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Puri
Puri
Location of Puri
in Orissa and India
Coordinates 19°49′N 85°50′E / 19.81°N 85.83°E / 19.81; 85.83
Country  India
State Orissa
District(s) Puri
Mayor Gourahari Pradhan
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

0 m (0 ft)

Puri About this sound pronunciation (Oriya: ପୁରୀ , Bengali: পুরী) is a city in the east Indian state of Orissa. It is also known to many as Jagannath Puri after the Jagannath Temple, which was built in the late eleventh century.

Puri is one of the oldest cities in the eastern part of the country. It is situated on the coast of the Bay of Bengal and is a popular beach resort, positioned in a unique place so that both sunset and sunrise can be viewed from the beach.

Contents

Name

The word "puri" in Sanskrit means 'town', or 'city'[1] , but in this case, the city's name is believed to be derived from Jagannath Puri. Another belief is that the name Puri comes from Purushottama one of 108 Shakti Peethas, Purushottama.

It is the only shrine in India, where Radha, also referred to as Durga, Sati, Parvati, Shakti abodes with Krishna, also known as Jagannath.

The Puri beach

History

Puri is the site of the Govardhana matha, one of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya, the others being those at Sringeri, Dwaraka and Jyotirmath.

Puri is also famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or "Festival of Chariots", when the deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra, are brought out of the temple, and placed in a chariot procession. This festival occurs on various dates of the Gregorian calendar, typically in the month of July.

The town is famous for its many Mathas (monasteries of the various Hindu sects). It also houses the relics of many Hindu figures as traditionally it is seen as a holy place to die in or to be cremated. As a result, it has had a disproportionate number of widows. Like other old Hindu religious towns it has a lot of character that is difficult to be glimpsed or picked up on easily by a casual visitor.

In 1903, Sri Yukteswar established an ashram in the sea-side town of Puri, naming it "Kararashram". From two ashrams, Yukteswar taught students, and began an organization named "Sadhu Sabha."

Sri Yukteswar and his disciple, Paramahansa Yogananda

Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur, founder of 64 Sri Gaudiya Maths performed the final past-times of his life in Puri.

Culture and Tradition of Puri

TRADITION AND CULTURE OF

                    PURI DISTRICT 
                                                    Puri is one of the  fascinating littoral district  of  Orissa .The Cultural  heritage of Puri with its long recorded  history beginning from third century B.C till present day, The monuments and religious sanctity, way of life of the people with their rich  tradition posses  emphatically to be the cultural heart of Orissa .In deed Puri is consider cultural capital of Orissa .The culture here is flourished with its manifold activities.     
                                                       The District has the happy conglomerate of different religions,sects and faith in course of history, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh,jains, Christian and tribals found here in the District. The Hindu monuments of various sectors  like  saivism,Bishnavism, Sak ticult, Ganapatya,Mohabir etc are found. Similarly Muslim Mosques, Christian Churches are also noticed here. 

Traditional Fairs and Festivals

It is said that 13 festivals are celebrated in calendar year relating to Lord Jagannath are,

a) Car Festival(Ratha Yatra) July b) Chandan Yatra April c) Gosani Yatra Dasahara in Sept./Oct. d) Sahi Yatra for 7 days from Rama Navami March/April e) Mahasiva Ratri Feb in all the Saiva Pithas f) Magha mela at Konarak on January g) Boita Bandan at Konark in Oct./Nov. h) Harirajpur Melan Harirajpur March i) Jhamu Yatra Kakatapur May j) Dayana chori Ghorodia in Pipil Block k) Aunla Navami Sakhigopal in March l) Makar Mela Chilika Jan m) Bali Harachandi Mela During Raj Festival June at Brahmagiri n) Anabasar Yatra Alaranath Pitha,Brhamagiri. o) Siruli Mahavir Mela Panasankranti- Siruli , Sadar Block

