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Bodyguard
Bodyguards erdogan 01.jpg
Two bodyguards protecting the Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan during Hannover Fair 2007
Occupation
Names Close protection officer
Type Employment
Activity sectors Security
Description
Competencies Team player, confidential, observant, physically fit, staying calm under pressure
Education required Background in security, law enforcement, armed forces, driver's license; no criminal record[citation needed]
Fields of employment Near VIPs
Related jobs Security guard

A bodyguard (or close protection officer[1]) is a type of security guard or government agent who protects a person—usually a famous, wealthy, or politically important figure—from assault, kidnapping, assassination, stalking, loss of confidential information, or other threats.

Most important public figures such as heads of state or governors are protected by several bodyguards or by a team of bodyguards from an agency, security forces, or police forces (e.g., in the US, the United States Secret Service or the State Department's Diplomatic Security Service). In countries where the head of state is a military leader or dictator, the leader's bodyguards may also be part of an elite military unit. Less-important public figures, or those with lower risk profiles, may be accompanied by a single bodyguard who doubles as a driver. A number of high-profile celebrities and CEOs also use bodyguards.

Contents

Roles

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Popular misconceptions

Bodyguards of Viktor Yushchenko (far left) flank their client as he leaves Gdansk city hall.

The role of bodyguards is often misunderstood by the public, because the typical layperson's only exposure to bodyguarding is usually in highly dramatized action film depictions of the profession. In contrast to the exciting lifestyle depicted on the film screen, the role of a real-life bodyguard is much more mundane: it consists mainly of planning routes, pre-searching rooms and buildings where the client will be visiting, researching the background of people that will have contact with the client, searching vehicles, and attentively escorting the client on their day-to-day activities.

Breakdown of responsibilities

A bodyguard keeps crowds away from his client, a model, during a photo shoot.

The role of a bodyguard depends on several factors. First, it depends on the role of a given bodyguard in a close protection team. A bodyguard can be a driver-bodyguard, a close-protection officer (who escorts the client), or part of an ancillary unit that provides support such as IED detection, electronic "bug" detection, counter-sniper monitoring, pre-searches facilities, and background-checks people who will have contact with the client. Second, the role of a bodyguard depends on the level of risk that the client faces. A bodyguard protecting a client at high risk of assassination will be focusing on very different roles (e.g., checking cars for IED bombs, watching for potential shooters, etc) than a bodyguard escorting a celebrity who is being stalked by aggressive tabloid photographers (e.g., the role will be to ask the photographers to maintain their distance and block the path of aggressive cameramen). Some bodyguards specialize in the close quarter protection of children of VIPs, to protect them from kidnapping or assassination, a role which is nicknamed "mannyguarding" (a pun on the word "nanny").

Driving

In some cases, bodyguards also drive their clients. Normally, it is not sufficient for a client to be protected by a single driver-bodyguard, because this would mean that the bodyguard would have to leave the car unattended when they escort the client on foot. If the car is left unattended, this can lead to several risks: an IED bomb may be attached to the car; an electronic "bug" may be attached to the car; the car may be sabotaged; or city parking officials may tow away the vehicle or place a wheel lock on the tire. If parking services tow away or disable the car, then the bodyguard cannot use the car to escape with the client in case there is a security threat while the client is at his or her meeting.

A Croatian close protection unit practices flanking a client during a demonstration exercise

The driver should be trained in evasive driving techniques, such as executing short-radius turns to change the direction of the vehicle, high-speed cornering, and so on. The car used by the client will typically be a large sedan with a low center of gravity and a powerful engine, such as a Lincoln Continental, Crown Victoria, or Mercedes Benz. Some bodyguard firms may also use large trucks, such as Suburbans or Ford Explorers. At a minimum, the vehicle should have ballistic glass, some type of armor reinforcement to protect the client from gunfire, and a foam-filled gas tank. "Run-flat" tires and armor protection for the driver are also desirable.

