Pullman, Washington: Wikis

  
  
  

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Pullman, Washington
—  City  —
Bryan Tower on the Pullman WSU campus at twilight
The location of Pullman in Washington
Coordinates: 46°43′57″N 117°10′18″W / 46.7325°N 117.17167°W / 46.7325; -117.17167Coordinates: 46°43′57″N 117°10′18″W / 46.7325°N 117.17167°W / 46.7325; -117.17167
Country United States
State Washington
County Whitman
Government
 - Mayor Glenn Johnson
Area
 - Total 9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2)
 - Land 9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,352 ft (717 m)
Population (2008)
 - Total 27,150
 Density 2,740.8/sq mi (1,058.2/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 99163-99165
Area code(s) 509
FIPS code 53-56625[1]
GNIS feature ID 1531905[2]
Website http://www.pullman-wa.gov/

Pullman is the largest city in Whitman County, Washington, United States. The population was 24,675 at the 2000 census, and was estimated at 27,150 in 2008 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Originally incorporated as Three Forks, the city was later renamed after George Pullman.

Pullman is best known as the home of Washington State University. Eight miles east of Pullman is Moscow, Idaho, home of the University of Idaho.

Contents

History

After the establishment of Whitman County in 1871, Bolin Farr in 1876, camping at the confluence of Dry Flat Creek and Missouri Flat Creek, on the bank of the Palouse River. Within the year Dan McKenzie and William Ellsworth arrived to stake claims for adjoining land. The first post office located there was named Three Forks. In the spring of 1881, Orville Stewart opened a general store and Bolin Farr platted about 10 acres (40,000 m2) of his land for a town. Pullman was incorporated in 1886 with a population of about 200 people. It was originally named Three Forks, after the three small rivers that converge there: Missouri Flat Creek, Dry Fork, and the South Fork of the Palouse River. Within the decade, Dan McKenzie and Charles Moore (of Moscow) replatted the site and named it for George Pullman of the Pullman Car Company.

In 1961, Pullman became a non-chartered code city under the Mayor-Council form of government. The city has an elected mayor with an elected seven-member council and an appointed administrative officer, the city supervisor. The current mayor is Glenn A. Johnson, who doubles as a professor at WSU's Edward R. Murrow College of Communication; he is the long-time WSU Cougars football announcer in Martin Stadium and the basketball announcer at Beasley Coliseum.

Local events

WSU's Beasley Performing Arts Coliseum provides a venue that attracts big-name entertainment to the region. There are also locally produced campus music and theater events, as well as productions of the Regional Theatre of the Palouse and the Pullman Civic Theatre.

The Washington-Idaho Symphony performs in Pullman and in the Lewiston-Clarkston area. The Idaho Washington Concert Chorale performs in the region, occasionally in Pullman. A highlight of the regional music scene is the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival on the campus of the University of Idaho in nearby Moscow.

The university art museum hosts world-class art exhibits.

The city is home to the National Lentil Festival, held annually during harvest season.

In town and on the WSU campus there are Pac-10 football, basketball and other sports, as well as activity-filled football weekends. Every 2 years, WSU and Pullman host the Apple Cup football competition.

Neighborhoods

Entrance sign to Pullman, WA

Pullman sits on four major hills that divide the city into nearly equal quarters. These neighborhoods include Military Hill found north of the Palouse River and west of North Grand Avenue. Pioneer Hill found South of Main Street and the Downtown area and east of South Grand Avenue. College Hill on found north of Main Street and east of North Grand Avenue. Washington State University is located on this hill. Lastly, Sunnyside Hill is found south of Davis Way and west of South Grand Avenue.

An expanding high-tech industry is located on the north end of the city, anchored by Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories (SEL), founded by Edmund Schweitzer, a Ph.D. graduate of WSU. SEL and other firms are located within the 107-acre (0.43 km2) Pullman Industrial Park, run by the Port of Whitman County.

