Punjab Regiment (Pakistan): Wikis

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Soldier of Punjab Regiment

The Punjab Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Pakistan Army.The Army‘s most senior fighting arm is the Punjab Regiment. In fact, two battalions of the Punjab Regiment are the oldest in the South Asia, with foundation dates as early as 1759.

Contents

History

The 33rd Punjabi Regiment (A Picture of an Officer: A Punjabi Subadar by A.C. Lovett 1911 AD).

Prior to the independence, the 14th Punjab Regiment formed a part of the British Indian Army. It was formed in March 1922 by the amalgamation of the

The 1st and 5th battalions were deployed in Malaya during the opening stages of the WWII in South East Asia. The 1st Battalion, under Lt.Col. James Fitzpatrick, was overrun by superior Japanese forces at Changlun during the Battle of Jitra. With only 270 survivors, the 1st Battalion was not reformed during the campaign. The 5th Battalion, under the command of Lt.Col. Cyril Stokes, performed relatively well in the fighting retreat to Kroh in early December 1941. Lt.Col. Stokes was killed during the Battle of Muar in January 1942. The 5/14th Punjabs was forced to surrender along with the rest of the commonwealth troops when Singapore fell on 15 February 1942.

A number of troops from both battalions however later joined Indian National Army, and formed a part of the Hindustan Field Force of the first INA.

In 1947 the British Government announced the Independence of South Asia into Pakistan and India. British Indian Army was divided also. Battalions of the Punjab Regiments were also divided between Pakistan and India. Out of six regiments, 1st Punjab, 8 Punjab, 14 Punjab, 15 Punjab and 16 Punjab were allotted to Pakistan Army and 2nd Punjab to Indian Army The Punjab Regiment was formed in 1956 when four of the five Punjab Regiments allocated to Pakistan were merged.

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Punjabi Regiments allocated to Pakistan now forming the Punjab Regiment

Punjabi Regiments allocated

Mosque built by Punjab Regiment in Jhelum

1st Punjab regimental center was located at Jhelum. In early September 1947 Pakistani personnel arrived from 2nd Punjab regimental center Meerut and Indian personnel (Sikhs) were dispatched to 11 Sikh RC and Rajputs to 6 Rajputana Rifle Center.

The Punjab regiment at its height totalled 58 battalions; however, 11 were transferred in 1980 to the Sindh Regiment.

Class & Religious Composition before 1947

Punjabi Muslims 50%; Sikhs 25%; Rajputs 25%. after 1947, the regiment is made up of 50 % Pashtun and 50% Panjabi.

Recipients of the Nishan-e-Haider

4 members of the Regiment have received the highest gallantry award "Nishan-e-Haider" (Sign Of the Lion) for showing an incredible amount of valor and courage on the battle field in the face of staunch adversity, these are as follows:

Note: honorary title as a sign of respect: Shaheed meaning martyr for deceased recipients and Ghazi meaning victor for living recipients.
  1. Captain Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed (1910–July 27, 1948)
  2. Major Tufail Muhammad Shaheed (1914–August 7, 1958)
  3. Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed (1928–September 10, 1965)
  4. Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed (1944–December 17, 1971)

The Nishan-e-Haider (Sign of the Lion) has been awarded to only 10 soldiers 4 of whom are from the Punjab Regiment. Despite Pakistan having been involved in 3 wars...

  1. Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
  2. Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
  3. Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

...And a major conflict in Kargil with India during the summer of 1999 which is classed as a war by many.

Modern Regiment

Presently the Punjab Regiment is the largest regiment of the Pakistan Army with 47 battalions. The Punjab Regimental Centre is located in Mardan, NWFP. They range from Mechanized Infantry to Light Anti-Tank (LAT) battalions.

After independence of Pakistan, Punjab Regiment has seen three colonel-in-chiefs; Field Marshal Ayub Khan, General Asif Nawaz and General Aziz Khan, the last one of which was appointed on 21 March, 2003.[1]

The current Colonel Commandant of the regiment is Lt General Masood Aslam, who was installed as the colonel commandant on 16 March 2008.[2] The previous colonel commandants have included Lt General Malik Arif Hayat,[3] and Lt General Imtiaz Shaheen.[1]

Prominent General Officers from the Punjab Regiment

  • Field Marshal Ayub Khan
  • General Muhammad Shariff
  • General Aziz Khan
  • Lt Gen Tariq Pervaiz Ex Comd 12 Corps
  • Lt Gen Khalid Shameem Wynne- Comd 12 Corps
  • Lt Gen Masood Aslam Ex Comd 11 Corps and now IGT&E
  • Lt Gen Nadeem Taj - Former DG ISI and now Comd 30 Corps
  • Lt Gen Mujib-ur-Rehman
  • Lt Gen Ahmad Shamim Khan
  • Lt Gen Naseer Akhtar - Ex DG ISI
  • Maj Gen Ghazanfar Ali Khan - Ex MS to President of Pakistan, GOC 41 Div, VCGS, DCGS, DGMP, DGNG & currently Ambassador of Pakistan to Ukraine
  • Maj Gen Muhammad Mushtaq
  • Maj Gen Asif Duraiz Akhtar - Ex GOC 7 Div, DG LOG & Comd Log Area Multan
  • Lieutenant Gen Shafqaat Ahmed - Ex MS to President of Pakistan, GOC 10 Div, Commander 2 Corps
  • Maj Gen Zaheer ul Islam - Ex GOC 12 Div and now DG(C) for ISI
  • Lieutenant Gen Shujaat Zamir Dar

Further reading

A complete history of the Punjab Regiment was written by Brig. Gen. Syed Haider Abbas Rizvi (Ret.), entitled "Veteran campaigners: a history of the Punjab Regiment, 1759-1981 (Pakistan Army)." It was published by Wajidalis in 1984. General Asif Nawaz Janjua

Alliances

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Army can defend every inch: Musharraf" Daily Times, March 22, 2003
  2. ^ "Lt-Gen Masood Aslam new Colonel Commandant of Punjab Regiment" The News, 16 March, 2008
  3. ^ "Malik Arif Hayat new colonel commandant" ISPR Press Release, 8 November, 2006

External links


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