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Queen's University

Queen's University coat of arms
Motto Sapientia et Doctrina Stabilitas
Motto in English "Wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times."[1]
Established October 16, 1841, Queen's College. Now Queen's University[2]
Type Public University
Endowment $486 million[3]
Chancellor David A. Dodge
Vice-Chancellor Daniel Woolf
Rector Leora Jackson
Principal Daniel Woolf
Faculty 2,436 [4]
Students 21,607[4]
Undergraduates 14,111 [4]
Postgraduates 3,257 [4]
Other students 4,239 (part-time, post-graduate medicine, School of English and Queen's Theological College) [4]
Location Kingston, Ontario, Canada
44°13′30″N 76°29′42″W / 44.224997°N 76.495099°W / 44.224997; -76.495099Coordinates: 44°13′30″N 76°29′42″W / 44.224997°N 76.495099°W / 44.224997; -76.495099
Campus Main campus: Urban, 57 ha (141 acres)
West Campus: Urban
Herstmonceux Castle: Castle
Former names Queen's College at Kingston[1]
School Song The Oil Thigh
Colours "The Tricolour" (Blue, Gold, and Red)             [5]
Nickname Gaels[1]
Mascot Boo Hoo the Bear[1]
Affiliations G13, AUCC, IAU, COU, ACU, MAISA, ATS, CUSID, OUA, Fields Institute, Ontario Network of Women in engineering, CBIE
Website http://www.queensu.ca
Queen's Logo

Queen's University, generally referred to simply as Queen's, is a coeducational, non-sectarian, research intensive, public university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. In national and international rankings, Queen's has consistently maintained its status as one of the top universities in Canada.[6] [7]

The Church of Scotland established Queen's College at Kingston, Ontario in 1841 with a royal charter from Queen Victoria.[8] The institution was founded on October 16, 1841, pre-dating the founding of Canada by 26 years.[2] The first classes were held March 7, 1842 with 13 students and 2 professors.[1] Queen's was the first degree-granting institution in the United Province of Canada and the first university west of the maritime provinces to admit women, and to form a student government.[1] In 1883, a women's college for medical education was established affiliated with Queen's University. In 1888, Queen's University began offering extension courses, becoming the first Canadian university to do so.

Queen's University founders modeled their nascent college after the University of Edinburgh for the Scottish university's tradition of academic freedom, authority, and moral responsibility.[9] Beyond the Kingston campus, the university has an International Study Centre at Herstmonceux Castle, East Sussex, England, formerly the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

Theological Hall
Postcard of Grant Memorial Hall, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Contents

Institution

Queen's currently has approximately 14,111 full-time undergraduate students and 3,257 graduate students.[4][10] The average entrance grade for 2007 was 88.3%, the second highest in Canada.[10] Queen's University requires applicants to submit a Personal Statement of Experience (PSE) with their marks. Queen's today has 18 faculties and schools,[11] listed below:

Queen's features three schools that are, in effect, full faculties through their relative autonomy:

History

Queen's First Principal Rev. Dr. Thomas Liddell.

Queen's University, established at Kingston, Ontario in 1841 was modelled on the democratic mores of the older Scottish universities. Queen's University was founded on October 16, 1841, when its first principal, Thomas Liddell, arrived in Kingston from Scotland carrying the Royal Charter of Queen Victoria, which established Queen's College as an educational institution. Originally affiliated with the Presbyterian Church of Canada, in connection with the Church of Scotland (see the Presbyterian Church in Canada as it was called after 1875), it was established to instruct youth in various branches of sciences and literature.

The royal charter of Queen's University was granted 26 years before Canadian Confederation, in the Province of Canada (a union of Upper and Lower Canada). When Queen's sought to have the charter amended in 1891, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council ruled that it required amendments by the Government of Canada rather than by the Government of Ontario. Consequently, any amendment to the Queen's charter requires federal legislation. The federal government has subsequently resisted requests from principals of Queen's for special funding as a result of that arrangement, since education under the British North America Act was an area of exclusive provincial jurisdiction.[13]

The first student government in Canada was established at Queen's in 1858 in the form of the Dialectic Society, which is known today as the Alma Mater Society.

