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Puli

Puli
Other names Hungarian Puli
Pulik (plural)
Hungarian Water Dog
Country of origin Hungary
Traits

The Puli is a medium-small breed of Hungarian herding and livestock guarding dog known for its long, corded coat. The tight curls of the coat, similar to dreadlocks, make it virtually waterproof. A similar looking, but much larger Hungarian dog breed is called Komondor.

Contents

Description

Appearance

The Puli is a solid-colored dog that is usually black. Other less common coat colors are white, gray, or cream (off white or fakó in Hungarian). A variety of the cream coated dogs have black masks. The breed standard is for females about 16.5 inches (42 cm) at the withers, and 17 inches for males[1]. Females weigh 23-25 pounds, males slightly more. The coat of some Puli dogs can be different, thinner or thicker cords, either flat or round, depending on the texture of the coat and the balance of undercoat to outer coat[2]. The coat is the result of a controlled matting process. Thin rope-like corded coats are desired and the grooming should control the coat towards the forming of thinner ropes. The Puli's coat needs considerable grooming to keep its cords clean, neat, and attractive. With age the coat can become quite long, even reaching the ground.[3] Alternatively, the coat can be trimmed short regularly for easy maintenance, although the corded coat is what attracts many people to the breed. Sometimes the coat will never grow out again[4]. This breed has little to no shedding [5] (see Moult).

Temperament

Black Puli

Pulis are very intelligent, acrobatic dogs; light, quick, agile and able to change directions instantly[6] and are obedient enough to train for athletic competition. They are devoted and form close bonds with their owners. [7]

The breed does very well in obedience and agility. Traditionally, the Puli dog breed was used both as a livestock guarding dog, and herding dog as well. They make very good watchdogs, as they are very protective of their master and territory. The Puli is sensitive, fun loving, courageous, but also tough and headstrong sometimes. [8]

They are loyal to their owners and wary of strangers. They are highly active and keep a playful, puppy-like behavior their entire life.

As a working dog, the Puli is very obedient, focused and determined when assigned a task. Some of them are used as police dogs. As a livestock guarding dog they are fiercely protective of their flock, and, despite their relatively small size, will try to scare and drive an intruder away, however they very rarely inflict any real injuries. They are also very good herding dogs.

As a family dog, they make good security dogs and faithful family guardians. They can be very friendly and playful, even in old age. They regard their family as their flock, and will keep their distance until they are sure the stranger is not a threat. When annoyed, they may attack without warning, so a considerable distance may be advisable for strangers. They can be extremely independent and obstinate, and only accept strong willed individuals as master.[9]

Training

Some owners choose to clip Puli coats to help keep the dog cool in hot weather

Pulis are valued for their energy and determination, which is a result of their sheepdog history. Every Puli is a natural shepherd, and instinctively knows how to herd a flock of sheep or livestock, even if they have been raised as a family dog and never been trained to do it. It is advisable to start training the Puli early, especially obedience. They are very independent, strong-willed and hard to train in adulthood.

History

White Puli with thicker coat strings

The Puli is an ancient sheepdog, from Hungary, introduced by the migration of the Magyars from Central Asia for more than 1,000 years ago.[10] The Puli were used for both herding and guarding livestock. The Puli would commonly work together with the much larger, white Komondor, a Hungarian dog breed of (solely) livestock guardian dog. The Komondor is a large, solidly-built dog, around 30 inches tall. The Komondor (or several Komondors if the there was a large amount livestock) were guarding the sheep or cattle mostly at night, while the Puli was herding and guarding them at daytime. When wolves or bears were attacking the livestock, the Puli would alert the pack and the Komondors would come and fight the intruders. The Komondors were usually resting at daytime but at night will walk around the flock, constantly moving, patrolling the area.

Nomadic shepherds of the Hungarian plains valued their herding dogs, paying as much as a year's salary for a Puli.

In Asia, the breed dates back 2,000 years and anecdotal evidence suggests that a Puli-like dog existed 6,000 years ago.This breed is possibly the ancestor of the modern Poodle[citation needed]. Although the coats may look slightly similar, the Puli has never worked in water and the Puli's coat does not grow continuously in the same fashion as a Poodle's once the cords are formed[11]. The ancestry of the Puli, however, is not known with certainty as there are some references to Ancient Rome.[citation needed]

Possibly the Puli’s ancestors are ancient Hungarian shepherd dogs. Travelers brought the Puli with them to the Carpathian-basin, to help them to organize the flock, herd and the stallion of the area. The huge komondor and the kuvasz were used for guarding the belongings of the owner. while the Puli would hold the animals together. Around the beginning of the 20th Century a real turning point for the breed came as it was discovered again but no longer used as a sheep dog, extensive shepherding was replaced by intensive farming. The Puli’s role was reduced in the life of the flock. Although, their traditional duty was kept, they started to fulfill jobs that were convenient in the circumstances of their owner: they became house dogs. After the 2nd World War the breed became less popular pet, presently the breed has not been able to regain previous popularity.