                       Other Festivals for Tourists :-

1) Konark festival - Deptt of Tourism - Govt of Orissa - 1st week of Dec

2)      Konark Music  & Dance Festival  -   Konark Natya Mandap - February 

3) Basant Utshav - Parampara Raghurajpur -February

4)      Puri Beach Festival at Puri - Organised by Hotel & Restaurant Association of Orissa Bhubaneswar -November                     5)      Sriksetra Mohoshav ,Puri - Organised by Srikshetra  Mahoshav committee - April          

6) Gundicha Utshav at Puri - Organised by Urreka,Puri - June

                                          In all the festivals Odissidance folk dances from different party of the country are staged. .                             

CULTURAL PROGRAM ON SECONd SATURDAY OF EVERY MONTH  :-

            With   the objective to encourage the young artist and to  display our rich   performing  art form,Cultural programmee for two hours, in  the evening of  2nd  saturday of each month is organized at  the  collector's conference  Hall C (Near Sea bech Police Station)Puri by Dist,Council  of culture.The  majestic  odissi dance,the lucid Odissi Song and  enchanting flok dances  are  staged  in this programmee.There is no  entry  fee  for viewing this programs. 

DANCE & MUSIC

Monuments The important monuments of the District are :-

    a)      Jagannath Temple Puri

b) Gundicha Temple,Puri c) Lokonath Temple,Puri d) Jambeswar temple,Puri e) Sapta Matruka images near Markandeswar tank Puri f) Sun Temple,Konark g) Barahi Temple,at Chourasi,in Nimapara Block. h) Mangala Temple,Kakatpur i) Sakhigopal Temple,at Sakhigopal j) Amareswar Temple, at Amareswar,Nimapara Block k) Sculpture shed at Bishnupur,Nimapara l) Gramswar Temple,Terundia,Nimapara m) Alarnath Temple,Brhamgiri n) Baliharachandi Temple,Brhamagiri,Block o) Kunteswar Temple,Araorh,Pipil Block p) Harihar Temple,near Pipil q) Shiva Temple,Jagadalpur at Delang Block r) Tara image at Badatara,Gop s) Bayalisbati Temple,near Gop t) Mohabir Temple,Siruli Sadar Block

                              The grandeur of  architecture and the crafts maintop of the  sculptures speak high of the cultural history of Puri District. 

Excavated Archeological Sites

The following are the Ex cavorted archeological Sites of Puri District.

a) Kurum is 80 Km away from Konarak.The excavation work conducted here reveal the remains at Buddhists artifacts at 10 th century A.D. b) Manikapatana : - It is in Krushnaprasad block from which the remains at mediaeval period are found . c) Klkha patana on Puri Konark Marine drive road where the remains of 15th century was found.


Theatre

    Anna Purna Theatre , Situated at the grand road Puri, is a  pioneer institution in the field oftheatrical performances. 

Opera

    Opera   is  a popular mobile drama troupe is very popular  in  the state. 
MUSEUM
 a)   District Museum Puri :-With    a  view  to  preserve   and  project  our  rich   cultural heritage,the  district Museum at Puri is functioning since 1997.It is one of the branch  museum  of  Orissa  state museum and managed  by  Govt  of Orissa.Different    veshas  of  Lord   Jagannath,  Sculptures  of  various Kinds,Patta   paintings  oalm  leaf   paintings,Handicrafts  of   numerous varieties  are   displayed  in  this museum.It is located  at  the  station road,Puri-2.There is no entry fee for visiting this museum.
 b)   Another  handicraft  museum is situated at Batagaon, 5  Kms  formPuri on puri Bhubaneswar road.It is managed by a Co-operative Society. 

Libraries

 a)Dist Library :-The   Dist  library of Puri is situated at station road and  having more than  15000 books daily News paper and Magazines are brought to this library regularly.It  is  managed by dept of culture,Govt of  Orissa.Anyone interested can read in this library.There is no lending facilities. 
                                                b)PANCHASAKHA MEMORIAL HALL LIBRARY,SAKHIGOPAL :-This   library is also managed by department ofculture,Orissa.It has more than 4000 books at its stock.Monday is the weekly holidays. 
                                               To extend library activities in rural areas, registered librariesfunctioning  at  different  parts  of the district are encouraged withvarious distance  from Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation Calcutta through State Govt. .  

