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Pune
पुणे
Queen of the Deccan, Oxford of the East
Clockwise from bottom: the National War Memorial Southern Command, the HSBC Global Technology India Headquarters, Mahatma Gandhi Road, Fergusson College and Shaniwar Wada
Pune
Location of Pune
in Maharashtra and India
Coordinates 18°28′25″N 73°47′52″E / 18.47361°N 73.79778°E / 18.47361; 73.79778
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Pune
Subdistrict Haveli taluka
Mayor Mohansingh Rajpal[1]
Municipal Commissioner Mahesh Zagade
Population
Density
Metro
3337481[2] (8th) (2009)
7,214 /km2 (18,684 /sq mi)
5273211[3] (8th) (2009)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
1109.69 km2 (428 sq mi)
560 m (1,837 ft)
Website www.punecorporation.org

Pune (pronounced [puɳeː], Marathi: पुणे), also known as 'Punawadi' or Punya-Nagari or Poona, is the eighth largest city in India, and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra, after Mumbai. Once the capital of the Maratha Empire, situated 560 metres above sea level on the Deccan plateau at the confluence of the Mula (Marathi: मुळा) and Mutha rivers (Marathi: मुठा),[4] Pune is the administrative capital of Pune district and the 8th Metro city of India.

Pune is known to have existed as a town since 937 AD.[5] Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaaj, the founder of the Maratha Empire, lived in Pune as a boy, and later oversaw significant growth and development of the town during his reign. In 1730, Pune became an important political centre as the seat of the Peshwa, the prime minister of the Chhatrapati of Satara. After the town was annexed to British India in 1817, it served as a cantonment town and as the "monsoon capital" of the Bombay Presidency until the independence of India.[6]

Today, Pune is known for its educational facilities, having more than a hundred educational institutes and nine universities.[7] Pune has well-established manufacturing, glass, sugar and forging industries since 1950-60s. Pune also has a growing industrial hinterland, with many information technology and automotive companies setting up factories in Pune district. Additionally, Pune is known for various cultural activities like Classical Music, Sports, Literature, Foreign language learning and Administrative, Economics, Social Science studies. These activities and job opportunities attract migrants and students from all over India, and also attract students from Middle-East, Iran, Eastern Europe, South-East Asia which makes for a city of many communities and cultures.

Contents

Toponymy

The name Pune (anglicized as Poona) derives from Punya Nagari (Sanskrit, "City of Virtue"). The oldest reference to this name is on a Rashtrakuta copper plate dated to 937. Current Era in which the town is referred to as Punya-Vishaya or Punak Vishaya.[8] By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Kasbe Pune or Punavadi. Although the city's name is sometimes transcribed as Poona in English, a practice particularly common during the British Raj, the spelling "Pune" has now become standard. Pune is also referred to as the "Student Capital Of India", on account of a tremendous population here being primarily of students in various universities and institutes.[citation needed]

History

The circular Nandi mandapa at the Pataleshwar cave temple, built during the Rashtrakuta dynasty
Shivaji Maharaj was a great king of the Maratha Kingdom

Early and Medieval

Copper plates dated to 758 and 768 show that, by the 8th century, an agricultural settlement known as 'Punnaka' existed where Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakutas. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was also built during this era.

Pune was a part of Yadava Empire of Deogiri from the 9th century to 1327. It was later ruled by the Nizamshahi sultans, until being annexed by the Mughal empire in the 17th century. In 1595, Maloji Bhosale was appointed the jahagirdar of Pune and Supe by the Mughals.[8]

Maratha rule

In 1625, Shahaji Bhosale appointed Rango Bapuji Dhadphale(SarDeshpande) as the administrator of Pune. He was one of the first major developers of the town, overseeing construction of the Kasba, Somwar, Ravivar and Shaniwar Peths. After the destruction of town in the raid of Vijapur sultan during 1630, and again from 1636 to 1647, Dadoji Kondev- a military and administrative officer of Shahaji Bhosale, oversaw development and construction in the area, stabilzed the revenue system of Pune and 12 Mavals and developed effective methods to control disputes and law and order situations. Construction also began on the Lal Mahal palace, as Shahaji's son, Shivaji Bhosale (later Chattrapati Shivaji) was to move there with his mother Jijabai. The Lal Mahal was completed in 1640.[8] Jijabai is said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati temple herself. The Ganapati idol consecrated at this temple is regarded as the presiding deity (gramadevata) of the city.[9]

Shivaji was crowned Chhatrapati in 1674, he oversaw further development in Pune, including the construction of the Guruwar, Somwar, Ganesh and Ghorpade Peths.

Baji Rao I became Peshwa of the Maratha empire, ruled by Chattrapati Shahuji, in 1720.[10] By 1730, the palace of Shaniwarwada had been constructed on the banks of the Mutha river, ushering in the era of Peshwa control of the city. The patronage of the Peshwas resulted in the construction of many temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul, Parvati temple and the Sadashiv, Narayan, Rasta and Nana Peths. The Peshwas fell into decline after their defeat in the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761. In 1802, Pune was captured from the Peshwa by Yashwantrao Holkar in the Battle of Poona, directly precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803-1805. Navi Peth, Ganj Peth and Mahatma Phule Peth are believed to have developed in Pune during British Raj.

British Raj

The Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out between the Marathas and the British in 1817. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki (then transcribed Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune, and the city was seized.[11] It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency, and the British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army). The Pune Municipality was established in 1858. Pune was at one time the "monsoon capital" of the Bombay Presidency.

Nanasaheb Peshwa, the adopted son of the last Peshwa Bajirao II, rose against British East India Company rule in 1857, as part of the Indian Mutiny. He was helped by Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Tatya Tope. After the subsiding of First War Of Independence, the final remnants of the Maratha empire were annexed to British India.

Pune was an important centre for the social and religious reform movements of the late 19th century. Many prominent social reformers and freedom fighters lived here, including Bal Gangadhar Tilak a.k.a Lokmanya Tilak, Maharishi Vitthal Ramji Shinde and Jyotirao Phule.

In late 1896, Pune was hit by bubonic plague; by the end of February 1897, the epidemic was raging, with a mortality rate twice the norm, and half the city's population having left. A Special Plague Committee was formed, under the chairmanship of W. C. Rand, an Indian Civil Services officer and troops brought in to deal with the emergency. By the end of May the epidemic was under control. On 22 June 1897, the Diamond Jubilee of the coronation of Queen Victoria, Rand, the Special Plague Committee chairman and his military escort Lt. Ayerst were shot at, while returning from the celebrations at Government House. Both died, Ayerst on the spot and Rand of his wounds on 3 July. The Chapekar brothers and two accomplices were charged with this murder in various roles, along with the shooting of two informants and an attempt to shoot a police officer. All three brothers were found guilty and hanged, an accomplice was dealt with similarly, another a school boy was sentenced to ten years rigorous imprisonment.

After independence

After Indian Independence, Pune saw a lot of development, such as the establishment of the National Defense Academy at Khadakwasla, National Chemical Laboratory at Pashan. Pune also serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command of the Indian Army.[12] Industrial developments started around 1950-60s in Hadapsar, Bhosari, Pimpri, and Parvati.[13] Telco (now Tata Motors) started operations in 1961, which gave a huge boost to the automobile sector.

In July 1961, Panshet dam broke and its waters flooded the city, destroying most of the older sections, giving a chance for modern town planning concepts to be put into use. This unfortunate incident however led constructive developments in the city, and the economy of the city witnessed a boom in construction and manufacturing sectors. By 1966, the City had expanded in all directions.[13]

In 1990 Pune began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering industries; new businesses like floriculture and food processing begin to take root in and around the city. In 1998, work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway began; a huge accomplishment for the country, the expressway was completed in 2001.[14] In the three years before 2000 Pune saw huge development in the Information Technology sector, and IT Parks formed in Aundh, Hinjawadi and Nagar road. In 2008 the Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune, which encouraged additional development in the north-west region of the city.[15]

On 13 February 2010, a bomb exploded at the German Bakery in the Koregaon park neighbourhood on the east side of Pune killing 11 and injuring 33.[16] The explosion is now suspected to be an improvised explosive device (IED) using an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mix.[17] The blast was a first in what was till then relatively safe environment of Pune.[18]

Geography

One of the streets in central Pune- Laxmi Road area
Pashan lake is a man made lake

Pune is located 560 m (1,840 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau. It is situated on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain range (the Western Ghats), which separate it from the Arabian sea. It is a relatively hilly city, with its tallest hill, Vetal Hill, rising to 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level. Just outside the city, the Sinhagad fort is located at a height of 1300 m.

Central Pune is located at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. The Pavana and Indrayani rivers, tributaries of the Bhima river, traverse the northwestern outskirts of metropolitan Pune. Pune lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam, about 100 km south of the city, and has been rated in Zone 4 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department. Pune has experienced some moderate-intensity and many low-intensity earthquakes in its history. Although no major earthquakes have originated in Pune itself, an earthquake of magnitude 3.2 took place in the Katraj region near Pune on May 17, 2004[19]. In 2008, and a low intensity earthquake observed on night of 30 July 2008 was measured at 4.2 as per news resources around 12:41 am. The epicenter for the earthquake was in Koyna Dam field [20]

Climate

Pune
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0
 
30
11
 
 
0
 
32
12
 
 
5
 
36
16
 
 
16
 
38
20
 
 
40
 
37
22
 
 
116
 
32
22
 
 
187
 
28
22
 
 
122
 
27
21
 
 
120
 
29
20
 
 
77
 
31
18
 
 
30
 
30
14
 
 
4
 
29
12
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: IMD

Pune has a tropical wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 20 °C to 28 °C.

Pune experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 °C (86 to 100 °F). The warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives heavy thundershowers in May (although humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on April 30, 1897.[21]

The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 10 to 28 °C (50 to 82 °F). Most of the 722 mm (28.4 inches) of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September, and July is the wettest month of the year.

Winter begins in November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold (literal translation) (Marathi: गुलाबी थंडी). The daytime temperature hovers around 28 °C (82 °F) while night temperature is below 10 °C (50 °F) for most of December and January, often dropping to 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 °C on January 17, 1935.[22]

Transport

Air

Pune International Airport is an international airport at Lohegaon, operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways with the neighboring Indian Air Force base, the only one of its kind in the world.[23] Apart from domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai (operated by Air India Express)[24] and to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa).[25]

The Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation is responsible for the design and construction of a new Pune International Airport. The area between Chakan and Rajgurunagar, around the villages of Chandus and Shiroli, is currently being considered as a construction site. If constructed here, it will be 40 km from central Pune and will be the largest one in Asia.[26]

Rail

Local trains (EMUs) connect Pune to the industrial town of Pimpri-Chinchwad and the hill station of Lonavala, while daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Howrah, Delhi, Jammutawi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Goa, Varanasi, Jamshedpur(Tatanagar) and so on. At Pune, there is diesel locomotive shed (DLS) and electric trip shed (ETS).[27] A rapid transit system has been proposed in Pune, from past 5 years and is scheduled to begin operations in 2010.[28] It is being planned in consultation with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited, the corporation which built and operates the Delhi Metro.

The city has two railway stations, one in the city and the other at Shivajinagar. Both stations are administrated by the Pune division of the Central Railways, which extends from after Lonavala to before Daund, to Baramati, and to Hubli (via Miraj).[29] All the railway lines to Pune are broad gauge.

Road

Pune BRTS is the first Bus Rapid Transit System in India

Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). The PMPML operates the Pune Bus Rapid Transit system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes allow buses to travel quickly through the city.[30] Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs buses from its main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune station and Swargate to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Private companies too run buses to major cities throughout India.[31]

Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore, Sangli and Kolhapur. NH 9 to Solapur and Hyderabad, and NH 50 to Nashik. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi.