The car may also be equipped with an additional battery; dual footpedal controls, such as those used by driving instruction companies (in case the driver is wounded or incapacitated), a PA system with a microphone and a megaphone mounted on the outside of the car, so that the driver can give commands to other convoy vehicles or bodyguards who are on foot; fire extinguishers inside the vehicle in case the vehicle is struck by a Molotov cocktail bomb or other weapon; a reinforced front and rear bumper, to enable the driver to ram attacking vehicles; and additional mirrors, to give the driver a better field of view.

Weapons and weapon tactics

US Secret Service agents guarding the former First Lady (Laura Bush)

Depending on the laws in a bodyguard's jurisdiction and on which type of agency or security service they are in, bodyguards may be unarmed, armed with a less-lethal weapon such as a baton, pepper spray, or Taser, or with a lethal weapon such as a handgun, or, in the case of a government bodyguard for a Secret Service-type agency, a machine pistol[2]. Some bodyguards such as those protecting high ranking government officials or those operating in high risk environments such as war zones may carry sub-machine guns or assault rifles .

Walter B. Slocombe (gray shirt), the UnderSecretary of Defense with his bodyguard (in the blue shirt) in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1996. The bodyguard is armed with an Armalite AR-15.

In addition to these weapons, a bodyguard team may also have more specialist weapons to aid them in maintaining the safety of their principal, such as sniper rifles and anti-material rifles (for anti-sniper protection) or shotguns (either loaded with buckshot as an anti-personnel weapon or with solid slugs as an anti-vehicle weapon).

The weapons used by the US Secret Service Counter Assault Team (CAT) include SIG Sauer P229 pistols; Uzi submachine guns (sometimes in an attaché case); H&K MP5K submachine guns (sometimes in an attaché case; Colt AR-15 assault rifles; Remington Model 700 bolt-action sniper rifles (with scope); 7.62mm Vaime SSR Mk 2 suppressed bolt-action sniper rifles; McMillan Model 87R bolt-action sniper rifles; Remington Model 870P pump-action shotguns; and the FN P90 personal defence weapon.[3]

Bodyguards that protect high-risk principals may wear body armor such as kevlar or ceramic vests. The bodyguards may also have other ballistic shields, such as kevlar-reinforced briefcases or clipboards which, while appearing innocuous, can be used to protect the principal. The principal may also wear body armor in high-risk situations.

Counter-sniper weapons and tactics

For a close protection officer, the primary tactic against sniper attacks is defensive: avoid exposing the principal to the risk of being fired upon. This means that the principal should ideally be within an armoured vehicle or a secure structure. As well, when the principal moves between a vehicle and a building, the principal must be moved quickly to minimize the time window in which a sniper could take a shot and use a flanking escort of close protection officers to block the view of the sniper and any potential shot that the sniper may take. The use of offensive tactics against snipers will occur very rarely in a bodyguard context. Nevertheless, some bodyguard units do have anti-sniper weapons, such as the US Secret Service Counter Assault Team, which is equipped with several sniper rifles.[4].

Daily tasks

A bodyguard team protecting a high-profile politician who is at risk of attack would be based around escorting the client from a secure residence (e.g., an embassy) to the different meetings and other activities he has to attend during the day (whether professional or social), and then to escort the client back to his residence.

Planning and assigning responsibilities

The day would begin with a meeting of the bodyguard team led by the team leader. The team would review the different activities that the client plans to do during the day, and discuss how the team would undertake the different transportation, escorting, and monitoring tasks. During the day, the client (or "principal") may have to travel by car, train, and plane and attend a variety of functions, including meetings and invitations for meals at restaurants, and do personal activities such as recreation and errands. Over the day, the client will be exposed to a range of risk levels, ranging from higher risk (meeting and greeting members of the public at an outdoor rally) to low risk (dining at an exclusive, gated country club with high security).

