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Province of Massachusetts Bay
British colony

 

 

1691–1776
 

A map of the Province of Massachusetts Bay.
Capital Boston
Language(s) English
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
 - 1664–1685 Charles II
 - 1769–1776 George III
Royal Governor
 - 1629–1630 John Endicott
 - 1774–1775 Thomas Gage
Legislature General Court
History
 - Charter Enacted 1691
 - Independence July 4 1776
 - End of the Revolutionary War 1783
Currency Pound sterling, Spanish dollar

The Province of Massachusetts was a crown colony chartered October 7, 1691 in British America by William and Mary, the joint monarchs of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. The charter was put into effect on May 14, 1692 and included the former Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony, as well as the Province of Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and what is now Nova Scotia. (Nova Scotia was separated in 1696, and became the Province of Nova Scotia in 1713.) The Province of New Hampshire gained its independence from Massachusetts at the time of the creation of the Province of Massachusetts .

The name Massachusetts comes from the Massachusett, an Algonquian tribe. The name has been translated as "at the great hill", "at the place of large hills", or "at the range of hills", with reference to the Blue Hills, or in particular, Great Blue Hill.

From 1691, the history of the Province of Massachusetts is usually considered to be the same as that of Massachusetts. The 1691 "William and Mary Charter" was amended by King George I's "Explanatory Charter" which expanded on the original rights granted to the colony.

The royal government of the Province of Massachusetts existed until approximately October 7, 1774 when the General Court of Massachusetts established the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in response to the tightening control of the crown, and as a preceding act to the revolt of the American Revolutionary War.

The Constitution or Form of Government for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts was agreed upon in Cambridge in October 1779 and adopted by the delegates nine months later in June 1780 to go into effect "the last Wednesday of October next".

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