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Chính phủ Cách mạng lâm thời Cộng hoà miền Nam Việt Nam
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam
Provisional government

1969–1976

Flag

Anthem
Giải phóng miền Nam (To Liberate the South)
Capital Ho Chi Minh City
Language(s) Vietnamese
Religion Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism
Government Socialist republic
Chairman of Consultative Council Nguyen Huu Tho
Chairman of Consultative Council Huynh Tan Phat
Historical era Cold War
 - PRG founded June 8, 1969
 - Unification with North Vietnam July 2, 1976
Area
 - 1973 173,809 km2 (67,108 sq mi)
Population
 - 1973 est. 19,370,000 
     Density 111.4 /km2  (288.6 /sq mi)
Currency Liberation dong
History of Vietnam Map of Vietnam
Hồng Bàng Dynasty prior to 257 BC
Thục Dynasty 257–207 BC
First Chinese domination 207 BC – 39 AD
Triệu Dynasty 207–111 BC
Trưng Sisters 40–43
Second Chinese domination 43–544
Lady Triệu's Rebellion 248
Early Lý Dynasty 544–602
Triệu Việt Vương
Third Chinese domination 602–905
• Mai Hắc Đế 722
Phùng Hưng 791–798
Autonomy 905–938
Khúc Family 906–930
Dương Đình Nghệ 931–937
• Kiều Công Tiễn 937–938
Ngô Dynasty 939–967
The 12 Lords Rebellion 966–968
Đinh Dynasty 968–980
Early Lê Dynasty 980–1009
Lý Dynasty 1009–1225
Trần Dynasty 1225–1400
Hồ Dynasty 1400–1407
Fourth Chinese domination 1407–1427
Later Trần Dynasty 1407–1413
• Lam Sơn Rebellion 1418–1427
Later Lê Dynasty 1428–1788
• Early Lê 1428–1788
• Restored Lê 1533–1788
Mạc Dynasty 1527–1592
Southern and
Northern Dynasties
1533–1592
Trịnh-Nguyễn War 1627–1673
Tây Sơn Dynasty 1778–1802
Nguyễn Dynasty 1802–1945
Western imperialism 1887–1945
Empire of Vietnam 1945
Indochina Wars 1945–1975
Partition of Vietnam 1954
Democratic Republic
 of Vietnam
1945–1976
State of Vietnam 1949–1955
Republic of Vietnam 1955–1975
Provisional Revolutionary
 Government
1975–1976
Socialist Republic of Vietnam from 1976
Related topics
Champa Dynasties 192–1471
List of Vietnamese monarchs
Economic history of Vietnam
Prehistoric cultures of Vietnam

The Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chính phủ Cách mạng lâm thời Cộng hoà miền Nam Việt Nam), or PRG, was formed on June 8, 1969, as an underground government opposed to the South Vietnamese government of President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu. Delegates of the National Liberation Front, or Vietcong, as well as several smaller groups, participated in the creation of the PRG. The PRG was recognized as the government of South Vietnam by most communist states. It signed 1973 Paris Peace Treaty as a separate party. It became the provisional government of South Vietnam following the military defeat of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam on April 30, 1975. On July 2, 1976, the PRG and North Vietnam merged to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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History

The PRG was established on June 8, 1969, during a series of meetings held at a location on Route 22 near the Cambodian-South Vietnamese border. (The Vietcong was for the most part driven into Cambodia in the aftermath of the Tet offensive.) The main purpose of the new group was to help the Vietcong "acquire a new international stature," according to Justice Minister Truong Nhu Trang.[1] There were delegates from the NLF, the Alliance of National, Democratic and Peace Forces, the People's Revolutionary Party (South Vietnamese communist party), and "the usual assortment of mass organizations, ethnic groups, and geopolitical regions."[2] "South Vietnam is independent, democratic, peaceful, and neutral," according to one banner displayed prominently at the convention.[2]

It reflected a number of nationalist, anti-imperialist and communist political viewpoints, including those of the Vietnam Workers Party (North Vietnamese communist party). Following the military and political results of the 1968 Tet Offensive and related military offensives in the South, in which the Vietcong suffered serious military losses, the PRG was envisioned as a political counter-force that could influence international public opinion in support of national independence and in opposition to the U.S. and the Republic of Vietnam.[3]

The declared purpose of the PRG was to provide a formal NLF governmental structure and enhance its claim of representing "the Southern people".[4] Included in this strategy was the pursuit of a negotiated settlement to the war leading to reunification. It was organized during the initial phase of the U.S. policy of Vietnamization, which was devised by U.S. President Richard Nixon and his national security advisor Henry Kissinger early in their administration.

During the period 1969-1970, most of the PRG's cabinet ministries operated near the Cambodia border. These areas were targeted by the invasion of Cambodia, in April 1970, attempted by ARVN and US forces. The central bodies of the PRG thus functioned as a government in exile. The PRG maintained diplomatic relations with many so-called 'non-aligned' countries, such as Algeria, as well as with the Soviet Union and with the People's Republic of China.