Some planning for the day would have begun on previous days. Once the itinerary is known, one or more bodyguards would travel the route to the venues, to check the roads for unexpected changes (road work, detours, closed lanes) and to check the venue. The venue needs to be checked for bugs and the security of the facility (exits, entrances) needs to be inspected. As well, the bodyguards will want to know the names of the staff who will have contact with the client, so that a simple electronic background check can be run on these individuals.

Searching vehicles

An hour prior to leaving with the client to his first appointment, the driver-bodyguard and another bodyguard remove the cars that will be used to transport the client from the locked garage and inspect them. There may be only one car for a lower risk client. A higher risk client will have additional cars to form a protective convoy of vehicles that can flank the client's vehicle. The vehicles are inspected before leaving.

Transferring client to vehicle

US Secret Service agents protect President Bush as he leaves a limousine.

Once the cars have been inspected and they are deemed to be ready for use, they are brought into position near the exit door where the client will leave the secure building. At least one driver-bodyguard stays with the cars while waiting, because the now-searched cars cannot be left unattended. If the convoy is left unattended, an attacker could attach an IED or sabotage one or more of the cars. Then the bodyguard team flanks the client as he moves from the secure residence to his car.

Travelling

The convoy then moves out towards the destination. The team will have chosen a route which avoids the most dangerous "choke points", such as one-lane bridges or tunnels, because these routes have no way of escape and they are more vulnerable to ambush. In some cases, if the client has to travel by train, the bodyguards will inspect the rail car they are traveling in and the other cars he/she will use.

Arrival at destination

Taiwanese Secret Service officers flank Premier of Taiwan Su Tseng-chang in Taipei. The briefcases carried by the officers are actually folded bullet-proof shields

When the convoy arrives at the location, one or more bodyguards will exit first to confirm that the location is secure and that the staff who were booked to work that day are the ones who are present. If the location is secure, these bodyguards signal that it is safe to bring in the client. The client is escorted into the building using a flanking procedure. If the client is attending a private meeting inside the building, and the building itself is secure (controlled entrances) the client will not need to have a bodyguard escort in the building. The bodyguards can then pull back to monitor his or her safety from a further distance. Bodyguards could monitor entrances and exits and the driver-bodyguard watches the cars.

If the client is moving about in a fairly controlled environment such as a private golf course, which has limited entrances and exits, the security detail may drop down to one or two bodyguards, with the other bodyguards monitoring the entrances to the facility, the cars, and remaining in contact with the bodyguards escorting the client. Throughout the day, as the client goes about his activities, the number of bodyguards escorting the client will increase or decrease according to the level of risk.

Return to secure location

After the day's activities, the client will be brought back to the secure residence location. Exiting from the vehicle and walking to the door exposes the client to risk. Once the client is inside, the bodyguards assigned to the overnight detail will take up their positions outside or inside the residence. The vehicles are then parked in a locked garage (to prevent tampering, sabotage, or IED placement). Some team members may spend additional time doing maintenance on the equipment used by the team.

Job requirements

The bodyguard of Sheik Sattar, who was killed during the assassination of the Sheik

Bodyguards often work long shifts in order to provide 24-hour protection, and shifts often include evenings, weekends, and holidays. Since bodyguards follow their clients throughout their daily activities, the work locations may range from indoor office meetings or social events to outdoor rallies or concerts. Bodyguards often have to travel by car, motorcycle, train, and airplane to escort their client. In some cases, international travel is required, which means that a bodyguard must have appropriate travel documentation.

Quanell X (center), the leader of the New Black Panther Party in Houston, Texas, flanked by his bodyguards.

