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Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Government in exile



Capital Not specified
Capital-in-exile Shanghai, later Chongqing
Language(s) Korean
Government Presidential republic (1919-1925)
Parliamentary republic(1925-1940)
 - 1919-1925 Syngman Rhee
 - 1927-1933 and
Yi Dongnyeong
 - 1926-1927 and
Kim Gu
Prime Minister
 - 1919-1921 Yi Donghwi
 - 1924-1925 Park Eunsik
 - 1944-1945 Kim Kyu-sik
Historical era Early 20th Century
 - Independence declared March 1, 1919
 - Constitution April 11, 1919 1919
 - Government proclaimed April 13, 1919
 - Shanghai Attack April 29, 1932
 - War declared upon Axis December 10, 1941
 - Liberation August 15, 1945
 - ROK established August 15, 1948 1948
 - DPRK established September 9, 1948
Currency Won
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Hangul 대한민국임시정부
Hanja 大韓民國臨時政府
Revised Romanization Daehanmin(-)guk Imsijeongbu
McCune–Reischauer Taehanmin'guk Imsijŏngbu
Korea unified vertical.svgHistory of Korea

 Jeulmun period
 Mumun period
Gojoseon 2333–108 BC
 Jin state
Proto-Three Kingdoms: 108–57 BC
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan: Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms: 57 BC – 668 AD
 Goguryeo 37 BC – 668 AD
 Baekje 18 BC – 660 AD
 Silla 57 BC – 935 AD
 Gaya 42–562
North-South States: 698–935
 Unified Silla 668–935
 Balhae 698–926
 Later Three Kingdoms 892–935
  Later Goguryeo, Later Baekje, Silla
Goryeo Dynasty 918–1392
Joseon Dynasty 1392–1897
Korean Empire 1897–1910
Japanese rule 1910–1945
 Provisional Gov't 1919–1948
Division of Korea 1945–1948
North, South Korea 1948–present
 Korean War 1950–1953

Korea Portal

The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was the partially recognised government in exile of Korea, based in Shanghai, China and later in Chongqing, during the Japanese colonial rule of Korea.

Photo for memorial of establishing Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, 1919

The Government was formed on April 13, 1919, following the Korean Declaration of Independence during the March 1st movement of the same year.[1]

The government did not gain formal recognition from world powers, though modest form of recognition was given from the Nationalist Government of China and a number of other governments, most of whom were in exile themselves.

The Government strived for the independence of Korea from Japanese annexation that lasted from 1910 to 1945. They coordinated the armed resistance against the Japanese army during the 1920s and 1930s, including the Battle of Chingshanli in October, 1920 and the assault on Japanese military leadership in Shanghai in April 1932.

This struggle culminated in the formation of Korean Liberation Army in 1940, bringing together many if not all Korean resistance groups in exile. The government duly declared war against Japan and Germany on December 9 1941, and the Liberation Army took part in allied action in China and parts of Southeast Asia.

Prior to the end of World War II, the Korean Liberation Army was preparing an assault against the Japanese in Korea in conjunction with American Office of Strategic Services, but the Japanese surrender prevented the execution of the plan. The government's goal was achieved with Japanese surrender on September 2, 1945.

The museum in Chongqing, China

The sites of the Provisional Government in Shanghai and Chongqing have been preserved as museums.

Presidents of the Republic

  1. Syngman Rhee (September 11, 1919 - March 21, 1925)-Impeached by the Provisional Assembly
  2. Park Eunsik (March 24, 1925 - September 1925)
  3. Yi Sang-ryong (September 1925 - January 1926)
  4. Yi Dongnyeong (January 1926 - July 7, 1926)
  5. Hong Jin (July 7, 1926 - December 9, 1926)
  6. Kim Gu (December 9, 1926 - August 1927)
  7. Yi Dongnyeong (August 1927 - October 1933)
  8. Yang Gi-tak (October 1933 - October 1935)
  9. Yi Dongnyeong (October 1935 - 1940)
  10. Kim Gu (1940 - July 24, 1948)

See also


  1. ^ Sources of Korean Tradition, vol. 2, From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Centuries, edited by Yŏngho Ch'oe, Peter H. Lee, and Wm. Theodore de Bary, Introduction to Asian Civilizations (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000), 336.


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