The governance was modelled on that of the Scottish universities Edinburgh and Glasgow, including a Principal, Board of Trustees, and a Senate. Consolidation was a way to strengthen this small and financially insecure institution. By withdrawing financial support, the Government of Ontario pressured its denominational universities to consider co-operation with the public sector in 1868. The university became a secular institution in 1912 and Principal Daniel Miner Gordon oversaw the drafting of a new university constitution.[2] Queen's Theological College remained in the control of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, until 1925, when it joined the United Church of Canada, where it remains today.[2]

Grant Hall.
Plaque unveiled by Her Majesty the Queen to commemorate the granting of Queen's University's Royal Charter.

One of the university's most important early benefactors was Robert Sutherland. Queen's first student of colour, Sutherland came to Queen's from Jamaica. He was to become Upper Canada's first black graduate and Queen's 30th graduate (Honours, Classics and Mathematics).[14] Sutherland studied Law at Osgoode Law School and practised law for 20 years in Walkerton, Ontario. Upon his death, his entire $12,000 estate was left to Queen's. This was the largest donation by an individual at the time and allowed the university to get through a period of financial difficulties.[14] In appreciation, Principal George Munro Grant commissioned a large granite tombstone for Sutherland's grave in Toronto's Mt Pleasant Cemetery. In 2009, the Policy Studies Building was renamed "Robert Sutherland Hall."[14]

Queen's University's attempt to open its doors to students from other cultures was tested at the end of World War I. The university had begun accepting black students to its medical school early in the century. The students were integrated into student life,"but were more tolerated than truly accepted by local patients." In 1918, 15 black medical students from the Caribbean were expelled after soldiers returning from the war demanded white doctors.[15]

In 1922, Queen's University established the first university-operated educational radio station in Canada; the station now operates under the call letters CFRC-FM.

Queen's celebrated its sesquicentennial anniversary in 1991, and received a visit from Charles, Prince of Wales, and his then-wife, Diana, to mark the occasion. The Prince of Wales presented a replica of the 1841 Royal Charter granted by Queen Victoria, which had established the university; the replica is displayed in the John Deutsch University Centre.[1]

Book publishing

McGill-Queen's University Press began as the McGill University Press in 1963 and amalgamated with Queen's in 1969. McGill-Queen's University Press focuses on Canadian studies and publishes the Canadian Public Administration Series.[16]

Students and faculty

Queen's University commerce students during Frosh Week

Prominent student organisations at Queen's include the Alma Mater Society, the oldest student government in Canada which hires over 500 Queen's students; the Society of Graduate and Professional Students; the Queen's Bands, the largest and oldest student marching band in Canada, dating from 1905; the Queen's Journal, started in 1873, one of the oldest student newspapers in Canada and the oldest current publication at Queen's; Golden Words, a weekly humour newspaper; the Queen's Tricolour Yearbook, founded in 1928, is one of Canada's remaining annual university yearbooks covering all faculties and schools;[1] Queen's First Aid; and the Queen's Players, a unique improvisational sketch comedy troupe.[17] There are over 300 more student clubs, organisations, and societies at Queen's.

The student population additionally includes 400 medical students and 500 law students.[10][18] The Queen's student body represents 98 different countries, with students from every Canadian province and territory. Alumni reside in 158 different countries.[11] The Queen's physics department is one of the largest groups involved in the international Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute. The Institute manages the world-famous SNO experiment, which demonstrated that the solution to the solar neutrino problem was that neutrinos change flavour (type) as they propagate through the Sun. While the actual experiment is located 2 km below the Earth's surface in an active CVRD Inco mine in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, the Queen's collaborators do much of their work in Queen's Stirling Hall (a lab noted for its circular design and the large Foucault pendulum in its main atrium). Queen's physicist and SNO director Art McDonald has won both the Herzberg Prize, Canada's top science honour, and the American Physical Society's Tom W. Bonner Prize for nuclear physics.