Schools

The Pullman School District consists of the following:

  • Franklin primary school
  • Jefferson primary school
  • Sunnyside primary school
  • Lincoln Middle School
  • Pullman High School

Pullman High School (PHS) is attended by about 700 students, and is the city's only public high school. It is located on Military Hill, and the mascot for its athletic teams is the Greyhound. PHS offers honors and advanced placement courses, along with Running Start course work through WSU and area community colleges.

Washington State University

Pullman is the site of the largest and original campus of Washington State University (WSU), an NCAA Division I school, and member of the Pac-10 Conference. WSU is well known for its veterinary medicine, architecture, engineering, agriculture, pharmacy, and communications schools.

Geography and climate

Pullman is located at 46°43′57″N 117°10′18″W / 46.732614°N 117.171790°W / 46.732614; -117.171790 (46.732614, -117.171790).[3] Elevation 2,552 ft (778 m) or 778 m above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.3 km2), all of it land. The water supply is a natural aquifer. The surrounding region, called the Palouse prairie, or simply the Palouse, is noteworthy for its fertile rolling hills where winter and spring wheat, barley, lentils, and peas are grown.

Climate

The Pullman area is dry and clear for much of the year, with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters. Based on records kept from 1940 to 2005 by the Western Regional Climate Center, Pullman's average annual rainfall is 21 inches (530 mm) while the average annual snowfall is 28 inches (710 mm). The warmest month is August with 82 degrees the average maximum temperature, while January is the coldest month with 22.7 degrees the average minimum temperature. The average density of air in the Pullman vicinity is approximately 1.15 grams/liter. However, this value constantly changes because of Pullman's dry summers and wet winters. The nearness of the Cascade mountain range also contributes to Pullman's changing air density.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 868
1900 1,308 50.7%
1910 2,602 98.9%
1920 2,440 −6.2%
1930 3,322 36.1%
1940 4,417 33.0%
1950 12,022 172.2%
1960 12,957 7.8%
1970 20,509 58.3%
1980 23,579 15.0%
1990 23,478 −0.4%
2000 24,675 5.1%
Est. 2008 26,920 9.1%
source:[4][5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 24,675 people, 8,828 households, and 3,601 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,740.8 people per square mile (1,058.6/km2).

The racial makeup of the city was:

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.86% of the population.

The 2000 Census found 9,398 housing units at an average density of 1,043.9/sq mi (403.2/km2). There were 8,828 households out of which:

  • 59.2% were non-families
  • 33.0% were married couples living together
  • 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals
  • 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them
  • 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present
  • 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older (included in the 31.1% of households made up of individuals)

The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out as follows:

  • 13.1% under the age of 18
  • 49.4% from 18 to 24
  • 22.8% from 25 to 44
  • 10.3% from 45 to 64
  • 4.5% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there are 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,652, and the median income for a family was $46,165. Males had a median income of $36,743 versus $29,192 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,448. About 15.3% of families and 37.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Pullman is served by the Pullman-Moscow Regional Airport located 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Pullman and 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Moscow, Idaho. Horizon Air offers four flights daily from Pullman-Moscow to Seattle and four flights daily from Seattle to Pullman-Moscow. Shuttle service to Spokane International Airport is available. Major bus routes, including Greyhound, pass through Pullman. Pullman is also served by Pullman Transit which provides service for many students of the university who do not live on campus and also provides service to the residents of Pullman. Students can get on the bus by showing their student ID card, as all students pay a fee for use of the bus system which is included in their fees when attending WSU.

Additionally, there is bus service to Moscow, Idaho called the Wheatland Express. This is free to WSU students; it costs $2 each way for non-students. The service also goes to the airport for a $5 charge.

Additional Information

Pullman, Washington is the sister city of Kasai, Hyōgo Japan. [1]

Notable people

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 330.
  5. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Washington 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-53.csv. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 

External links


Simple English

Pullman is a city in Whitman County, on the eastern border of Washington. The town's population was measured in 2000 as 24,675.

The main campus of Washington State University is located in Pullman, along with primary and secondary schools.








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