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Elizabeth II
Smiling elderly lady with grey hair wearing a matching hat and dress
Elizabeth II in 2007
Reign 6 February 1952 – present
(&0000000000000058.00000058 years, &0000000000000040.00000040 days)
Coronation 2 June 1953 (aged 27)
Predecessor George VI
Heir apparent Charles, Prince of Wales
Prime Ministers See list
Consort Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Issue
Charles, Prince of Wales
Anne, Princess Royal
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Full name
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
House House of Windsor
Father George VI
Mother Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
Born 21 April 1926 (1926-04-21) (age 83)
Mayfair, London
Signature Handwritten "Elizabeth R" with a tailed z and an underscore
Religion Church of England & Church of Scotland
.Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is the Queen regnant of sixteen independent sovereign states known informally as the Commonwealth realms, listed here in order of length of possession by the crown: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.^ Elizabeth Windsor was officially crowned Queen.
  • June 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC studyplans.com [Source type: General]

^ The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom .

^ Golden Jubilee photograph of Queen Elizabeth II [wearing her Canadian orders] Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II ( Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor ) (born April 21, 1926) is the Queen regnant and head of state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and 15 other Commonwealth Realms, including Australia, Canada and New Zealand.

.She holds each crown separately and equally in a shared monarchy, as well as acting as Head of the Commonwealth, and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.^ Henry VIII of England recognized as supreme head of the Church of England .

^ The monarch is also Supreme Governor of the Church of England as well as Head of the Commonwealth and head of state of 15 other Commonwealth Realms.

^ Waller was employed to bring up a copy of the oaths of allegiance to the British Crown, and of conformity to the Church of England, and the test oath against Popery - all of which the vestry had to take.

.As a constitutional monarch, she is politically neutral and by convention her role is largely ceremonial.^ Although the monarch plays an important ceremonial role, in practice the United Kingdom uses the Westminster system of constitutional monarchy, so the power of the monarch in British politics is greatly limited by convention.

[1]
.When Elizabeth was born, the British Empire was a pre-eminent world power, but its influence declined – particularly after the Second World War – and the empire evolved into the modern Commonwealth of Nations.^ Nor was the term given by the British when they were given the mandate by the League of Nations to govern the territory after World War I. The term “Palestine” in fact was selected by the Romans.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ British-born American inventor who, with Charles Watt, developed the soda process used to turn wood pulp into paper.

^ World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is completely destroyed by a raid of 379 British bombers.

.Her father, George VI, was the last Emperor of India.^ Hence, in 1927, he became 'King of Ireland', 'King of Australia,' 'King of Canada', 'King of New Zealand', and 'King of South Africa' his son, Edward VIII (1936) George V's son, George VI (1936-1952) In 1947, India and Pakistan were granted independence, and George VI ceased to Emperor of India, but became King of India and King of Pakistan.

^ Elizabeth II becomes Queen upon the death of her father George VI .

.On his death in 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth, and queen of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon, later renamed Sri Lanka.^ "Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Portfolio, II.334-337" .
  • Andy Warhol artwork is bought, sold, and traded at Doubletake Gallery near Minneapolis, Minnesota 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.doubletakeart.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ceylon (later renamed Sri Lanka ) becomes independent within the British Commonwealth .

^ Dominica gains independence from the United Kingdom .

.During her reign, which at 58 years is one of the longest for a British monarch, she became queen of 25 other countries within the Commonwealth as they gained independence from Britain.^ Cyprus is a former British colony that became a Commonwealth country in 1961.

^ Victoria was to prove Britain's longest reigning monarch.

^ Following their independence from Britain, most Commonwealth countries retained The Queen as head of state, but eventually changed the title of the monarch to the Sovereign of their own respective nations.

.She has been the sovereign of 32 individual nations, half of which are now republics.^ We have raised our debt limit three times in the last twelve months, and now our national debt is one and a half times bigger than all the combined debts of all the nations in the world.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.Elizabeth married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1947, and the couple have four children and eight grandchildren.^ He left, in 1702,18 three sons, Charles, William and John, and four daughters, Elizabeth and Mary Hansford, Lydia Duke, wife of Mr. Henry Duke," and Martha, who married Samuel Hill.

^ Also, very much later, Elizabeth Morgan marries Constable Robert Huddleston of Spotsylvania County, Virginia in Bristol Parish, Prince George County, Virginia.

^ Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh 1870 - Edwin S. Porter was born (d.

.In the 1980s and 1990s, the love lives of their children were subject to great press attention, and contributed to increased discontent with the monarchy, which reached its peak on the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. Since then, she has recovered public confidence, and her personal popularity remains high.^ HRH may not wish to be styled "Princess of Wales", and we must certainly respect this wish, but she remains Princess of Wales in law.

^ I commented on various subjects, including the Canadian trips made by the then Prince and Princess of Wales.

^ I’m growing in confidence it will not come anywhere near that, but it’s nice to know that in the great state of Texas, a person can use lethal force to protect his life and his home.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Early life

Head and shoulders portrait of a thoughtful-looking toddler with curly, fair hair
Princess Elizabeth at the age of three
.Elizabeth was the first child of Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and his wife, Elizabeth.^ In 1936 the Duke of York became King George VI and his peerage merged with the Crown.

^ In 1616, John Martin, one of the men who arrived in 1607, was among the first to receive a permanent land grant in the Prince George area.

^ One month later a Martha Tucker married John Morgan (perhaps a nephew of Elizabeth Morgan Huddleson) He died in 1796 and left his wife Martha the plantation he got of her by marriage.