Campus

Ontario Hall
Gordon Hall

Much of the Queen's campus consists of old picturesque limestone buildings and unique Romanesque Revival and neo-gothic architecture.[19],[20] Indeed, several buildings are over a century old, including Summerhill (1839), Old Medical (1858), Etherington House (1879), Theological Hall (1880), Carruthers Hall (1890), Victoria School (1892) {now part of Goodes Hall}, Ontario Hall (1903), Kingston Hall (1903), Grant Hall (1905), and Kathleen Ryan Hall (1907).[21] The main campus contains most of the teaching and administrative buildings packed into a relatively small space; walking time from one end of campus to the other is approximately 15 minutes.

Adjacent to the campus, and within the same walking distance, is the Kingston General Hospital which is affiliated with Queen's, and is a designated National Historic Site as it served as the location of the first parliament of the Province of Canada in 1841. There is also a smaller expansion known as "West Campus", which is approximately 1 km west of the main campus limits. The West Campus holds additional student residences, Duncan McArthur Hall (which houses the Faculty of Education), and Richardson Memorial Stadium (home of the Queen's Gaels), along with more sports fields. Leonard Hall (1959) and Leonard Field are named in honour of Lieutenant-Colonel Reuben Wells Leonard on land given by him to Queen's in 1923.[22]

On September 11, 2007, Queen's announced the purchase of the former Federal Prison for Women, a 3.3 hectares (8.2 acres) parcel of land that served as a correctional facility from 1934 to 2000, and was then sold by the Canada Lands Corporation.[23] Although plans have not been officially announced, it is expected that the Prison for Women site will ultimately house the Queen's University Archives, currently stored on main campus in Kathleen Ryan Hall. The former prison is located adjacent to West Campus. Using funds donated by notable alumnus Dr. Alfred Bader to build a performing arts centre, Queen's has also purchased the 1.2 hectares (3.0 acres) J. K. Tett Centre, a waterfront property with historical buildings home to many artistic and community organizations.[24]

Breakwater Park

Although the campus is relatively small and the buildings densely packed, there are many open green spaces and deciduous trees that create a park-like atmosphere. The campus is on the shore of Lake Ontario and has easy access to two lake-front parks, favourite locations for students to relax and unwind. The campus is also located approximately 10 minutes' walk from the city's downtown.

About 50 km north of Kingston, the Queen's University Biological Station provides research facilities for faculty, students, and visiting scholars. The 2,650 hectares (6,500 acres) campus on Lake Opinicon consists of 35 buildings including several laboratories, conference rooms, guest rooms, and a library.[25]

Queen's University Library

Stauffer Library
Douglas Library

At present, the Queen's library collections contain over 2.6 million individual items.[26] Maclean's magazine reports that Queen's ranks first among Canadian universities, in the Medical / Doctoral category, in per capita library volumes per student (with 352), and fourth in overall holdings (behind only the University of Toronto, the University of Alberta, and the University of British Columbia, all of which are much larger schools).[27]

Libraries on the Queen's campus include:

  • Bracken Health Sciences Library
  • Douglas Library
    • Engineering and Science Library
    • W.D. Jordan Special Collections and Music Library
  • Education Library
  • Lederman Law Library
  • Stauffer Library
    • Adaptive Technology Centre
    • Art Collection
    • MADGIC-Maps, Data and Government Information Centre
    • Map and Air Photo Collection
    • Social Science Data Centre

Additional library locations:

  • Queen's Biological Station
  • International Study Centre
The Campus Bookstore

Sustainability

Sustainability initiatives at Queen's University have focused on waste diversion, energy conservation, hazardous waste management, green power, and green construction policies.[28] A student Sustainability Coordinator assists University administrators in implementing campus sustainability programs.[29] Queen's Office of Sustainability was established in 2008, in order to promote sustainability initiatives on campus and create greater awareness of issues relating to environmental sustainability among members of the community.[30]