Bodyguards often have backgrounds in the armed forces, police or security services, although this is not required. The exception to this is in the case of bodyguards protecting heads of state; in some countries, these bodyguards must be trained in military bodyguard training programs. Military experience in foot patrol and convoys escort through urban areas in conflict or war as in Afghanistan, Iraq, West Bank, Northern Ireland, Beirut, Basque country, Soweto and other areas under non conventional enemy stress around civilians is highly considered and difficult to match with any training time though, usually those experienced do not always seek these careers or further exposure in less stressful circumstances but familiar environments.

Bodyguards must be physically fit, with good eyesight and hearing, and they need to have a presentable appearance, especially for close protection work for dignitaries and heads of state. A drivers license is usually required, so that the bodyguard can double as a driver. In the United Kingdom and some other countries, bodyguards have to have a license or certification with the SIA, (for the UK,) which involves identity and criminal record checks. To be a bodyguard in an agency protecting a head of state, a bodyguard will have to undergo extensive background and loyalty checks.

Bodyguards need to be observant, and retain their focus on their job, despite distractions such as fatigue. As well, they need to be able to work as member of a team, with assigned tasks, or be able to act independently, and adapt and improvise an appropriate response if the need arises. Bodyguards need to be able to recognize potentially dangerous situations and remain calm under pressure. A bodyguard has to have a strong dedication to their protective role. Since bodyguards often have to collaborate or coordinate their protection with other security forces, such as local police other private security guards, bodyguards need good interpersonal and communications skills. Since bodyguards accompany their client throughout their day, the bodyguard will be privy to the private life of the client, which means that a bodyguard has to show discretion and maintain confidentiality.

Training

A Croatian close protection unit trains using submachine guns and pistols during a demonstration exercise

Bodyguards often have training in firearms tactics, unarmed combat, tactical driving, and first aid. In multi-agent units (like those protecting a head of state) one or more bodyguards may have training in specific tasks, such as providing a protective escort, crowd screening and control, or searching for explosives or electronic surveillance devices ("bugs"). Bodyguards also learn how to work with other security personnel to conduct threat or risk assessment and analyze potential security weaknesses.

Bodyguards learn how to examine a premises or venue before their clients arrive, to determine where the exits and entrances are, find potential security weaknesses, and meet the staff (so that a would-be attacker cannot pose as a staff member). As well, some bodyguards learn how to do research to be aware of potential threats to their client, by doing a thorough assessment of the threats facing the principal[5], such as a protest by a radical group or the release from custody of person who is a known threat. Close protection officers also learn how to escort a client in potentially threatening situations.

The militaries in many countries offer close protection training for the members of their own armed forces who have been selected to work as bodyguards to officers or heads of state (e.g., the British SAS). As well, there are a number of private bodyguard training programs, which offer training in the legal aspects of bodyguarding (e.g., use of force, use of deadly force); how to escort clients; driving; searching facilities and vehicles, and so on.

Notable organizations

18th century Imperial bodyguard of the Qianlong Emperor

In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, most bodyguards are former or current police officers, or sometimes former military or other government agency personnel. In countries where the head of state is a military leader or dictator, the leader's bodyguards may also be part of an elite military unit. Such was the case with the Schutzstaffel in Nazi Germany, the former Iraqi Special Republican Guard, or the Praetorian Guard in the Roman Empire.

In India, VIPs are protected by National Security Guards (NSG), an organization under the Ministry of Home Affairs. In 1984 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her security guards, Beant Singh and Satwant Singh.

In Pakistan, the President and Prime Minister receive close protection teams from the military's elite Special Service Group unit. President Pervez Musharraf, as civilian head of state, was due to have this withdrawn after retiring as Chief of Army Staff, but the Pakistan Army has retained his close protection unit.

In Turkey, the President is closely protected by two organizations: the Karşı Saldırı Timi'nde (KST) and the Cumhurbaskanligi Muhafiz Alayi Komutanligi. The KST is an elite counterattack team which provides close protection to the President and the First Family. The Cumhurbaskanligi Muhafiz Alayi is an elite special forces military unit of 65,000 specially selected personnel and is charged with the duty of protecting the President (and members of his family), security of the Presidential palaces and also the manning of the Turkish President's mode of transport (e.g. pilots for TC-ANA, the presidential plane etc).

