Life in the Philippines
|Holiday Date||Celebration Date||English Name||Filipino Name||Official Status||Details/Description|
|January 1||January 1||New Year's Day||Araw ng Bagong Taon||Regular Holiday||First day of the New Year|
|Varies||Varies||Chinese New Year||Araw ng Bagong Taon ng mga Tsino||Regular day||Based on Lunar Calendar|
|February 25||February 25||People Power Day||Araw ng People Power (Lakas ng Bayan)||Non-working Holiday (Case-to-case basis), Metro Manila||Commemoration of the 1986 People Power Revolution|
|Thursday before Easter||Varies||Maundy Thursday||Huwebes Santo||Regular Holiday, Movable date||Commemorates the Lord's Last Supper; part of Holy Week celebrations|
|Friday before Easter||Varies||Good Friday||Biyernes Santo/Mahal na Araw||Regular Holiday, Movable date||Commemoration of the death of Jesus Christ|
|Sunday, date varies||—||Easter Sunday||Linggo ng Pagkabuhay||Regular day||Commemoration of the Resurrection of Jesus|
|April 9||Monday nearest April 9||Bataan and Corregidor Day ("Day of Valor")||Araw ng Kagitingan||Regular Holiday||Commemorates the Bataan Death March|
|May 1||Monday nearest May 1||Labor Day||Araw ng Manggagawa||Regular Holiday|
|June 12||Monday nearest June 12||Independence Day||Araw ng Kasarinlan||Regular Holiday||Anniversary of the Philippine Declaration of Independence|
|August 21||Monday nearest August 21||Ninoy Aquino Day||Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Ninoy Aquino||Nationwide Special Holiday||Death of Benigno Aquino, Jr.|
|Last Monday of August||Last Monday of August||National Heroes' Day||Araw ng mga Bayani||Regular Holiday||Commemorates the "Cry of Pugad Lawin" by Filipino revolutionaries called the Katipunan|
|October 31||October 31||Day of the Dead||Araw ng Patay||Still working day.||A Day to remember loved friends and relatives who died. This holiday can also be November 1 or 2.|
|November 1||November 1||All Saints Day||Todos los Santos/Undas||Nationwide Special Holiday||Remembrance of all the saints and beloved departed|
|November 2||November 2||All Souls Day||Araw ng mga Patay||Special Non-working Holiday||Remembrance of the dearly departed|
|Varies||Varies||Eidul Fitr (Arabic transliteration: Eid al-Fitr)||Wakas ng Ramadan||Regular Holiday, movable date||End of the holy month of Ramadan; based on Islamic calendar|
|Varies||Varies||Eidul Adha (Arabic transliteration: Eid al-Adha)||Araw ng Pag-alay||Non-working Holiday (2 days), movable date, ||Based on Islamic calendar|
|November 30||Monday nearest November 30||Bonifacio Day||Kaarawan ni Bonifacio||Regular Holiday||Birth date of Andres Bonifacio|
|December 25||December 25||Christmas Day||Araw ng Pasko||Regular Holiday||Celebration of Christmas|
|December 30||Monday nearest December 30||Rizal Day||Araw ng Kabayanihan ni Dr. Jose Rizal||Regular Holiday||Death anniversary of National hero José Rizal|
|December 31||December 31||Last Day of the Year||Bisperas ng Bagong Taon||Special Nationwide Holiday||Celebration of New Year's Eve; created as "filler" holiday between Rizal Day and New Year's Day|
|Date||English Name||Filipino Name||Official Status||Details/Description|
|January 16||Sinulog||Regional Public Holiday, Cebu & Tacloban|
|February 5||Biñan liberation day||Special working holiday, Laguna|
|February 9||Mandaluyong Liberation and Cityhood Day||Regular Public Holiday, Mandaluyong City|
|February 11||Evelio Javier Day||Regular Public Holiday, Antique, Capiz, Aklan, and Iloilo|
|February 13||Parañaque Day||Regular Public Holiday, Paranaque City|
|February 14||Valenzuela City day||Araw ng Lungsod ng Valenzuela||Special working holiday, Valenzuela City|
|February 24||Cebu City Charter Day||Regular Public Holiday, Cebu|
|March 1||Muntinlupa City Charter Day||Special working holiday, Muntinlupa City|
|March 8||Founding day||Special working holiday, Compostela Valley|
|March 16||Araw ng Dabaw||Special non-working public holiday , Davao City|
|March 18||Liberation of Panay||Regular Public Holiday, Iloilo|
|March 27||San Juan day||Araw ng San Juan||Special non-working public holiday|
|June 15||Cagayan de Oro Charter Day||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Cagayan de Oro City|
|June 18||Founding day||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Benguet|
|June 19||Surigao del Sur Day||Araw ng Surigao del Sur||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Surigao del Sur|
|June 19||Feast of Forest||Pista Y ang Kagueban||Special working holiday, Palawan|
|June 19||Laguna Day||Araw ng Laguna||Special non-working holiday, Laguna||Dr. Jose Rizal's Birthday|
|June 24||Manila Foundation day||Araw ng Maynila||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Manila|
|June 30||Tacloban day||Araw ng Tacloban||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Tacloban|