In 2009, the Sustainable Endowments Institute awarded Queen's University a "B-" for its campus sustainability initiatives.[31]

Centres

Innovation Park at Queen's University

Queen’s has completed an agreement with Novelis Inc. to acquire a 20 hectares (49 acres) property adjacent to the company’s research and development centre in Kingston.[32] The agreement is part of the plan to establish an innovative technology park located at the corner of Princess and Concession streets, which is to be called Innovation Park at Queen’s University. The property was acquired for $5.3 million, a portion of the $21 million grant Queen’s received from the Ontario government last spring to pioneer this innovative new regional R&D “co-location” model.[32]

Queen’s has also reached an agreement to lease approximately 7,900 square metres (85,000 sq ft) of the Novelis R&D facilities to accommodate both faculty-led research projects that have industrial partners and small and medium-size companies with a research focus and a desire to interact with Queen’s researchers.[32] The remainder of the government funds will go toward further development of the technology park to transform the property into a welcoming and dynamic site for business expansion and relocation.

Bader International Study Centre

Queen's International Study Centre, Herstmonceux Castle

The Bader International Study Centre (BISC) is housed in Herstmonceux Castle, which was donated to Queen's in 1993 by alumnus Alfred Bader.[33] Herstmonceux Castle is in southern England and provides a base for field studies by its students throughout Northern England, and the European continent. The courses available range from English Literature to Geography to Mathematics, with many of the courses specially designed to take advantage of the location of the BISC. Instructors and students are not exclusively from Queen's, but attend from across Canada, the United States, Mexico, Europe, Japan, China, Scandinavia and elsewhere.

Students attend classes Monday through Thursday and are encouraged to use their three day weekend to experience Europe. Field trips are required for all courses, although some are more field trip heavy than others (e.g. history and art history). There are also two non course-specific field trips that are included in the programme fees. In the past, the first semester trip has been to Scotland and Northern England, while the second semester trip has been to Paris, Brussels and Bruges.

Herstmonceux Castle is famous for its gardens and grounds, as well as its proximity to the old Royal Observatory but students at the ISC can also enjoy a small gymnasium and a student pub within the Castle called the Headless Drummer.

Queen's Centre

In October 2004, Queen's University announced a $230-million[citation needed] plan to create a sports and recreation complex called the "Queen's Centre" over two city blocks. It is expected to take more than ten years from design to completion.

The plans include the building of a six-lane track, an Olympic-sized arena, 25-metre pool, eight basketball courts, substantially more gathering and meeting space than is currently available, fitness, aerobic, locker and food space, and a new home for the School of Kinesiology and Health Studies (formerly School of Physical and Health Education).

The university has also unveiled a slogan for the centre: "Where mind, body and spirit come together".[citation needed]

The project will be completed in three phases, the earliest of which was completed in December 2009. This first phase includes the new Varsity Gymnasium, Aquatic Centre, Fitness and Weight Centre and School of Kinesiology and Health Studies.

The development of the Queen's Centre marks the largest construction project in the university's history,[34] however it remains highly controversial with both current students and alumni. Much of the controversy surrounding the project is a result of financial difficulties as well as a perceived lack of administrative foresight.[35]

The Centre, which remains in its first phase of construction, had an initial budget of $230 million but has already exceeded this amount by $41 million.[citation needed] In an effort to cope with the large costs involved in the groundbreaking project, the university has developed an intensive fundraising campaign, led by David J. Mitchell, former vice-principal of advancement, which will aim to attract "million-dollar-plus"[36] donations from alumni and large corporations. The campaign target is set at $132 million, making it one of the most ambitious fundraising campaigns in the history of Canadian universities.[37] The Queen's university's student government has already made an historic contribution to the campaign, pledging "$25.5 million in fees over nine years from student surcharges",[38] the largest sum ever donated to a university by its students.[39]

Despite these historic precedents, fundraising has been more difficult than anticipated with only $15-million in alumni donations collected thus far, and unresolved issues surrounding the proposed $4.5 million contribution by the institution's Graduate student body remaining.[40]