The Cossaks Imperator Bodyguard unit from the early 1900s

In the United States, the United States Secret Service safeguards the lives of the President, his family, and other executive officials, including former presidents and vice-presidents. Another agency, the State Department's Bureau of Diplomatic Security, is responsible for protecting U.S. missions and their personnel overseas, as well as selected dignitaries in the U.S., including the Ambassador to the United Nations, the Secretary of State, and visiting foreign dignitaries other than heads of state. While the Secret Service's close-protection role is its most visible, its historic role as agents of the United States Treasury (although they are now agents of the Department of Homeland Security) made it unusual internationally, as usually "official" bodyguards are part of general police forces.

A Nepalese Gurkha bodyguard in Nangarhar

In the UK during 1913-1914 the suffragette movement did protests in an attempt to change the UK law so that women would be able to vote. After suffragette leaders were threatened, activists formed an all-female close protection unit to protect the leaders of the Women's Social and Political Union both from harassment by the general public and from arrest under the so-called Cat and Mouse Act. In the modern UK, Royalty and Diplomatic Protection Department of the Metropolitan Police is responsible for the security of the Sovereign.

In the Vatican, the Pope and other senior Vatican officials are protected by Swiss Guards, Swiss mercenary soldiers who act as bodyguards, ceremonial guards, and palace guards. After the May 13, 1981 assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehmet Ali Ağca, the guards were given enhanced training in unarmed combat and firearm use.

Fictional individuals

Illustration of Japanese Imperial bodyguard Watanabe no Tsuna fighting a demon

The brave and fiercely protective bodyguard who is willing to die to protect his master has long been depicted in fiction. The character of the Scottish hero Quentin Durward appears in stories as the bodyguard of the king of France. The character Charles d'Artagnan appears in stories as the bodyguard of the French crown. The character Atticus Kodiak is a professional bodyguard who acts as narrator and protagonist in a series of novels by Greg Rucka. Bodyguards also appear in Usagi Yojimbo, Stan Sakai's anthropomorphic-rabbit samurai based upon Miyamoto Musashi and in the Artemis Fowl series of children's books.

Bodyguards are also depicted in a number of films. Cheddar Bob protects Will Ferrell in the movie The Net. Japanese director Akira Kurosawa's film Yojimbo depicts a samurai bodyguard in Japan. The Bodyguard is a film about a bodyguard who protects a celebrity singer. Gogo Yubari is O-Ren Ishii's bodyguard in the film Kill Bill 1. In the science-fiction/fantasy Star Wars films, MagnaGuard is General Grievous's bodyguard, duties performed on special occasions by the Jedi Knights. In the film Lord of War, the main character's brother protects him while he makes arms deals in war-torn countries.

In the film Man on Fire, John Creasy (Denzel Washington) is a burnt-out ex-CIA officer and counter-insurgency operative who grudgingly becomes the bodyguard of a young girl (played by Dakota Fanning). When kidnappers attempt to snatch the girl, Creasy is severely wounded in a gun battle. The film depicts his perseverance in attempting to continue to protect the girl despite his gunshot wounds, until he becomes unconscious. Several films have been made about the Secret Service's role in guarding the President of the U.S., such as In the Line of Fire and The Sentinel.

Bodyguards are also depicted in television shows, comics, and other media. Bodyguard is a Japanese television series starring Reiko Takashima. In the UK, Bodyguards was a late 1990s UK television series about a specialized Close Protection Group that protected members of the UK government. In the Mortal Kombat fighting game series, Sheeva is the personal protector of Sindel. Suki is a Japanese manga about a relationship between a teenage girl and a 32-year old bodyguard. Kevin Nash is Shawn Michaels' bodyguard. The Human Target is an American comic book and television series about a bodyguard who also works as a private detective who impersonates his principal to draw his would be murderer's attention

In the Artemis Fowl books, Domovoi Butler is a bodyguard with high competences, who comes from a bodyguards family.

