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Qadian
Qadian
Location of Qadian
in Punjab and India
Coordinates 31°49′N 75°23′E / 31.82°N 75.39°E / 31.82; 75.39
Country  India
State Punjab
District(s) Gurdaspur
Population 20,827 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

250 m (820 ft)

Qadian (Punjabi: ਕ਼ਾਦੀਆਨ, قادیان; Hindi: क़ादीयान, IPA: [qaːdiːaːn]) is a small town and a municipal council in Gurdaspur District, north-east of Amritsar, situated 18 kilometres (11 mi) north-east of Batala city in the state of Punjab, India.

Qadian is perhaps best known as the birthplace of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Movement he founded.

Contents

History

Qadian was established in 1530 AD. Mirza Hadi Baig, a religious scholar dedicated to Islam, was the first Qazi (city Magistrate) of this area. Because of his religious beliefs, he named the new town 'Islam Pur Qazi'. With the passage of time, it changed to 'QaziMaji' (The word "Maji" means Bull referring to the animal still found in abundance in Qadian) and then later to just 'Qadi' and eventually came to be known as Qadian.

It was in 1834 AD during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that the estate consisting of Qadian and five adjoining villages were given to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza Ahmad, father of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

A remote and unknown village, 'Qadian' emerged as a centre of religious learning in 1889, when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established the Ahmadiyya Movement. Qadian remained the administrative headquarter and capital of the Ahmadiyya Caliphate until the partition of India in 1947.

Geography

Qadian is located at 31°49′N 75°23′E / 31.82°N 75.39°E / 31.82; 75.39. It has an average elevation of 250 metres (820 feet). Since the city is located east of Damascus, it holds a special significance to the Ahmadiyya Muslim Movement, who believe that the Mahdi rose from this city.[1 ][2 ]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Qadian had a population of 20,827. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Qadian has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 70%. In Qadian, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Before the partition of India, the town of Qadian had a majority Muslim population because the town had many religious materials which belonged to the Islamic faith. Now Qadian is a Sikh majority town with some Ahmadi families who take care of the mosques..

References

External links

Picts
Ahmadiyya links

Official Ahmadiyya sites:

Books:

Non-Ahmadiyya links

Comprehensive sites with critical works:


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