Puebla: Wikis

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Puebla
Estado Libre y Soberano
de Puebla
—  State  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Location within Mexico
Municipalities of Puebla
Country  Mexico
Capital Puebla
Municipalities 217
Largest Cities Puebla
Tehuacán
Admission December 21, 1823[1]
Order 4th
Government
 - Governor Mario Marín Torres PRI Party (Mexico).svg PRI
 - Federal Deputies PAN: 12
PRI: 4
 - Federal Senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
Area
Ranked 21st
 - Total 33,902 km2 (13,089.6 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Total 5,383,133 (Ranked 5th)
 - Demonym Poblano
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
HDI (2004) 0.7598 - medium
Ranked 25th
ISO 3166-2 MX-PUE
Postal abbr. Pue.
Website www.puebla.gob.mx

Puebla is a Mexican state located in the south-central part of the country, to the east of Mexico City. The state borders Veracruz to the east, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Tlaxcala, and Morelos to the west, and Guerrero and Oaxaca to the south. The state's largest cities are Puebla and Tehuacan, it has 217 municipalities.

Contents

Etymology

The state of Puebla takes its name from the capital city, which was originally La Puebla de los Angeles (Town of the Angels). The formal name is Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza (Heroic Puebla of Zaragoza), after Ignacio Zaragoza who defeated the Imperial French army at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862, which is commemorated as Cinco de Mayo.

Geography

On the northeast corner of the state, the mountain chain known as the eastern Sierra Madre takes the regional name of Northern Sierra of Puebla, whereas the rest of the state is crossed by the "Transversal Volcanic System", part of a larger system known as the "Neo-Volcanic Axis". Within this rugged landscape, some peaks stand out, such as the Citlaltepetl volcano, better known as the Pico de Orizaba, the highest point in all of Mexico reaching an altitude of 5,610 meters above sea level, and which is shared with the neighboring state of Veracruz. Other major elevations in Puebla include the famous Popocatepetl volcano at 5,500 meters; the Iztaccihuatl at 5,230 meters and the Cerro La Negra.

The bodies of water supplying the state with the precious liquid include various rivers such as the Atoyac, Tilaza, Mixteco, Nexapa, Pentepec, San Marcos, Salado Cempoala, Zapoteco, Tehuacan, Ajajalpa and Nexaca rivers, the latter one forming an hydrologic basin protected by the state and listed as Natural Reserve.

The high zones of the Northern Sierra are usually covered by local species called chanchan, ojoh, and palo de agua; while the peaks of the volcanic system displays pine, oak, and oyamel forests. Moving down on to the semi-hot valleys, the landscape features several plant species of falling leaves like cuajiote, copal, and cuachalalate. The fauna found across most of the state consists of leopard, wild-boar, wolf, porcupine, badger, squirrel and rattle-snake.

Climatic conditions also respond to the different regions and their particular characteristics : the high zones of the central "Neo-Volcanic Axis" and the low lands of the state report dry or semi-dry conditions, while the valleys of the south present a hot and sub-humid climate.

Economy

The state economy of Puebla contributes with a respectable 3,7% of the national Gross Domestic Product, making it the seventh largest contributor in Mexico. The state income is distributed into the Services sector with 22,6%; manufacturing industries with 22,5%; commerce, hotels and restaurants with 22%; and financial and real-estate services with 13,7%.

Puebla stands out nationally in the production of flowers in open uncovered environments, egg, coffee, beer and beans, and still keeps the traditional and ancestral production of onyx and marble.

Demography

In 2003 the estimated population was 5,377,800. It is the 5th most populated state in Mexico.

26% of the population lives in the state capital of Puebla de Zaragoza, and the rest is distributed across 216 municipalities, where 29% of the people live in rural settlements.

Other demographic particulars reveal that 92% of the population follows the Catholic faith; 12% speak a native language, the most common of which is Nahuatl followed by Totonac, a statistic that places Puebla as the state with the eighth highest percentage of inhabitants who speak an indigenous language of Mexico.

