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Miyama cherry
Prunus maximowiczii[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Cerasus
Species: P. maximowiczii
Binomial name
Prunus maximowiczii
Rupr.[2]
Synonyms

Cerasus maximowiczii (Rupr.) Kom.[3]

Prunus maximowiczii, known as the Miyama cherry or Korean cherry (not to be confused with P. japonica, also called Korean cherry), is a small (about 7.5m), fruiting cherry tree that can be found growing wild in northeastern Asia and Eurasia.

Contents

Taxonomy

The species was first described in 1857 by Franz Josef Ruprecht. It was treated in the genus Cerasus (now accepted as a subgenus of Prunus) by Vladimir Leontyevich Komarov in 1927, but the original P. maximowiczii remains the accepted binomial.[2][3]

Description

P. maximowiczii has white, insect-pollinated, hermaphroditic flowers, blooming in May. The seeds ripen in August, and the edible fruit (cherries) are about 5mm in diameter, containing a large seed.[4]

Range and habitat

Korea, China (Heilong Jiang, Jilin, Liaoning and Zhejiang), Russia (Khabarovsk, Primorye or Sakhalin), and Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu or Kyushu),[2] often in mountainous, woodland regions and in clayey soil.

Uses

P. maximowiczii is useful in many ways; aside from eating the fruit, the flowers can be used as a condiment, preserved in brine[4]

The wood of P. maximowiczii is very hard, heavy, and close grained, making it excellent for carving and the making of furniture.[4]

Dye produced from the leaves of P. maximowiczii is green; and that from the fruit, a dark grey to green.[4]

Chemically, amygdalin and prunasin, the derivatives of which produce prussic acid[4] as well as Genistein[5] can be extracted from P. maximowiczii.

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Prunoideae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: P. subg. Cerasus
Sectio: P. sect. Cerasus
Species: Prunus maximowiczii

Name

Prunus maximowiczii Rupr.

References

  • Bulletin de la Class Physico-Mathematique de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg. St. Petersburg 15:131. 1857 ("1856")
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

日本語: ミヤマザクラ

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