The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India's first six-lane high-speed expressway was built in 2002, and has reduced travel time between Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. A ring road is being planned to be constructed for the convenience of heavy traffic.[32]

The Mumbai-Pune Expressway as seen from Khandala

Pune is served by two intra-city highways: Old Pune-Mumbai Highway and Katraj-Dehu Road Bypass, a part of the National Highway 4. The Nashik City-Pune Highway NH 50 will be part of the golden triangle(Nashik-Pune-Mumbai).

Civic administration

Statue of Aryabhata on the grounds of IUCAA, Pune. As there is no known information regarding his appearance, any image of Aryabhata originates from an artist's conception.

The city of Pune is managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC). The Corporation consists of 149 directly elected councilors,[33] who are led by the Mayor of Pune, a titular position mainly acting as an ambassador and representative of the city. Actual executive power is vested in the Municipal Commissioner, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service who is appointed by the Government of Maharashtra.

Apart from the PMC, four other administrative bodies are active within the Pune Metropolitan Area:

A plan to establish a single Pune Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (PMRDA), consisting of the combined municipal councils, corporations, and other local governments of Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Lonavala, Talegaon, Bhor, Shirur, Saswad, the three cantonments and hundred villages near the city, has been considered since 1997, but might come to fruition this year.[37] This body will then be the executing authority which will acquire and develop reserve land to improve the infrastruction of the Pune metropolitan area.

The Pune Police is headed by the Police Commissioner of Pune, an officer of the Indian Police Service. The Pune Police report to the state ministry.

Military establishments

Pune was the largest military base for the British during the Raj and the architecture in the cantonment area is very evocative of the era. The majority of the old Cantonment land in the city is now occupied by the Indian Army for the housing of its garrisons and officers.[38] The Southern Command, a World War II Indian Army formation has its headquarters in Pune cantonment. The Lohegaon Air Force base was primarily developed as a base for the multi-role strike fighter squadrons of Sukhoi-30MKI.

The National Defence Academy is an integrated military training center, that provides education up to the graduation level and joint training for cadets of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force.[39] The NDA estate is spread over 8,028 acres (3,209 hectares) of land in Khadakwasla, near Pune and contains apart from NDA facilities, a mini sanctuary and the Peacock Bay, one of the lakes that provide water to Pune city.[40]

Demographics

As per 2001 census of India, the population of the Pune urban agglomeration is 3,529,900.[42] This includes the towns of Khadki, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Dehu. Growth in the software and education sectors has led to an influx of skilled labour from across India. The population of the urban agglomeration has been estimated to be around 4,485,000 in 2005.[43] The migrating population rose from 43,900 in 2001 to 88,200 in 2005.[44] According to the Pune Municipal Corporation, 38.9% of the population lived in slums in 2001.[45] The sharp increase in censorial decade of 1991–2001 can be attributed to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city.[41] The literacy rate is about 81%.[46]

Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language, while Hindi and English are understood and spoken widely. The dialect of Marathi-speaking in Pune has been suggested to be the "standard" form of the language.[47] Pune has many white-collar professionals thanks to a large number of educational, research and training institutes spread throughout the city.

Pune has a significant Brahmin and Maratha population. Pune also has a large Islamic population, half of which speak Marathi, with the remainder speaking Hindi and Urdu. Pune is also home to a large Christian and Jewish population. People from the Dawoodi Bohra community are also found in the city. Pune also hosts a large numbers of Parsis, majority of whom are found in Camp, Pune Station, Koregaon Park and Nagar Road areas. A sizable Sikh population can be found in the Pune Camp, Ganesh Peth, Lulla Nagar and Dehu Road areas. Pune's Buddhist population is found primarily in the Yerawada and Parvati area. A majority of Pune’s population is Marathi.

Economy

Infosys office building in Pune

As one of the largest cities in India, and as a result of its many colleges and universities, Pune is emerging as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing companies to expand. Pune has the sixth largest metropolitan economy and the highest per capita income in the country.

The automotive sector is prominent in Pune. It is home to the Automotive Research Association of India, which is responsible for the homologation of all vehicles available in India. All sectors of the automotive industry are represented, from two-wheelers and autorickshaws to cars, tractors, tempos, excavators and trucks. Several automotive component manufacturers like TATA Autocomp Systems Limited , Robert Bosch GmbH, Visteon, Continental Corporation etc are also located here. Other automotive companies including General Motors, Volkswagen, and Fiat have set up greenfield facilities near Pune, leading The Independent to cite Pune as India's "Motor City".[48]

India's largest engineering conglomerate, the Kirloskar Group, were the first to bring industry to Pune by setting up Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd in 1945 at Kirkee in Pune. The Group was oronially setup in Kirloskarwadi[49] Kirloskar Brothers Limited (India’s largest manufacturer and exporter of pumps and the largest infrastructure pumping project contractor in Asia[50]), Kirloskar Oil Engines (India's largest diesel engine company[51]), Kirloskar Pneumatics Co Ltd and other Kirloskar companies are based in Pune.

The HSBC Global Technology Center at Kalyani Nagar develops software for the entire HSBC group.[52]

The Hinjawadi IT Park (officially called as the Rajeev Gandhi IT Park), is a project undertaken by MIDC to promote the IT sector in Pune. When completed, the Hinjawadi IT Park is expected to have an area of about 2800 acres. The estimated investment in the project is Rs. 600.0 million.[53] To facilitate economic growth, the government made liberal incentives in its IT and ITES Policy, 2003 and leased properties based on MIDC land.[54] The IT sector employs more than 70,000 people. Major software companies in Pune include Infosys, Wipro, Satyam, TCS, Cognizant,Tech Mahindra and IBM global. Software giant Microsoft intends to set up a Rs. 700 crore (Rs. 7 billion) project in Hinjewadi.[54]

Pune Food Cluster development project, which is an Initiative Funded by World Bank and is being implemented with the help of SIDBI, Cluster Craft for upliftment of the Fruit and vegetable processing industries in and around Pune.[55][56]

Education and research

Pune has more than a hundred educational institutes and nine universities,[7] and has acquired a reputation as 'The Oxford of the East', with students from all over the world studying at the colleges of the University of Pune. Pune has more schools, colleges and universities than any other city in the world.[citation needed].

Basic and special education

Public schools (known locally as municipality schools) are run by the PMC, and are affiliated with the MSBSHSE. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. They are usually affiliated to either the state board or to national education boards, such as the ICSE, CBSE or NIOS boards.

Pune is the largest centre for Japanese learning in India.[57] JLPT exams are held every December. Instruction in Japanese is provided by many educators, including the University of Pune. Other languages including German (taught at the Max Muller Bhavan) and French (at the Alliance Francaise de Poona) are popular in the city.

University education

Most colleges in Pune are affiliated to the University of Pune, established in 1948. Seven other universities have also been established in the city.[58]

The College of Engineering, Pune, founded in 1854, is the third oldest engineering college in Asia. The Deccan Education Society was founded by several local citizens in 1884, including social and political activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak,[59] and was responsible for founding Fergusson College in 1885. This society currently maintains and operates 32 institutes in Pune.

The University of Pune, the National Defence Academy, Film and Television Institute of India, National Film Archives, Armed Forces Medical College and National Chemical Laboratory were established in Pune after the independence of India. Symbiosis International University, which operates 33 different colleges and institutions in the city, is one of India's largest private universities.[60] The Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM) is ranked amongst the top management institutes in the country.[61]

ILS Law College, established by the Indian Law Society is one of the top ten law schools in India. Established medical schools such as the Armed Forces Medical College and Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College train students from all over Maharashtra and India and are amongst the top medical colleges in India. The AFMC consistently ranks among the top five medical colleges in India.[62].

Research institutes

In addition to the University of Pune, Pune is home to several research institutions of national importance. Located adjacent to the university is the National Chemical Laboratory, one of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) and the Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (C-MET), while the university campus houses the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics and the National Centre for Cell Science.

The KEM Hospital Research Centre, Central Water and Power Research Station (CW & PRS), National Institute Of Bank Management (NIBM), NIC [National Informatics Centre], the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the Agharkar Research Institute and the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI),Unit for Research and Development of Information Products (URDIP) and the National AIDS Research Institute are all in or around Pune. YASHADA, which is the Administrative Training Institute of Maharashtra is situated next to the Raj Bhavan in Pune.

The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute was established in 1917 and is a world-renowned institute for research and instruction in the Sanskrit and Prakrit languages and houses more than 20,000 ancient manuscripts. The National Institute of Virology, National AIDS Research Institute, and National Insurance Academy are located in Pune. Pune also houses the Tata Research Development and Design Centre, a research unit of Tata Consultancy Services, working in the areas of computer science and modeling/simulation for materials processing.

Several military and armament research organizations are also located in Pune (see the Military establishments section in this article).

Culture

Pune is said to be the cultural capital of the state of Maharashtra. It epitomizes the Marathi culture, which lays emphasis on which education, arts and crafts, music, theatre, etc. Pune culture reflects a blend of traditions with modernity, as along with hosting classical shows, the city also boasts of an active nightlife.[63] Pune also hosts large population of migrants from different states. In September 2009, around four lakh Malayalees across the city celebrated Thiru Onam, the biggest and most important festival of Kerala.[64] Similarly There are approximately three lakh Bengalis in the city who celebrates Durga Puja festival every year.[65]

Pune local cuisine has the typical taste of coconut and garlic, with large use of chillies. Jowar and Bajra are the main ingredients of traditional Pune food. A typical Pune meal includes Poli, bhakri (millet pancakes) with pithla (a flour-based curry), Vada Pav, Bhelpuri, Pani Puri, misal and kacchi dhabeli,Pav bhaji.[66] The mastani, a thick milkshake containing dried fruit, is a speciality of the city. It is named after Mastani, the controversial mistress of the Peshwa Baji Rao I in the 17th century.[67]

The form of Marathi spoken in Pune is held as the standard form of the language.[68] The city's metropolitan area has grown rapidly but retains its old Marathi neighborhoods and the aura of an intellectual center.[69][70] As the agro-pharmaceutical business has dwindled in recent decades, immigration from erstwhile tribal peoples now accounts for seventy percent of population growth and education syllabi have not adjusted in accordance with other industrialised regions.[71][72] This has created what has become an exclusive environment in the government's expansion of education infrastructure, and Marathi literati have received a number of grants in areas that were previously ignored. Both experimental (प्रायोगिक रंगभूमी) and professional theatre receive extensive patronage from the Marathi community. The Tilak Smarak Mandir, Bala Gandharva Rangmandir, Bharat Natya Mandir, Yashwantrao Chavan Natyagriha and Sudarshan Rangmanch are prominent theatres in the city. Ganesh Kala Krida Rangamanch is the largest closed theatre in the city, with a seating capacity of 45,000.[73]

The Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsav, one of the most prominent and sought-after Indian classical music festivals in India is held in Pune every year in December. The festival is led and organized each year by Pt. Bhimsen Joshi and it commemorates the life and achievements of Pt. Sawai Gandharva.[74]. The concept of Diwāḷī Pahāṭ originated in Pune as a music festival on the morning of the festival of Diwali.[75]

The Lalit Kala Kendra, is an undergraduate department of Music Dance and Drama on University of Pune campus that has been operational since 1987. This department features a combination of Gurukul and formal education systems.[76]

Religion

With 200,000 visitors annually, the Osho International Meditation Resort in Pune is one of the largest spiritual centres in the world

Hinduism is the most commonly practised religion in Pune, although many mosques, gurudwaras, Jain temples and other religious buildings are found throughout the city[citation needed]. The most prominent Hindu temple in Pune is the Parvati temple, located on Parvati hill and visible from most of the inner suburbs. The most famous is likely the Chaturshringi Temple, located on the slopes of a hill in the northwest of the city. During Navratri (which usually falls in the month of September), there is a large procession to this temple and worshippers gather from around the country to pray here. The presiding god of Pune city is the Kasba Ganapati, whose temple is found in Kasba Peth in central Pune.

