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Pseudomonarchia Daemonum, or Hierarchy of Demons first appears as an Appendix to Johann Weyer's De praestigiis daemonum (1577). The title of the book translates roughly to "false monarchy of demons".

A grimoire similar in nature to the Ars Goetia, the first book of The Lesser Key of Solomon, it contains a list of demons, and the appropriate hours and rituals to conjure them.

The book was written before known copies of The Lesser Key of Solomon, and has some differences. There are sixty-nine demons listed (instead of seventy-two), and the order of the spirits varies, as well as some of their characteristics. The demons Vassago, Seere, Dantalion and Andromalius are not listed in this book. Pseudomonarchia Daemonum does not attribute seals to the demons, as The Lesser Key of Solomon does.

Weyer referred to his source manuscript as Liber officiorum spirituum, seu Liber dictus Empto. Salomonis, de principibus et regibus daemoniorum. (Book of the offices of spirits, or the book called 'Empto'. Solomon, concerning the princes and kings of demons).

But in the entry for the demon Gaap or Tap, the text refuses Solomon as the originator of invocations, indicating Ham, son of Noah, instead:

There were certeine necromancers that offered sacrifices and burnt offerings unto him; and to call him up, they exercised an art, saieng that Salomon the wise made it. Which is false: for it was rather Cham, the sonne of Noah, who after the floud began first to invocate wicked spirits. He invocated Bileth, and made an art in his name, and a booke which is knowne to manie mathematicians.

It also mentions Purgatory, calling it "Cartagra".

The 69 demons

1. Bael
2. Aguarès
3. Barbas
4. Pruflas
5. Amon
6. Barbatos
7. Buer
8. Gusoyn
9. Botis
10. Bathym
11. Pursan
12. Eligos
13. Loray
14. Valefor
15. Morax
16. Ipes
17. Naberius
18. Glasya labolas
19. Zepar
20. Byleth
21. Sytry
22. Paimon
23. Bélial

24. Bune
25. Forneus
26. Roneve
27. Berith
28. Astaroth
29. Forras
30. Furfur
31. Marchocias
32. Malphas
33. Vepar
34. Sabnac
35. Asmodée
36. Gaap
37. Chax
38. Pucel
39. Furcas
40. Murmur
41. Caym
42. Raum
43. Halphas
44. Focalor
45. Vine
46. Bifrons

47. Samigina
48. Zagan
49. Orias
50. Volac
51. Gomory
52. Decarabia
53. Amdusias
54. Andras
55. Andrealphus
56. Oze
57. Aym
58. Orobas
59. Vapula
60. Cimeries
61. Amy
62. Flauros
63. Balam
64. Alocer
65. Saleos
66. Vual
67. Haagenti
68. Phoenix
69. Stolas

External links

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