Municipalities

The state of Puebla is divided into seven regions (Huauchinango, Teziutlán, Ciudad Serdán, San Pedro Cholula, Puebla, Izúcar de Matamoros, and Tehuacán), which are in turn subdivided into municipalities (Spanish: municipios), 217 in all. Each municipality is headed by a municipal president (mayor).

Major communities

Education

For a state with a large and robust economy, Puebla is still lagging behind in terms of education, as average schooling for those over 15 years of age is of only 7,4 years, when the national average reaches 8,1 years of education. In addition, as much as 12% from the same fraction is illiterate, 17% did not finish primary school and only 8% has earned a professional degree.

Some of universities located in Puebla are: Universidad de las Américas, Universidad Iberoamericana, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla,[2] and Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education.

Transportation

Puebla is served by Hermanos Serdan International Airport cars and buses are also widely used as transportation.

Notable people

Notes and references

  1. ^ Nettie Lee Benson, "La diputación provincial y el federalismo mexicano", page 227. El Colegio de México UNAM, 1994. google books
  2. ^ "Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla". Upaep.mx. http://www.upaep.mx/. Retrieved 2009-05-06. 

External links

Coordinates: 19°00′13″N 97°53′28″W / 19.00361°N 97.89111°W / 19.00361; -97.89111

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Puebla is a city in Mexico. It is in the Puebla Valley, surrounded by volcanoes and snow-capped mountains, slightly over 110 kilometers (68 miles) south-east of Mexico City. The city proper in 2005 had a population of 1.5 million people, while the metropolitan area had a population of 2.1 million.

Understand

The city of Puebla is the fourth largest city in Mexico with 2.1 million inhabitants and the Capital of the State of Puebla. It was founded on April 16, 1531 as "La Puebla de los Ángeles". It was the first city in central Mexico founded by the Spanish conquistadors that was not built upon the ruins of a conquered Amerindian settlement. Its strategic location, halfway between the port of Veracruz and Mexico City, made it the second most important city during the colonial period. During the seventeenth century, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz lived in the city until her confrontation with the Bishop of Puebla.

The city’s main claim to fame, however, is Cinco de Mayo, a festival commemorating the May 5, 1862 defeat of a French expeditionary army by Mexican general Ignacio Zaragoza. It was after this battle that the name of the city was changed to "Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza". The forts where the battle took place are a major tourist attraction of the city and the site of an annual month-long carnival marking the anniversary of the battle. The city is also famous for its cuisine, being said it is this city where "Mole" -a famous Mexican spicy thick sauce- was invented.

Get in

Traveling to Puebla from Mexico City is fairly straightforward and can be best accomplished via bus. There are two major bus terminals with continual service to and from Puebla throughout the day and night: first is TAPO (occasionally known as Terminal Oriente) and the Benito Juarez International Airport. Taking an Estrella Roja bus from the airport costs about $170 pesos (~$15USD) for a one-way ticket or $320 pesos (~$25USD) for a roundtrip. A one-way ticket on ADO or Estrella Roja from the TAPO usually runs about $70 or $90 pesos (~$6 or $8 USD). Buses leave for Puebla approximately every half hour from both locations.

There are two bus terminals in Puebla: the Centro de Autobuses Puebla (CAPU), the main bus terminal, and Estrella Roja’s 4 Poniente bus terminal (only Estrella Roja buses go there). Both ADO and Estrella Roja run buses to the much larger CAPU. If you’ve never visited Puebla before, the CAPU is your safest bet to get you to your final destination; there are secure taxis and the CAPU is a major intersection of several public transportation bus lines (known as combis or camiones).

