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Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut
Arabic: القعيطي‎ [al-Quʿayṭī]
Capital Al Mukalla
Official language(s) Arabic
Government Sultanate
 -  Founder HRH Sultan Awadh I bin Omer Al Qu'aiti
Establishment
 -  Sultanate declared 1902 
 -  Sultanate abolished September 17, 1967 

Qu'aiti (Arabic: القعيطي‎ [al-Quʿayṭī]), officially the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut (Arabic: (الدولة القعيطية الحضرمية) or the Qu'aiti Sultanate of Shihr and Mukalla (Arabic:سلطنة الشحر والمكلاا [al-Salṭanah al-Quʿayṭīyah fī-l Shihr wa al-Mukallā]), was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now Yemen. Its capital was Al Mukalla and it was divided into six provinces including Al Mukalla, Ash Shihr, Shibam, Du'an, the Western Province, and Hajr.

Contents

Current royal family

HRH Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh bin Saleh Al Qu'aiti
born 7 January 1948 in London.[1] Ruled from 10 October 1966 – 17 September 1967; married Sultana Ahmed Rashid (sister of author Ahmed Rashid), and had issue:
HH Crown Prince Saleh bin Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
born 3 February 1977 in London, graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and Millfield School, speaks five languages; married Princess Salwa Al-Huraibi of Yafa'.
HH Princess Fatima bint Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
born 26 July 1979 in London, holds a BA and a MA from the University of Oxford and graduated from Westonbirt School, speaks five languages; married HH Prince Shad Al-Sherif Pasha of The Hijaz and Turkey, holds a BA from Wheaton College, University of Oxford and a MA from the University of Chicago, speaks nine languages.
HH Princess Muzna bint Ghalib Al Qu'aiti
born 28 December 1980 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, holds a MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies, SOAS and BA from the American University in Cairo, speaks three languages; married Hisham Hafez of Medina, Saudi Arabia, speaks three languages.

Sultan Ghalib holds a MA from University of Oxford in Oriental Studies (Islamic History) and another in Arabian Studies from the University of Cambridge, both with honours. The Sultan graduated from Millfield School. He has been a Saudi resident since 1968, presently residing in Jeddah. He has working knowledge of seven languages including Arabic, English, Urdu/Hindi, French, Persian, Turkish and German, which supports his research of various historical periods and geographic regions. Ghalib is the author of The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam.[2]

Qu'aiti sultans

  1. HRH Sultan Awadh I bin Omar Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1902–1909
  2. HRH Sultan Ghalib I bin Awadh Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1909–1922
  3. HRH Sultan Omer bin Awadh Al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1922–1936
  4. HRH Sultan Awadh II bin Saleh al Qu'aiti – Ruled 1956–1966, married (a) Salma, married (b) Fatima, married (c) Princess Sahibzadi Nazirunissa Begum, grand-daughter of the 6th Nizam Mahbub Ali Pasha, daughter of Nazir Nawaz Jung, son of Amir-e-Paigah (Viqar-ul-Umrah) Sultan-ul-Mulk and Princess Shahzadi Saheba Dawoodunisssa Begum, of and also married Amina, and had issue:
    1. HRH Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh al Qu'aiti (see above "Current Royal Family");
    2. HH Princess Saleha bint Awadh al Qu'aiti
    3. HH Prince Umar bin Awadh al Qu'aiti

History

The Qu'aitis, sons of Umar bin Awadh al Qu'aiti, who became a jemadar in the forces of the Nizam of Hyderabad State (now in India), first took the town of Shibam from the rival Kathiris in 1858. They later conquered Ash Shihr in 1866 and Al Mukalla in 1881, largely replacing the Kathiris to control most of the Hadhramaut coast on the Gulf of Aden. They entered into treaty relations with the British in 1888 and created a unified sultanate in 1902 that would become a part of the Aden Protectorate.

As Great Britain planned for the eventual independence of South Arabia in the 1960s, Qu’aiti declined to join the British-sponsored Federation of South Arabia but remained under British protection as part of the Protectorate of South Arabia. On 17 September 1967, the sultanate was abolished and, in November of that year, the Qu’aiti State became part of newly independent South Yemen which united with North Yemen in 1990 to become the Republic of Yemen.

Qu'aiti state postage stamps

Aden postage stamps depicting Sultan Saleh:

See also

References

External links

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