|June 30||Tacloban City Charter Day||Regular Public Holiday, Tacloban|
|July 2||Pasig Foundation day||Araw ng Pasig||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Pasig City|
|July 23||Apolinario Mabini day||Special working holiday, Tanauan, Batangas|
|August 6||Provincial Charter Day||Regular Public Holiday, Tacloban|
|August 1||Butuan City Charter Day||Adlaw Hong Butuan||Local holiday in Butuan City|
|August 9||Ablan Day||Special non-working holiday, Laoag City||A commemoration of the birhtday of former Ilocos Norte Governor Roque Ablan|
|August 19||Manuel Luis Quezon Day||Special working holiday, Quezon City|
|September 1||Baguio Day||Special non-working holiday, Baguio City|
|September 9||Osmeña Day||Regular Public Holiday, Cebu|
|September 9||San Jose del Monte City Day||Regular Public Holiday, San Jose del Monte City|
|September 10||Surigao City||Regular City Holiday, Surigao City|
|September 13||Battle of Pulang Lupa, Marinduque Day||Labanan sa Pulang Lupa, Araw ng Marinduque||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Marinduque|
|September 17||Siquijor day||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Siquijor|
|September 18||Charter day||Special working holiday, Sultan Kudarat|
|October 16||Oroquieta City Day||Special Non-working Public Holiday, Oroquieta City|
|October 20||Leyte Landing Day||Regular Public Holiday, Tacloban|
|Varies||Eid al-Adha||Haji||Special Holiday in ARMM, movable date||Based on Islamic calendar|
|November 16||Quirino Day||Special Non-working Holiday, Province of Ilocos Sur||To commemorate the birth anniversary of late President Quirino as declared under Presidential Proclamation No. 1927 dated November 15, 1979 issued by the late President Ferdinand E. Marcos|
|December 13||Founding day||Special working holiday, General Trias, Cavite|
|December 18||Lopez Jaena Day||Regular Public Holiday, Iloilo|
New Year's Day is celebrated with the family in or outside the house. The year is greeted on the Bisperas ng Bagong Taon (New Year's Eve) with a lavish feast, called media noche (literally, "middle of the night"). Round shaped foods, sticky or glutinous rice based foods, and various 12 round shaped fruits for each of the months of the year are served. Traditionally, Filipinos, Chinese, and Spaniards stay at home, the latter serving parties lavishly, which almost always includes a lechon (suckling roasted pig). However, more and more of the younger generation and the recent immigrants such as Americans have popularized the celebration of the New Year in grand hotels, restaurants, in parks, and in streets. Children light firecrackers such as watusi or the sinturon ni Hudas (Judas' belt), while adults spend the night recollecting the year, and, in many families, involves a Bible reading.
Citing the Filipino tradition of New Year's Day, the Philippine Congress decided to formally recognize December 31 as an annual non-working holiday where it is sandwiched in between two official Philippine holidays (these being Rizal Day and New Year's Day, though Rizal Day is not necessarily celebrated on its official December 30 date).
==Holy Week==Anung Holy Week muh in Filipino (from the Spanish Semana Santa), is the only week where the whole country shuts down. It starts with Linggo ng Palaspas or Domingo de Ramos (Palm Sunday), then continues on until Linggo ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday). Only after Linggo ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday) does the whole country resume its operations. The old Catholic belief that Christ is dead during Good Friday at three o' clock in the afternoon is still prevalent among the rural Filipinos, and so, journeys are not continued and children are warned not to make noise or to play outside. They believe that bad spirits roam around, with no Christ to stop them from harming anyone. After Sabado de Gloria (Black/Holy Saturday), Holy Week ends on the Linggo ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday), when Catholic churches hold Masses and dawn processions (known as the Salubong). Shopping malls and hotels also hold celebrations and Easter egg hunts.
On April 9, 1942, 75,000 Filipino and American soldiers surrendered to the Japanese at the tip of the Bataan Peninsula, which juts into Manila Bay in the Philippines. For nearly five months, the troops had fought ferociously against overwhelming odds until they ran out of food and water, medical supplies and ammunition. As prisoners of war (POWs), they and thousands of Filipinos were taken to a camp run by the Japanese army. This grueling series of marches are now known as the Bataan Death March. In 2009, Araw ng Kagitingan fell on Maundy/Holy Thursday.
