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Punjab
British colony
1849 – 1947

Coat of arms of Punjab

Coat of arms

Location of Punjab
Map of British Punjab 1909
Historical era New Imperialism
 - Established 1849
 - Partition of India 1947

Punjab was a province of British India, it was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British rule. With the end of British rule in 1947 the province was split between India and Pakistan. It comprised the present day areas of:

Contents

Etymology

The word Punjab is named from the "five rivers" by which it is watered: the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, all tributaries of the Indus.

Geography

Geographically the Punjab province of India was a triangular tract of country of which the Indus and the Sutlej to their confluence formed the two sides, the base being the lower Himalaya hills between those two rivers; but the British province also included a large tract outside those boundaries. Along the northern border Himalayan ranges divided it from Kashmir and Tibet. On the west it was separated from the North-West Frontier Province by the Indus, until that river reaches the border of Dera Ghazi Khan District, which was divided from Baluchistan by the Sulaiman Range. To the south lay Sindh and Rajputana, while on the east the rivers Jumna and Tons separated it from the United Provinces.[1]

The province included the important city of Lahore.

History

On 21 February 1849 the Sikhs were defeated at the battle of Gujrat by the British, the victory of the British allowed them to take over the Punjab. Punjab was annexed on the 2nd of April 1849 and became part of British India.

In 1901 the frontier districts beyond the Indus were separated from Punjab and made into a new province - the North-West Frontier Province.

References

External links

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Simple English

Punjab
British colony
1849 – 1947

File:Arms of British

Coat of arms

Map of British Punjab 1909
Historical era New Imperialism
 - Established 1849
 - Partition of India 1947
Wikisource has original 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica text related to:


Punjab was a province of British India, it was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British rule. With the end of British rule in 1947 the province was split between India and Pakistan. The area that made up British Punjab streched from Himachal Pradesh in the east to the North-West Frontier Province in the west, which itself was separated in 1909; has today been split into the following areas:

Meaning

The word Punjab is named from the "five rivers" which flow through it: the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, all tributaries of the Indus.

Geography

The Punjab province of British India was a triangular area of country bordered by the Indus and the Sutlej rivers.[1]

References


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