Pataleshwar Cave Temple is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the city.[citation needed]

Since 1894, Pune has celebrated Ganesh Chaturthi as a ten-day long festival, in which most neighborhoods put up a pandal (tent) with an idol of Ganesha, often amidst a religious setting, complete with decorative lights and festive music. This festival culminates with a parade of Ganesh idols from across the city carried to the local rivers to be immersed (Ganesh visarjan). The Kasba Ganapati, as the presiding deity of the city, is the first in this parade. The idea of a public celebration was initiated by Lokmanya Tilak in Pune, and has since spread to many other cities, particularly Mumbai, which has a massive parade every year.

Significant religious leaders Sant Dnyaneshwar (born in Alandi in the 13th century) and poet Sant Tukaram (born in Dehu in the 17th century) were born near Pune. Their link to the city is commemorated with an annual pilgrimage to Pandharpur, 300 kilometers away, consisting of a palkhi of both figures being carried to the main temple of the Hindu god Vithoba. The pilgrimage is timed to end on the auspicious day of Aashadhi Ekadasshi.

The Shrutisagar Ashram, located at Phulgaon village off Ahmednagar road, houses the Vedanta Research Centre and a unique temple of Lord Dakshinamurthy, located near the confluence of the Bhima, Bhama and Indrayani rivers. It was established in 1989 by Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati. Here one can find detailed explanations of śruti and smrti (including the Vedas, Bhagwat Gita, Upanishads and Puranas) in Marathi and English.

Pune has been associated with several significant spiritual teachers. Osho (known earlier as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh) lived and taught in Pune for much of the 1970s and 1980s. The Osho International Meditation Resort, one of the world's largest spiritual centers, is located in the Koregaon Park area. It has visitors from over a hundred countries.[77] Pune is also the birthplace of spiritual guru Meher Baba, although pilgrims usually travel to Meherabad. Hazrat Babajan, according to Meher Baba one of the five Perfect Masters of her time, lived the final 25 years of her life in Pune. She established her final residence first under a neem tree near Bukhari Shah's mosque in Rasta Peth and later another neem tree in the then-dilapidated section of Pune called Char Bawdi where she remained the rest of her life. There is a shrine erected in her honour in Pune, around the tree under which she made her final street home.[78]

The ISKCON movement also has a presence in the city, with the Sri Radha Kunjbihari Mandir.

B. K. S. Iyengar, an internationally known yoga master, established the Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute in Pune in 1975, in order to train students in the Iyengar Yoga System.

Museums, parks and zoos

Pu. La. Deshpande Garden

Prominent museums in Pune include the Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum, Mahatma Phule Museum, Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum, Pune Tribal Museum and new Deccan Museum the National War Museum.

Pune has a number of public gardens, such as the Kamala Nehru Park, Sambhaji Park, Shahu Udyan, Peshwe Park, Saras Baug, Empress Garden, and Bund Garden. The Pune-Okayama Friendship Garden, now renamed Pu La Deshpande Udyan, is a replica of the Korakuen Garden in Okayama, Japan.[79]

The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is located at Katraj, close to the city.[80] The zoo, earlier located at Peshwe Park, was merged with the reptile park at Katraj in 1999.

The College of Military Engineering has a small rail museum as part of their larger Corps Equipment Museum. A large railway museum is also coming up in Lonavala about 60 km away from the city on the Mumbai railway line.

Neighborhoods

The city of Pune can be divided into the following zones:

  • Central Pune: consisting of roughly seventeen peths, or neighborhoods. These were established and developed during the Maratha and Peshwa rule, and are referred to as the old city.
  • Westside Pune(inner): consisting of Deccan Gymkhana, Erandwane and Shivajinagar in the west, Camp, Dhole-Patil Road, and Koregaon Park in the east, and Swargate, Parvati, Sahakarnagar, Mukundnagar, Maharshinagar, Gultekdi, and Salisbury Park in the South. On the north, the inner city is bounded by the Mula-Mutha river.
  • Eastside Pune(outer): including the newer developed areas of Khadki, Aundh and Ganeshkhind in the northwest, Kothrud and Paud Road in the west, Dattawadi, Sahakarnagar and Dhankawadi in the southwest, Bibvewadi, Lullanagar, and upper Kondhwa in the southeast, Yerwada (including Kalyani Nagar and Shastri Nagar) in the northeast, Vishrantwadi in the north, and Ghorpadi, Fatimanagar, Wanowrie and Hadapsar South in the east.
  • Suburbs: including Baner and Pashan in the northwest, Bavdhan and Warje in the west, Wadgaon, Dhayari and Ambegaon in the southwest, Katraj, Lower Kondhwa, Undri and Mohammedwadi in the southeast, Hadapsar North, Mundhwa, and Manjri in the east, Wadgaon Sheri and Kharadi in the northeast, and Dhanori and Kalas in the north.

The Pune metropolitan area also includes the following areas, located roughly to the northwest of Pune city. These are administered by the Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation.

  • Pimpri and its surroundings: Chikhli, Kalewadi, Kasarwadi, Phugewadi, and Pimple Saudagar.
  • Chinchwad and its surroundings: Thergaon, Tathawade, and Talawade.
  • Sangvi and its surroundings: Dapodi, Wakad, Hinjewadi, Pimple Nilakh, and Pimple Gurav.
  • Bhosari and its surroundings: Moshi, Dighi, Dudulgaon, and Charholi Budruk.
  • Nigdi-Akurdi and its surroundings: Ravet, Dehu Road, and Somatne.

Media and communication

Marathi language newspapers such as Sakal, Loksatta, Lokmat, Kesari, Maharashtra Times and Pudhari are popular. Major English dailies in the city are The Times of India, Indian Express, Pune Mirror, Mid Day, Daily News & Analysis (DNA) and Sakaal Times (formerly the Maharashtra Herald) have editions based in Pune, with additional local supplements.

Star Maajha, Zee Marathi, Doordarshan Sahyadri and ETV Marathi, Me Marathi, are popular television channels. Many English and Hindi entertainment and news channels are watched as well. Pune has FM Radio services as well running for last few years. Though Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz) tops the popularity rating (it being the first of Private FM channels being introduced in the city), AIR FM (101.MHz), Radio City(91.10), Radio One (94.30), Red FM (93.5) and Vidyavaani (University of Pune's own FM Channel) have their presence felt.

Sports and recreation

Popular games and sports in Pune include athletics, cricket, basketball, badminton, field hockey, soccer, tennis, kabaddi, kho-kho, rowing and chess. The Pune International Marathon is an annual marathon conducted in Pune. The 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games were held in Pune.

Cricket is played between clubs affiliated with the Maharashtra Cricket Association (MCA), which maintains a domestic cricket team (the Maharashtra cricket team). This team, one of three based in the state of Maharashtra, competes in interstate matches and leagues, such as the Ranji Trophy.

The Pune Football Club also known as Pune FC is a recently founded football club that plays in the Indian Football League. It was established in August 2007.

Pune has basketball at the Deccan Gymkhana club and at the Fergusson College.[81]. American football coach J. D. Walsh held his first JDBasktball India camp in Pune[82].

The National Education Foundation (NEF) organises Enduro3, a cross country adventure race in Pune. It is normally a 2-3 day event with activities like cycling, trekking, river-crossing and rifle shooting.[83] The city has also been host to the 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship.

The Pune Race course, located in Pune Cantonment, Maharashtra, India was built in 1830, over 118.5 acres of land. The land is controlled by the Indian Army. The racing season is from July to October every year. The Royal Western India Turf Club manages the race course. The course has two training tracks and two racing surfaces. Major racing events include The Pune Derby, RWITC Invitational, Independence Cup and the Southern Command Cup[84]

The beginnings of Badminton can be traced to mid-19th century Pune (then known as Poona). During a party, a few guests fastened feathers onto champagne corks and used the bottles as bats. They called this game Poonai.[85] The first rules of the game were written in Pune in 1873, by the British.[86]

Sport institutions

Prominent sporting institutions in Pune include the Nehru Stadium, the Deccan Gymkhana, the PYC Hindu Gymkhana and the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex at Balewadi. The Nehru Stadium is the home ground of the Maharashtra cricket team, and has hosted many prominent cricket events, including one of the matches in the 1996 Cricket World Cup. The Deccan Gymkhana has hosted Davis Cup matches on several occasions. The facility at Balewadi hosted the National Games in 1994 as well as the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games. The Royal Connaught Boat Club is one of several boating clubs on the Mula-Mutha river. A new cricket stadium, the Pune International Cricket Centre, is to be constructed by 2010, near Mahalunge village on the Mumbai-Pune expressway.

Prominent sportspersons hailing from Pune include cricketer D. B. Deodhar, father-son cricketing duo Hemant and Hrishikesh Kanitkar, tennis players Radhika Tulpule, Gaurav Natekar and Nitin Kirtane, and table-tennis player Aniket Koparkar. Abhijit Kunte and Pravin Thipse are chess grandmasters and national champions. Dhanraj Pillay, ex-captain of the Indian national field hockey team. Local MP Suresh Kalmadi is also the president of the Indian Olympic Association.

International relations

Sister cities

Sister City Country
San Jose United States United States
Fairbanks
Bremen Germany Germany
Tromsø Norway Norway
Nagoya Japan Japan
Cape Town South Africa South Africa

Places of tourist interest

See Also

References

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External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Pune [1] is in Maharashtra, India. It is second largest city in the state and is considered the state's cultural capital. The city contains the headquarters of an administrative division officially known as the Pune division. The large student population in the city makes for a lively nightlife and vibrant atmosphere. Pune also houses fantastic restaurants, good museums and is well known for its surrounding hill forts which offer panoramic bird's-eye views.

Understand

Pune has a glorious history of nearly 1600 years. Pataleshwar caves (Near Jangli Maharaj Road) from the 5th century is an evidence to Pune’s old settlements. Rashtrakut (राष्ट्रकुट) Kings had built a beautiful temple of Shiva called Punyeshwar, which was unfortunately destroyed during Sultan’s attack on city in 13th century. Since Pune is in the state of Maharashtra, most of the residents are Marathas (or Maharashtrians).

Climate

The climate of Pune is quite pleasant. Pune has three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Summers are typically hot with maximum temperatures ranging from 35 to 42°C. The warmest month in Pune is generally April as compared to the rest of the Deccan Plateau where it is May.

Pune does not get very hot, even during peak summer the air is cool and even standing under a tree can give respite form the heat. However, as sunlight can be intense leading to skin tan and sun-burn, be sure to carry and use sunscreens (above SPF-30). The nights in Pune are significantly cooler than most other parts in this region owing to its high altitude.

The average rainfall is approx 550mm. The city often receives local and heavy thundershowers with heavy downpours in May, which brings down the temperature. The rainy season can sometimes be gloomy, with cloud cover for days together. In winter, day temperatures can be as low as 24 - 28°C and temperatures at night as low as 5 - 8°C. Winters are generally dry. Normally, the climate in Pune is pleasant during the month of November.

Attitude

Attitudes in Pune are liberal. The city used to be very traditional and conservative, but times have changed. The city is not the conservative small-town of old, but now is a much more open-minded developed city.

  • Maharashtra Tourism (MTDC), Pune Central Building +91-20-26126867/8169 [2]
  • Tourist Info Booth, Pune City Station.

Talk

Pune is a fairly cosmopolitan city. Although Marathi is the official language of the city and also the most common language spoken on the streets, most people also speak Hindi along with English.