.She was born by Caesarean section on 21 April 1926 at 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, London,[Brandreth 1][Roberts 1] and was baptised in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace by the Archbishop of York, Cosmo Lang, on 29 May.^ Born in London, England, by Caesarean section she is the elder daughter of King George VI (then Duke of York) and his Queen consort, Elizabeth, her younger sister being the late Princess Margaret.

^ The younger Thomas became archbishop May of 1108 at the request of the dean and cathedral chapter of York.

^ On 12 April 1777, Robert Tanner and Patty, his wife, sold 31 acres next to that of Field Tanner in Amelia County to Joseph Coleman for 21:10.

[Hoey .1] Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, King George V and Queen Mary; her aunts, Princess Mary and Lady Elphinstone; her great-great-uncle, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn; and her maternal grandmother, Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne.^ Queen Mary that she rested at Sawston when she was being pursued by the forces of the D. of Norfolk and Lady Jane Grey in 1553.

^ Prince George County History Prince George County was established in 1702 and was named in honor of Prince George of Denmark, Husband of England's reigning monarch, Queen Anne.

^ In 1936 the Duke of York became King George VI and his peerage merged with the Crown.

.Elizabeth was named after her mother, great-grandmother Alexandra, and grandmother Mary.^ Matthews; daughter Mary Carter; daughter, Elizabeth Carter; son, George Carter, son, Robert Carter, the land where I now live after his mother's decease; daughter, Caty Carter.

^ Grandmother, mother, and great grandmother in the same room, raising children, and the child knows nothing about love or respect of any one of the three of them.
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^ She joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (the ATS) where she was known as No 230873 Second Subaltern Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor.

[Brandreth 2] Her close family called her "Lilibet".[2]
.She had a close relationship with her grandfather George V and was credited with aiding in his recovery from illness in 1929.[3][4] Her only sibling was Princess Margaret, born in 1930. The two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess, Marion Crawford, who was casually known as "Crawfie".[Crawford 1][Shawcross 1] To the dismay of the royal family,[Brandreth 3] Crawford later published a biography of Elizabeth and Margaret's childhood years entitled The Little Princesses.^ Princess Margaret of Prussia was born (d.

^ The two had been accused of an 01 April sex crime at their home against a 14-year-old girl.

^ He and Isabel had two sons: John born c.1488 d.1530 who eventually inherited Sawston, Cambs.

The book describes Elizabeth's love of horses and dogs, her orderliness, and her attitude of responsibility.[Brandreth .3] Such observations were echoed by others: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character.^ Thus Winston Churchill died as he was born.....almost: for in his 90 years he did manage to acquire several other honours from the Crown.

^ Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom .

She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant."[Brandreth 4][Shawcross 2] Her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as "a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved".[Brandreth 5]

Heiress presumptive

Portrait in oils of a rosy-cheeked girl with blue eyes and fair hair
Painting by Philip Alexius de László of Princess Elizabeth at the age of seven
.As a granddaughter of the monarch in the male line, Elizabeth held the title of a British princess, with the style Her Royal Highness, her full style being Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York.^ The actor's just back from a visit to Iraq as a "goodwill ambassador" for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees , a title she's held since summer 2001.

^ Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is titled Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand under the Royal Titles Act 1974.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ "King" designates a male monarch (when he does not use another title such as emperor or tsar).

.At birth, she was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle, Edward, Prince of Wales, and her father.^ In the thirteenth century, the Lord of Croft helped the captured Prince of Wales, later Edward I, to escape to Croft.

^ In 1978 HRH Prince Michael of Kent was ousted from the line of succession (15th at the time) as a result of his marriage to Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz.

^ Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England ) becomes the first Prince of Wales .

.Although her birth did generate public interest, there was no reason to believe then that she would ever become queen, as it was widely assumed that the Prince of Wales would marry and have children of his own.^ Did anyone actually believe we would?

^ By this time Elizabeth had become more brutal in suppressing Catholics, although she continued to believe, in her words, "There is only one Christ Jesus and one faith; the rest is a dispute about trifles."

^ He is immensely strong too, but the gods would rather there were no need to mention his name, since his handiwork will long be remembered amongst gods and men (Late Edda).

[Bond .1] In 1936, when her grandfather the King died and her uncle Edward succeeded, she became second in line to the throne after her father.^ King Edward IV of England dies (b.

^ Second in line to the Swedish throne.

^ He died shortly after his second visit in 448 and was given a magnificent funeral at Auxerre where his shrine became a pilgrimage centre.

.Later that year, Edward abdicated and her father became king.^ Eights years later the Burgesses changed the name of Charles River to York without changing its boundaries and Caroline became a part of York.

^ The following year, his mother abdicated and he became King James VI of Scotland.

^ Page 266-7 JOHN LEWIS junior followed his father and became an important leader in King and Queen County, then New Kent.

.Elizabeth became heiress presumptive, and was thereafter known as Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth.^ Her previous titles were: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York (1926-1936) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (1936-1947) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (1947-1952) Family .

^ Marriage of Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent to Angus James Bruce Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London .

.Elizabeth studied constitutional history with Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College.^ He has taught Islamic studies, cultural history and comparative religion at the University of Aberdeen, the University of California, San Diego, Dartmouth College, New Hampshire and Colorado College.
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^ Lady St Andrews is currently Director of Studies in History Part I and Social & Political Sciences at St John's College, Cambridge University.

[Brandreth 6][Crawford 2][Shawcross 3] She learned modern languages, and still speaks French fluently.[5] .A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company, was formed specifically so Elizabeth could socialise with girls her own age.^ The Thames watermen, who had been regulated since the 14th century, formed their own guild or company by 1603.