Boterell Hall

During the summer of 2009, it was announced by the university that Phase One of the Queen's Centre would officially open on August 31, 2009. However, a massive flood, caused by a major thunderstorm in August, damaged the new gymnasium floor and knocked out the building's electrical system, leading to further delays; the storm also caused flooding elsewhere in Kingston. Phase One eventually opened on December 1, 2009, and the projected cost of Phase One is now $169 million (Canadian). Varsity competition in the new facility did not begin until January, 2010.[41]

Other centres

Other Queen's-affiliated centres include:

  • Centre for Advanced Materials and Manufacturing
  • Centre for International Relations
  • High Performance Computing Consortium (HPCVL)
  • Fuel Cell Research Centre
  • GeoEngineering Centre

Admissions

Queen's University is among the most selective universities in Canada, as measured by its acceptance rate (number of offers made / number of applicants)[42], and has the third highest average entering grade in Canada.[43].

Queen's requires a mandatory Personal Statement of Experience (PSE) submitted by all undergraduate applicants. The PSE focuses on the applicants qualifications and involvements outside of academic grades that plays an important role in the admission process.

Rankings

University rankings
THE-QS World[44] 117
THE-QS Arts[45] 116
THE-QS Life Sciences/Biomed[46] 111
THE-QS Natural Sciences[47] 160
THE-QS Social Sciences[48] 56
THE-QS Engineering/Tech.[49] 136
Canadian rankings
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[50] 2

Queen's was ranked second in Canada in the Medical-Doctoral category of the Maclean's University Rankings (2008 edition) despite refusing to participate in the latest survey along with twenty-three other universities, over concerns with the data collection and analysis. Queen's also maintained the highest level of student retention and had the highest graduation rates out of any Canadian institution at 95.5%.[citation needed] Maclean's completed the survey using Access to Information requests, ranking Queen's below only McGill University.[51][52] Additionally, Queen's was ranked 7th in Canada and 118th internationally by the Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) in 2009[53]. In 2007, Queen's University was ranked 88th in the world and 4th in Canada.[6][54]

Queen's School of Business

The Queen's School of Business full-time MBA program was ranked as the #1 in the world outside of the United States by BusinessWeek magazine’s influential biannual ranking of MBA programmes in October 2008.[55] This was the third consecutive #1 ranking the full-time MBA program has received from BusinessWeek.[56]

Sports, clubs, and traditions

Men's Rugby practice, fall 2008.

Alma Mater Society

The Alma Mater Society of Queen's University forms the undergraduate student government organization which represents the 14,000 Queen's undergraduates and runs 14 services. The annual operating budget of the society is approximately $14,000,000.[57]

Graduate student societies

The Society of Graduate and Professional Students at Queen's University, or the SGPS, is the central graduate student society and a member of the Canadian Federation of Students Local 27. The SGPS Council is the main decision-making body of the Society and is made up of graduate/professional student representatives from every department or school, the SGPS Executive and aboriginal and international student representatives.

Alumni

The Queen's University Alumni Association was founded in 1926 and the following year began publishing its magazine, the Queen's Alumni Review.[1] Initially the publication appeared nine times each year, but today it is a 64-page Time-sized quarterly with a circulation of 103,000. The university has developed firm links between Alumni and prominent business leaders. Queen's 'NetworQ' won the 2006 Harris Connect Achievement Award for "Best Career Advisor Network."

Debating

The Queen's Debating Union was formed in 1843, and has operated continuously since that time. Originally called the Dialectic Society, and exclusively for men, it later formed a union with the Levana Debating Society, the equivalent club for women, to form a new society.

It was the primary ancestor of the Alma Mater Society, which began in 1858.