Districts

Pune, despite being considered a small city, is growing very fast. Some its prominent areas are:

  • Deccan refers to the area around the Gymkhana by the same name. It is the cultural district and houses numerous theaters, art galleries and cinema halls.
  • Shivaji Nagar has a central bus stand and rail stop. The E-Square Multiplex is located here.
  • Camp is the area which refers to Central Pune. At the center of Camp lies Bund Garden, Pune's largest green patch. Most of the corporate offices and upmarket shopping malls are located here.
  • Koregaon Park is located north-east of the Camp area. It is considered to be the poshest suburb and houses the city's best restaurants. Osho Ashram is here and one finds the maximum number of foreigners here.
  • The Peths are a cluster of little neighborhoods that constitute the old part of town. Most of the lanes in this part of the city are narrow and one can find many street vendors sell snacks on the sidewalk.
  • Kothrud surrounds both sides of Karve Road and the adjoining Paud Road. It has the highest density of residential complexes in Pune. It houses quality restaurants as well as shopping complexes and also has many well known Schools & Engineering Colleges. Chandni Chowk located at extreme west of Kothrud hosts a number of well known restaurants and pubs - including a 24x7 cafe. The City Pride Multiplex and the Yeshwant Rao Natyagruh are located in this region.
  • Aundh is in the north western part of Pune. It is a fast growing locality attracting IT and BPO companies. It is also the most convenient residential area for people working in Hinjewadi IT park.
  • Pashan is in the western region of Pune and only 4 km away from the Pune University. It is an extremely beautiful and pleasant part of the town on account being surrounded by hills. The Pashan lake in this region is very beautiful - especially in rainy season. Being a pleasant, calm and quiet area, it is highly suitable for residential puposes. Pashan also houses the Natioanl Chemical Laboratory (NCL), The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Necklace Park and the Balaji temple.
  • Kalyani Nagar is a fairly new and upcoming area located close to Koregaon Park having a multiplex and posh residential buildings.
  • Kharadi is an upcoming area. You can see this suburb on your left side while coming to Pune from Ahmednagar. Once a sleepy village, construction is now going on in a big way here. This area is 9 KM from the Pune railway station and about 7 KM from the airport. Zensar Technologies is in Kharadi.
  • Viman Nagar is another part of Pune developing extremely quickly. It is mostly a residential area with a handful of good restaurants. Some IT companies have come up in this area recently due to the development of the Gigaspace IT Park.
  • Lohegaon is a suburb of Pune. The airport is located here. It is connected to Viman Nagar and Kalyani Nagar via the newly constructed VIP road.
  • Hadapsar is the eastern suburb of Pune. It is a fast growing locality attracting IT and BPO companies. It is also endorsed by the world bank for its developemnt activities. Hadapsar is connected to the central city by the Pune-Nagar Highway. Hadapsar is also famous as the excellent location for the adventures paragliding. Thousands of national and international tourists come here, every year to experience he paragliding. [3]
  • Mundhwa is an upcoming area. The famous Magarpatta Township is just adjoining this village.
  • Magarpatta City is the largest IT park SEZ located in Hadapsar. It is home to companies like IBM, Amdocs, Avaya, Cerillion, JohnDeere, Sybase, EXL Service, Aviva, EDS, Principal Finance, Mellon, Patni, Honeywell, ADP, Accenture, Reflexis, SAS, Teradeta, Zensar, Synechron, BNY Mellon and Mphasis.
  • Pimpri Chinchwad is an upcoming township at the outskirts of the city. It is at a distance of 18 KM from Pune railway station. A proposal to call it "New Pune" was struck down due to a large number of controversies. With its quick access to Hinjewadi (IT hub of Pune) and Talawade (upcoming IT hub of Pune), most of the IT professionals prefer to stay in this area.

Get in

Pune is a major transportation hub for Western Maharashtra. It serves as the gateway for the numerous hill stations in the Sahyadri Hills.

By plane

Pune currently does not have a civil airport to its name. All commercial air carriers operate from the military airport located at Lohegaon. Pune airport [4] is served by almost all domestic carriers. The number of flights is however limited since the airport is under the control of the Air-force. Currently, international flights operate only to Dubai,Singapore and Frankfurt. If getting a direct flight proves difficult, then taking a flight to Mumbai and then traveling by taxi or train to Pune is a feasible option. A long-distance private taxi journey should take around three hours and costs about Rs 1600.

The airport is in Lohegaon, which is around 10km from the city center, and takes about 30 minutes - 1 hour to reach (depending on traffic conditions).

Flights connecting Pune:

By train

Pune is well connected to other Indian cities by rail [14], and in particular there is a very frequent service to Mumbai.

Pune City Station is an above average Indian station, with an information booth, an internet cafe and computerized ticket booking office. Trolleys are not available, but porters can be hired to help with luggage. Licensed porters wear a red shirt with a metallic arm-band bearing their serial number. The official rates in Maharashtra currently are as follows-

  • Rs 25 for up to 10 kgs/3 pieces of luggage (whichever is less)
  • Rs 20 per additional 5 kgs/piece of luggage (whichever is less)
  • A lightweight briefcase not exceeding 300 cubic cm is not included, but carries a Rs 5 surcharge.

Below is a list of services connecting Pune:

  • The Azad Hind connects the city to Howrah and takes 36 hours.
  • The Jhelum Express connects Pune to Jammu. The train passes through Northern and Central India connecting the cities of Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Delhi and Jammu.

Express trains serving Pune are listed below. The names of the trains are in bold.

  • Goa Express: Vasco-da-Gama, Madgaon, Londa, Belgaum, Miraj, Sangli, Satara, Daund, Ahmednagar, Manmad, Bhusaval, Khandwa, Itarsi, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra Cantt, Nizamuddin.
  • Deccan Queen Express: Lonavala, Dadar, Mumbai CST.
  • Pragati Express, Indrayani Express and Intercity Express: Lonavala, Dadar, Mumbai CST.
  • Azad Hind Express: Daund, Ahmednagar, Belapur, Kopergaon, Manmad, Bhusaval, Akola, Badnera, Wardha Jn, Nagpur, Gondia, Nasik Rd, Jalgaon, Rajnandgaon, Durg, Raipur, Bilaspur, Raigarh, Jharsuguda, Rourkela, Chakradharpur, Tata Nagar, Kharagpur, Howrah.
  • Pune-Nagpur Express and Pune-Nagpur Garib-Rath: Daund, Ahmednagar, Manmad, Bhusaval, Akola, Badnera, Wardha Jn, Nagpur.
  • Hutatma Express: Daund, Kurduwadi, Solapur.
  • Dadar - Chennai Central Express: Dadar, Kalyan, Lonavala, Solapur, Gulbarga, Shahabad, Wadi, Raichur, Adoni, Guntakal, Cuddapah, Renigunta, Arakkonam, Chennai Central.
  • Nagercoil Express: Mumbai CST, Dadar, Thane, Kalyan, Karjat, Lonavala, Pune, Daund, Solarpur, Gulbarga, Wadi, Raichur, Adoni, Mantralayam Road, Guntakal, Gooty, Anantapur, Dharmavaram, Hindupur, Krishnarajapuram, Bangarapet, Kuppam, Tirpattur, Salem, Erode, Karur, Dindigul, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Virudanagar, Nagercoil.
  • Coimbatore Express: Lokmanya TilakTerminus, Thane, Kalyan, Karjat, Lonavala, Pune, Daund, Solapur, Gulbargar, Wadi, Raichur, Adoni, Mantralayam Road, Guntakal, Gooty, Anantapur, Dharmavaram, Hindupur, Bangalore East, Bangalore Cantt, Banglore City Jn, Hosur, Dharmapuri, Salem, Erode, Tiruppur, Coimbatore.
  • Pourna Express: Pune- Ernakulam Pourna express runs on saturdays.

State Government run Vs Private Buses

Tourists traveling between Pune and Mumbai are advised to travel by the state government run buses (MSRTC) wherever possible. These buses cost the same, are as comfortable as the private buses, run very frequently (every 15 mins) and are also punctual. You can be sure of reaching your destination within the stipulated time. Most of the private buses wait till they get enough passengers before departing - which causes a lot of delay in getting to your destination.

Pune is served by three national highways (NH) and an expressway.

  • It takes about three hours to get from Pune to Mumbai airport via the Pune-Mumbai Expressway. Both private and state owned companies (MSRTC) operate luxury buses on this route, and run 24 hours service with buses departing every fifteen minutes. MSRTC buses charge approximately Rs 185 (Non AC) and Rs 250 (AC) for the journey. (The first MSRTC bus departs at 6 AM and the last bus at 2 AM). NH4 also connects Pune to Mumbai.
  • NH 9 runs to Machhlipatnam, Andhra Pradesh and passes through Karnataka State and the cities of Solapur, Homnabad, Hyderabad and Vijaywada.
  • NH 50 is an inter-state highway and connects the city with Nashik.
  • Shared Cabs operate on the popular Pune City Station to Dadar, Mumbai route. These taxis seat 4 to 5 people, and charge Rs. 200 per person using a regular car, Rs. 800 for a Fiat Premier and Rs. 1000 for an Ambassador. Cool cabs (taxis with air conditioning) are also available which charge higher.

Bus Stations in Pune

  • Pune City Station: This bus stand (located right next to the railway station and also considered to be the main bus stand) mainly serves buses on the Mumbai route. Most services make a stop at Lonavala.
  • Shivaji Nagar: This bus stand serves buses for Vidarbha, Konkan, Marathwada and Northern Maharshtra. A few services connect with other cities in the neighboring state of Gujarat. Buses run by Gujarat Roadways run to Vadodara, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kandla and Rajkot. The bus station is located outside the Shivaji Nagar train station.
  • Swargate : This bus stand serves buses covering Western Maharshtra and Alibag.
  • Vadgaon Sheri : This is famous place for reading near to Agakhan Place where Gandhiji Live.

Get around

By PMPML City bus

City buses in Pune are run by the PMPML [15]. Although the vehicles are crowded and smoke-belching, the network is very extensive. Almost all parts of the city are connected by the PMPML city buses. Major city bus stands include Corporation, Shivaji Nagar, Swargate, Kothrud depot, Nigdi, Hadapsar, Katraj and Deccan. Shivaji Nagar is believed to be the busiest bus stand in the state of Maharashtra. The fare is calculated by distance, and ranges from Rs 3 (9 US cents) to Rs 16 (35 US cents).

Pune Darshan

Pune Darshan buses are run by the PMPML and provide a guided tour of the city. Only two Pune Darshan services are air-conditioned. The buses go around Pune and cost Rs 72 per head for the General bus and Rs 140 per head for the Luxury Bus. The tour starts at 9 AM and ends by 5 PM and more information about these tours can be found by visiting the website [16] or by calling the office at: 020-32930008 / 020-25510069(Deccan). The route of the bus is as follows:

Pune Station - Pataleshwar - University of Pune - Chaturshringi - Ambedkar Museum - Tilak Museum - Shaniwar Wada - Lal Mahal - Dagdu Seth Halwai Ganpati - Phule Waada - Saras Garden - Peshwa Zoo - Mahalaxmi Temple - Swami Vivekanand Museum - Snake Park - Mahadji Scindia's Chatri - National War Museum - Tribal Museum - Osho Garden Park - Aga Khan Palace - Deccan Gymkhana - Pune City Station.

By auto-rickshaws

There is also a huge army of three wheeled rickshaws. There are some prepaid rickshaw stands at Shivajinagar, Swargate Bus Depot and Lohegaon Airport. Nevertheless, always demand that they use the meter and that they show you the sheet of paper (referred as Tariff Card) which converts the rickshaw meter readings to the actual cost in rupees. As of May 2009 the conversion equation is : Cost = 8 * Reading + 2, where "Cost" is the actual fare in rupees and "Reading" is the meter reading which is supposed to be Kilometers traveled. Thus a 2 on the meter is actually Rs (8*2 + 2) = Rs 18.

