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Prosopis glandulosa
Foliage with seedpods
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Prosopis
Species: P. glandulosa
Binomial name
Prosopis glandulosa
Torr., 1827
Varieties

Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa
Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana[1]

Prosopis glandulosa, commonly known as Honey Mesquite, is a species of small to medium-sized flowering tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. It is native to the southwestern United States and Mexico,[1] but has been introduced to at least a half-dozen other countries. The IUCN considers it as one of the world's 100 worst invasive species.[2]

Honey Mesquite has a rounded crown and crooked, drooping branches with feathery foliage and straight, paired spines on twigs. This tree normally reaches 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) but can grow as tall as 50 ft (15 m).

Habit

It is considered to have a medium growth rate. Honey Mesquite coppices due to latent buds underground, making permanent removal difficult. A single-trunked tree that is cut down will soon be replaced by a multi-trunked version.[3]

It flowers from March to November with pale, yellow, elongated spikes and bears straight, yellow seedpods. The seeds are eaten by a variety of animals, such as Scaled Quail. Other animals, including deer, Collared Peccaries, and jackrabbits, feed on both pods and vegetation.[4]

Seedpods

This species of mesquite, known as haas (pronounced [ʔaːs]) by the Seri people of northwestern Mexico, was very important for food and non-food uses. The Seris had specific names for various stages of the growth of the mesquite pod[5]. Historically, it was a very important wild food plant because it fruits even during drought years[6].

Honeymesquite1.jpg
Bark



Varieties

  • Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa (syn. Prosopis chilensis var. glandulosa (Torr.) Standl., Prosopis juliflora var. glandulosa (Torr.) Cockerell)[7]
  • Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana (L.D.Benson) M.C.Johnst., 1962 (syn. Prosopis juliflora var. torreyana L.D.Benson)[8]

References

  1. ^ a b "Prosopis glandulosa Torr.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1997-05-22. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?310684. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  
  2. ^ "Prosopis glandulosa (tree)". Global Invasive Species Database. Invasive Species Specialist Group. http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=137&fr=1&sts=. Retrieved 2008-05-01.  
  3. ^ Simpson, Benny J. (1988). A Field Guide to Texas Trees. Texas Monthly Press. p. 244-245. ISBN 0877191131.  
  4. ^ "Prosopis glandulosa Torr." (PDF). International Institute of Tropical Forestry. United States Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Prosopis%20glandulosa%20.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-29.  
  5. ^ Felger, Richard; Mary B. Moser. (1985). People of the desert and sea: ethnobotany of the Seri Indians. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.  
  6. ^ "Species: Prosopis glandulosa". Fire Effects Information System. United States Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/progla/all.html. Retrieved 2008-05-01.  
  7. ^ "Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1997-05-22. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29756. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  
  8. ^ "Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana (L. D. Benson) M. C. Johnst.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1997-05-22. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?100104. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Prosopis glandulosa

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Prosopis
Species: Prosopis glandulosa
Varieties: P. glandulosa var. glandulosa - P. glandulosa var. torreyana

Name

Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

References

  • Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 2:192. 1827
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

English: Honey Mesquite

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