Football

Richardson Memorial Stadium

Queen's football played its first game in 1882, and has competed continuously since then, celebrating its 125th anniversary in 2007. The first organized university football league in Canada, the Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union (CIRFU), was founded in Kingston in November, 1897, with charter members Queen's, McGill University, and the University of Toronto.[58]

The Gaels[59] won three consecutive Grey Cups in 1922, 1923 and 1924.[60] More recently they defeated the University of Western Ontario in 2009 to win the Yates Cup, and Université Laval for the Mitchell Bowl. The Golden Gaels also won the Vanier Cup as the top university football team in CIS in 1968, 1978, 1992, and 2009.[61] In 2008 the Golden Gaels enjoyed their first ever undefeated season of eight or more games before being defeated by the Ottawa Gee Gees in the post-season.

In 2009, the school's athletic name was shortened from "Golden Gaels" to "Gaels". The Queen's football team extended its regular season winning streak to 17 games before losing to Laurier on October 24. The Queen's football team finished 7-1 in the regular season, earning a first-round bye in the playoffs. They blew out McMaster 32-6 and faced archrival Western in the Yates Cup finals, held at Richardson Stadium. Queen's prevailed in a 43-39 slugfest, behind quarterback Danny Brannagan's record-setting 515 yard performance. In the CIS semifinals as the representative of the Ontario division, Queen's faced heavy favourite Laval in the Mitchell Bowl, held on home turf at Richardson Stadium, and upset the defending national champions in a thrilling 33-30 matchup. In the Vanier Cup, the Gaels met a powerful Calgary Dinos teams fresh off their 38-14 beatdown of the St. Mary's Huskies in the Uteck Bowl. The wind played a huge factor, causing many of Brannagan's passes to miss their mark, while Calgary quarterback Eric Glavic threw several deep strikes, leading the Dinos to a 25-7 halftime lead. However, the Gaels scored 26 unanswered points to open the second half, including two touchdowns driving against the wind, en route to a 33-31 comeback victory, the first time in Vanier Cup history that a team had come back a halftime deficit of more than 12 points. Queen's quarterback Danny Brannagan was named Vanier Cup MVP following his 286 yard, three touchdown performance.[citation needed]

Hockey

The ladies' hockey team, in full skirts, in 1917.

In 1886, Queen's challenged the Royal Military College of Canada to a game played on the frozen Kingston harbour; the two schools play annually for the Carr-Harris Cup, to continue the world's oldest hockey rivalry. Queen's hockey is one of the oldest hockey clubs in the world; only McGill University's team, started in 1875, is older among Canadian university teams. Queen's played its first season in 1883-84, with the first game for which records exist played against a team from Petawawa.[62]

Queen's donated the Queen's Cup for annual Ontario University Athletics competition in 1898.

In the early days of hockey competition, the Queen's hockey team was a regular in Stanley Cup Challenge Games by challenging in 1895,[63] 1899 and 1906. In 1909 Queen's university was awarded the Allan Cup. In 1926, Queen's was the Eastern Canadian Champions, but lost the Memorial Cup series to the Calgary Canadians for the national championship.

The varsity teams will play at the Kingston Memorial Centre following the demolition of the Jock Harty Arena, while the new arena (part of the Queen's Centre project) is being constructed.

Basketball

Queen's hosted McGill University at the Kingston YMCA on February 6, 1904, in the first-ever Canadian interuniversity basketball game. McGill won 9-7 in overtime, after a ten-minute overtime period to break a 7-7 tie.[64]

Chess

Chess players associated with the newly-formed Queen's University played in 1841 for the Kingston side in a correspondence chess game by mail against Quebec City; this game, won by Quebec, is the oldest recorded game in Canadian chess history.[citation needed] Queen's hosted the Canadian Open Chess Championship with several top international players in 1966, and the Canadian Chess Championship for only the top Canadians in 1992.

Radio

CFRC, the Queen's University radio station, is the second longest running radio station in the world, surpassed only by the Marconi companies. The first public broadcast of the station was on October 27, 1923 when the football game between Queen's and McGill was called play-by-play. CFRC operates to the present day and broadcasts at 101.9 MHz.