The driver may occasionally stop to ask for directions depending on how familiar he is with the area. All rickshaws plying in the Municipal Corporation limits are supposed to charge fare according to tariff card. Most of the times they will try to charge you a little extra but that won't be too much. You can very well argue with them based on the conversion equaltion stated above, and sometimes they will agree to it.

Now a days, many autorickshaw drivers try to charge extra for long distances or very short distances, or they refuse the fare. If they realise you are not from the city, they may try to take longer routes to the destination to charge extra money from you. There is no well defined procedure to complain regarding such issues and get immediate action. Thus, outsiders and foreigners, use your own judgement before boarding any auto rickshaw. Stick to the demand of charging by meter and refuse strongly to pay any extra amount, unless it is midnight. Autorickshaw drivers may also refuse to travel to quite a few parts of the city as per their convenience.

It is very common for rickshaw drivers plying between 11 PM and 6 AM to demand 1.5 times the normal rates for the journey. You are advised to get this cleared with the driver before boarding the rickshaw. It is also sometimes advisable to flag a rickshaw from the streets (if practical and possible) instead of boarding one from the stands as often, rickshaw drivers waiting in stands demand more fare.

By two-wheelers

This city was once known as the city of bicycles, but now it has turned into the city of motorcycles. The general attitude towards riding motorbikes in the city is that of total ignorance of any set forth traffic regulations along with complete disregard of one's safety (not wearing a helmet). Here people ride motorbikes as if they are riding a war horse and will generally try to overtake every vehicle in front. Minor accidents on motorbikes are common; You are advised to be careful even when your signal is green as the traffic flow from other direction generally does not stop immediately.

Pune's roads might turn to horrid potholes from smooth tarmac in matter of seconds when it rains. Always be on a lookout. If you are driving a car always be careful, since motorbike riders may overtake you from left or right and cut lanes without warning. Of late, there has been an improvement by addition of a number of bicycle tracks all over.

That said, if you do want to hire a two wheeler, there are two outfits who rent '2 wheels' in Pune. A 100cc Bajaj Platina will cost 200 INR a day and an automatic Honda scooter will cost 300 INR. If you are planning on day trips from Pune you would be best with the larger wheels and light weight of a motorcycle rather than a scooter. Both outfits will most likely deliver to your accommodation if you ask nicely.

  • Mehta Autos. Mr Mukesh Mehta, 451 Somwar Peth Nr Khadiche Maidan Chowk, Behind Apollo Talkies cinema, Somwar Peth, Pune - 411002. Tel - +(91)-(20)-26127864/ +(91)-9371026288
  • Blossoms. Mr Shakeel Shaikh, 15, Bund Garden Road, Bund Garden Road, Pune - 411001. Tel +(91)-9890829786

By suburban rail

The Pune Suburban Railway connects Pune to Lonavala, a small town en-route to Mumbai. There is only one line with seventeen stations; a second monorail line is under consideration by the government. Here is a list of all the stations, east to west. The places of interest are listed in brackets. Italics indicate the various modes of transport available at the destination station.

  • Pune City (MRSTC, City Bus Stand, Autos, Taxis, PMC)
  • Shivaji Nagar (MRSTC, Shivaji Nagar Bus Stand, Autos, PMC)
  • Khadki (Ammunition Factory, BDL, Ring Sights India Pvt Ltd)
  • Dapodi (CME Museum)
  • Kasarwadi (Air Vents & Glass Factory)
  • Pimpri (Pimpri Plant, TATA Plant)
  • Chinchwad (Bride Industries Ltd)
  • Akurdi (Force Motors Plant, Bajaj Tempo)
  • Dehu Rd (Army AOC & ASC 512 Base repair Depots)
  • Begdewadi (Loco Sheds)
  • Ghorawadi
  • Talegaon (Muhammad Ali Rd, CRPF)
  • Wadgaon (PWD bungalow)
  • Kanhe
  • Kamshet
  • Malwali
  • Lonavala (Khandala, Karla Cave)

By car

There is quite a lot of traffic on Pune roads and driving through the narrow lanes is not easy. Even if you have driven before in Cairo or Kolkata, driving on Pune's streets isn't child's play.

There are quite a few car rental agencies in Pune. Most of them charge around Rs 2500 a day for a mid-size car. There are extra charges for distances above 100 km.

  • Hertz [17]
  • Pluto
  • Enterprises Car Rental
  • Savaari Car Rental [18]
  • Sanver Mumbai Pune Travels [19]
  • Experience Pune Streets [20]

See

Pune is the cultural capital of Maharashtra. The Marathi film industry is also based here.

  • Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum - The museum is housed in a Rajasthani style building situated close to the hustle and bustle of the busy Bajirao Road. It holds a collection of the most fascinating Indian arts and crafts that you would have ever seen. Mastani Mahal which was brought and erected as it was from its original form is a masterpiece amongst it’s other exhibits. It has 36 sections which include carved palace and temple doors, 2,000 year old pottery, traditional Indian lamps and 17th century paintings.
  • Tribal Museum - Located off Koregaon Road to the east of Pune City Stn, this unique museum houses interesting artifacts from the Sahyadri and Gondhwa regions of Maharashtra.
  • Mahatma Phule Museum - You can see various industrial products, agricultural and handicraft articles in this museum, which was established in 1890. It is situated on Ghole Road, in Shivaji Nagar.
  • National War Museum - The idea of the National War Memorial was first put forth in 1996. The citizens of Pune, under the sponsorship of the Express Citizens' Forum, set up the War Memorial fund. The committee asked the citizens of the city to contribute to the fund. From the ordinary common citizen to the big corporates, everyone decided to contribute whole-heartedly for the museum. The Foundation was laid in November 1997 and inaugurated in October 1998. The memorial is a 25-foot stone pillar.
  • Shaniwar Wada - This palace was built by the successors of Shivaji, the Peshwas in 1736. A massive fire destroyed the building in 1827. Most of the palace interiors also got destroyed and all that remains is the old fortified wall. But of course the impressive brass studded gates and lotus pools have also withstood the ravages of time. This palace is situated in the heart of the city next to Deccan Gymkhana, Shivajinagar, and Laxmi Road. It has become the symbol of Pune culture. There is an impressive 'Light & Sound Show' in three languages (Marathi, Hindi and English) every evening at the wada. It details the history of the Maratha empire and the significance of the Shaniwar wada in that history.
  • Vishram Bagh Wada - The remains of this palace stand in the heart of the old city. It was built during the 18th century by a descendant of Shivaji the Peshwa. It is well known for its elaborate wooden facade.
  • Saras Baag - A Ganesh Temple stands in the middle of the garden in lake. It was built by Peshwa Bajirao II.
  • Aga Khan Palace - A gracious building having Italian arches, salons, suites and spacious lawns. The place is a historical landmark. During the 1942 Quit India Movement, the British interned Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba Gandhi here. The palace belonged to Aga Khan, prince and head of Khoja sect who later donated the palace in order to erect a memorial , in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and his wife Kasturba (who died in this palace). Must see is a photographic exibition of various epochs in the freedom movement. You can see very rare B&W photos as well as paintings. The place is full of tranquility and solace. Also visit samadhi of Kasturba Gandhi which is in the backyard.
  • Parvati Hill temples - Standing atop this hillock you get a vertical glimpse of Pune. A steep flight of 108 narrow steps leads to the hill top temple built by Balaji Baji Rao. ‘Nagarkjana’ drum house is the imposing temple of Parvati and Devdeveshwar. This was once the private shrine of the Peshwas. It is also the final resting place of Nana Saheb Peshwa. The Parvati museum houses portraits of Peshwas, old manuscripts, coins etc.
  • Pune University, [21]. The site of Poona University, stately mansions at Ganeshkhind built in Italian-Gothic style was the official residence of the Governor of Mumbai during the monsoon season. The 300m high tower beckons to all these who come here in the pursuit of higher education. It is one of the oldest universities of India.
  • Fergusson College, [22]. Built in 1885,the College has beautiful tree-lined campus with smooth rolling hills in the background.
  • Katraj - A famous Jain Temple and a Snake Park are located here.
  • Chatushrungi Mata Temple, Senapati Bapat Road.
  • Pataleshwar Caves - This 8th century rock cut temple is hidden in the heart of the city, in the midst of modern high rise structures and developments, at Shivajinagar. Reminiscent of Ellora, the temple has been carved out of a single boulder of awe inspiring size which includes massive pillars, a Shiva shrine and a Nandi bull. The temple is used by worshippers even today.
  • Bund Garden - This garden is also known as the Mahatma Gandhi Udyan. It was built by Sir Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy, on the right bank of the Mula-Mutha to provide the poor with water during summer. Main attraction here is the evening boat rides, horse rides etc. The garden is famous for Bhel-Puri and Pani-Puri. It is situated on the Airport road and very close to the Camp area.
  • Sinhagad and Khadakwasala - This is a fort nearby which is a beautiful place to see. This is also a historic place in King Shivaji era. Khadakwasala has a dam and this place is famous for natural beauty around. A lot of folks flock here during rainy season.
  • Bhimshankar Wildlife Sanctuary: It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1974 and situated at an altitude of 2100 feet to 3800 feet, spread over three districts of Pune, Raigad and Thane. Bhimashankar wildlife’s vegetation comprises of semi-evergreen forests as well as western tropical hill forests. Two major Tributaries of Krishna River named Bhim and Ghod, originate from this area.
  • Alliance Francaise de Pune, 270/D, Patrakar Nagar Rd. [23]
  • Goethe Institut, 14/3B, Dhole Patil Rd. [24]
  • Pune Music Cultural Centre, 459/1, Sadashiv Peth.
  • Fortune Art Gallery, 86/1, Erandwana, Deccan Gymkhana.
  • Baneshwar, Pune-Satara Rd. A favorite picnicking spot.
  • Shirgaon, Mumbai-Pune Expressway.
  • Chateau Indage Winery, Narayangaon. A pleasant 80 km drive through toll roads and ghats. The Chateau has a good restaurant as well.
  • Shirdi, Pune-Nashik Highway. Shirdi famous for Sai baba temple. Also residence of Sai baba.
  • Appu Ghar
  • Dehu
  • Neel Kantheshwar hill based temple near source of our Mutha river. 35 KM from Pune, It is a good hill station with hundreds of statues purposely installed there describing scenes from Hindu scriptures and Puranas.This place also offers you to watch scenes of three major dams from it's top, which is very exciting for Nature lovers.
  • Mulshi - To the west of Pune lies Munshi, near the town of Lonavala. Mulshi and the surroundings are abundant with natural beauty that includes a dam, the hilly region of Sahyadri's deep forests and forts like Dhangad and Koraigadh. The water from the dam is used for generating electricity.
  • NDA (National Defence Acadamy), [25]
  • Osho Ashram[26]
  • Pashan Lake

Beaches near Pune

Diveagar is among few beaches of konkan. It is approximately 180 kms away from Pune. It takes around 5 hours to reach there. This is a very beautiful beach. It is a small village surrounded by greenery. It is better to go for two days (one night stay). Good veg and non veg food is available. Don't forget to have veg food of Mr Bapat. His speciality is Modak (a veg sweet item)(yummy tasty)

Hillstaions near Pune

Malshej Ghat: Malshej Ghat is among the most popular outing spot from Pune. This place is located amidst the sahyadri Hills. This place is popular among the local as well as other tourists. It is a perfect place for nature lovers, where they can spend their holidays. Malshej Ghat is one of the beautiful Hill stations of Maharashtra. There are many beautiful locations and some beautiful waterfalls which tourists to fall in love with this place.

