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Provincial city: Wikis


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This article is part of
a series on the
Administrative divisions
of the Republic of China
In effect
Provincial cities
County-controlled cities
Urban townships
Rural townships
Urban villages
Rural villages
(also known as "Areas")
Special administrative
regions (SARs)
Special banners
Management bureaus
Administrative levels
and divisions of the
People's Republic of China

Provincial cities (省轄市 shěngxiáshì), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China (ROC). They are governed by provinces directly and are one level above the most basic county-controlled cities (see Administrative divisions of the Republic of China).

In the People's Republic of China (PRC), the term "provincial cities" is used to refer to prefecture-level cities (see Political divisions of China#Prefecture level).

In the early 20th century, the criteria of being a provincial municipality, as stated in Laws on the City Formation (市組織法), included being the provincial capital as well as having a population of over 200,000, or over 100,000 if the city had a particular significance in politics, economics and culture. After moving to Taiwan, where many cities considered to be insignificant had large populations, the Republic of China government raised the limit to 500,000 in 1981 in the Scheme on the Local Rules in Various Counties and Cities of Taiwan Province (臺灣省各縣市實施地方自治綱要). It was later raised again to 600,000.

There are currently five provincial municipalities, all part of Taiwan Province, administered by the Republic of China: Keelung, Hsinchu, Taichung, Chiayi, and Tainan.

There were originally four more: Taipei and Kaohsiung were upgraded to direct-controlled municipalities, while Changhua and Pingtung were lowered to county-controlled cities. Chiayi and Hsinchu were temporarily lowered to county-controlled cities as well until 1982.

Provincial City hierarchy will abolish in 2014 under President Ma Ying-jeou's "Three municipalities and 15 counties" if the plan goes thought. Keelung (merge with Taipei), Taichung, and Tainan will designate as municipalities. Hsinchu and Chiayi will merge with respective counties Hsinchu County and Chiayi County to be degrade as County-controlled city. Originally, Tainan was intended to be degraged as County-controlled city.

Romanization Chinese Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles
Flag of Chiayi City.png Chiayi City 嘉義市 Jiayì Jiāyì Chia1-i4
Hsinchu City flag.png Hsinchu City 新竹市 Sinjhú Xīnzhú Hsin1-chu2
Keelung City 基隆市 Jilóng Jīlóng Chi1-lung2
Taichung City flag.svg Taichung City 台中市 Táijhong Táizhōng T'ai2-chung1
Tainan City 台南市 Táinán Táinán T'ai2-nan2


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