Media

Queen's has a number of student-run newspapers and magazines that publish on a weekly, monthly and annual basis. The Queen's Journal, or simply The Journal, is the main student-run newspaper. It was established in 1873, making it one of the oldest student newspapers in Canada. The Journal publishes twice a week during the academic year.

Golden Words is a weekly humour publication, originally founded by the Engineering Society. The publication retains a friendly rivalry with The Journal and publishes once a week during the academic year.

Queen's also has a number of monthly and semi-monthly publications. These include politically-themed publications such as Diatribe Magazine[65] and Syndicus[66], as well as literary and artistic ones such as Ultra-Violet Magazine, antiThesis and the Lighthouse Wire.[67]

Queen's Players

The Queen's Players is a sketch comedy/improvisation/rock and roll troupe that performs at Queen's University, Kingston, at the Time To Laugh Comedy Club. It produces three productions every year: one in the fall, one in the winter, and one show in the summer. The shows are run by and feature Queen's University students both as members of the acting cast as well as the accompanying rock band. The consumption of alcohol by both the Queen's Players as well as audience members is heavily associated with the shows.

Fight song

Notable among a number of songs commonly played and sung at various events such as commencement and convocation, and athletic games are: 'Queen's College Colours' (1897) also known as 'Our University Yell' and 'Oil Thigh,' with words by A.E. Lavell (words), sung to the tune 'John Brown's Body'. [68]

Queen's jackets

Each faculty at Queen's sports its own distinctive jacket, the unique colour of which is determined by the programme type. The material is almost exclusively leather, though historically there were times when the jackets were made of other materials such as nylon.[citation needed] Students often sew distinctive bars or patches onto their Queen's jackets to make them more distinctive and individual. Patches include major of study and faculty society mottos, as well as the official school crest with university motto and other assorted symbols. However, according to tradition, additions may not be made until the completion of the first year of study.

As of 2007, the jacket colours are:[69]

  • Arts & Science: maroon
  • Applied Science (Engineering): gold (usually dyed purple to varying degrees)
  • Medicine: blue
  • Commerce: burgundy
  • Computing: black
  • Concurrent Education: midnight blue
  • Law: black
  • Music: black
  • Nursing: midnight blue
  • Kinesiology and Health Studies: midnight blue

In the case of Arts (before expansion as Arts & Science), Applied Science, Medicine, and Commerce, the jacket colour is the same as the toorie on each faculty society tam, the wearing of which was introduced in 1925.[citation needed] In the case of Arts, Science and Medicine, the colours were derived from the University Tricolour of Red, Gold, and Blue.[70] Before gaining greater autonomy, Commerce was under the Faculty of Arts, and as such its colour was derived as a different shade of the Arts colour.[citation needed] In the relatively newer faculties, however, this colour link is not present.

Students of Applied Science (Engineering) have taken to dying their jackets purple with Gentian violet, a tradition that was originally established to honour the engineers who stayed behind and lost their lives on the Titanic, as their uniform colour was purple.

Flags

Queen's adopted its current flags in 1984. One is for use only by the principal while one is for general "civilian" use. The principal's flag comprises a square version of the Queen's coat of arms. The civilian one is three vertical stripes of the school colours: blue, yellow, and red. In the upper left corner on the blue stripe is a crown in yellow symbolising the University's royal charter. The flag is similar in look to the flags of Romania, Chad, Moldova, and Andorra.[71]

Military service

US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt speaking at Queen's after receiving his honorary degree
Queen's University from the air 1919

Queen's students served in both the Great War and the Second World War. Approximately 1,500 students participated in the First World War and 187 died.[1][72] Months before Canada joined the Second World War, US President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, came to Queen's to accept an honorary degree and, in a broadcast heard around the world, voiced the American policy of mutual alliance and friendship with Canada.[1] Roosevelt stated,

"The Dominion of Canada is part of the sisterhood of the British Empire. I give to you assurance that the people of the United States will not stand idly by if domination of Canadian soil is threatened by any other Empire."