^ Or would she ask other prominent members of the Labour Party if they could form a government in despite of their own leader?
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Buckingham Palace, meanwhile, refused to respond specifically to the claims, saying any conclusions reached in the television documentary were "a matter for the programme makers".

Later she was enrolled as a Sea Ranger.[6]
.Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and again in 1937.[Brandreth 7] After another meeting at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth – though only 13 years old – fell in love with Philip, and they began to exchange letters.^ And they say if we only avoid any direct confrontation with the enemy, he will forget his evil ways and learn to love us.
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^ Though this assembly may not be considered a legislative body in the traditional sense, it is significant as it marked the beginning of annual meetings of the assembly in the royal colony of Virginia.

^ They were married in person at St Augustine's Church, Canterbury, England, on June 13 of that year.

[Bond 2][Brandreth 8]
.In 1939, the Canadian government wanted Elizabeth to accompany her parents on their upcoming tour of Canada.^ HM Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada was also in London (and on Canadian territory) a few years ago when she visited the recently renovated Canada House in Trafalgar Square.

^ A recent poll suggested that only 5% of Canadians are aware that Canada's Queen and Head of State is Elizabeth II. Most Canadians incorrectly regard the Prime Minister as the nation's Head of State.

^ In all matters of state, Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada is advised exclusively by her governments in Canada.

.However, the King decided against this, stating that his daughter was too young to undertake the month-long tour.^ Maybe he’ll do all americans a huge favor and decide to retire and not come back following his month long vacation in August?
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[7]

Second World War

.In September 1939, with the outbreak of the Second World War, Elizabeth and her younger sister, Margaret, stayed at Balmoral Castle, Scotland, from September to Christmas 1939, until they moved to Sandringham House, Norfolk.^ Festa della Liberazione , ( Italy ), annual commemoration to mark the liberation of Italy at the end of the Second World War .

^ Nor was the term given by the British when they were given the mandate by the League of Nations to govern the territory after World War I. The term “Palestine” in fact was selected by the Romans.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ William, his wife Mary, and mistress Elizabeth had a "menage a trois" at Haseley, until his father Anthony died , when they moved to Millom.

[Crawford .3] From February to May 1940, they lived at Royal Lodge, Windsor, until moving to Windsor Castle, where they stayed for most of the next five years.^ Queen bees cannot live more then five years.

^ In February 1972 the Electoral Court proclaimed Bordaberry president, and he began a five-year term on March 1.
  • Timeline 1971 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William, his wife Mary, and mistress Elizabeth had a "menage a trois" at Haseley, until his father Anthony died , when they moved to Millom.

[Crawford .4] The suggestion that the two princesses be evacuated to Canada was rejected by Elizabeth's mother; she said, "The children won't go without me.^ She had two children by Robert Carter; Robert, Jr (known as "Councilor" Carter) and his sister, Elizabeth.

^ That said, my suggestion of the higher number would obviate the need for the first of your two questions on the ballot paper.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ And something called parenting said if you get caught with it you’re going to embarrass your mother."
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

I won't leave without the King. And the King will never leave." .[8] The princesses remained at Windsor, where they staged pantomimes at Christmas in aid of the Queen's Wool Fund.^ Queen to open Palace doors Buckingham Palace opened to the public for the first time in a bid to raise funds to repair Windsor Castle.

[Crawford .5] It was from Windsor that Elizabeth, in 1940, made her first radio broadcast during the BBC's Children's Hour, addressing other children who had been evacuated from the cities.^ First sports broadcast on the radio .

^ The Pembroke was made popular by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who keeps four at all times, and remains the more common variety.
  • Welsh Corgi Dog Breed Information 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.heydogs.com [Source type: General]
  • Corgi Dog Breed Information 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.heydogs.com [Source type: General]

^ First long distance public television broadcast ( Washington, DC to New York City ; image was of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover ).

[9] She stated:
.
We are trying to do all we can to help our gallant sailors, soldiers and airmen, and we are trying, too, to bear our share of the danger and sadness of war.^ In spite of our great efforts and successes, not all that followed the end of the war was happy or planned.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ I am sure that our feelings are shared not only by all the Catholics throughout the world but also by all men of goodwill everywhere who cherish freedom of spirit..."

^ I am sure that our feelings are shared not only by all the Catholics throughout the world but also by all men of goodwill everywhere who cherish freedom of spirit .

.We know, every one of us, that in the end all will be well.^ Well, I guess y’all don’t know what the f*ck you’re talking about then.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ And I don’t know what monkeys you speak of, a hell of a lot of us were against this all along.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ So far 13 million unborn babies of black parents have been murdered and every one of us suffers because of it.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.During the war, plans were drawn up to affiliate Elizabeth more closely with Wales, in order to quell the growing influence of Welsh nationalists.^ Dad grew up during World War II and enlisted in the Army three years after it ended.

^ Galloway worked as a newspaper sub-editor, and enjoyed saluting the King with drawn sword during the Royal tour of the Dominion in 1939 shortly before being called up; he transferred to the RCR shortly before the outbreak of war.

^ Bush and Henry Kravis became even more closely associated during the time that Bush, ever mindful of campaign financing, was preparing his bid for the presidency.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .In a report to Home Secretary Herbert Morrison, the constitutional expert Edward Iwi proposed appointing Elizabeth as Constable of Caernarfon Castle (a post then held by David Lloyd George); the idea was rejected by Morrison, on the grounds that it might cause conflict between north and south Wales.^ Because it didn't fit in with Herbert Armstrong's ideas regarding the throne of David!
  • Does Queen Elizabeth II Sit On a Throne of David? 31 January 2010 12:40 UTC www.hope-of-israel.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Amelia County appointed Edward Tanner constable in 1751 and 1755.