Places of interest

  • Puri is considered a holy place of pilgrimage in India.
  • The beautiful sea beach with its unique and fantastic views of sunsets and sunrises.
  • The world famous Jagannath Temple (Bada Deula).
  • World Famous Mother Centre of Kriya Yoga, Karar Ashram[2], Swargadwar, Puri, 06752-223004 founded by Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri in the year 1903.
  • The gateway to heaven (as per Hindu mythology - Swargadwar). Swargadwar means direct gateway to Heaven. Here, there is a Burning Ghat for Hindus. Swarg means Heaven and Dwar means gate.
  • One of the four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankaracharya - Puri matha
  • Ratha Yatra.
  • Gateway to famous Sun temple (from Puri 36 km.) at Konark from Konark towards north "Kuruma" is the location of a famous Buddhist place. It is possible to walk along the beach from Puri all the way to Konark (or Konarak the name it is also known by) in order to see the Konark Sun Temple.
  • Bada Thakura(Lord Jagannath), Bada Danda(Grand Road), Bada Deula(Jagannath temple), Bada Raja(King of puri), Maha Prasad(cooked food from the temple), Maha Deepa(oil candel) etc. are notable persons and things in Puri.
  • TotaGopinath mandir, Alalanath mandir at Brahmagiri [2], Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Saraswati Thakur's birth place and bhajan kutir.
  • Jayadev, the famous Oriya poet who has written "Gita Govinda" in Sanskrit was born in Kenduli Sasan on the outskirts of Puri.
  • Sakhigopal otherwise known as Satyabadi is a very significant religious place and tourist destination of Puri district. Utkalamani Gopabandhu Das with his four friends set up Bakula Bana Vidyalaya here, an open air school which played pivotal role in building character of students. Also immensely contributed to the freedom struggle of India.

Geography

Puri is located at 19°48′N 85°51′E / 19.8°N 85.85°E / 19.8; 85.85.[3] It has an average elevation of 0 metres (0 feet).

The Puri beach

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[4] Puri had a population of 157,610. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Puri has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 70%. In Puri, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Tourism

Puri has a very long, broad sand beach. The sea produces very big waves here. It attracts many national and international tourists because of its beautiful long beach and world famous Jagannath Temple The place to start a pilgrimage is here and Puri is a pilgrim's destination too. There are many ashrams and sacred temples in Puri.

Nearby Tourist Spots

Politics

Current MLA from Puri Assembly Constituency is Maheswar Mohanty of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2009. He won this seat for BJD in 2000 and 2004 and representing JD in 1995. Other previous MLAs from this seat were Braja Kishor Tripathy who won this seat representing JD in 1990, representing JNP in 1985 and 1977, Gadadhar Mishra of INC(I) in 1980.Mr Uma Ballav Rath also became the MLA in 1991 in a Bi election as a JD candidate.[5]

Puri is part of Puri (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

References

current M.P of puri is pinaki mishra.

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Puri is a renowned city and headquarters of Puri District in the Indian state of Orissa(Latitude: 19° 48' 0 N, Longitude: 85° 50' 60 E), also known as The Abode of Lord Jagannath.