After the surrender of Saigon on April 30, 1975, the PRG assumed power in the South and subsequently participated in the political reunification of the country.

Personnel

Post Name Took Office Left Office Party
Chairman of Government (Prime Minister) Huynh Tan Phat 8 June 1969 2 July 1976 People's Revolutionary Party and Democratic Party of Vietnam
Vice-Chairman Phung Van Cung 8 June 1969 1976 Democratic Party of Vietnam
Vice-Chairman Nguyen Van Kiet 8 June 1969 1976
Vice-Chairman Nguyen Doa 8 June 1969 1976
Minister of Presidential Palace of Government Tran Buu Kiem 8 June 1969 1976 People's Revolutionary Party and Democratic Party of Vietnam
Minister of Defense Trần Nam Trung 8 June 1969 1976 People's Revolutionary Party
Minister of Foreign Affairs Nguyen Thi Binh 8 June 1969 1976 People's Revolutionary Party
Minister of the Interior Phung Van Cung 8 June 1969 1976
Minister of Justice Truong Nhu Tang 8 June 1969 1976
Minister of Economy and Finance Cao Van Bon 8 June 1969 died 1971,

Duong Ky Hiep (acting since 1975)

Minister of Information and Culture Luu Huu Phuoc 8 June 1969 1976
Minister of Education and Youth Nguyen Van Kiet 8 June 1969 1976
Minister of Health, Social Action and Disabled Soldiers Duong Quynh Hoa 8 June 1969 1976 People's Revolutionary Party

National anthem

The national anthem of the Government was To Liberate the South (Vietnamese: Giải phóng miền Nam). The song was written in 1961 by Luu Huu Phuoc (Vietnamese: Lưu Hữu Phước, 1921-1989) and adopted at that time as the anthem of the National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam.

Vietnamese lyrics

Giải phóng miền Nam, chúng ta cùng quyết tiến bước.
Diệt Đế quốc Mỹ, phá tan bè lũ bán nước.
Ôi xương tan máu rơi, long hân thù ngất trời.
Sông núi bao nhiêu năm cắt rời.
Đây Cửu Long hùng tráng, Đây Trường Sơn vinh quang.
Thúc giục đoàn ta xung phong đi giết thù.
Vai sát vai chung một bóng cờ.
Vùng lên! Nhân dân miền Nam anh hùng!
Vùng lên! Xông pha vượt qua bão bùng.
Thề cứu lấy nước nhà! Thề hy sinh đến cùng!
Cầm gươm, ôm sung, xông tới!
Vận nước đã đên rồi. Bình minh chiếu khắp nơi.
Nguyện xây non nước sáng tươi muôn đời.

English translation

To liberate the South, together we advance.
To destroy the American imperialist, and annihilate the traitors.
Oh bones have broken, and blood has fallen, the hatred is rising high
Our country has been separated for so long.
Here, the magnificent Mekong River, here, glorious Trường Sơn Mountains
Are urging us to advance to kill the enemy,
Shoulder to shoulder under a common flag

Arise! ye brave people of the South
Arise! Let us go through storms.
We've sworn to save our homeland; we've sworn to sacrifice ourselves to the end.
Hold your swords and clutch your guns, advance!
The nation's fortune is rising, dawn's light abound.
We're devoted to build the country, forever brilliant.

Origin of name

Since the Revolutions of 1848, the term provisional government has referred to liberal government created to prepared for democratic elections that would establish government on a permanent basis. Bolshevik leader Lenin defined a provisional revolutionary government as one that appeals to the people, but where workers and peasants "take the initiative."[5] A PRG would, "convene on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot a constituent assembly," Lenin added.[6] Algeria's National Liberation Front, a model for revolutionaries in the 1960s and 1970s, created a Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic in 1958. (This name is a variation of Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944-1946).)

References

  1. ^ Truong Nhu Trang, A Viet Cong Memoir (1985), p. 146.
  2. ^ a b Trang, p. 147.
  3. ^ Truong Nhu Tang. 1986. A Viet Cong Memoir. Vintage.
  4. ^ Truong Nhu Tang. 1986. A Viet Cong Memoir. Vintage. p. 146-147.
  5. ^ Lenin, V.I., "On the Provisional Revolutionary Government" (1905).
  6. ^ Lenin, V.I., "The Provisional Revolutionary Government and Local Organs of Revolutionary Authority" (1906).

Further reading

  • Truong Nhu Tang, with David Chanoff, Doan Van Toai. 1985. A Viet Cong Memoir. New York. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

External links

Government

Leaders

National anthem

Preceded by
Republic of Việt Nam
Provisional Revolutionary Government
1975 - 1976
Succeeded by
Socialist Republic of Việt Nam

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