^ When appointed Under Secretary of State for Security Assistance, Science, and Technology, a post she held until January 5, 1980, Benson (left) was the top-ranking woman in the U.S. State Department.

[10] .Morrison did, however, take forward a suggestion by civil servant Thomas Jones to make her patron of the Welsh League of Youth, Urdd Gobaith Cymru, and planned to have her tour Wales as such.^ And Thomas Reade, his servant, who ran away, was required by the court to make equivalent service for the cost and trouble of his capture.

[10][11] .The idea was rejected by the King, who refused to subject his young daughter to the pressures of official tours and because two leading members of Urdd Gobaith Cymru were conscientious objectors.^ Kelly is an attractive and intelligent young woman who leads a successful career as a management consultant.

^ The Huddlestons of Sawston are decended from the Sir William who married Isabelle Nevil, daughter of the Marquis of Montague, brother of the "King Maker.

^ Elizabeth had an older half-sister, Mary, who was the daughter of the king's first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

[10] In 1946, she was made an Ovate of the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards at the National Eisteddfod of Wales.[12]
Young lady wearing overalls and a cap kneels on the ground to change the front-left wheel of a military truck
Elizabeth changes a vehicle wheel during the Second World War
.In 1945, 18-year-old Elizabeth began to carry out solo duties, such as reviewing a parade of Canadian airwomen.^ If the safety and order of the State were to be guaranteed such measures were inevitable, and they would be carried out without any petty considerations.

^ HM Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada was also in London (and on Canadian territory) a few years ago when she visited the recently renovated Canada House in Trafalgar Square.

^ The story is out of Vietnam where local authorities are charging a has-been former British rock star with committing the act with a 12 year old sex-slave.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[7] .She joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service, as No.^ She joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (the ATS) where she was known as No 230873 Second Subaltern Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor.

.230873 Second Subaltern Elizabeth Windsor.^ She joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service (the ATS) where she was known as No 230873 Second Subaltern Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor.

She trained as a driver and mechanic, drove a military truck, and rose to the rank of Junior Commander.[13] .She is the last surviving head of state who served in uniform during the Second World War.^ World War II : Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula .

^ The U.S. Justice Department bars the Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States , saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II .

^ During the war with Spain he served in the royal navy with distinction, and in 1604 was appointed governor of Plymouth.

[14]
.At the end of the war in Europe, on Victory in Europe Day, Elizabeth and her sister mingled anonymously with the celebratory crowds in the streets of London.^ To-day most of that which is seen in the streets of East London has been developed since the making of the great docks early in the nineteenth century and the building of wharves and warehouses.

^ In Baghad they choose crowded markets -- in London they choose the West End and the City.

.She later said in a rare interview, "we asked my parents if we could go out and see for ourselves.^ "I never give my background, and anyway, I make it all up differently every time I'm asked," he said.
  • Andy Warhol artwork is bought, sold, and traded at Doubletake Gallery near Minneapolis, Minnesota 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.doubletakeart.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "By the time I got back to my camera," Karsh later recalled, "he looked so belligerent he could have devoured me."

^ Thomas Davis deposed upon oath ,) that they had made a hard voyage , had they not met with a Canoe coming out of a creek where their shallop could not go .

I remember we were terrified of being recognised ... I remember lines of unknown people linking arms and walking down Whitehall, all of us just swept along on a tide of happiness and relief."[Bond 3] Two years later, the Princess made her first official overseas tour, when she accompanied her parents to Southern Africa. On her 21st birthday, in a broadcast to the British Commonwealth from South Africa, she pledged: "I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong."[15]

Marriage

.Elizabeth married Philip on 20 November 1947. The couple are second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria.^ King Christian IX of Denmark was born (d.

^ He was married to a Elizabeth Jane Hallmark and later through common law marriage to Lucie Ann Nichols.

^ Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland At the tender age of eighteen, she ascended to the throne following the death of King William IV on June 20, 1837.

.Before the marriage, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish titles, converted from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism, and adopted the style Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, taking the surname of his mother's family.^ She married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark on 20 November 1947 (Prince Phillip had renounced his claim to the Greek throne and was simply referred to as Lieutenant Phillip Mountbatten, RN prior to being created Duke of Edinburgh the night before the marriage).

^ Hansford's marriage occurred nine years before Bacon's Rebellion, and his family at that time was of considerable figure, consisting of a wife and five children.

^ Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council , stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor , and that her descendants will take the name " Mountbatten-Windsor ".

[Hoey .2] Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh and granted the style of His Royal Highness.^ My dad and mom made it through Junior High School(I just got the proof back on my Grant for college form).

^ Her previous titles were: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York (1926-1936) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (1936-1947) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (1947-1952) Family .

[16]
.The marriage was not without controversy: Philip had no financial standing, was foreign-born (though a British subject), and had sisters who had married German noblemen with Nazi links.^ Mary, daughter of Baldwin Mathews, married Philip Smith, of Northumberland county, and had Baldwin Mathews Smith, eldest son, and Mary, who married Thomas Buckner.- York County Records, 1751.

^ This John Huddleston born 1715 is the uncle of Benjamin Huddleston who marries Elizabeth Pankey.

^ (Hence though many English and British monarchs claimed 'France' as part of their official title, as that had no reality in substance it isn't used.