Get around

Traveling within Puebla can sometimes be stressful as the local public transportation system is entirely privatized, leading to hundreds of bus routes, none of which are mapped out. If you know where you are going, you can ask around as to which route will take your destination, but often transfers are necessary for long-distances, which can be confusing, especially if you are not familiar with the language. The general fare rate is $5 pesos (~$0.40USD). (Safety note about buses: they are generally safe, but they tend to carry pickpockets, especially when crowded. Always have a hand over any bags/backpacks that you have.) The buses generally run from about 7AM to 10PM.

Taxis are, naturally, more expensive, but in Puebla they are almost always safe. They tend to run between 30-70 pesos for a ride. Negotiating a fare before entering a taxi is normal as the taxis do not carry meters in Puebla. If the driver does not offer you a fare that you like, you can always just wave them off and wait for the next taxi.

  • Los Fuertes (Fuerte de Loreto and Fuerte de Guadalupe) - The forts, which sit atop the Cerro de Guadalupe is where the Battle of Puebla took place on May 5, 1862. This successful defense of the city by General Ignacio Zaragoza from invading French forces is commemorated every year in Puebla throughout the month of May and specifically on May 5 (Cinco de Mayo in Spanish).
  • Zocalo (City Center)- Puebla's historic downtown contains beautiful colonial architecture and was granted UNESCO world heritage status in 1987.
  • Cathedral - Built between 1575 and 1640, it has two of the tallest church towers in Mexico.
  • Palafoxian Library - A library built in the 18th century which contains a unique collection.
  • Los Sapos (Art District)- Many painters have ateliers offering their paintings and a block away, every Saturday and Sunday, there is a flea market where you can find handicrafts and some antiques.
  • Chipilo- Italian town that is only 20 minutes outside the city for an authentic northern Italian experience.
  • Flowers in Atlixco
  • Metepec
  • Huey Atlixcáyotl - A festival in the municipality of Atlixco that occurs the last Sunday of September.
  • Cuaxcomate, the world's smallest volcano (now extinct), is in Puebla.
  • Cholula - A neighboring town 10 kilometers away filled with as many as 365 churches (actually just 45..) and an archaeological site.
  • Africam Safari - A Zoo park where wild African animals live freely.
  • Visit other towns, if you can, such as Cuetzalan in the Sierra Norte de Puebla, or Atlixco.
  • Go to the National Park on Popocatepetl or National Park La Malintzi and spend the day hiking or camping there.
  • If you like night life, try the antros (clubs) in Cholula. Many don't charge cover. Alcohol ranges from $450-800 pesos (~$35 to $65USD) a bottle if you want to get a table in the clubs. There is also abundant live music throughout Puebla. Smaller and less popular antros are also located in the Los Sapos district, only a few blocks from the Zocalo.
  • Visit the churches of Tonantzintla and Acatepec. They were built and decorated during the late 1600s and early 1700s in the Baroque style. Both are extremely lavishly decorated outside and inside.
  • Take a tour around the city on a tour bus. This may seem very tourist-ish but this is a really cheap (80 pesos) easy way to get a quick view of some of the coolest attractions in the city. It also is a way to get a good bearing before you decide to set off and dive into some of the attractions the city has to offer. The tour is in Spanish, but you can ask for headphones when you get on the bus and then you'll be able to listen to a translated in several languages. The bus has several stops along the route where you can get down and get up.
  • If you are in the mood for authentic Italian cuisine, head over to the nearby town of Chipilo, just 15 minutes from downtown Puebla and near Cholula and Atlixco. This town was settled by Veneto immigrants from northern Italy in the late 1800's. Take a stroll around the Piazza, the Chiesa (Church), and try the many restaurants it has to offer such as Piazza delle Sole, Caffe Ristorante I Dagot, Ristorante Venezia; or have a cafe in the original "The Italian Coffee Co." and people watch. Gelato at Topolino is also a good way to have dessert. And do not forget to buy pastas, cheeses, cold cuts and wines at the Nave Italia store. Stop to listen to the people speak their 19th century Venetian dialect which still survives in Chipilo. Take a stroll around the town which still holds many aspects of typical rural Venetian towns. Truly a unique gem in the middle of Puebla.
  • Talavera (Fine china-like wares.)
  • Local crafts and artifacts from El Parian.
  • Jewelry, antiques and crafts from Los Sapos.
  • Eat the street food. Travel books will almost always tell you not to, but generally speaking, it is entirely safe and can be one of the best "cultural" experiences of your trip.

