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In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione).

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Italian Republic

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A province is composed of many municipalities, and usually several provinces form a region. The region of Aosta Valley is the only one that, strictly speaking, has no provinces: the administrative functions of its province are provided by the corresponding regional government; however, loosely speaking, it is seen as a single province.

The three main functions devolved to provinces are:

  • Local planning and zoning
  • Provision of local police and fire services.
  • Transportation regulation (Car registration, maintenance of local roads...)

The number of provinces in Italy has been steadily growing in recent years, as many new ones are carved out of older ones, sometimes being limited to less than a hundred thousands inhabitants per province (a smaller population than several comuni). There are 109 provinces in Italy. Aosta Valley is the only region without a province. Lombardy has the most provinces, with 12. The list below highlights in bold the province whose administrative capital is also the administrative capital of its region. Note that ISO 3166-2:IT lists all two-letter codes for the provinces.

Each province is headed by a President assisted by a representative body, the Provincial Council, and an executive body, the Provincial Executive. President and members of Council are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected President (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains the three fifths of the Council's seats. The Executive is chaired by President who appoint others members, called assessori.

In each province there is also a Prefect (prefetto), a representative of central government who heads an agency called prefettura-ufficio territoriale del governo. Questor (questore) is the head of State's Police (Polizia di Stato) in province and his office is called questura. There is also a province's police force depending from local government, called Polizia Provinciale (Provincial Police).

The province of Bolzano-Bozen and the province of Trento are a case sui generis. They are autonomous provinces: unlike all other Italian provinces they have the legislative powers of regions and are not subordinated to the region they are part of, namely Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

The provinces are listed below alphabetically, by region:

Contents

Abruzzo Region

Provinces of Abruzzo.

Apulia Region (Puglia)

Provinces of Apulia.

Basilicata Region

Provinces of Basilicata.

Calabria Region

Provinces of Calabria.

Campania Region

Provinces of Campania.

Emilia-Romagna Region

Provinces of Emilia-Romagna.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region

Provinces of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Lazio Region

Provinces of Lazio.

Liguria Region

Provinces of Liguria.

Lombardy Region (Lombardia)

Provinces of Lombardy.

Marche Region

Provinces of Marche.

Molise Region

Provinces of Molise.

Piedmont Region (Piemonte)

Provinces of Piedmont.

Sardinia Region (Sardegna)

Provinces of Sardinia.

Sicily Region (Sicilia)

Provinces of Sicily.

Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Region

Provinces of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.

Tuscany Region (Toscana)

Provinces of Tuscany.

Umbria Region

Provinces of Umbria.

Veneto Region

Provinces of Veneto.

References

See also








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