Hiring Bodyguards/Personal Protection Officers

When hiring bodyguards[6] you do not want the type of “Bodyguard” portrayed by Hollywood. The movie version is probably not the kind you need protecting you. The bodyguard industry uses titles like “Personal Protection Officer”, “Close Protection”, “Executive Protection”, “VIP Protection”, or “Personal Security”.

Bodyguard Services

Services pertaining to the bodyguard industry include but not limited to:

• VIP’s Protection
• Executive Protection
• Concert Tours
• Celebrity Protection
• Entertainment Industry
• Dignitary Detail
• Political Rally’s
• Family Protection
• Private Estates
• Personal and Private Escorts
• Jewelry and other Transport Protection
• Assets Protection
• Personal Security for Private Gatherings
• Book Signings
• Special Events
• Business Meetings
• Corporate Lay-offs
• Security Consulting
• Religious/Church Protection

Educate Yourself About Bodyguards

Educate yourself about the range of available services. Bodyguards are more than big guys with guns. Top security professionals are likely to have specialized driving skills, weapons training, risk avoidance skills and medical training.

Many full-service security companies offer training courses for clients. This is a good way to understand potential risks and enhance your security.

Use the Internet for your state or city’s private security regulator commission or department and learn what credentials “Bodyguard” or “Personal Protection Officer” are required to have. Potential bodyguards will need this license in order to work for you. A proper and current license protects the bodyguard and most importantly it protects you the Client. That said, do not assume that a “Bodyguard” license from any state is in and of itself a good indicator. Follow the “Tips” below when interviewing a potential Personal Protection Officer.

Bodyguard Definitions

Principal: is the person or persons being protected by bodyguards.
Candidate: is the potential bodyguard or bodyguard company being interviewed.
Bodyguard: is the person or persons protecting the Principal.
Personal Protection Officer: same as bodyguard above.
Detail: describes the the group of bodyguards protecting the Principal.

Bodyguard Expectations

Keep your expectations realistic, proper “Personal Protection Officers” are professionals. Look for “Close Protection Agents” who are proactive like the Secret Service agents, clean cut, educated, articulate, and intelligent professionals. Contrast these professionals with the stereotypical thugs working for paparazzi celebrities. These types of “bodyguards” usually lack any kind of personal protection training and often work as bouncers or bounty hunters “sidelining” as bodyguards lacking any kind of specialized VIP training.

Review your bodyguard candidates professional certificates to verify they are up to date and current.

If you have any doubt contact your state or city’s private security regulator commission or department to verify your applicants status.

If you candidate will have access to sensitive or private information ask the candidate to sign a Non-Disclosure Agreement before discussing your needs.

Ensure your candidates are graduates of a Government Protective Services or Private Executive Protection course from:

• State Bureau’s
  - Texas Dept. of Public Safety Private Security Board
• Federal Training (does not guarantee they have a local or state license to bodyguard).
  - United States Secret Service
  - US Dept. of State’s Diplomatic Security Service
  - Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC)
  - US Army Military Police School (USAMPS)
  - US Army Criminal Investigation Division (CID)
  - US Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS)
  - US Air Force Office of Special Investigations (OSI)
  - British Special Air Service (SAS)
• Private training from recognized and respected civilian executive protection schools (does not guarantee they have a local or state license to bodyguard).
  - 21st Century Security Training - Houston
  - ESI
  - Kobetz (Executive Protection Int’l)
  - R.L. Oatman
  - Vance Int’l
  - The Steele Foundation

Just because someone has been in the military or law enforcement, does not mean they have the right training and skills to perform protection services. For a example a traffic officer does not have the protection training required to become a Protection Specialist.