Franklin D. Roosevelt, speaking at Queen's, August 1938[1]

Canada, during the Second World War, had the participation of 2,917 Queen's graduates and the sacrifice of 164.[1][73] The Victoria Cross was awarded to Major John Weir Foote, Arts '33, Canadian Chaplain Service.[1][74]

After the Second World War, 151 veterans returned and enrolled in Queen's Applied Science (Engineering) Program. This group did not take summers off, and so they graduated in the Fall of 1948. This class is affectionately known as Sci '48½, and have donated more endowment support to Queen's than any other graduating class.[75]

Today, numerous Queen's students serve in Kingston's naval reserve division, HMCS Cataraqui (which administers the University Naval Training Divisions programme for reserve officers), and Kingston's local militia regiment, The Princess of Wales' Own Regiment.[76]

Scholarships

The University joined Project Hero, a scholarship program cofounded by General (Ret'd) Rick Hillier, for the families of fallen Canadian Forces members. [77]

Race and ethnic relations

In 2001 the Senate Educational Equity Committee (SEEC) conducted a study of the experiences of visible minority and Aboriginal faculty members at Queen's after a black female professor left Queen's University alleging that she had experienced racism.[78] Following this survey SEEC commissioned a study by anti-racism expert, Dr. Frances Henry, Professor Emerita, York University. The Henry Report (April, 2006), found that many perceived a "Culture of Whiteness" at the university.[79] The report concluded that “white privilege and power continues to be reflected in the Eurocentric curricula, traditional pedagogical approaches, hiring, promotion and tenure practices, and opportunities for research” at Queen’s.[80] The university's response to the report has been the subject of continuing debate.[81] The administration has implemented measures to promote diversity since 2006, such as the establishment of a position of diversity advisor, the creation of the Queen's Coalition for Racial and Ethnic Diversity (QCRED) made up of students, faculty and staff, and the hiring "dialogue monitors" to facilitate discussions on social justice. While such programs are credited as having good intentions there is skepticism that they will be adequate in addressing social inequalities at Queen's.[78][82]

Notable students, alumni and faculty

Since its conception, 56 Queen's students and graduates have been awarded the Rhodes Scholarship.[83] In addition to an illustrious list of alumni, several notable persons have also held administrative positions at the University.

Sir Matthew Regan, Sir Sandford Fleming, former Prime Minister Sir Robert Laird Borden, former Governor General Roland Michener, former Alberta premier Peter Lougheed, and former Governor of the Bank of Canada David A. Dodge have all served as Chancellor of the university.

In fiction and pop culture

See also

Histories of the university

  • Frederick W. Gibson: 'Queen's University, Volume 2, 1917-1961: To Serve and Yet Be Free.' Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1983.
  • Roberta Hamilton: 'Setting the Agenda: Jean Royce and the Shaping of Queen's University' (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, September 26, 2002)
  • Hilda Neatby: 'History of Queen’s University, Vol I' (Montreal:McGill-Queen’s University' Press © December 1, 1978)
  • Hilda Neatby: 'History of Queen’s University, Vol II' (Montreal:McGill-Queen’s University' Press © 1983)
  • George Rawlyk and Kevin Quinn: 'The Redeemed of the Lord Say So: A History of Queen’s Theological College 1912-1972'. (Kingston: Queen’s Theological College, 1980).

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External links


Simple English

Queen's University
File:Queen'
Douglas Library
Motto Latin: Sapientia et doctrina stabilitas [1]
"Wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times"
Established October 16, 1841
Type Public
Endowment $516 million
Chancellor A. Charles Baillie
Principal Thomas R. Williams
Staff 1,031
Undergraduates 13,500
Postgraduates 2,900
Place Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Campus Urban
141 acres (0.6 km²)
Athletics CIS / SIC
Colours Blue and gold and red
                   
Nickname Golden Gaels
Mascot Boo Hoo the Bear
Fight song Oil Thigh
Memberships ACU, ATS, AUCC, COU, CUSID, G13, IAU, MAISA, OUA
Website www.queensu.ca

Queen's University is a public university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Queen's University was started on October 16, 1841.

References








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