For the Philippine labour movement, the 100th year of the observance of Labour Day was also the year of unemployment.
The first Labour Day celebrations held in the Philippines took place on May 1, 1903. In a mammoth rally in front of Malacañang Palace that day, the Union Obrera Democratica (Democratic Labourer's Union) , while pressing for workers’ economic rights
The Phlippines celebrates its Declaration of Independence from Spain on June 12. This took place on that day in 1898, at the house of the first Philippine president, Emilio Aguinaldo, in Kawit, Cavite. From the balcony of his house, Gen. Aguinaldo waved the national flag while a band played the national anthem, known today as the "Lupang Hinirang". This scene was immortalized on the now out-of-circulation 5 peso bill, replaced now by a coin with Aguinaldo on it. The nation celebrated its Centennial in 1998.
The Philippines achieved independence from the United States with the signing of a Treaty of General Relations between the two governments. The treaty provided for the recognition of the independence of the Republic of the Philippines as of July 4, 1946 and the relinquishment of American sovereignty over the Philippine Islands.
From 1946 to 1961, Independence Day was observed on July 4, the anniversary date of the 1946 recognition by the U.S. of the Philippines as an independent state. On 12 May, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, June 12, 1962 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence. On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed the July 4 holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed the twelfth day of June is as the Philippine Independence Day, and enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe 12 June with rites befitting Independence Day.
Nu’ain Bin Abdulhaqq, an official of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), contends that celebrating June 12, 1898 (a date earlier than the December 10, 1898 signing date of the Treaty of Paris) as the date of Philippine independence provides the pretext for Moro independence.
On July 4, 1946, the Philippines was officially declared independent and inaugurated Manuel Roxas as the first president of the (3rd) Republic of the Philippines. July 4 was celebrated in the Philippines as Independence Day until 1962. Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines in 1962, had formed an opinion when he was a congressman that July 4 was not the proper Independence Day for Filipinos and should be changed to June 12—the date General Emilio Aquinaldo proclaimed the independence of Filipinos in Kawit, Cavite, in 1898. The opportunity to do this came when the US House of Representatives rejected the US$73 million additional war payment bill on May 9, 1962. Noting that there was indignation about this among Filipinos, President Macapagal on 12 May issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, proclaiming Tuesday, June 12, 1962 as a special public holiday throughout the Philippines.
In 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 changed the date of Independence Day from July 4 to June 12 and renamed the July 4 holiday as Philippine Republic Day. The holiday was often informally referred to as Filipino-American Friendship Day. It was celebrated from 1963 until President Corazon Aquino issued a Presidential proclamation removing this Filipino-American Friendship Day from the list of regular holidays. For the year of 1996, President In 1995, President Fidel Ramos noted that July 4, 1996 would mark the 50th Anniversary of the Philippine-American Friendship Day which ushered the beginning of the Philippine political independence from the American colonial rule and created a National Executive Committee on the Commemoration of that 50th anniversary.
The Philippines observes the death of prominent Marcos opponent Benigno S. "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. on this day. After three years of exile in the United States, Aquino made the journey home only to meet an assassin's bullet at the Manila airport that now bears his name in 1983. It is created by the enactment of Republic Act No. 9256 on February 25, 2004 during the 18th anniversary of the first EDSA Revolution.
The Philippines, on this day, commemorates the celebration of the national heroes. National Heroes day falls every last Monday of August. It is a regular holiday in the Philippines remembering the Cry of Pugad Lawin by Filipino Revolutionary forces called the Katipunan led by its leader (Supremo) Andres Bonifacio. It is now observed every 4th Monday of August.
Also known as Undas, All Saints Day in the Philippines is observed in remembrance of the dead. Families return to their respective provinces to clean and repair the tombs of their deceased loved ones and to pray for them. This day is used to be a regular holiday in the Philippines but was changed to a non-working holiday through an Executive Order issued by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
The first day of Shawwal, the tenth month of the Islamic calendar, is declared a national holiday for the observance of Eid ul-Fitr, or the Feast of Breaking the Fast (of Ramadhan, the ninth month). It was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 9177 and signed on November 13, 2002. The law was enacted in deference to the Filipino Muslim community and to promote peace among the major religions in the Philippines.
The first observance of Eid ul-Fitr was celebrated on December 6, 2002; this date occurs about 11 days earlier every year in the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, this makes it a movable holiday in accordance with the Islamic calendar. Many non-Muslim Filipinos are still unfamiliar to the new holiday, and many calendars printed in the Philippines still have not listed this holiday.