[17] .Elizabeth's mother was reported, in later biographies, to have opposed the union initially, even dubbing Philip "The Hun".[18] In later life, however, she told biographer Tim Heald that Philip was "an English gentleman".[19] The country had not yet completely rebounded from the devastation of the war; the Princess still required rationing coupons to buy the material for her gown, designed by Norman Hartnell.^ Mexico does not even allow naturalized Mexicans born elsewhere to vote, yet expects other countries to give the vote to Mexican nationals even if they do not naturalize, .
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The Labour party have had ample opportunity to take a good look at their leader this past two years and yet still not one has had the courage to break ranks for the good of the country.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the experimental developments at Covent Garden and Lincoln's Inn Fields were still in their infancy when Civil War broke out.

[Hoey 3] Elizabeth and Philip received 1347 wedding gifts from around the world.[Hoey .3] Elizabeth's bridesmaids were her sister; her cousin Princess Alexandra of Kent; Lady Caroline Montagu-Douglas-Scott; Lady Mary Cambridge; Lady Elizabeth Lambart; Philip's cousin The Honourable Pamela Mountbatten; and two maternal cousins, The Honourable Margaret Elphinstone and The Honourable Diana Bowes-Lyon.^ She had two children by Robert Carter; Robert, Jr (known as "Councilor" Carter) and his sister, Elizabeth.

^ Elizabeth had an older half-sister, Mary, who was the daughter of the king's first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

^ At the unveiling The Queen of Canada was accompanied by her Prime Minister (Jean Chretien) and also by the British Prime Minister (John Major) as well as several members of the Royal Family who were Colonels-in-Chief of Canadian regiments - Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Duke of York, the Princess of Wales, Princess Margaret, the Duke of Kent and Princess Alexandra.

[20] Her page boys were her young paternal first cousins, Prince William of Gloucester and Prince Michael of Kent.[20] .In post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip's three surviving sisters.^ World War II : Great Britain and France announce that they have mined Norwegian territorial waters to prevent their use by German supply ships.

^ Iceland breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain over the 'cod war' .

^ Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921-) .
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.org [Source type: Academic]

[21][Hoey .4] Elizabeth's aunt, Princess Mary, Princess Royal, allegedly refused to attend because her brother, the Duke of Windsor (who abdicated in 1936), was not invited due to his marital situation; she gave ill health as the official reason for not attending.^ Elizabeth had an older half-sister, Mary, who was the daughter of the king's first wife, Catherine of Aragon.

^ The mistake was that it was actually Albert's brother, Ludwig Nobel, who had just died (at age 56, due to heart trouble).

^ People of the USA let us defend our Brother,and his actions concerning these9-11 workers, who were refused Medical Help!
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[22]
.Elizabeth gave birth to her first child, Prince Charles, on 14 November 1948, several weeks after letters patent were issued by her father allowing her children to enjoy a royal and princely status to which they otherwise would not have been entitled.^ It includes a Map of New England which he had presented to Prince Charles, son of James I, "humbly entreating his Highnesse hee would please to change their barbarous names for such English, as posteritie might say Prince Charles was their God-father .

^ By the same deed, he gave William Ligon and his granddaughter Elizabeth half his 1674 patent 258 acres.

^ They remain in defensive formation through Sunday, expecting the royal advance, but Henry Tudor arrives first and finally meets Lord Stanley.

[23][Hoey .5] A second child, Princess Anne, was born in 1950. Though Philip's surname was Mountbatten, the Royal House is named Windsor, and the surname Mountbatten-Windsor was adopted in 1960 for his and Elizabeth's descendants.^ Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council , stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor , and that her descendants will take the name " Mountbatten-Windsor ".

^ Thomas Huddleston born about 1649 Henrico County, Virginia death 1726; son ; Thomas Huddleston born about 1675 Henrico County, Virginia death 1748 in Princess Anne County(This is taken from microfiche files).

^ I find it interesting that the first child of Thomas and Milly Tanner was named Jarrott Morgan Huddleston born June 5, 1775.

[24]
.Following their wedding, the couple leased Windlesham Moor, until 4 July 1949,[20] when they took up residence at Clarence House.^ Those who cannot afford insurance generally do not seek health care until they wind up in an emergency room, where they won’t be turned away.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ He’d still be PM (up until they Labour party could get it together to oust him).
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Moore took people for medication in Cuba and they paid the real price for it.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.At various times between 1949 and 1951, the Duke of Edinburgh was stationed in Malta (at that time a British Protectorate) as a serving Royal Navy officer.^ The Glorious First of June was so named following a naval battle fought in the Atlantic Ocean between the Royal Navy and the navy of Revolutionary France.

^ During the war with Spain he served in the royal navy with distinction, and in 1604 was appointed governor of Plymouth.

^ Given the date, of the various toasts proposed at the dinner one offered to the Royal Navy is worthy of note.

.He and Elizabeth lived intermittently, for several months at a time, in the Maltese hamlet of Gwardamanġia, at the Villa Gwardamanġia, the rented home of Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma.^ In this will, Samuel Morgan gave to his daughter Elizabeth the Negro woman Hannah for life, then to her children (no names mentioned), one might assume that she was living and had children at that time.

^ For many years already home owners and citizens have been living under the heavy hand of violence from Mexican nationals that would put Poncho Villa to shame .
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Gesine Schwan, 61, is a political scientist, speaks Polish, lived in Warsaw and Cracow for some time, and has been involved in the Polish-German reconciliation for several decades.

The children remained in Britain.[Brandreth 9]

Reign

Young woman wearing a crown, white ankle-length dress and long velvet and ermine train stands next to a man in military uniform
Coronation portrait of Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh, June 1953

Succession

.George VI's health declined during 1951, and Elizabeth was soon frequently standing in for him at public events.^ Elizabeth II becomes Queen upon the death of her father George VI .