Street foods to try: Quesadillas with mushrooms, sausage (chorizo), pumpkin flower (flor de calabaza), or huitlacoche (corn truffle, an Aztec specialty)

  • Memelas (tortillas made with mixed masa and beans red or green salsa on top, then topped with onions and cheese)
  • Elote (corn on the cob with parmesan cheese, mayonnaise if desired, and chili powder).
  • Pelonas (fried sandwiches filled with meat, lettuce, cream, and salsa)
  • Gorditas (similar to memelas, but topped with chorizo, chicharron--fried pig skin)--or chicken, avocado slices, salsa, onions, and cheese).
  • Potato chips, usually fried the same day (extra crispy) and topped with lime juice and hot sauce.
  • Mixiotes Piece of Chicken or "Carnero" (Goat) in a special sauce made out of juajillo chile

and spices with an avocado leaf cooked in vapor all wrapped in foil paper or special mixiote paper.

  • Chalupas a tortilla with green or red sauce then topped with onion, chicken or beef shreds, and cheese. (Traditional chalupas have no cheese.)
  • Cemitas a special bread that looks like a torta prepared with milanesa, avocado, queso oaxaca in shreds, papalo, aceite de comer and chipotles.

All street food generally costs between $8 and $15 pesos ($0.80- $1.50 USD).

  • A must is something with "Mole poblano".
  • Tacos Arabes - Very good. Made with Lamb or pork. Originated from the high arabic population in the city.
  • Chiles en Nogada
  • Pozole
  • Pambazos
  • Pipian
  • Adobo
  • Chanclas

Just in the "zocalo"(main square)there´s a place called VITTORIO´S ,its famous for the excelent and delicious mexican and italian food ,very nice and cozy they have indoor and a terrace and more important very clean.They made it through the world guiness record for making the biggest pizza ever;and in the night upstairs they have the "BAR LA VITTA E BELLA" for an amazing collection of folding knifes and other cool stuff. Near the main square (zócalo), you can eat at El Mural, probably the best mole poblano in town also famous for other seasonal dishes and it’s Spanish cuisine; for drinks with a view to the square go to Hotel Royalty, popular with locals and tourist. Hotel La Purificadora, a few blocks away offers a more sophisticated dinning and lodging experience. For those who want to venture to other neighborhoods, go to Restaurante La Noria with a beautiful mexican patio, enjoy contemporary Mexican cooking in what used to be a nice Hacienda. For more avantgarde food, go to Intro on Calzada Zavaleta, where Chef Angel Vazquez will pamper you with a weekly changing menu.

Remember that Puebla has the most culinary schools in Mexico and these new professionals enjoy showing off their skills to locals and visitors alike.