On November 30, 1863, Bonifacio was born to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro. His given name, Andres, comes from Saint Andrew, whose feast day falls on this day. Bonifacio Day every year on November 30, a date that is sometimes confused with National Heroes Day.
Bonifacio Day is also odd, because heroes—like saints—are often remembered more for their death than their birth. Philippine national hero Jose Rizal's birthday, June 19, is a holiday in Laguna province, and the date of his execution, December 30, is a national holiday known as Rizal Day.
Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death, May 10, 1897, for historical reasons. Unlike Rizal who was executed by the enemy, and other heroes who died in battle, Bonifacio was executed by fellow Filipinos. This was done on the orders of the first President, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, since he was considered an enemy of the state, after the occurrences at the Tejeros convention.
The Filipino Christmas celebration period is one of, if not the, longest in the world, stretching from even as early as September until the first week of January. Parols, along with other decorations, are set up for the holidays. The Christmas season, therefore, is one of the holidays that Filipinos hold dear.
Christmas Eve in the Philippines is one of the traditions that most families celebrate. It is a night without sleep and a continuous celebration moving right into Christmas Day. As December 24 dawns, the last Mass of Misa de Gallo is attended then preparation begins for the Noche Buena (literally "Good Night" from Spanish) , which is a family feast that takes place after midnight.
The Noche Buena is very much like an open house celebration. Family, friends, relatives, and neighbors drop by to wish every family member "Maligayang Pasko!" (Merry Christmas! in Tagalog). Food is in abundance, often served in buffet style. Guests or visitors partake of the food prepared by the host family (even though they are already full or bloated!). Among the typical foods prepared in the Philippines during Christmas are: lechon (roasted pig), pancit, barbecue, rice, adobo, cakes (Western and native rice cakes), lumpia, etc. There is also an abundance of beer, wine, and liquor.
The streets are well lit and are full of activities. The children run in and out of the house to play, to eat, and to play again. The Christmas Eve gathering provides an opportunity for a reunion of immediate and distant family members. Some families may choose to exchange gifts at this time while others wait until Christmas Day.
In general, the center of a family's Christmas gathering is always the lola, the endearing term used for a family matriarch or grandmother, who is deeply respected, highly revered, and always present. Filipinos remember how their lola had their children form a line and step up to receive a small gift of some coins. The older the child, the more coins he or she receives.
Some families even have a talent show during the Christmas Eve celebration. Children are asked to perform such as singing a Christmas song, playing a musical instrument, reciting a poem or doing a dance. The celebrations continue until about 6 o'clock on Christmas morning. Those who cannot attend Mass the night before will go to the morning Mass on Christmas Day.
Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. Christmas festivities combine the commemoration of Jesus' birth with various secular customs. The date as a birthdate for Jesus is traditional, and is not considered to be his actual date of birth.
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo usually issues proclamations moving the holiday to Friday if a holiday falls on a Wednesday or Thursday, or to Monday if a holiday falls on a Tuesday. The sole purpose is to enable government and private employees to enjoy a three day weekend holiday. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, coining the term holiday economics, introduced the policy in 2001 to reduce disruption to business and production schedules, encourage domestic tourism and give employees long weekends. In 2004 she issued a proclamation making Christmas Eve as special non-working holiday and December 27, the Monday after Christmas as special non-working holiday.
On July 25, 2007, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed into law Republic Act (RA) 9492 also known as "An Act Rationalizing the Celebration of National Holidays", designating 11 Regular Holidays and three Nationwide Special Holidays.. Specific dates or days for celebration are designated. The law provides that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of the week and that holidays falling on a on a Sunday, the holiday will be observed on the Monday that follows. Three holidays (Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Eidul Fitr) are designated as having movable dates, and the law provides that for movable holidays the President shall issue a proclamation, at least six months prior to the holiday concerned, the specific date that shall be declared as a non-working day. Though it was allowed by RA 9492, Labor Day was never moved to another date by President Arroyo at the request of labor groups.
In addition to the Regular Holidays and Nationwide Special Days which it designates, the law specifies that the Eidul Adha shall be celebrated as a regional holiday in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
While Arroyo's "holiday economics" has been praised for boosting domestic tourism and for encouraging more quality time among members of Filipino families, businessmen are complaining over lost productivity and the hassle of preparing mandatory holiday and overtime salaries in a short period of time. Others deplored it as presidential tinkering with history via executive fiat.
The final two weeks of 2008 have the largest number of holidays based on Presidential Proclamation 1463 with offices closed from December 25, 2008 until January 4, 2009.