The Shree Jagannath Temple of Puri at Night
The Shree Jagannath Temple of Puri at Night

Understand

Jagannath Puri or Purusottama Puri (approximately 1 and a half hours or 60 km from Bhubaneswar by bus {about Rs. 25 to Rs. 150), about 2 hours by train) is a pilgrimage town with the famous temple of Lord Jagannath (means Lord of the Universe) and is a major tourist destination with all its beautiful and pleasant sights. There are many hotels, most overseas tourists stay near to Chakratirtha Road (C.T. Road) - try Hotel Lotus - for the best of star hotels like hotel holiday resort, mayfair beach resort or you can ask rickshaws for 'Sea Beach Road or Swargadwara'. Some good hotels are Hotel Puri and Hotel New Sea Hawk (in Swargadwar) The Sun temple at Konark is also near by. If you go to Puri by road from Bhubaneswar you will go past Pipli with its beautiful applique handicrafts, worth a look. The Puri sea beach is a major attraction with its fantastic sea face view and golden sand, the water is a bit rough (which is good if you like to surf).

Get in

By train

Puri is well connected by Railways. Trains are from Kolkata (Howrah jn), New Delhi, Ahmedabad, etc. It is also a major railhead on the East Coast Railway, bifurcated from Khurda Road Jn. The Railway Station of Puri is in The heart of the town and near to all hotels. If you arrive by train go to the Orissan State Tourist counter at the station for advice, they are usually very helpful and speak English. The MCO Booth is also quite helpful. Locals speak Oriya. Due to the presence of people from various parts of India there would not be a language problem. Hindi is also widely used. Some locals even speak Bengali.

Get around

You can use cycle or auto rickshaws but agree a price before you set off. There are places on C.T Road where you can hire an Enfield motorbike, good if you want to drive along the coast to Konark(Sun Temple). A cycle rickshaw is in the range of 20 rupees.

  • Shree Jagannath Puri Temple. One of the four dhams ie four most sacred pilgrimage places of Hindus. Constructed in 11th century and is the starting point of the world famous Rath Yatra held in July. Entry is limited to Hindus. Do lean against the Shani temple and watch the summit of the temple and do savour the temple food or bhog. The temple complex is huge and has some very interesting stories associated, priests or pandas are generally the ones who conduct the non Oriya people around and generally mention all these stories although they can demand exorbitant amounts; bring it down to something reasonable. It is possible to go into the sanctum sanctorum and touch the deities in the main temple for a fee.
  • Golden Beach of Puri.
  • Shankaracharya's GOBARDHAN Pitha A Hindu Math
  • Swargadwar The Gateway to Heaven. Site of cremation of almost all famous Oriya people.
  • Shree Lokanath Temple Dedicated to Lord Shiva, is said to be the place where Lord Shiva hid himself from Shani, under a pond. The Shiva Linga here is partially submerged and the pond is teeming with fish. Priests here tend to be very strict so do maintain etiquette.
  • Sunara Gaurang Temple
  • Bedi Hanuman Temple
  • Chakra Tirtha Temple
  • Mausima Temple
  • Shree Gundicha Temple Destination of Rath Yatra.
  • Sun Temple of Konark.
  • Chandrabhaga Sea Beach.
  • Chilika Lake.
  • Satapada Dolphin Sanctuary.
  • Alarnath Temple
  • Pipili Famous for Applique Work.
  • Raghurajpur Famous for Patta Chitra.
  • Puri Konark Marine Drive This road was recently renovated and hence is in superb condition. Is peppered with deserted beaches and many rivers fall into the sea in places visible, if not accessible, from the road. Some beaches are said to have quicksands. Along the way there is a temple Ramchandi which is a popular picnic spot amongst the locals as non-veg is allowed in the temple.
  • Balihar Chandi Temple Is secluded with a beautiful and very calm beach nearby view from the temple of which is obscured by a forest.
The Golden Beach of Puri during sunset
The Golden Beach of Puri during sunset

Enjoy the splendour of the Golden Beach of Puri. It is ideal for surfing and cool for a dip. The beach is covered in golden sand. The waves can also be high and rough during purnima (full moon). Also, "Please Do not litter the beach" to keep its magnificent view intact. You have to be careful about swimming off the Chakra Tirtha Rd end of the beach because there is a canal that carries raw sewerage into the ocean.