  • Pulque
  • Agua Miel
  • Tequila
  • Agua de Limon
  • Agua de Tamarindo
  • Agua de Jamaica
  • Horchata
  • Chocolate Mexicano
  • Atole (Cornmeal Drink)
  • Cafe de olla (coffee with cinnamon)
  • Pasitas (in los sapos)
  • Tortas de Chalupa (mini telerra roll with mashed potatoes, beans and 2 fried tortillas covered with green or red salsa)
  • VITTORIO´S for a nice drink while viewing the zocalo and the catedral, its located just in the zocalo (Portal Morelos )
  • El Mural de los Poblanos, 16 de Septiembre 506, 222-2426696, [1]. 13:00 - 23:00. Traditional Cuisine 20 USD.  edit
  • chiles en nogada
  • Casona de la China Poblana, [2]. This 5 star contemporary hotel is housed in a construction typical of the Colonial architecture of the XVII Century as is named China Poblana, in memory of Catarina de San Juan “venerable servant of god”. This boutique hotel blends in perfect harmony the classic style of the colonial era with the luxuries of the modern times.
  • Mesones Sacristia, 6 sur 304 Callejón de los Sapos, Centro Histórico, Puebla, Mexico, (222) 2324513, [3]. Mesones Sacristia, located on the heart of Puebla, Mexico, offers travelers around the world with the best of their colonial-style hotel setup, also with the other colonial-style items like robust wooden doors and traditional balconies. At Mesón Sacristía travelers experience the best of colonial Mexico and get an extraordinary personalized service.  edit
  • Del Portal. Can get a room (very small balcony) that faces the zocola. The rooms don't have air conditioning only fans. The hotel provides small bottles of water. A bottle of pepto bismal would be an essential item to take just in case. They did not have wash cloths. Take some Dove facial cloths and used these as wash cloths. They do provide towels.
  • Holiday Inn Puebla, 2 Oriente No.211, Centro Historico, 52-222-2236600, [4]. Located in the heart of the historical district, the Holiday Inn provides upscale lodging for a reasonable price. US$80-$120.  edit
  • El Sueño Hotel, 9 oriente No. 12 Centro Histórico, 52-222-2326489, [5]. This Modern style hotel offers good deals on rooms with many amenities and hotel spa. The food offered by the hotel isn't traditional Mexican, instead offering Mediterranean dishes.  edit
  • Puebla Marriott Real Hotel, Avenida Hermanos Serdán 807 72100., +52 222 141 2000 (fax: +52 222 141 2001), [6]. The Puebla Marriott Real Hotel offers 192 rooms, including four executive, four junior and three master suites, all surrounded by gardens. It also offers restaurant, bar, two outdoor pools, gymnasium, tennis court, room service, business center, 14 meeting rooms, banquet or convention with a capacity of between 10 and 800. High Speed Internet in all rooms and wireless in public areas. Prices range between $85.15 - $169.  edit

Stay safe

Buy bottled water. No one in Puebla drinks the tap water. Do not eat raw veggies or fruit unless they can be peeled or they have been well washed. Keep in mind that the vegetables can still be washed with tap water, making them unsafe for comsumption.

If you have a backpack the locals can spot you as a tourist. If you carry a purse wear it around your neck and arm. Although, it is better not to carry one. Stay in populated areas. Being a tourist in Puebla during the day isn't bad because the city does attract many tourist but it would be best to try and blend in at night.

At night the nicer restaurants prefer their patrons to dress nicer than just wearing jeans.

Wearing shorts is another way locals can tell you are a tourist. Most people in México in general will not wear shorts.

If you are staying in a hotel and you want to take a taxi, someone working the front desk will most likely be able to call and arrange for a cab to pick you up, or you can hail one off the street, if you speak enough Spanish to be able to negogiate the price with the driver. In Puebla there are a multitude of taxis but your best bet will be a radio taxi. The radio taxis are the best cabs in appearance and since they are registered they are also the safest, but they tend to charge more: about $10 pesos more than if you hail one on the street. If you run into a friendly cab driver, it is a good idea to get his cell phone number, so you can call whenever you need safe transport.

==Get Away Mexico City Veracruz

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Puebla discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also puebla

Contents

English

Map of Mexico highlighting Puebla

Etymology

Spanish, meaning people.

Proper noun

Singular
Puebla

Plural
-

Puebla

  1. A state in central Mexico
  2. The capital city of that state

Translations

See also


Spanish

Proper noun

Puebla f.

  1. A state of Mexico.

Related terms

See also

  • Wikipedia-logo.png Puebla on the Spanish Wikipedia.es.Wikipedia

Simple English

Puebla is part of the name of several places:


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