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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 52°53′16″N 4°25′05″W / 52.88780°N 4.41818°W / 52.88780; -4.41818

Pwllheli
IMAG2196.JPG
Housing near Pwllheli town centre.
Pwllheli is located in Wales2
Pwllheli

 Pwllheli shown within Wales
Population 3,861 (2001)
OS grid reference SH374350
Community Pwllheli
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PWLLHELI
Postcode district LL53
Dialling code 01758
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Caernarfon
List of places: UK • Wales • Gwynedd

Pwllheli (Welsh pronunciation: [pʊɬˈhɛlɪ]) is a community and the main market town of the Llŷn Peninsula in Gwynedd, north-western Wales. It has a population of 3,861,[1] of which a large proportion, 81 per cent, are Welsh speaking.[2] Pwllheli is the place where Plaid Cymru was founded. It is the birthplace of Albert Evans-Jones - Cynan - the Welsh poet.

Contents

History

The town's name means saltwater basin. The pronunciation of Pwllheli includes a sound not found in the English language, the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative [ɬ].

The town was given its charter as a borough by Edward, the Black Prince in 1355, and a market is still held each Wednesday in the centre of the town on the 'Maes' (=field in English).

The town grew around the shipbuilding and fishing industries, and the granite quarry at Carreg yr Imbill.[3]

Pwllheli Railway Station

During the 1890s, the town was developed by Solomon Andrews, a Cardiff businessman. This work included the Promenade, roads and houses at West End. A tramway was built linking the town to Llanbedrog. The trams ran until 1927 when a section of track was seriously damaged by a storm.

For many years a holiday camp run by Butlins operated a couple of miles from Pwllheli. The camp, renamed Hafan-Y-Mor, has been redeveloped and is now run by the Haven group.[4]

The town contains numerous retail shops, including Euronics and many smaller shops. It also had a Woolworths until that chain's demise. Supermarkets include Somerfield, SPAR, the Co-op supermarket, Iceland and Asda. A new Lidl store opened very recently.

Education

Ysgol Glan y Môr was formed by the merger of the former Pwllheli Grammar school and the Frondeg Secondary Modern Schools. These occupied sites at Penrallt and Upper Ala Road, respectively. The two schools merged in mid-1969 to form a comprehensive school based at two separated sites within the town.

The junior pupils (year 1 and year 2) were located at the Penrallt site (former grammar school site) and the senior pupils (year 3 and upwards) were located at a new complex constructed at Cardiff Road. This new school was subsequently expanded to accommodate all pupils under the Ysgol Glan y Môr name.

The Penrallt site was later redeveloped to form the Pwllheli campus of Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor. The facade of the main building of the old grammar school was retained and incorporated into the design of the current college buildings. Thus the 'old school' is readily seen from the town square (Y Maes) in much the same way as it has been since the former Pwllheli County School moved to Penrallt in the early 20th century.

Transportation

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Rail

Pwllheli railway station is the terminus of the Cambrian Coast Railway running to Dovey Junction near Machynlleth.

Road

Attractions

Arts

Pwllheli hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1925 and 1955, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1875.

Language

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, 80% of the population speak Welsh, with the highest percentage of Welsh speakers in the 10-14 age bracket, 94%.

Sport and leisure

Pwllheli is home to association football team Pwllheli F.C. and rugby union team Pwllheli RFC.

Notes

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Gwynedd Retrieved 14 January 2010
  2. ^ Cyngor Gwynedd Broken link
  3. ^ "A glance back at history with Luned". BBC. 2006-01-17. http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/northwest/sites/pwllheli/pages/marina.shtml. Retrieved 2009-02-21. "Another relaxing place in Pwllheli is Gimblet Rock. It is a rock which stands on the Southerly side of the town. It was once a huge rock, but was used to make setts for the streets in England."  
  4. ^ [www.haven.com/parks/north_wales/hafan_y_mor/index.aspx "Hafan-Y-Môr, Haven website"]. 2009-11-26. www.haven.com/parks/north_wales/hafan_y_mor/index.aspx.  
  5. ^ walesonline news

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Pwllheli is the traditional market-town of the beautiful Lleyn Peninsula (or in Welsh, Pen Llyn) in Wales.

The town is on the coast, with two sandy beaches (though the better beaches lie further down the Lleyn, for example; Quarry a busy sandy beach, Hell's Mouth (Porth Neigwl in Welsh) a famous surfing beach and remote tranquil beaches like Porth Ysgo which has a 20' waterfall), a marina host to many Sailing regattas and as the market town has shops and cafés.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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