.In October of that year, she toured Canada, and visited the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman, in Washington, D.C.; on the trip, the Princess carried with her a draft accession declaration for use if the King died while she was out of the United Kingdom.^ George Washington , was born, first President of the United States (d.

^ Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom was born (d.

^ John Quincy Adams dies , 6th President of the United States (b.

[7][Brandreth .10] In early 1952, Elizabeth and Philip set out for a tour of Australia and New Zealand via Kenya.^ Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is titled Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand under the Royal Titles Act 1974.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ New Zealand joined Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty in 1951, and later fought alongside the New Zealand-United States relations United States in both the Korean War Korean and the Vietnam Wars.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ New Zealand is party to a number of New Zealand free trade agreements free trade agreements, of which the most important are the China-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement and Closer Economic Relations with Australia.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

.At Sagana Lodge, about 100 miles north of Nairobi, word arrived of the death of Elizabeth's father on 6 February.^ Elizabeth succeeded to the throne following the death of her father in 1952.

^ Martin's Hundred (hundred defined a subdivision of an English county) fronted on 10 miles of the north shore of a bend in the James River, about 9 miles below Jamestown.

^ In other words, Elizabeth Carter could of been one year older than her husband and she was said to be born about 1738.

Philip broke the news to the new queen.[Brandreth 11][Lacey 1][Shawcross 4] Martin Charteris, then her Assistant Private Secretary, asked her what she intended to be called as monarch, to which she replied: "Elizabeth, of course."[Shawcross 5] Elizabeth was proclaimed queen throughout her realms, and the royal party hastily returned to the United Kingdom. She and the Duke of Edinburgh moved into Buckingham Palace.
.In the midst of preparations for the coronation, Princess Margaret informed her sister that she wished to marry Peter Townsend, a divorced commoner sixteen years older than Margaret, with two sons from his previous marriage.^ She was about two years older than Sir Ralph.

^ He left two daughters, Mary and Margaret who married Thomas Edwards, of the Inner Temple, London.

^ They had two sons: John (who succeeded to Sawston through his mother) and Richard , who married Margery Smythe (his step sister) and 2ndly.

.The Queen asked them to wait for a year; in the words of Martin Charteris, "the Queen was naturally sympathetic towards the Princess, but I think she thought – she hoped – given time, the affair would peter out."^ That was before the credit crunch and i would of thought given his existing financial arrangements a new mortgage at that time would easily have been made.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ In a hundred years time he would be known as the PM who got lost when he went for a Shit in Windsor castle and the PM who on an overseas trip went for a shit and kept everybody waiting for 10 Minutes!
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Queen " is used about 6,433 times out of a sample of 100 million words spoken or written in English.

[25] .After opposition from the Commonwealth prime ministers, and a British minister's threat of resignation should Margaret and Townsend marry, the Princess decided to abandon her plans with Townsend.^ British prime minister.

^ PM Marek Belka said that parliamentary elections should be held in spring 2005, but if the Sejm fails to dissolve at that time, he does not plan to offer his resignation.

^ Andrus Ansip is confirmed by the Riigikogu , the Estonian Parliament , as the country's next Prime Minister, following the 24 March resignation of former Prime Minister Juhan Parts .

[25] .Margaret later married Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon.^ His eldest son Sir Richard married Margaret, natural daughter of Richard Nevil, Earl of Warwick (the "King Maker") whose partisan the father was.

^ Margaret was therefore the half sister of Anne Neville, married to Richard Duke of Gloucester, later Richard 3rd.

^ Mar 1964), Earl of Wessex, married (19 Jun 1999) Sophie Rhys-Jones (b.

They were divorced in 1978. She did not remarry.
.Despite the death of the Queen's grandmother, Queen Mary, on 24 March 1953, the Queen's coronation went ahead in Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953, in accordance with Mary's wishes.^ Her coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953.

^ Posted by Young Fogey (www.bloggingyoungfogey.blogspot.com) at 13:04 0 comments Links to this post Labels: 1953 , Coronation Day , Coronation Oath , June 2 .

^ Elizabeth I (September 7, 1533 - March 24, 1603) was Queen of England (reigned November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603) and the last Tudor ruler.

.The entire ceremony, save for the anointing and communion, was televised throughout the Commonwealth, and watched by an estimated 20 million people in Britain, with 12 million more listening on the radio.^ This is like saying that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has watched more hours of television than all other British monarchs combined.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The final episode of M*A*S*H is broadcast in the USA , becoming the most watched television episode in history, with 106–125 million viewers in the U.S. (estimate varies by source).

^ Rice County, Kansas, has two hundred oil wells, and the 14,000 people there have over $30 million on deposit in personal savings in their banks.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[Roberts .2] Elizabeth wore a gown commissioned from Norman Hartnell, which was embroidered with floral emblems for the countries of the Commonwealth: English Tudor rose, Scots thistle, Welsh leek, Irish shamrock, Australian wattle, Canadian maple leaf, New Zealand fern, South African protea, lotus flowers for India and Ceylon, and Pakistan's wheat, cotton, and jute.^ From the Maple Leaf Flag, to the Order of Canada, to the Canadian Heraldic Authority, Canada has served as an inspiration to nation-building states in the Commonwealth and beyond.

^ Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is titled Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand under the Royal Titles Act 1974.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Television One and Television Two (formerly South Pacific Television ) under the newly formed Television New Zealand goes to air for the first time .

