The Full Wiki

Qeshm: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 26°45′N 55°49′E / 26.75°N 55.817°E / 26.75; 55.817

Qeshm
Native name: قشم
Qeshm fr.jpg
Map of Qeshm island and surroundings, in French
Geography
Qeshm is located in Iran
Qeshm (Iran)
Location Strait of Hormuz
Coordinates 26°45′N 55°49′E / 26.75°N 55.817°E / 26.75; 55.817
Area 1,491 km2 (576 sq mi)
Length 135 km (84 mi)
Width 40 km (25 mi)
Country
Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Province Hormozgān
County Qeshm
Largest city Qeshm (pop. 26 807)
Demographics
Population 113,846 (as of 2010)
Density 67.07 /km2 (173.7 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Primarily Qeshmi, Minabi, Kumzari and Bandari Persian speaking Iranians and Iranian Arabs

Qeshm (Persian: قشم - pronounced kē´shm is an island situated in the Strait of Hormuz, and separated from the mainland by the Clarence Strait/Khuran in the Persian Gulf (26°50′N 56°0′E / 26.833°N 56°E / 26.833; 56).

Contents

Geography

Qeshm from space, February 1996

Qeshm Island is located a few kilometers off the southern coast of Iran, opposite the port cities of Bandar Abbas and Bandar Khamir. The island, which hosts a 300 square kilometer free zone jurisdiction, is 135 km long, and lies strategically in the Strait of Hormuz, just 60 kilometers from the Omani port of Khosab, and about 180 kilometers from the UAE port of Rashia. The island, at its widest point, located near the center of the island, spans 40 kilometers. Similarly, at it narrowest point, the island spans 9.4 kilometers. The island has a surface are of 1491 square kilometers and is 2.5 times the size of Bahrain. Qeshm city, located at the easternmost point of the island, is 22 kilometers from Bandar Abbas while the closest point of the island is but two kilometers from the mainland.

The average temperature on the island is approximately 27 °C. The warmest months are June through August, and the coldest from October to January. The average rainfall is 183.2 mm.

The island comprises 59 towns and villages and the population is approximately 100,000. The local population is involved in fishing, dhow construction, trade and services. An additional 30,000 are involved in administrative and industrial workforce and students.

Explorer William Baffin was mortally wounded on Qeshm in 1622 during a battle against Portuguese forces.

Plans have also been made to built a bridge to connect Qeshm with the rest of Iran.[1][2]

History

Portuguese castle at Qeshm Island

Historical records concerning the Qeshm island date far back into the pre-Islamic era. Names as Qeshm, Keshm, Kish and Tunb mark the lengthy stay of Ilamids in the area, several centuries before Christ's birth. It is, apparently, the island called Alexandria or Aracia by Ptolemy (Book 6, Chap. IV), in the 2nd century CE and as Alexandria by Ammianus Marcellinus (xxiii.6.42) in the 4th century. On account of its strategic geopolitical situation, near the mouth of the Persian Gulf, it has been frequently attacked by invaders including Ilamids (Elamites), Umayyads, Abbasids as well as the Portuguese and British, whose ravages are still evident. During Sassanids administration the island was called Abarkawan. [3] According to historical records, Qeshm Island has been famous as a trade and navigation center. Its economy flourished during the Dialameh and Buyid eras, as trade vessels sailed between it and China, India and Africa.

Economy

Chahkouh Valley at Qeshm Island

Fishing is a leading occupation practiced by the inhabitants of the island. On what little cultivated land there is, dates and melons are grown. Salt is mined on the southeastern coast.

Qeshm is famous for its wide range of ecotourist attractions such as the Hara marine forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to the forests, which are the first national geo park. An ancient Portuguese castle, historic mosques, Seyyed Mozaffar and Bibi Maryam shrines, various ponds and mangrove forests are among the tourism attractions in the island, which sits across the azure waters of the Persian Gulf. Several domes, salty caves, the preserved area in Shibderaz Village where turtles hatch, as well as numerous ports and wharfs are among the tourist potentials of the island.

Qeshm is also a supposed site of the Garden of Eden according to Cassells Bible[citation needed].

Stars Valley at Qeshm Island

In the 1st ten year plan, in note 19, the law provided for the creation of free trade zones and three locations were identified as such in the year 1991. They were Kish Island, Qeshm Island and Chabahar. In the Iranian year 1369, equivalent to 1991 in the Gregorian calendar, the island was transformed into a "Trade and Industrial Free Area" with the goal of creating the largest Free Area between Europe and the Far East.[4] To that end, Qeshm Island was granted considerable leeway to set its own policies, independent of the central government, which had often been seen as an impediment to growth in many sectors of the economy. However, the Island retains the advantages associated with its connection to the mainland, including the rights to explore and develop oil and gas opportunities.

Iran Air Flight 655

On July 3, 1988, an Iran Air Airbus A300 (Iran Air Flight 655) was shot down by a United States Navy guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes just south of the island, resulting in 290 civilian fatalities. The wreckage crashed 2.5 kilometers off Qeshm's southern coast.

Economy, Culture, and Education

References

  1. ^ http://payvand.com/news/07/sep/1158.html
  2. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G1-13540002.html
  3. ^ Martin Hinds. The First Arab Conquests in Fārs, Iran, Vol. 22, (1984), pp. 39-53. Published by: British Institute of Persian Studies. [1]
  4. ^ Qeshm Island, Qeshm Energy International

See also

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : Middle East : Iran : Qeshm
Contents

Qeshm is the largest island in the Persian Gulf, with rocky coastlines that protects a mountainous and often beautiful interior. The coast is dotted with small villages and towns. Qeshm Island is free duty zone.

Get in

The simplest way is to get on a speedboat at Bandar Abbas main harbour. There are lots of them departing each few minutes. The ride takes between 20 to 40 minutes depending on your boat. The rates were about 2-3 Dollars in January 2008.

There are flights from major cities to Qeshm Island by Qeshm Air.

There is a daily flight from Dubai costing you about 40 Dollars.

Get around

Qeshm Island is very long(approximately 150kms from East to West), and its main attractions are far away from each other. So you should go everywhere by taxi or hire a taxi in Qeshm city to take you everywhere you want.

Chahkouh Valley at Qeshm Island
Chahkouh Valley at Qeshm Island
  • Hara Marine Forests. According to environmentalists, about 1.5% of the world birds and 25% of Iran's native birds annually migrate to Hara forests which is the first national geo park.  edit
  • Portugese Castle.  edit
  • Star Valleys.  edit
  • Laft Historical Port.  edit

Do

Meet friendly people and listen to the traditional music.

Buy

Qeshm is a duty free zone. It means that you can buy things here free of duty. Here there are many bazaars in Qeshm and the near town of Dargahan where you can buy shirts for 2 dollars or pants for five dollars.

  • Qeshm International Hotel, Bahman Blvd., This is of one Iran's finest and best valued hotels.
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message