Temple Pilots Paragliding Club [27] Nirvana Paragliding [28] Native Place Getaway - Kamshet [29]

Hill forts

A day trip from Pune

Pune - Bhuleshwar - Purandar - Sinhagad - Pune

This round trip takes in some of the interesting hill forts around Pune. Total distance is about 220km and will take 6 hours just to drive the loop, with lunch and sightseeing added on. The full trip could take up to 12 hours so leave a full day. It is suggested that this trip is undertaken either by motorcycle or 4WD due to the state of some of the roads that are encountered. It is possible to make the journey in a regular car (and many do - even auto ricks) but it will take longer and there will be a heavy toll on the cars suspension. To be as safe as possible you would also want some experience on driving on broken/ unsurfaced roads and dealing with the challenges of driving in India.

Leave Pune on the National Highway 9 (Pune Solapur Highway) which passes the racecourse. This is a toll road and also very busy with cars and trucks. If you have taken a motorcycle be very careful.

The turn off to Bhuleshwar is about 35km from Pune and shortly after the second toll booth (about 2km before Yavat village). A concrete bridge crosses a canal and the turn off is to the right just before the bridge. There is no sign in English, but there is a sign to Deccan Industrial Explosives pte. After 5km or so the road will climb into some ghats, where the road becomes quite broken. Once you reach the top of the ghats you will see the temple and a prominent radio mast to the right. The turn to the temple is the next right, the road becomes quite steep at some points.

After visiting the temple and fort (allow 30 to 40 mins), return to the road and turn right where you turned off. This road will take you to Saswad (or Sasvad on some maps). There are several turnoffs, keep heading west, but also plenty of people to ask the way, nearly everyone knows Saswad. The scenery is quite flat though enlivened by scenes of Indian rural life. The road is paved but quite rough. You can take lunch when you reach the town.

Thereafter, ask the way for Purandar itself or Nasrapur which is where the road goes. Many people know it. The road is the Diwale to Narayanpur road. In fact the hill itself is easy to spot as it towers above the town. After 5km after the turnoff from you will reach a left fork which is signed (not in English). Take this and follow the twisty road to Purandar. At time of writing (October 09) the majority of the road is totally unsurfaced (awaiting surfacing) so would be muddy during rain and there is also the possibility of dealing with the resurfacing activity. Allow 30 minutes to enjoy the views and look at the abandoned army buildings and another 1.5 hours to climb to the top and explore.

It will take about 15 minutes to regain the main road if you have a motorbike. Turn left when you reach it and enjoy the smooth tarmac and twists of the road as you pass between the two hills. Eventually you will reach National highway 4 (also a toll road), turn right and again pay attention to the road hazards.

Approximately 12km later at Khed take a left turn towards Shivapur. Pass through towards Kondapur, where you take a right fork, thereafter at the T-junction take the left which leads to Sinhagad Fort.

In terms of time to spend here it is best to gauge your stamina and enthusiasm against the amount of light you have left, as it is better to end the journey in daylight rather than drive at night.

Retrace your steps to NH4 and then follow this back to Pune. You will arrive in the Bibvewadi area in the south of the city.

  • Bhuleshwar - a very beautiful 1100 year old hill temple near Yavat in the Saswad region. The patterns and beautiful stone statues inside the temple are stunning. This place is around 60 Km via Saswad- the closest and most beautiful route. This place and the surrounding areas of Saswad are praised by one British General, the Duke of Welligton as “one of the best peaceful place in the Deccan plateau and the region of beautiful temples”
  • Nil Kantheshwar
  • Gliding Centre Pune, [30]. Go for a joy ride in a glider and experience flying like a bird. Get an aerial view of Pune at a very nominal cost of Rs 187 only. You can also learn to fly gliders at the Gliding Centre, which is India's oldest and till date the most active hub for gliding. The centre is located at Hadapsar on the eastern side of the city. Flying activity is conducted from Sunday through Thursday.
  • Panshet Water Park At a nearby dam, the tourism department has setup a water sports park.
  • Tilak Tank A state-of-the-art swimming pool in the heart of the city.
  • Horse riding and go out for horse treks with Digvijay Pratishthan [31].
  • Tekdi - is the marathi word for hill. There are many small scenic hills in the city used for treking and birdwatching.
  • Bird Watching:Tourists can enjoy boating and bird viewing in some of the city parks of Pune. Migratory parks can viewed throughout the year in Pune. If tourists can make it on the right time they can view many migrated birds in the parks.
  • Trekking: Bhimashankar wildlife sanctuary in pune, offers a thrilling and amazing trekking experience for the nature lovers. This wildlife sanctuary has two trekking trails available Seedi Ghat and Ganpati Ghat, out o fthese two Ganpathi Ghat is a longer and less dangerous trekking path.

Festivals

Pune has a full calendar of events, ranging from Classical Music to Rock Concerts. However, Pune's most famous festival is the Pune Festival, which is held during the Ganesha Mahotsav.

  • The Ganesh Mahotsav initiated by Tilak, today is celebrated with great enthusiasm, as city interiors almost remain blocked for ten days. Pune has more than 2000 mandals with Dagdusheth Halwai being the biggest and most famous one.
  • Sawai Gandharva, which started back in the 1960s, has had every Indian and international artist perform and has given rise to a number of budding ones too. It is held in the months of December from dawn to dusk over three days.
  • The Osho Festival is another international crowd puller in Pune. Held in the Osho Aashram in Koregaon Park, disciples and followers of Bhagwaan Rajneesh make it a point to attend this festival.
  • The Chaturshringi Fair is an annual event. It is held overnight on Navratri at Senapati Bapat Road. Giant-wheels are the main attractions but the food sold at the stalls is delicious too.
  • The Pune International Film Festival [32] - takes place annually and attracts some splendid films from around the world. This festival which generally takes place in January, lasts for a week and is a treat for film lovers in the city.

A number of College festivals have become very commercialised, but still attract big crowds and a very high degree of competition from colleges all over Pune. Verve organised by Express Youth Forum is the biggest inter-collegiate cultural festival in India while Concepts organized by the Pune Institute of Computer Technology (PICT) is a very popular engineering (technical) event. So all year round, there is enough excitement to keep Puneites and tourists on their toes!

Learn

College of Engineering Pune (COEP): COEP was Established in 1854 and is an autonomous institute of the Government of Maharashtra, COEP is one of the most sought after engineering colleges in the country (by students and employers alike). COEP is the only one in its league to sport its own boat club. In 2004 the college celebrated its 150 years anniversary and the function was addressed by his Excellency Dr. Abdul Kalam, Honourable ex-President of India.

Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute: Offers postgraduate degress and PhD in the fields named Linguistics and Archeology.

Symbiosis International University: SIU is an International Deemed University. It consists of 32 separate Institutes offering varied courses in the fields of Business Management, Computers, Telecom, Design, Media etc. Some of the most prominent institutes are Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research(SICSR), Symbiosis Institute of Business Management(SIBM), Symbiosis Institute of Telecom Management(SITM),Symbiosis Centre for Management and Human Resource Development(SCMHRD). Symbiosis is known for its state of art infrastructure and quality of education.

Sinhgad College of Engineering (SCOE): SCOE was established in the year 1996 – 1997 offering 4 – years degree courses in Information Technology, Computer, Electronics & Telecommunication, Mechanical, Chemical, Civil Engineering and Production Engineering.

Sinhgad Institute of Management:Sinhgad Institute of Management has set precedence with its excellent academic track record and unique teaching learning process. SIOM was established in the year 1994 with the MBA Programme. Now it has added six more courses to its repertoire. More details about Sinhgad Institutions on [33]

There is a lot to be said about Pune being called "Oxford of the East". Simply put, Pune is a bona fide, one hundred percent university town. Although town it isn't, it seems too much to call it a University city. There are colleges and institutes galore here. From engineering (COEP) to medicene (BJ), arts (FC) to science (SP), Pune has everything. And it has the single most variety of students in India; it's kind of like a extended version of an IIT campus. Besides, there are students from outside India. What this all means is that in Pune, you're always young. The vibrancy is tremendous; for example just stroll along Fergusson road on a Saturday evening. It's full, crowded and thriving and extremely lively. Or go to Durga Coffee House on Paud Road near MIT College (NOT the fake one right next to MIT's gate; this one is about 5 mins away) in early December or early June at about 12 midnight. You will see a massive crowd of students gulping down hot coffee in an attempt to stay awake. Why? Because December and June is examination time for MIT.

Buy

Pune is a city where you will find an excellent range of streetside shops as well as a few outstanding malls. Pune is a good place to pick up some Indian slippers made of rubber. Kolhapuri chappals can also be bought off the pavement. They tend to be soft and comfortable, and are manufactured in the Maharashtrian town of Kolhapur a few hundred miles south of Pune.

Budget

All the places listed here are places where you can bargain hard and get some good stuff off the pavement for rock-bottom prices.

  • M.G. Road. Any items such as shoes, clothing, pots, pans, electronics, stationary, furniture, kitchen sinks etc. can be found at Mahatma Gandhi Road, known to locals simply as M.G. Road. Supposedly every city in India has a street called M.G. Road.
  • Laxmi Road. A very huge market selling gold jewelry and clothes.
  • Tulshi Baug. Located on the Bajirao Road, near Maharashtra Bank. It is a must visit and also a favourite middle-class family market. Very cheap ladies garments, footwear and other items required for daily use are available at low prices.
  • Fashion Street. Located in the Pune Camp Area near M.G. Road. A special market where you can easily bargain your way to lots of inexpensive readymade garments, footwear, leather items and fashion accessories.
  • Juna Bazar. Located near the Pune Railway Station (en route to the Pune Municipal Corporation). The market is held every Wednesday and Sunday on the street. It is sort of a flea market and you could get your hands on a variety of interesting objects for throw-away prices including old rare coins, gramophone records and other such unique paraphernalia.
  • Hongkong Lane. Located in Deccan near the Garware Bridge,the lane has a blink-and-you-will-miss-it entrance. You will be surprised to find all that this tiny lane has to offer, including some very good bargains on bags,clothes,accessories,books and footwear.
  • Vishram Baug Wada, there is a shop inside Vishram baug wada where u get variety of decorative as well as daily use items. the highlight of this shop is all the goods are created by small groups of women (Mahila Bachat Gata). Most of the items are handmade and exclusive variety. We must support such groups of women who are fighting against all odds to become independent.
  • Koregaon Park, One of the several boutiques on North Main Road and its by lanes in Koregaon Park. These are small exclusive boutiques and have a good collection, so expect to pay for your clothes, but you may find the occasional great bargain.

Books

Puneites are crazy about books. This shows in the number of excellent bookshops scattered throughout the city. The area known as 'Appa Balwant Chowk' is famous for various big and small book shops. Some of them specialize in special subjects like Law books,management books,religious books,computer books,music books etc.

Birds of Pune available from Centre for Environment Education [34] and Kalpavriksh [35]

  • Ajit Law Book Depot [36], Appa Balwant Chowk.

The Crossword chain of bookshops has 8 branches in Pune.

  • The WORD bookshop, Boottee St, Camp.
  • Book World, Basement, Sagar Arcade, FC Road.
  • Book Space, 593, Ganesh Peth.
  • Landmark [37], Molendina Rd, On top of Dorabjee's.
  • Manney's Book Centre, Molendina Rd, Pune Camp Area.
  • Popular Book Shop, Deccan Gymkhana.
  • Utkarsh Book Depot, Deccan Gymkhana, Near Garware Bridge.

Electronics

Pune is a technology hub and is home to IT/ITES/BPO professionals. Pune also has one of the highest densities of Engineers and Management graduates pursuing studies. Sony World, Dass, House of Laptops, Croma are electronics chains dishing out the goodies.