[26]

Continuing evolution of the Commonwealth

Smiling young woman wearing a tiara, sash and a long formal gown next to an older man wearing full evening dress
Queen Elizabeth with Prime Minister of Australia Sir Robert Menzies during her first visit to Australia in 1954
.Elizabeth witnessed, over her life, the ongoing transformation of the British Empire into the Commonwealth of Nations.^ The four remaining orders, the Order of the Bath, the Order of St. Michael & St. George, the Order of the British Empire and the Order of the Companions of Honour, are often referred to as the national honours, in a group with knights bachelor and life peerages.

^ The Commonwealth Realms are a part of, but should be distinguished from, the Commonwealth of Nations which is an organization of mostly former British colonies, the majority of whom do not recognize The Queen as head of state.

^ As the protagonists in the British story, generations of Englishmen, secure in their identity, were happy to offer up their cherished ideals and values and have them woven into a new British national fabric.

.By the time of Elizabeth's accession in 1952, her role as nominal head of multiple independent states was already established.^ Elizabeth II of New Zealand Elizabeth II, as the Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand, is the country's head of state and is represented by a ceremonial Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General who holds reserve powers.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ World War II : The Axis Powers in Europe establish the Independent State of Croatia from occupied Yugoslavia with Ante Pavelić 's Ustase fascist insurgents in power.

^ They look out in the “near-abroad” and call it the Commonwealth of Independent States (similar to one name given internally for the Soviet Union in its time).
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

Spanning 1953–54, the Queen and her husband embarked on a six-month around-the-world tour. .She became the first reigning monarch of Australia and New Zealand to visit those nations.^ He prepared to visit New England, but the company became embarrassed for funds, and was obliged to sell the ship and pinnace which had been built.

^ New Zealand has traditionally worked closely with Australia, whose foreign policy followed a similar historical trend.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations (became the first American President to visit China) .

[27][28] .During the tour, crowds were immense; three-quarters of the population of Australia were estimated to have seen the Queen.^ National Population Estimates: March 2009 quarter.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

[Brandreth .12][Shawcross 6] Throughout her reign Elizabeth has undertaken state visits to foreign countries, as well as tours of each Commonwealth country, including attending all Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings.^ The reduction in the amount of Head of State expenditure reflects the continuous attention the Royal Household pays to obtaining the best value for money in all areas of expenditure."

^ For 3 decades now the U.S. Department of State each year has issued a report on the human rights practices of other countries throughout the world.

^ Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is titled Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand under the Royal Titles Act 1974.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

.Elizabeth II is the most widely-travelled head of state in history.^ Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council , stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor , and that her descendants will take the name " Mountbatten-Windsor ".

^ Elizabeth II of New Zealand Elizabeth II, as the Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand, is the country's head of state and is represented by a ceremonial Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General who holds reserve powers.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ A recent poll suggested that only 5% of Canadians are aware that Canada's Queen and Head of State is Elizabeth II. Most Canadians incorrectly regard the Prime Minister as the nation's Head of State.

[29]
.In 1956, French Prime Minister Guy Mollet and British Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden discussed the possibility of France's joining the Commonwealth.^ Daladier becomes Prime Minister of France .

^ British prime minister.

^ French prime minister.

.The proposal was never accepted, and the following year France signed the Treaty of Rome, which established the European Economic Community, the precursor of the European Union.^ The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.

^ The first one proposed, the Duc d'Anjou, a younger brother of King Charles IX of France, was twenty years younger than Elizabeth.

^ Who talk's to the ending of "PAX AMERICANA", and a new course for the European Union, and American relations based upon mutual interests, as world and community members?
  • Choosing a world leader | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

[30] .In November 1956, Britain and France invaded Egypt in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to capture the Suez canal.^ Egypt : the Suez Canal is reopened.

^ Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Bela IV. 1250 - The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt , Louis IX of France is captured.

^ The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping.

.Earl Mountbatten of Burma claimed the Queen was opposed to the invasion, though Prime Minister Eden denied it.^ Prime minister of Burma.

^ If the Queen refused Brown a dissolution then he would presumably resign as Prime Minister while remaining leader of the Labour Party.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Yesterday, when questioned about the likelihood of his conversion, the Prime Minister chose not to deny the rumours but said: " I don't want to talk about it.

.Eden resigned two months later.^ But it may turn out in a month or two that the 25 million euro centre, NATO's biggest investment project in the region, will open a year later.

[Roberts 3]
.The absence of a formal mechanism within the Conservative Party for choosing a leader meant that, following Eden's resignation, it fell to the Queen to decide whom to commission to form a government.^ Would she not then ask the leader of the next largest party to form a government.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Or would she ask other prominent members of the Labour Party if they could form a government in despite of their own leader?
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ U. K. : Neil Kinnock resigns as British Labour leader following the party's defeat by the Conservatives in the general election four days earlier.

Eden recommended that Elizabeth consult Lord Salisbury (the Lord President of the Council). .Lord Salisbury and Lord Kilmuir (the Lord Chancellor) consulted the Cabinet, Winston Churchill and the Chairman of the backbench 1922 Committee, as a result of which the Queen appointed their recommended candidate: Harold Macmillan.^ An excited Lord Coe, the London Olympic organising committee chairman, stated: "This is the vision at the very heart of our brand.

^ Lord Moran agreed with Salisbury but Jock Colville, who had a better understanding of Churchill's character, doubted the Great Man would agree.

^ Salisbury suggested plans be set in motion but little progress was made and the concept of a Lord Churchill died a natural death.

.Six years later, Macmillan himself resigned and advised the Queen to appoint the Earl of Home as Prime Minister, advice which she followed.^ Icelandic foreign and later prime minister.