  • Shyama -- pure vegetarian restaurant opposite the Jagannath temple on the Grand Road above the shops on the corner. There are many restaurants in Swargadwara, New Puri and C.T. Road.
  • Kakatua -- Near the Iskcon temple in Swargadwara there is a good sweet shop/restaurant with a cockatoo outside and the resto is named after it...
  • Krishna Resorts -- pure vegetarian restaurant with gujarati and marwari thali on chakratirth road.
  • Rama chenapoda infront of jagannath temple after 8pm. Different types of rabidi and malpua in chandanpur,a few kilometres from puri.Bhang sharbat of puri is famous

Sleep

Puri is a very popular holiday resort for people from all over India but they tend to stay in the hotels nearer to Swargadwar (rather than C.T Road). These hotels are often inexpensive and offer quality services at very reasonable rates.

  • Hotel Sairam, Hotel Sairam , CT Road, 06752-233690 /2694201 /9861190891. checkin: 8.00AM; checkout: 7.30AM. Hotel Sairam is located on marine drive road near Sansangha Thakurbadi,near puri railwaystation and just 10 meter away form golden beach of puri.Rooms are neatly furnished and are sea facing. Warm and friendly staff. The Jagannath temple is just 10 mins far from Hotel Rs 500/- 1000/-.  edit
  • Asian Inn Beach Resort, New Marine Drive Road, Swargadwar, Puri, Orissa. Asian Inn Beach Resort is located on the New Marine Drive Road, in the sacred Swargadwar locality of Puri. The hotel’s advantageous location makes it a favourite with the tourists. The Railway station is just 3 km away, Bus stand at 4 kms while the nearest airport at Bhubaneshwar is just 65 kilometers. The Three storied resort provides rooms with all modern facilities with a good view of the thundering Bay of Bengal. Elevators make the journey effortless to the upper floors. There’s an air-conditioned Restaurant as well as a conference room. Other facilities include Doctor on call, Laundry, Locker and secretarial services.
  • Hotel Vijoya International, [2]. A charming, beautiful hotel situated right on the sea shore in Chakra Tirtha. The private beach is clean and tent facilities are available. Pickup and drop facilities are available from the station and you will be welcomed with flowers and welcome drink. Rooms are neatly furnished and are sea facing. The restaurant provides exquisite cuisine and will customise your menu for any special requirement (for a kid, for example). Try the fish tikka.
  • OTDC Panthanivas [3]
  • Mayfair Puri, [4]. The most beautiful beach resort with SPA services. Room tariff 5,000-7,500 INR. This hotel has its private beach with couple of lifeguards roaming around. Elegantly furnished rooms with exotic cuisine served at the restaurants makes this resort apart.
  • Hotel Holiday Resort, Chakratirtha Road, Phone: 06752 222440, 224370, 234371 (fax: 06752-223968, E-mail: holidayresortpuri@rediffmail.com), [5]. is the next to Mayfair, when it comes hospitality and service. It has a private beach, life-guards, private auto-rickshaw stand, swimming pool, spa and all modern amenties. Indian and Foreign cuisines are served at the restaurant and good room service makes this resort the best.
  • Gochikar House, New Marine Drive Road, Swargodwar, +91 9239572058. checkin: 7 AM; checkout: 7 AM. Sea View Rooms, Travel Desk Rs 500/- to 1200.  edit
  • Deep Resorts, +91 9007207751, [7]. checkin: 7.30AM; checkout: 7AM. AC/NON Ac Sea Facing Rooms , Multicusine Resturant, Travel Desk , Cards Accepted No Rs 750/- to1400/-.  edit