This guide uses the following price ranges for a typical meal for one, including soft drink:
Budget Under Rs 80
Mid-range Rs 80-200
Splurge Rs 200 +

Pune is undoubtedly a great place to eat. Fergusson College Road is full of budget eateries serving delicous hot food at nominal charges. For a range of multi-cuisine restaurants, visit ABC Farms, Koregaon Park, which houses the city's best restaurants. Almost all restaurants open and close at similar hours. 10 in the morning to 11 at night is the usual. Of course, restaurant bars stay open till at least midnight. Misals are a Pune favourite, if you can stomach the spice in them. They are a tasty meal and a visit to Bedekar Misal or Shree Uphar Gruha is a must. They are located in the Peth areas and are famous. Shree Uphar Gruha is located at Tulsi Baug. Its a small joint but dishes out tasty Misal and fritters.

For variety, head out to Koregaon Park. North Main Road is a lane with more than 50 restaurants. It offers a choice of cuisine including Italian, French, Mexican, Thai, Japanese and a variety of local Indian food; there is a restaurant to fit every taste and mood. ABC farms in Koregaon Park has many restaurants at one place - ideal when you cannot decide before leaving for dinner. Koregaon Park is known as The Restaurant Suburb, and holds a similar status to Pune that Bandra holds to Mumbai.

  • Vohuman, 34, Sassoon Rd. An awesome Iranian place serving delicious omelettes. Good for breakfast. Right next to the Jehangir Hospital.
  • Chaitanya(vegetarian)/Tawas and Tandoors(non-vegetarian) at F.C. Road. Serves quite cheap stuffed parathas(layered chapattis), rice.Has combos of chicken/mutton/fish curries and dal(lentils)+parathas;biryanis;tandoor snacks on offer at very reasonable prices.
  • Delhi Kitchen,Near Kotbagi Hospital,Aundh/Deep Bungalow Chowk. Serves cheap and delightful punjabi food.Curries available in different serving sizes;a 'quarter' curry being sufficient for one person.
  • Manmeet Chat Center, On east side of F.C. Road next to Subway and opposite F.C. College Junior wing entrance, near Sant Tukaram Chouk. Tel: 64001088. Delicious chat. 'Popular basket chat' is INR 50 and is a tasty filling meal or great for sharing. The 'extra special'costs INR 5 more.
  • Ande Ka Funda, Paud road. The only place for eggeterian. Serves 26 egg items.
  • Vaishali, 1218/1, Shivaji Nagar, Fergusson College Rd. A popular youth joint serving amazing South Indian dishes. Their Sambhar is arguably the best in the City.
  • Wadeshwar, Fergusson College Rd. Another popular eating place. The best fast food you will get here inlcludes appe, vada-sambhar, and pav bhaji. Another branch of wadeshwar is also there on Bajirao road, Shukrawar peth, which serves very good idlis and uttapa, and alu paratha.worth a try.
  • Kayani Bakery, East St. Famous for its Shrewsbury biscuits, Walnut Cake and Sponge Cake, many mouth watering bakery items here disappear almost instantly over the counter.
  • German Bakery, 291, Vaswani Nagar, Koregaon Park. A great bakery serving healthy and wholesome sandwiches, pastries, rolls etc.
  • Asha Dining Hall, Apte Road. Good Marathi thali at a very reasonable price and a clean dining place.
  • Burger King has two branches and serves brilliant grilled sandwiches. Their 'King Burger' is huge, good to eat and make for a very inexpensive, sumptuous meal. However, this is not related to the international chain.
    • 2394, East St.
    • near ABC tower,(kalyani nagar bridge), Koregaon Park.
    • Suyog Plaza, Shivaji Nagar, Deccan Gymkhana.
    • INOX Multiplex, Bund Garden Rd, Camp.
    • Marigold Complex, Survey 15, Wadgaon Sheri, Kalyani Nagar.
    • Survey 127, Karve Rd, Kothrud.
    • D.P. Road, Aundh.
  • Baan Thai Bakers Point,NIBM Road.Pretty good variety of Prawns and Chicken preperations.
  • Sharvaree / Shabree. 1199/1A FC Road. 411004, Pune (corner of FC Road and Ghole Road). Phone: +91 20 25531511. [38]. Sharvaree is upstairs and famous for traditional Maharashtrian 'thalipeeth', a savoury multigrain pancake snack. Downstairs is Shabree which is multicuisine but specialises in Maharashtrian thali (INR 150). The food is good and the restaurant is very clean and pleasant.
  • Marzorin, Main Street, Camp. Famous for sandwiches, cakes and pastries.
  • Nisarg Vada Paav Off SB Road, Near SBI ATM to Vikhe Patil College. The best Vada Paav in Pune(place not at all clean)
  • Janaseva Garvare Brigde, behind Chitale. Traditional Maharashtrian Thali, very famous and visited by many maharashtrians visiting Pune.
  • Top in TownGarvare Bridge, Behind Chitale Opp Deccan Gymkhana. Amazing non-veg food items. Do not miss fish and Chicken here.
  • JJ Garden Vada PavMG Road, Camp. Serves one of the best Vada Pav with green chutney. A must have when you are in Pune.
  • Vasu Vada PavBhel Chowk, Pradhikaran. Serves one of the best Vada Pav. A must have when you are in Pimpri Chinchwad.
  • Kondhalkar MastaniAnother place for mouthwatering mastanis. Khus & Pista are the best. Also try the seasonal flavours - Guava, Jamun & Custard Apple.
  • Godbole's Suswaram Kothrud, near bedekar Ganapati. Very good maharashtrian snaks like Khichadi, pohe, vada pav, sheera. Also serves very good lunch.
  • 'Bapat Upahar Gruha, Near Raja kelkar Museum. Excellent Maharashtrian Food and very affordable.
  • Vohuman, 34, Sassoon Rd. An awesome Iranian place serving delicious omelettes. Good for breakfast. Right next to the Jehangir Hospital.
  • Chaitanya(vegetarian)/Tawas and Tandoors(non-vegetarian) at F.C. Road. Serves quite cheap stuffed parathas(layered chapattis), rice.Has combos of chicken/mutton/fish curries and dal(lentils)+parathas;biryanis;tandoor snacks on offer at very reasonable prices.
  • Delhi Kitchen,Near Kotbagi Hospital,Aundh/Deep Bungalow Chowk. Serves cheap and delightful punjabi food.Curries available in different serving sizes;a 'quarter' curry being sufficient for one person.
  • Manmeet Chat Center, On east side of F.C. Road next to Subway and opposite F.C. College Junior wing entrance, near Sant Tukaram Chouk. Tel: 64001088. Delicious chat. 'Popular basket chat' is INR 50 and is a tasty filling meal or great for sharing. The 'extra special'costs INR 5 more.
  • Ande Ka Funda, Paud road. The only place for eggeterian. Serves 26 egg items.
  • Vaishali, 1218/1, Shivaji Nagar, Fergusson College Rd. A popular youth joint serving amazing South Indian dishes. Their Sambhar is arguably the best in the City.
  • Wadeshwar, Fergusson College Rd. Another popular eating place. The best fast food you will get here inlcludes appe, vada-sambhar, and pav bhaji. Another branch of wadeshwar is also there on Bajirao road, Shukrawar peth, which serves very good idlis and uttapa, and alu paratha.worth a try.
  • Kayani Bakery, East St. Famous for its Shrewsbury biscuits, Walnut Cake and Sponge Cake, many mouth watering bakery items here disappear almost instantly over the counter.
  • German Bakery, 291, Vaswani Nagar, Koregaon Park. A great bakery serving healthy and wholesome sandwiches, pastries, rolls etc.
  • Asha Dining Hall, Apte Road. Good Marathi thali at a very reasonable price and a clean dining place.
  • Burger King has two branches and serves brilliant grilled sandwiches. Their 'King Burger' is huge, good to eat and make for a very inexpensive, sumptuous meal. However, this is not related to the international chain.
    • 2394, East St.
    • near ABC tower,(kalyani nagar bridge), Koregaon Park.
    • Suyog Plaza, Shivaji Nagar, Deccan Gymkhana.
    • INOX Multiplex, Bund Garden Rd, Camp.
    • Marigold Complex, Survey 15, Wadgaon Sheri, Kalyani Nagar.
    • Survey 127, Karve Rd, Kothrud.
    • D.P. Road, Aundh.
  • Baan Thai Bakers Point,NIBM Road.Pretty good variety of Prawns and Chicken preperations.
  • Sharvaree / Shabree. 1199/1A FC Road. 411004, Pune (corner of FC Road and Ghole Road). Phone: +91 20 25531511. [39]. Sharvaree is upstairs and famous for traditional Maharashtrian 'thalipeeth', a savoury multigrain pancake snack. Downstairs is Shabree which is multicuisine but specialises in Maharashtrian thali (INR 150). The food is good and the restaurant is very clean and pleasant.
  • Marzorin, Main Street, Camp. Famous for sandwiches, cakes and pastries.
  • Nisarg Vada Paav Off SB Road, Near SBI ATM to Vikhe Patil College. The best Vada Paav in Pune(place not at all clean)
  • Janaseva Garvare Brigde, behind Chitale. Traditional Maharashtrian Thali, very famous and visited by many maharashtrians visiting Pune.
  • Top in TownGarvare Bridge, Behind Chitale Opp Deccan Gymkhana. Amazing non-veg food items. Do not miss fish and Chicken here.
  • JJ Garden Vada PavMG Road, Camp. Serves one of the best Vada Pav with green chutney. A must have when you are in Pune.
  • Vasu Vada PavBhel Chowk, Pradhikaran. Serves one of the best Vada Pav. A must have when you are in Pimpri Chinchwad.
  • Kondhalkar MastaniAnother place for mouthwatering mastanis. Khus & Pista are the best. Also try the seasonal flavours - Guava, Jamun & Custard Apple.
  • Godbole's Suswaram Kothrud, near bedekar Ganapati. Very good maharashtrian snaks like Khichadi, pohe, vada pav, sheera. Also serves very good lunch.
  • 'Bapat Upahar Gruha, Near Raja kelkar Museum. Excellent Maharashtrian Food and very affordable.
  • Barberque Nation, Kalyani Nagar. Offers a vast & Delicious variety of concept dining menu for around 500 bucks only. Really worth paying for, specially for the unlimited servings of Prawns, Crabs, Chicken, Mutton, Fish and also equally delicious Veg food. Good 8-10 variety of desserts to finish your meal.
  • Chingari also serves Indian food, but in an open-air atmosphere.
  • City Point, Dhole Patil Rd.
  • Coffee Shop is a 24 hour cafe which serves Indian, Continental and Italian dishes.
  • Flags, INOX Multiplex, Bund Garden Rd, Camp. Has a very interesting menu.
  • Kabab Factory package, Package comes in both Veg and Non-Veg formats costing Rs. 325 (approx $7.36) and Rs. 375 (approx $8.50) + taxes, respectively. Package include unlimited delicious kababs (6-7 different types), Roti, Dal, Biryani and desserts (4-5 different types to choose from) every item listed is unlimited.
  • La Brasserie serves good pastries in a trendy atmosphere.
  • La Dolce Vita, City Point, Dhole Patil Rd. Serves authentic cuisine from Tuscan, Italy. The menu has an extensive list of Italian wines.
  • La Pizzeria, 361/5, Bund Garden Rd, Camp. Newly opened Opp E-Square in Hotel Srimaan. Tel. (020) 26133535; (020) 40077000. Has amazing Italian cuisine, pizzas and garlic bread, and it is run by an Italian. Has a fine-dining ambience.
  • Le Meridien, Mill Rd. Pune's most luxurious hotel offers numerous dining options.
  • Mainland China [40] serves excellent Chinese dishes. One of the few Chinese restaurants in the country which serves authentic and non-Indianized food. The menu has a great selection of Cantonese Dim-sums.
  • Malaka Spice, Koregaon Park. Lip smacking Continental food.
  • Mystic Masala serves authentic Indian food.
  • Nisarg, Nal Stop Junction, Off karve Road, Erandwane serves excellent Malvan/Goan style Sea Food specially crabs & lobsters.
  • Oh Calcutta, City Point, Dhole Patil Rd. Continental fare.
  • Pizza Express, Sohrab Hall, RBM Cannaught Rd. You must try the delicious chocolate fudge. Although it is rather expensive compared to Domino's or Pizza Corner, the pizzas are extremely authentic.
  • Pizza Hut, at Jangli Maharaj Road, M G Road, and several other outlets. The world-famous pizza chain.
  • Plot 403, Unit 7, ICC Tech Park, Senapati Bapat Rd.
  • Sigree, City Point, Dhole Patil Rd,delicious food.worth having buffet of 350 bucks.
  • Spice Island serves North Indian cuisine and is ideal for fine dining. There is a live band in the evenings.
  • Taj Blue Diamond, 11, Koregaon Rd, Koregaon Park. This Taj hotel has three restaurants and a bar.
  • The Orient, Sun n Sand, NH 4. Serves authentic Chinese food in a laid-back atmosphere with soft music in the background. Quite similar to the Whispering Bamboo in the Taj.
  • The Tea Lounge serves tea and snacks in a laid-back atmosphere.
  • The Yellow Chilli. Sanskriti Lifestyle Complex, Lane No. 7, Koregaon Park, Pune. Phone: 41285454, 41285757. Celebrity chef Sanjeev Kapoor dishes up a wide variety of interpretations of Maharashtrian and northern Indian cuisines. Choose between the outside veranda with a bar-b-q buffet, or venture into the stylish modern interior for a la carte. The choc chip kulfi is listed as a must try - this is no exaggeration!
  • Whispering Bamboo is an Oriental restaurant serving Thai and Chinese cuisine.

