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Province of Almería: Wikis

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Almería
Bandera provincia de almeria.png Escudo de la Provincia de Almería.svg
Flag Coat of Arms
Map of Spain with Almería highlighted
Capital Almería
Official language(s) Spanish
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 27
 8,774.87 km²
 
Population
 – Total (2006)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 24
 635,850
 
 72.5/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish

 
 Almeriense
Autonomous Community Andalusia
Government
President
http://www.dipalme.org/

Almería is a province of southern Spain. It is bordered by the provinces of Granada, Murcia, and the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital is Almería.

Its area is 8,769 km². Its population is 546,499 (2002) with a density of 62.32/km². It contains 101 municipalities. Almeria belongs to the Autonomous Community of Andalucia, in Southern Spain.

Contents

Geography

Europe's only desert is found in Almería, and is part of the National Park of Sierra Nevada (in the Sierra Nevada mountain range), which it shares with Granada province.

The desert landscape and climate that characterizes part of the province have made it an ideal setting for Western films, especially during the 1960s. Because of the demand for these locations, quite a number of Western towns were built near the Desert of Tabernas. Films such as The Good, the Bad and the Ugly and A Fistful of Dollars were shot here. Years later the film of 800 Bullets was filmed in the same place. Large sections of Lawrence of Arabia and Patton were shot there as well.

The principal river is Rio Andarax (Andarax River), which is located near Granada in the Alpujarras. The Beninar pressure, which is located near Darrical, gives part of the water needed in the production in greenhouses.

Fauna

Interesting and unique species of animals native to the Alto Almanzora are in the process of extinction.

Economy

The most important economic activity is greenhouse farming. Millions of tons of vegetables are exported to other European countries and other parts of the world each year. Tourism is also a key sector of the economy, due to the sunny weather and attractive areas such as Roquetas de Mar, Aguadulce, Almerimar, Vera or Cabo de Gata.

The principal industrial activity is in the Macael (Comarca del Marmol) canteras marble quarrying area in the Sierra de los Filabres region from Macael Viejo to Chercos, Lijar and Cobdar which produce in excess of 1.3 million tons. The Cantoria, Fines, Olula del Rio and Purchena area of the Alto Almanzora valley is fast becoming the regional megalopolis through high imports and exports and employment in local, national and international marble processing. All the tourist accommodations and construction throughout coastal Spain has driven high demand and brought huge modernisation. Small pueblos of agriculturalists have given rise to computerized machining factories.

The German-Spanish Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory is one of the most important observatories of Spain. France's Michelin operates a research center in Cabo de Gata and in Tabernas there is a solar energy research center, PSA.

History

The rich customs and Fiestas of the denizens retain links deep into the past, unto the Moors, the Romans, the Greeks, and the Phoenicians.

During the taifa era, it was ruled by the Moor Banu al-Amiri from 1012 to 1038, briefly annexed by Valencia (1038-1041), then given by Zaragoza to the Banu Sumadih dynasty until its conquest by the Almoravids in 1091. Some centuries later, it became part of the kingdom of Granada.

Largest salad

On September 29, 2007, Pulpí, in Almería (province), Spain tossed the world's largest salad, with 6,700 kilograms (14,740 pounds) of lettuce, tomato, onion, pepper and olives, supervised by 20 cooks over 3 hours. A Guinness World Records judge was present to confirm the new record. The salad was prepared in a container 18m (59ft) long and 4.8m (15.7ft) wide.[1]

Demographic evolution
Year Population % Spain
1857 315.664 2,04%
1900 359.013 1,93%
1910 380.388 1,90%
1920 358.149 1,67%
1930 341.550 1,44%
1940 359.730 1,38%
1950 357.401 1,27%
1960 360.777 2,33%
1970 375.004 2,71%
1981 405.019 1,18%
1991 465.662 1,10%
1996 501.761 1,18%
2001 533.168 1,30%
2006 635.850 1,42%

See also

External links

References

Coordinates: 37°10′N 2°20′W / 37.167°N 2.333°W / 37.167; -2.333

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