The Full Wiki

Provinces of Iran: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Iran

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Iran



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal

Iran is subdivided into thirty provinces (Persian: Ostān, plural Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Contents

History

Provinces of Iran before 1950

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azarbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[2] In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azarbaijan; West Azarbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[2] From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces. [3]

Information

List

Province Capital Area[4] Population[5] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
Ardabil Ardabil 17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi) 1,257,624 70.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (183 /sq mi) 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[6] IranArdabil.png
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) 3,620,183 76.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (199 /sq mi) 19 IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi) 2,949,426 78.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (204 /sq mi) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[7] IranWestAzerbaijan.png
Bushehr Bushehr 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) 887,115 35.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[8] IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi) 842,002 51.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (134 /sq mi) 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[9] IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
Fars Shiraz 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) 4,385,869 35.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 23 IranFars.png
Gilan Rasht 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) 2,410,523 171.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (445 /sq mi) 16 IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan 20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi) 1,637,063 81.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (210 /sq mi) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[8] IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan 19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi) 1,790,770 91 inhabitants per square kilometre (240 /sq mi) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[8] IranHamadan.png
Hormozgan Bandar Abbas 70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi) 1,410,667 18.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (48 /sq mi) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[8] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[8] IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam 20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi) 545,093 27.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (70 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[8] IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi) 4,590,595 41.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (108 /sq mi) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[8] IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman 180,836 km2 (69,821 sq mi) 2,660,927 13.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (35 /sq mi) 14 IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) 1,938,060 77.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (201 /sq mi) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[8] IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi) 820,918 27.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (72 /sq mi) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3] IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144,681 km2 (55,862 sq mi) 5,620,770 36.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 19 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3] IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand 69,555 km2 (26,855 sq mi) 640,218 7.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (19 /sq mi) 4 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[3] IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) 4,345,607 67.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (176 /sq mi) 18 IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi) 695,099 44.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (116 /sq mi) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[8] IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,574,118 54.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (140 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[8] IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad 28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi) 1,758,628 62.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (161 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[8] IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak 29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,361,394 46.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (121 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[8] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[8] IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi) 2,940,831 118.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (308 /sq mi) 15 IranMazandaran.png
Qazvin Qazvin 15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi) 1,166,861 75.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (194 /sq mi) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[8] IranQazvin.png
Qom Qom 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi) 1,064,456 92.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (239 /sq mi) 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[8] IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi) 590,512 6.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (16 /sq mi) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[8] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[8] IranSemnan.png
Sistan and Baluchistan Zahedan 181,785 km2 (70,188 sq mi) 2,410,076 12.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (33 /sq mi) 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[8] IranSistanBaluchistan.png
Tehran Tehran 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi) 13,530,742 645.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,673 /sq mi) 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. IranTehran.png
Yazd Yazd 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) 992,318 7.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (19 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[9] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[8] IranYazd.png
Zanjan Zanjan 21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi) 970,946 44.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (116 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[8] IranZanjan.png
Iran (Total) Tehran 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 71,767,413 44.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (114 /sq mi) 324 IranBlank.png

List of the provinces and their comparable country by population

Note:Majority languages are shown in bold. Languages that are evenly spread are are all shown in bold also.

Rank State Population Local language Comparable country by population
1 Tehran 13,281,858 Persian[10]  Ecuador
2 Razavi Khorasan 5,515,980 Persian
Turkmen
Kurdish
 Denmark
3 Isfahan 4,499,327 Persian  Norway
4 Fars 4,220,721 Persian  Croatia
5 Khuzestan 4,192,598 Arabic
Lori
Persian
 Georgia
6 East Azarbaijan 3,527,267 Azerbaijani  Lithuania
7 Mazandaran 2,893,087 Manzandarani  Kuwait
8 West Azarbaijan 2,831,779 Azerbaijani
Kurdish
 Kuwait
9 Kerman 2,584,834 Persian  Oman
10 Gilan 2,381,063 Gilaki
Azeri
Persian
 Latvia
11 Sistan and Baluchestan 2,349,049 Balochi  Latvia
12 Kermanshah 1,842,457 Kurdish  Botswana
13 Lorestan 1,689,650 Lori  Gambia
14 Hamedan 1,674,595 Persian  Guinea-Bissau
15 Golestan 1,593,055 Turkmen
Persian
Mazandarani
 Estonia
16 Kordestan 1,416,334 Kurdish  Trinidad and Tobago
17 Hormozgan 1,365,377
Persian
Arabic
 Gabon
18 Markazi 1,326,826
Persian
 Gabon
19 Ardabil 1,209,968 Azerbaijani
Talysh
 Mauritius
20 Qazvin 1,127,734
Persian[11]
 East Timor
21 Qom 1,036,714
Persian
 Swaziland
22 Yazd 958,323
Persian
 Qatar
23 Zanjan 942,818 Azerbaijani  Qatar
24 Bushehr 866,490
Persian
 Fiji
25 Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari 843,784 Lori  Djibouti
26 North Khorasan 791,930 Persian
Turkmen
Kurdish
 Cyprus
27 Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province 621,428 Lori  Bhutan
28 South Khorasan 600,568
Persian
 Comoros
29 Semnan 589,512
Persian
 Cape Verde
30 Ilam 530,464 Lori
Kurdish
 Solomon Islands