  • Toshali Sands Resort and Hotel (Travel and Stay in Puri), Toshali Ethnic Resort in Puri, 0674-2547720/2547074/9337334670, 0124-2563105/2565315 (, fax: 0124-2563174), [8]. Toshali Sands is the only luxurious five star facilities resort in Orissa,close to beach. Approved by Department of Tourism with its unique ethnic charm that offers everything that you could ask of a Resort Hotel with excellent luxuries.Warm and friendly staff.Spread in acres.Resort has Russian language interpretor. Rs.3200 for a big Deluxe Cottage.  edit
  • Hans Coco Palms Resort, 6752 230951, 230952 (fax: 06752 230165), [9]. Quiet location and a swimming pool. The hotel has a private beach, although there are only two canopies for guests. There are no lifeguards (nulia), but you can hire one if you wish. Breakfast (especially the Hans Coco Palms Special) is a good value for money and very wholesome. Try the tomato shorba and 'thaali' for lunch/dinner. Rs.3600 for a double (February 2007).  edit
  • Masir Hotel Only for Fooding [Veg.or Non-Veg] (Swargadwar, Puri, 752001) [10] Budget hotel in Puri(Oldest) for 70 years of sevice.Mobile No.0-90401-47447 / 0-98611-77774 / 0-93388-77774 (Bubun)
  • Hotel Roopam, New Marine Drive Road, 06752 230650, 231222, [11]. Rs.600-1000.  edit
  • Puri Hotel, Sea Beach, 06752 222114, 223809 (, fax: 06752 222744), [12]. Excellent location. You get a full sea view straight out of balcony of most of the rooms. They have a website with a facility of online booking . Rs.400 for a big 4-bed room with balcony.  edit
  • HOTEL SEAGULL ON BEACH SWARGADRAR ALL ROOMS ARE SEA FACING 1580/- TO 2180/- ALL AC ROOMS / ECONOMY NAN AC ROOMS 680/- TO 880/- KOLKATA BOOKINGS 033 - 329=53360 , 2249=2716 , 98310=12240
  • Krishna Resorts, Chakratirth road, Phone: 06752 220448, (Email: harishvchawda@yahoo.co.in). Near the sea beach having furnished a/c and non a/c rooms from 350/- for non a/c 650/- for a/c rooms, 4 bed rooms and 3 bed rooms also available, colour tv and hot water facility. Vegetarian-friendly restaurant attached.
  • Krushna Mandir, At. Near Arabinda School, Swargadwar) Phone.91-6752-654800 / Fax No.91-6752-231895 & Cell No.0-90401-47447 / 0-98610-10600 email: bmbhuyan@gmail.com, [13]. 25 furnished Rooms with kitchen facilities only for Holiday Home (Booked by Kolkata office)(see website for details), Authorised Indian Rail travel agent on-site.
  • Balananda Tirthasram & Restaurant (Balananda Tirthasram), Sea Beach Road, Puri (After metorological ofice). checkin: Morning; checkout: 24 hours. Very beautiful family hotel. Very moderate rate beautiful picturesque sight of sea. Rent are from 200 and more. You can see the sea from your room balcony. Very beautiful and friendly vegetarian restaurant. Rs.24 only per meal. It is a family restaurant. Just opposite sea beach. You have to take the order and collect coupon at morning before 10 for lunch start at 12.30pm. Same for dinner and breakfast. Phone no. 06752228727 / 06752694108 24.  edit
  • Hotel Sea Queen Inn, Chakratirth road, Phone: 06752 222846. This is situated just off the beach but has got a few rooms with view of the sea. Between the beach and the hotel is a small restaurant called Pink House. Lovely food and friendly people, especially the waiter Akshaya. Adjacent to the hotel is an Ayurvedic Center providing Body Massage and other ayurvedic therapies. The good thing is that hotel, restaurant and Ayurvedic Center are inexpensive. Sea Queen has non-AC rooms for INR 400/- and AC rooms for INR 800/-. Massages start from INR 350/- for an hours' session but a 14-day session costs just INR 750/-. Overall a nice place to Stay and meet a lot of other travellers.
  • Rama chenapoda infront of jagannath temple after 8pm.

