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Qadiriyyah (Arabic: القادريه, Turkish: Kadirilik) (also transliterated Kadri, Elkadri, Elkadry, Aladray, Adray, Kadray, Qadiri or Qadri), is one of the oldest Sufi tariqas. It derives its name from Abdul-Qadir Gilani (also transliterated as "Jil lani" or "Jailani" and "Jilali" in the Maghreb) (1077-1166), a native of the Iranian province of Gilan. In 1134 he was made principal of a Sunni Hanbalite school in Baghdad.

The Order is the most widespread of the Sufi Orders in the Islamic world and can be found in Afghanistan, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Turkey, the Balkans, China,[1] as well as much of the East and West Africa, like Morocco.

There are even small groups in Europe and the Americas. The famous traveller and writer Isabelle Eberhardt also belonged to the Qadiri order.

Contents

Spiritual Chain

This is the spiritual chain (silsilah) of the Qadiriyyah:

  • Muhammad
  • Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib
  • Imam Husayn
  • Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin
  • Imam Muhammad Baqir
  • Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq
  • Imam Musa al-Kazim
  • Imam Ali Musa Rida
  • Ma'ruf Karkhi
  • Sari Saqati
  • Junayd al-Baghdadi
  • Shaikh Abu Bakr Shibli
  • Shaikh Abdul Aziz Bani Tamim|al-Tamīmī
  • Abu al-Fadl Abu al-Wahid Bani Tamim|al-Tamīmī
  • Abu al-Farah Tartusi
  • Abu al-Hasan Farshi
  • Abu Sa'id al-Mubarak Mukharrami
  • Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani

Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani's silsilah also goes back to the Muhammad through the following chain (silsila):

  • Muhammad
  • Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib
  • Shaikh Hasan Basri
  • Shaikh Habib Ajami
  • Shaikh Dawood Taiee
  • Shaikh Ma'ruf Karkhi
  • Shaikh Sari Saqati
  • Shaikh Junayd al-Baghdadi
  • Shaikh Sheikh Abu Bakr Shibli
  • Shaikh Sheikh Abdul Aziz al-Tamīmī
  • Shaikh Abu al-Fadl Abu al-Wahid al-Tamīmī
  • Shaikh Abu al-Farah Tartusi
  • Shaikh Abu al-Hasan Farshi
  • Shaikh Abu Sa'id al-Mubarak Mukharrami
  • Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
  • ArabiMuhiddini K.S.
  • Seyyid-i Semseddin-i Muhammed K.S.
  • Shaikh Husameddin K.S.
  • Shaikh Sahabeddin K.S.
  • Shaikh Huseyin Hamavih K.S.
  • Haci Bayrami Veli K.S.
  • Shaikh Esrefoglu Rumi K.S.
  • Shaikh Haci Kazan Kaya Baba K.S.
  • Shaikh Baba Kurdistani K.S.
  • Seyyit Muhammed K.S.
  • Shaikh Seyyid-i Halil K.S.
  • Haci Hasan Baba K.S.
  • Saban Baba K.S.
  • Ricali Dursun Baba K.S.
  • Ilhami Haci Hasan Baba K.S.

References: Qaidiri Tariqah

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Dru C. Gladney, "Muslim Tombs and Ethnic Folklore: Charters for Hui Identity" Journal of Asian Studies, August 1987, Vol. 46 (3): 495-532; pp. 48-49 in the PDF file.
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