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Qatar Bahrain Causeway
Other name(s) Qatar Bahrain Friendship Bridge
Carries Motor vehicle and Rail
Crosses Persian Gulf
Locale  Bahrain and  Qatar
Maintained by Qatar and Bahrain Causeway Foundation
Total length 40 km (25 mi)
Opened 2013 (planned)
Coordinates 26°1′22″N 50°48′8″E / 26.02278°N 50.80222°E / 26.02278; 50.80222

The Qatar Bahrain Causeway (also referred to as the Qatar Bahrain Friendship Bridge) is a causeway that is to be built between the two Arab states of Qatar and Bahrain. It was announced on the 13th of December 2008 that construction would start in early 2009[1], and would cost approximately US$2.3 billion to complete.

Overview

The link between the two countries would be approximately 40 km (25 mi) in length, and would be a dual two-lane road. The link is expected to consist of a number of bridges combined with roads constructed on causeways and will be a natural extension of the King Fahd Causeway that connects Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, thus linking the entire region. These links include 18 km (11 mi) of artificial dykes and 22 km (14 mi) of viaducts and bridges. These bridges would be 40 m (131 ft) in height at places to allow maritime navigation. The eastern-end of the causeway in Qatar will be located at Ras Ashairij, 5 km (3 mi) South of the city of Zubarah. The opposite end of the causeway would link North of Askar in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

Plans for its construction were first made in September 2001, when the Danish consultancy COWI signed a DKK 60 million contract for the first phase of the project with the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture in Qatar[2]. Together with Sund & Bælt Partner Ltd.[3], DHI Water & Environment and the architects of Dissing Weitling and COWI conducted pre-studies of the link.[4] [5] [6]

Milestones

The project was reportedly approved for construction on 28 February 2005, to link Bahrain near Manama to northwest Qatar near Zubarah as the longest fixed link in the world.[7] A formal agreement between the two countries was signed on 11 June 2006 to form a company that would raise the necessary capital and initiate construction.[8]

It was announced on 30 September 2007 that construction should start within seven months and last 48 months.[9] A memorandum of understanding to that effect was then signed between the Qatar and Bahrain Causeway Foundation and a consortium of companies led by French construction major Vinci Construction and the German Company Hochtief Construction AG, CCC and Qatari Diar Real Estate Investment Company. As of May 2008, construction is to begin following a 9-month study period and be completed in 51 months.[10]

On 15 November 2008, the Qatar-Bahrain Causeway Foundation awarded a contract to KBR, an engineering company headquartered in Houston, "to provide design, project and construction management services for the Qatar-Bahrain road and rail marine crossing".[11]

In 2009, discussions were entered into to soften the gradient of the bridge to make it more suitable for rail traffic.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Work on Qatar-Bahrain causeway to start next month" [1]
  2. ^ "Danes behind the world's longest fixed link" [2]
  3. ^ Sund & Bælt Partner Ltd [3]
  4. ^ "Qatar - Bahrain Causeway" [4]
  5. ^ "Modelling Studies for the Qatar/Bahrain Causeway Project" [5]
  6. ^ "Environmental Impact Assessment Qatar – Bahrain Causeway" [6]
  7. ^ "USD4.8bn Qatar, Bahrain causeway" (article dated Feb. 28, 2005, consulted Oct. 7, 2007) [7]
  8. ^ "Bahrain-Qatar Causeway Construction to Begin" (article dated June 12, 2006, consulted Oct. 7, 2007) [8]
  9. ^ "Construction of Bahrain-Qatar causeway to start next year" (article dated Sept. 30, 2007, consulted Oct. 7, 2007 [9]
  10. ^ "Signature of the contract for the world’s longest bridge between Qatar and Bahrain" [10]
  11. ^ "US-based firm bags Qatar-Bahrain Causeway project"[11]
  12. ^ http://www.meed.com/news/2009/03/rail_link_forces_redesign_of_bridge_between_qatar_and_bahrain.html

External links

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