Using Off-Duty Police Officers as Bodyguards

Off-duty police officers are good for close protection when used in conjunction with bodyguards. They also add value to the detail by minimizing unexpected law enforcement issues if and incident occurs. Using ONLY off-duty police officers is NOT the best choice for Personal Protection. Off-duty police officers and other licensed commissioned law enforcement personnel are by law obligated to abandon the “Principal” they are protecting if they see a felony or misdemeanor being committed. If an off-duty police officer does not intercede when they see a misdemeanor or felony being committed they will more than likely loose their law enforcement credentials. This includes officers with bodyguard training and certifications. The off-duty officer can not protect the Principal by removing them from the area without potentially compromising their law enforcement credentials. This leaves the “Principal” completely exposed to danger. Bodyguards/Personal Protection Officers are ONLY obligated to protect the “Principal”. When using off-duty police officers as bodyguards use them in conjunction with non-police bodyguards.

Interviewing Bodyguards/Personal Protection Officers

When interviewing the bodyguard candidate or company[7] look for experience, and ask for examples of how the candidate has demonstrated security skills including, but not limited to, the following:

• Conducting advance work preparing for trips and events ahead of time
• Choreography (standing, walking and moving in and out of vehicles with your or your client
• Quick and effective countermeasures dealing with attacks or security threats if they materialize
• Specialized driving skills and driving
• Firearms training
• Executive self-defense training

A good Personal Protection Officer will also interview the Principal. They will ask questions that are meant to make the candidate aware of any potential dangers with regards to the Principal. This kind or information will help decrease the chances of an incident.

Ask the candidate about the clients they have protected. If the candidate gives you a list of names, those names would likely be okay. However if a candidate starts revealing personal or private information it is possible that they are violating non-disclosure and confidentiality statements they agreed to. Good bodyguards are careful about divulging private information about former clients, and will find a way for you to verify their claims without violating confidentiality agreements.

Bodyguard Hiring Tips

Two types of bodyguards.

1. Covert – discreet, low profile
2. Overt – highly visible

If you are looking for discreet bodyguards hire the ones that can blend-in to your lifestyle. Can they dress and act like you and the people around you?

If you are looking for overt security that are very visible they should be professional and dressed appropriately for the situation and environment.

Look for these traits in your candidates:

• Integrity
• Confidence
• Intelligence
• Candor
• Experience
• Discretion
• Bearing
• Attention to Detail
• Responsiveness
• Flexibility
• Patience
• Commitment

Avoid hiring people with big egos or overly gung-ho or combative attitudes. These types can actually make close protection more difficult. Be wary of websites or brochures that has images of rough looking Bouncers, Ninjas, Samurai, “Secret Agents” or have gun violence on every page.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.iacpo.org/
  2. ^ Leroy Thompson. "Close Protection Machine Pistols: Before PDWs there were high-capacity, full-auto pistols that served double duty!", in Combat Handguns. Available at: http://www.tactical-life.com/online/combat-handguns/close-protection-machine-pistols/
  3. ^ US FEDERAL AGENCIES: The inventories of the most important federal agencies in the USA. Many are listed in Delta Green.Copyright Hans-Christian Vortisch 2001. Available at: http://www.fortunecity.com/tattooine/leiber/50/DGAAAFED.html
  4. ^ US FEDERAL AGENCIES: The inventories of the most important federal agencies in the USA. Many are listed in Delta Green.Copyright Hans-Christian Vortisch 2001. Available at: http://www.fortunecity.com/tattooine/leiber/50/DGAAAFED.html
  5. ^ Basic Bodyguarding Skills 2008 by Craig Pedersen
  6. ^ Hiring bodyguards to fit your personal and life style needs. http://www.houston-bodyguards.com
  7. ^ HIRING BODYGUARDS: Making the right decisions when hiring close protection. http://www.bodyguardassociates.com/hiring-bodyguards/

External links

General information:


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