Historical Provinces of Iran

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ IRNA, Online Edition. ""Paris for further cultural cooperation with Iran"". http://www2.irna.com/en/news/view/line-203/0710215516003338.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  2. ^ a b Gwillim Law, Statoids website. ""Provinces of Iran"". http://www.statoids.com/uir.html. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. ""Iran breaks up largest province"". http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/2B2C2624-ECBE-473A-AF89-A62AF91E7550.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  4. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/F1/S1_4S.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  5. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""Population estimation by urban and rural areas, 2005"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/j-shvro-84.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  6. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. ""Ardabil Province"". http://www.iranchamber.com/provinces/06_ardabil/06_ardabil.php. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  7. ^ ""Urmia"". http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0850203.html. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t ""Changes in Iranian subdivision"". http://www.statoids.com/uir.html. Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  9. ^ a b Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province, Ostandarie. ""Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province"". http://www.ostan-cb.ir/default.aspx?page=185. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  10. ^ TIMES MAGAZINE: A study of Iran. 03/04/09 Ardeshir Mahlaei
  11. ^ TIMES MAGAZINE: A study of Iran. 03/04/09 Ardeshir Mahlaei

External links

Advertisements

Simple English

Iran is divided into 30 provinces (Persian: استان ostān, plural استان‌ها ostānhā). Each is ruled from a local center. These local centers can usually be found in the biggest local city, called the capital (Persian: مرکز markaz) of that province.

Information

The following is a table with information on the provinces of Iran:

Province Capital Area(km²)[1] Population[2] Density
(people/km²)
Shahrestans
Ardabil[3] Ardabil 17,800 1,257,624 70.79
Azarbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 3,500,183 76.719
Azarbaijan, West Urmia[4] 37,437 2,949,426 78.814
Bushehr[5] Bushehr 22,743 816,115 35.99
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari[6] Shahrekord 16,332 842,002 51.66
Fars Shiraz 122,608 4,385,869 35.823
Guilan Rasht 14,042 2,410,523 171.716
Golestan[7] Gorgan 20,195 1,637,063 81.111
Hamadan[8] Hamadan 19,368 1,738,772 89.88
Hormozgan[9][10] Bandar Abbas 70,669 1,314,667 18.611
Ilam[8] Ilam 20,133 545,093 27.17
Isfahan[11] Isfahan 107,029 4,454,595 41.621
Kerman Kerman 180,836 2,432,927 13.514
Kermanshah[12] Kermanshah[12] 24,998 1,938,060 77.513
Khorasan, North[13] Bojnourd 28,434 786,918 27.76
Khorasan, Razavi[13] Mashhad 144,681 5,202,770 36.019
Khorasan, South[13] Birjand 69,555 510,218 7.34
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 4,345,607 67.818
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad[14][15] Yasuj 15,504 695,099 44.85
Kurdistan[16] Sanandaj 29,137 1,574,118 54.09
Lorestan[14] Khorramabad 28,294 1,758,628 62.29
Markazi[17][11] Arak 29,130 1,361,394 46.710
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 2,818,831 118.915
Qazvin[18] Qazvin 15,549 1,166,861 75.05
Qom[19] Qom 11,526 1,064,456 92.41
Semnan[17][11] Semnan 97,491 589,512 6.04
Sistan and Baluchistan[20] Zahedan 181,785 2,290,076 12.68
Tehran[21] Tehran 18,814 12,150,742 645.813
Yazd[6][22] Yazd 129,285 958,318 7.410
Zanjan[16][11] Zanjan 21,773 970,946 44.67
Iran Tehran 1,628,554 68,467,413 42.0 324

References

  1. Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE)"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/F1/S1_4S.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  2. Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. ""Population estimation by urban and rural areas, 2005"". http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/j-shvro-84.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-30. 
  3. Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azarbaijan province.
  4. Until 1979, the city was known as Rezaiyeh.
  5. Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).
  6. 6.0 6.1 Originally part of Isfahan province.
  7. On 1997-05-31, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Originally part of Kermanshah province.
  9. Originally part of Kerman province. Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).
  10. Hormozgan includes several islands such as Qeshm, Lavan, Kish and Hormoz as well as Abu Musa island which is jointly administered by Iran and the United Arab Emirates.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Between 1979 and 1995 Kermanshah province and its capital, were both known as Bakhtaran.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 On 2004-09-29, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Originally part of Khuzestan province.
  15. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Originally part of Gilan province.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Originally part of Mazandaran province.
  18. On 1996-12-31, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.
  19. Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.
  20. Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.
  21. Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province.
  22. In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.

Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found



Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message