graziano MN, Ferraro GE, Coussio JD., Alkaloids of Argentine medicinal plants. II.
  7. ^ a b c d e Alejandro Tapiaa, Gabriela Egly Feresina, Daniel Bustosa, Luis Astudillo, Cristina Theoduloz, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann Biologically active alkaloids and a free radical scavenger from Prosopis species, Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 71, Issue 1-2, pp. 241 - 246, July, 2000
  8. ^ a b Proximate composition and biological activity of Chilean Prosopis species, Luis Astudillo, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann, Juan P Herrera, Manuel Cortés
  9. ^ MPSW
  10. ^ "Prosopis glandulosa". www.hort.purdue.edu. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Prosopis_glandulosa.html. Retrieved 2008-05-01.  
  11. ^ Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
  12. ^ "Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of ... - Google Book Search". books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=cMSFT5K3C9wC&pg=PA134&lpg=PA134&dq=harmaline+biosynthesis&source=web&ots=YykS6rFnM7&sig=P2FG70HvnDAEaKwiEm0TP-hQ3z0&hl=en#PPA135,M1. Retrieved 2008-05-01.  

General References

See also

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Prosopis
Species: P. affinis - P. africana - P. alba - P. alpataco - P. argentina - P. articulata - P. burkartii - P. caldenia - P. calingastana - P. campestris - P. castellanosii - P. chilensis - P. cineraria - P. denudans - P. elata - P. farcta - P. ferox - P. fiebrigii - P. flexuosa - P. glandulosa - P. hassleri - P. humilis - P. juliflora - P. kuntzei - P. laevigata - P. nigra - P. pallida - P. palmeri - P. pubescens - P. reptans - P. rojasiana - P. ruizlealii - P. ruscifolia - P. sericantha - P. strombulifera - P. tamarugo - P. torquata - P. velutina

Name

Prosopis L.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Mesquiten
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Prosopis on Wikimedia Commons.

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