Pictures

References

  1. ^ Puli Breed Standard
  2. ^ Breed standard
  3. ^ Breed standard
  4. ^ Szőrét nyírni nem szabad, mert előfordulhat, hogy többé nem nő meg
  5. ^ Go Pets America: Dogs that do not shed - Retrieved September 7, 2008
  6. ^ Puli Breed Standard
  7. ^ Puli
  8. ^ Puli
  9. ^ Puli
  10. ^ American Kennel Club, Puli History
  11. ^ kiállításra szánt Pulit, Komondort valóban nem szokás nyírni

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Puli (埔里; Pùlǐ) is a town at the geographic center of Taiwan.

Understand

Puli was severely damaged in the 1999 earthquake, and although the town has since been rebuilt, there is little in the way of actual tourist attractions. However, the town is located in a very lush and beautiful valley with many hiking trails, and its central position makes it a logical base for visiting the mountains and lakes in the area.

Puli is famous for its four 'W's - water, wine, women and weather. Being located in a pristine mountain area, the local spring water is pure and sweet and sold in bottles at supermarkets around the island. The abundance of fresh, clean water lent itself to the production of wine - the second 'W' - while the exceptionally fine complexions of the town's women folk, which some theorize is the result of the local water, constitutes the third 'W'. Finally, the fourth 'W' refers to Puli's ideal climate, which is characterized by short and relatively dry winters and cool summers.

Possibly as a result of the mild climate, the town has developed into a center for Buddhism. There are large monasteries scattered throughout the valley, while the mountain-sides provide havens for retreat centers and hermitages.

Get in

By bus - the journey from Taipei takes about three and a half hours, and from Taichung about one and a half hour. (NB: Puli is not connected to the railway). There are buses available between Taichung and Puli about every 5 to 10 minutes.

Starting September 2007 the Nantou Bus (南投客運) now has one bus per hour departing from Kan Cheng Station at Shuang 10th Road (干城站, 雙十路) and the Taichung High Speed Railway station to Puli. This same bus will also take you to Sun Moon Lake and the Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village resort near Puli. Tickets to Taichung are sold for around NT$150. Buses from Puli to Sun Moon Lake take half an hour and NT$50.

  • The town is not big enough for a bus service, though buses that connect with local towns do make stops in the suburbs. However, taxis are probably the most convenient way to reach your destination, but as few use meters, check the cost to your destination before setting out and negotiate the best deal.
  • Arboreal Insect Museum, 6-2 Nantsun Road. Tel:+886 49 913-311 (open daily from 8AM to 5:20PM) - wonderful variety of butterflies.
  • Carp Lake - a great place to relax and watch clouds melt into green mountains and egrets dance in the cool summer breeze.
  • Chung-tai Shan's thirty-three stories make it possibly the tallest Buddhist monastery in the world, and it is quite a landmark in the area.
  • Kuanghsing Paper Factory, 310 Tiehshan Road. Tel:+886 49 913-037. - following ancient methods of production, this factory turns out a variety of hand made paper favored by calligraphers.
  • Lungnan Natural Lacquerware Museum, 211 Peiping Street. Tel:+886 49 982-076 - a memorial to Puli's historical connection with lacquerware. Demonstrations can be arranged.
  • The New Era Sculpture Park, Chungshan Road, Sec 4. Tel:+886 49 912-248 - this beautiful park acts as stage for the statues created by a famous local sculpture - open daily from 8AM ~ 5:30PM.
  • Buddhism - many of the monasteries in the area are happy to offer meditation instruction and give teachings on the Dharma.
  • National Chi Nan University has a large campus in Puli.
  • As a center of Buddhism, Puli has an abundance of great vegetarian restaurants (see listing for Taiwan for information on the various kinds of vegetarian restaurants available).
  • Sugar cane is a local speciality and sold at road side stalls.
  • Cheng Pao Hotel, 299 Zhongxiao Road, [1]. The largest hotel in Nantou County.
  • Sun Moon Lake is a beautiful lake nestled among tall mountains. It is one of Taiwan's most popular resorts.

Contact

The dialling code for Puli is 049. From overseas, dial +886 49 XXXXXX

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