Drink

Refreshing Indian drinks such as Jal Jeera (a cumin seed drink) and Nimbu Pani (lemon water/soda) are sold on the sidewalk for around Rs 5 per glass.

  • Yoko's, G-3 5th Avenue, Dhole Patil Road, Pune. A must have when in Pune. If you are a sizzler freak you will enjoy this place, excellent ambience and very economical...  edit
  • [[CAD-B]] Ice-cream Magic, Near Karishma Society, Kothrud, Pune or Opp. Kamala Nehru Park, Bhadarkar Road, Pune. A must have when in Pune..For chocolate lovers..  edit

Alcohol

Alcohol is easily available all over town, though most of the bars are in Koregaon Park and upmarket areas. Most bars open in the afternoon and close an hour or two after midnight.

  • 7 Bamboo,koregaon park
  • Apache - The Livid Lounge, F.C. Road and Banjara Hills, Chandani Chowk. One rocking place. Good heavy music. Recommended for a rock/ metal head.
  • Carzonrent, ABC Farms, Koregaon Park.
  • Casabella, Taj Blue Diamond, 11, Koregaon Rd, Koregaon Park.
  • Club Nirvana, INOX Multiplex, Bund Garden Rd, Camp.
  • Elysium Koregaon Park,(Mind Circus Innovations project).
  • Entresol Bar, Le Meridien, Mill Rd.
  • Hi Tide, Sagar Plaza, 1, Bund Garden Rd.
  • Olas, ABC Farms, Koregaon Park.
  • Provogue Lounge Lounge, ABC Farms, Koregaon Park.
  • Pub Carousel, Holiday Inn, 262, Bund Garden Rd.
  • Raviraj, Deccan Gymkhana
  • Roof Top Bar, Le Meridien, Mill Rd.
  • Scream - The Club, Le Meridien, Mill Rd.
  • Soul Purpose at Deccan Rendezvous (See ‘Sleep’ for details). Extremely subdued lighting would make this a good place for an illicit rendezvous. Clientele are a mix of business travellers and dining guests. Open 12 noon to 3 pm & 7 pm to 11.30 pm.
  • Ten Downing Street, Gera Plaza, Dhole Patil Rd.
  • Thousand Oaks, 2/17, East St, Camp. Until 11.15pm.
  • Toons, MG Road.
  • Wondurr Bar, ABC Farms, Koregaon Park.

Tea and coffee

There is no lack of coffee shops in the city. Some of the restaurants listed above serve good coffee, or head to a branch of the Barista [41] or Cafe Coffee Day [42] chains, both of which have numerous locations around town. The FC Road and MG Road branches of Barista are wi-fi hotspots.

  • Dorabji is famous for coffee and it's products, Don't forget to enjoy bun-maska (bread with butter) with Irani tea at Goodluck on FC road.
  • Juice World, M.G. Rd/ East St. Serves wonderful parathas and pav bhaji.
  • Durga, Paud Road. A popular joint for coffee.
  • Coffee House, M.G. Rd. Enjoy their Channa Bhathura.
  • Cafe Good Luck End of FC Road, Good Luck Chowk. Oldest Iraninan restaurent. Famous for Bread items and Mutton Kheema.
  • Coffee Stop Near Om Super Market. Enjoy the best cold coffee here
  • Sujata MastaniDelicious mastani (thick milkshake with icecream) served here.

Sleep

Keep away from most of the places that are close to the City Railway Station, as hotels in the western part of the city are cheaper and safer.

This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:
Budget Under Rs 800
Mid-range Rs 800-1500
Splurge Rs 1500 +
  • Trimurti Lodge, Fergusson College Rd. It's not particularly clean.
  • Shreyas Hotel, Apte Road. Basic facilities.
  • Suyash Lodge,Tilak Road. Very cheap, but almost basic facilities.
  • Yatri Lodge, Karve Road. Clean but basic facilities.
  • Sumangal Youth Hostel, Jambhulwadi road 60/1 plot 2 (Behind Dalavi Vasti), 9822010217, [43]. clean very cheap three star facilities nice lake view. (for Students and Families).  edit
  • Hotel Studio Estique, Near Inox, Bund Garden Road, 9890668685 (), [44]. offer five categories of contemporary design and more than 10 different room sizes, to suit your budget  edit
  • Living Beautifully, Koregaon Park, 00919326030310 (). Clean and beautiful accommodation close to Osho International Meditation Resort. Run by German-Indian Couple  edit
  • Deccan, 202/3 Apte Road (near the Gymkhana area), 91 20-2561 2345 (), [45]. A small 3 star business hotel, which tries to lure bbusiness travelers away from the larger chains with 24 hour check out (i.e. check in at 7pm, leave at 7pm), complimentary stay for accompanying spouse, free airport transfers & free high speed internet connectivity. Has a small pool and basic gym, a restaurant and bar and helpful staff  edit

Splurge

Pune has a small but good range of top-end hotels. Prices are generally more than those in the US. A double room tends to be priced at USD 200 to 400 per night. During the lean season, good discounts are available.

  • Taj Blue Diamond [46]
  • Le Meridien [47]
  • Sun n Sand [48]
  • Hotel Brookside [49]
  • Hotel St Laurn
  • Pune is well covered by mobile phone networks. Idea, Airtel, BSNL and Hutch offer GSM based networks, while Reliance and TATA Indicom offer CDMA connectivity.
  • To call a Mumbai number, the phone does not require STD. Simply dial 9522 followed by the 8 digit number.
  • STD/ISD booths are scattered throughout the city. The fare is calculated on a digital meter and the payment is done after the call. These booths are much cheaper than hotel phones.
  • The format of a Pune landline number is +91-20-2xxxxxxx (BSNL) / 3xxxxxxx (Reliance) / 4xxxxxxx (Airtel) / 6xxxxxxx (TATA Indicom)

Internet

A large number of internet cafes dot the city. Most private cafes charge about Rs 10-25 (35-55 US cents) an hour. However, the Reliance World chain of cyber cafes run by Reliance Communications offer fast broadband connections at around a dollar per hour. There are 8 branches in Pune

  • Plot 69, Sec 27A, Nigdi.
  • Plot 19/20, Swajos Complex, Aundh.
  • Ishwarlal Palace, Plot 293/294, Pimpri.
  • Hotel Regency, Dhole Patil Rd.
  • 19/20, Rahul Complex, Paud Rd.
  • 917/2A, FC Rd, Deccan Gymkhana.
  • 1358/A, Shukrawar Peth, Bajirao Rd.
  • Shop 4, Sterling Centre, M.G. Rd, Camp.

Stay safe

Pune is by and large a very safe place. Violent crime is low, although it's important to keep an eye on your belongings in public, as petty theft can occur. Do report any such activity to the police. Keep away from the touts.

Be especially careful when driving on the outskirts of Pune. Although most people in the city are polite, slum dwellers and onlookers in surrounding villages on occasion have been known to rob "outsiders" stranded at odd hours due to vehicle breakdown.

Now a days, the traffic and transport situation in Pune has become very pathetic and getting daily deteriorated and dangerous due to increasing number of vehicles, 2, 3 and 4 wheelers, and indisciplined and careless driving of the citizens. People hardly follow traffic signals, lanes, no entries etc. The vehicles don't care for pedestrians crossing the roads. The enforcement of traffic laws by the traffic police is very rarely seen, unlike Mumbai or other major cities. The road conditions are also very bad at some locations, especially during rainy seasons. According to a report,a total of 477 deaths occurred in 2008 in road accidents in Pune and Pimpari-Chinchwad area. and, the number of people who were injured is 1,617 in 2008. Drivers, both 2 and 4 wheelers, normally do not follow one ways and drive from the wrong side of a divided road, even on highways. Crossing a busy street is always a nightmare. Vehicles don't stop and they continuously keep honking at the crossing pedestrians. Many fatal accidents with the pedestrians happen while crossing the roads. Thus, be extremely careful while crossing the road. Always follow the local people who are crossing along with you. Follow all traffic rules while driving.(if you are on a 2 wheeler and are honked at because of stopping at a red traffic light, you can move aside and give the driver way to go ahead). Please strictly wear helmets if you are driving a two wheeler. If you are from a western country, you are not advised to drive on Pune roads.

The incidents of chain snatching and looting a lonely person at night are also on a rise. Thus you are advised not to travel alone during night hours at lonely places. However, crowded places are by and large safe.

  • Police - 100
  • Fire - 101
  • Ambulance - 102
  • Accident and trauma - 1099
  • Sahyadri Specialty Hospital, Karve Road

Plot no.30 – C, Erandwane, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune- 411004. +91-020-6721 3000 / 2540 3000 / 2540 3040

  • Sahyadri Hospital, Kothrud

Plot no. 9B, Neena Society, S.No.1484A/B, Paud road, Opposite Vanaz, Pune- 411038 +91-020-67213300

  • Sahyadri Munot Hospital

Sahyadri Munot Hospital 87/ 5, Bhavani Peth New Timber Market Road, Near 7 Loves Chowk, Pune - 4110042

  • Fatima Convent Sahyadri Clinic

Fatima Convent Compound Near Vishal Mega Mart Fatima Nagar, Pune - 411013 +91-20-26860442

  • Sahyadri Hospital, Hadapsar

G & G Towers, S.No. 153 / A, Hissa no. 124 / 21 Magarpatta, Solapur Road, Hadapsar, Pune - 411028 +91-20-67213400/26890401/02

  • Sahyadri Hospital, Bibwewadi

Plot no. 13, S.no.573, Vivekananda Marg Bibwewadi, Pune - 411037 +91-20-67213700/24217187/88/89

  • Sahyadri Hospital, Bopodi

S.N.10A / 3 A, Ahead of Khadki Railway station, Next to Bopodi Police Chowky, Bopodi, Pune - 411020 +91-20-25820233

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Simple English

Pune is a city in India. It is in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city is famous for great maratha king shivaji. The game of Badminton was invented there in the 19th century. It is also the birth-place of spiritual teacher Meher Baba. Mula and Mutha are the two rivers that flow through the city. It has also been referred to as the "Oxford of the East" by some. it is major IT center.This city is managed by the Pune Municipal Council(PMC).








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