Stay safe

In cheap hotels or Guest Houses on Swargadwar or New Puri, try to take care of your own belongings. DO NOT try to go to the beach after 8 pm. If you get seriously ill in Puri it is better to go on to Bhubaneswar to the Kalinga Hospital as the hospitals in Puri are very, very basic and not too clean. The hotel should be able to get a local doctor for you if you need one.

There are mouthwatering foodstalls on the beach selling fish, mutton, chicken kebabs, chops and cutlets. DO NOT try these, unless you want to experience the medical system of Puri. Even weather-beaten, battle-hardened, super-immune Indian stomachs can not tolerate these tasty but unhygienic attacks on your digestive system. Eat out of hotels, perfectly fine. But do NOT try the seashore roadside food stalls.

Stay safe from pandas of any temple.Ignore them as they are very dangerous.They will extract money from your pocket ruthlessly in the name of God. They are very influential and nothing can be done with the help of law. Avoid entering innermost sanctum of any living temple(even if you are Hindu/Indian).They will ask you to offer puja or pay respect to innumerous Gods here and there of same temple very politely/affectionately but will demand money in name of each God separately.No use arguing with them.If you are a bit religious/curious then carry enough change so that you can donate Rs 1,2,5, 10 to get rid of them without any commotion.

Stay away from monkeys.Dont lure them with food and other stuff. Balananda Tirthasram - Puri sea beach

Get out

Puri being a major tourist spot is well connected with rest of the country by train. In case of flight connectivity one has to go to Bhubaneswar to get onto one. From the main bus stand in Puri you can get buses to Bhubaneswar and Cuttack which are less than 60-70 km far. Bhubaneswar which is a major hub further increases connectivity. The temple of Konark is nearby and definitely a must visit. Satapada on Chilika Lake is nearby and is a great place for sighting dolphins.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

PURI, or Jagannath, a town and district of British India, in the Orissa division of Bengal. The town is on the sea-coast, and has a railway station. Pop. (1901), 49,334, including an exceptional number of pilgrims. As containing the worldfamous shrine of Jagannath (see Juggernaut), Puri is perhaps the most frequented of all Hindu places of pilgrimage. Sanitation is effected by the Puri Lodging-House Act, which provides for the appointment of a special health officer, and for the licensing of lodging-houses both in the town and along the pilgrims' route.

The District Of Puri has an area of 2499 sq. m. The population in 1901 was 1,017,284, showing an increase of 7.6% in the decade. For the most part the country is flat, the only mountains being a low range which, rising in the west, runs south-east in an irregular line towards the Chilka lake and forms a water-parting between the district and the valley of the Mahanadi. The middle and eastern divisions of the district, forming the south-western part of the Mahanadi delta, consist entirely of alluvial plains, watered by a network of channels through which the most southerly branch of that river, the Koyakhai, finds its way into the sea. The other rivers are the Bhargavi, the Daya and the Nun, all of which flow into the Chilka lake and are navigable by large boats during the rainy season, when the waters come down in tremendous floods, bursting the banks and carrying everything before them. The Chilka lake is one of the largest in India; its length is 44 m., and its breadth in some parts 20 m. It is separated from the sea only by a narrow strip of sand. The lake is saline and everywhere very shallow, its mean depth ranging from 3 to 5 ft. Puri district is rich in historical remains, from the primitive rock-hewn caves of Buddhism - the earliest relics of Indian architecture - to the medieval sun temple at Kanarak and the shrine of Jagannath. The annual rainfall averages 58 in.

Puri first came under British administration in 1803. The only political events in its history since that date have been the rebellion of the maharaja of Khurda in 1804 and the rising of the paiks or peasant militia in 1817-18. In the Orissa famine of 1866 more than one-third of the population of Puri is said to have perished. The district suffered from drought in 1897. It is served by the East Coast railway, which was opened throughout from Calcutta to Madras in 1891, with a branch to Puri town.

See Puri District Gazetteer (Calcutta, 1908).


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also puri

English

Proper noun

Puri

  1. City in Orissa state, India, on the Bay of Bengal.







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