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Protected areas of Himachal Pradesh: Wikis


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Forests in Himachal Pradesh currently cover an area of nearly 21,325 km², which is about 38.3% of the total land area of the state. The forests were once considered to be the main source of income of the state and most of the original forests were clear felled. The emphasis has shifted, however, from exploitation to conservation. The state government aims to increase forest cover to 50% of the total land area. There have been various projects, including the establishment of protected areas such as National Parks, designed to preserve and expand the forests.


Preservation and nationalisation of forests

Steps are being taken to intensify environmental preservation and sustainable development in the Himachal Pradesh region. All remaining forests in Himachal Pradesh have been nationalised under the supervision of the Indian forest service. Felling of trees and sale of timber is now controlled by the State Forest Corporation, and an Enforcement Organisation has been established to prevent the illegal felling of trees and smuggling of timber. Hunting has also been restricted.[1]

The government has created 32 Sanctuaries, two National Parks and three game reserves.[2]

Reafforestation programs

A World Bank assisted Social Forestry Project has been launched. The aim of the project is to plant more trees for fuel, fodder, and timber to meet the basic requirements of the local people, thus avoiding depletion of the old growth forests. The deforested Kandi areas are also being reafforested in another project financially assisted by the World Bank.

Other programs

An integrated water shed department project for Shivaliks is also under construction.

Fact and figures

Forest Cover (1996-1997) Area
Reserved Forests 1896 km².
Protected Forests 43043 km².
Unclassed Forest 976 km².
Other Forests 370 km².
Forests not under control of Forest Department 748 km².

Sanctuaries and National Parks

Himachal Pradesh has two national parks and thirty-two wildlife sanctuaries, which are listed below:[3]

Sanctuaries and National Parks Area (km²) Year of Notification
Great Himalayan National Park 605.61 1984
Pin Valley National Park 807.36 1987
Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary 41.32 1974
Chail Wildlife Sanctuary 108.54 1976
Churdhar Wildlife Sanctuary 56.15 1985
Daranghati Wildlife Sanctuary 167.00 1974
Darlaghat Wildlife Sanctuary 140.00 1974
Dhauladhar Wildlife Sanctuary 943.98 1994
Gamgul Siahbehi Wildlife Sanctuary 108.85 1974
Govind Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary 100.34 1962
Kais Wildlife Sanctuary 14.19 1954
Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary 30.69 1949
Kanwar Wildlife Sanctuary 61.57 1954
Khokhan Wildlife Sanctuary 14.05 1954
Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary 1400.50 1992
Kugti Wildlife Sanctuary 378.86 1962
Lippa Asrang Wildlife Sanctuary 30.89 1962
Maharana Pratap Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary 3207.29 1983
Majthal Wildlife Sanctuary 40.00 1974
Manali Wildlife Sanctuary 31.80 1954
Naina Devi Wildlife Sanctuary 123.00 1962
Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary 278.37 1974
Renuka Wildlife Sanctuary 4.02 1964
Rupi Bhaba Wildlife Sanctuary 269.00 1982
Sainj Wildlife Sanctuary 90.00 1994
Sangla (Raksham Chitkul) Wildlife Sanctuary 650.00 1989
Sechu Tuan Nala Wildlife Sanctuary 102.95 1974
Shikari Devi Wildlife Sanctuary 72.00 1974
Shilli Wildlife Sanctuary 2.13 1974
Shimla Water Catchment Wildlife Sanctuary 10.25 1958
Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary 19.03 1958
Talra Wildlife Sanctuary 26.00 1962



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