^ This was an occasion on which the Queen played a significant role in Canadian government, though as the monarch's advisors made clear, the monarch felt bound to do as advised by Her Prime Minister, who was answerable to cabinet, parliament and the Canadian electorate for whatever advice he gave.

^ The Queen, knowing that leader, guessed that there might be problems and informed her British Prime Minister that he and the leader shared a mutual interest in sport.

[Roberts 3]
.The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led in 1957 to the first real personal criticism of the Queen.^ Indeed, the queen herself became noted as a poet and classical translator, personally writing the first English translation of Horace's Art of Poetry.

.In a magazine, which he owned and edited,[Shawcross 7] Lord Altrincham accused her of being "out of touch".[31] Altrincham was denounced by public figures and physically attacked by members of the public appalled at his comments.^ The bill defines 'grassroots lobbying' as "the voluntary efforts of members of the general public to communicate their own views on an issue to federal officials or to encourage other members of the general public to do the same."
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Worse, rather than being forthright to the public about his true feelings, he lets them seep out among those he assumes may be sympathetic to his views.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[Brandreth .13][Shawcross 8] In 1963, the Queen again came under criticism for appointing the Prime Minister on the advice of a small number of ministers, or a single minister.^ Political power is held by the Democracy democratically elected Parliament of New Zealand under the leadership of the Prime Minister of New Zealand Prime Minister, who is the head of government.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ She is represented by the Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General, whom she appoints on the exclusive advice of the Prime Minister.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ A recent poll suggested that only 5% of Canadians are aware that Canada's Queen and Head of State is Elizabeth II. Most Canadians incorrectly regard the Prime Minister as the nation's Head of State.

In 1965, the Conservatives adopted a formal mechanism for choosing a leader, thus relieving her of the duty.[Roberts 3]
.In 1957, she made a state visit on behalf of the Commonwealth to the United States, where she addressed the United Nations General Assembly.^ First, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrants , Jorge Bustamante , has released his report on his mission to the United States earlier this year (posted on here and here ).

^ His first formally scheduled prime time presidential television address to the nation, in September 1989, was devoted to announcing his plans for measures to combat the illegal narcotics that continued to inundate the streets of the United States.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cold War : Following President Richard Nixon 's visit to China , the United States and the People's Republic of China agree to establish liaison offices.

.On the same tour she opened the 23rd Canadian Parliament, becoming the first monarch of Canada to open a parliamentary session.^ The monarch must formally assent to all acts of Parliament before they can become law.

^ The creation in 1988 of the Canadian Heraldic Authority by Letters Patent, signed by The Queen, established Canada as the first Commonwealth realm outside the United Kingdom to have its own heraldic authority.

^ As part of the long process towards self-determination in Britain's colony of Gold Coast, the country's first parliament is opened in Accra.

.Two years later, on behalf of Canada, she revisited North America.^ He was commissioned two years later.

^ Two years later he sailed for Virginia to get supplies and never returned to the islands.

^ Two years later, Patsy W. Tanner married Thomas Huddleston in Amelia County 10 August (bond) 1799.

In 1961, she toured Cyprus, India, Pakistan, Nepal and Iran.[Shawcross .9] During a trip to Ghana, she refused to keep her distance from President Kwame Nkrumah, even though he was a target for assassins.^ President Kwame Nkrumah declares a one-party state in Ghana.

^ Bush and Henry Kravis became even more closely associated during the time that Bush, ever mindful of campaign financing, was preparing his bid for the presidency.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But even then, many clients and companies will refuse to fund the measures necesary to keep them secure and seem to be part of a real culture of neglect.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[32] .Harold Macmillan wrote at the time: "the Queen has been absolutely determined all through.^ Through dedication, self-sacrifice and commitment to duty The Queen, the embodiment of our collective spirit and our national story, should serve as an inspiration to all.

She is impatient of the attitude towards her to treat her as ... a film star ... She has indeed 'the heart and stomach of a man' ... She loves her duty and means to be a queen."[33]
Two thin ladies wearing dresses to just below the knee and black shoes walk out of a red-brick building in step
Elizabeth (left) with then-First Lady Pat Nixon upon the Nixons' visit to the United Kingdom, 1970
.Elizabeth's pregnancies with Princes Andrew and Edward, in 1959 and 1963, marked the only times she did not perform the State Opening of the British Parliament during her reign.^ During my time in IT at Dell in 2003, I not only was related stories of practices which displayed an egregious disregard for employee health, safety and true productivity, I witnessed them.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The British monarch or sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament ) legislative power.

^ "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States , opens in Los Angeles, California .

She delegated the task to the Lord Chancellor instead.
.Elizabeth inaugurated the first Canadian trans-Atlantic telephone cable in 1961, by calling Canadian Prime Minister, John Diefenbaker, from Buckingham Palace.^ Poland's first female prime minister.

^ She was prime minister of Sri Lanka three times and was the world's first female prime minister 1917 - Bill Clements was born.

^ This short debate took place during The Queen's Canadian homecoming and followed pro-republican comments made by then Liberal Cabinet Minister (and one time Prime Ministerial hopeful) John Manley.

[34] .In 1969, Elizabeth sent a congratulatory message to the Apollo 11 crew on the first manned lunar landing; the micro-filmed message was left in a metal container on the moon's surface.^ The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon .

^ (G&M, 1/31/96, p.A-2) 1971 Feb 2, The Apollo XIV astronauts confirmed that they would attempt a lunar landing.
  • Timeline 1971 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first mention of Poquoson in Colonial records is contained in a land grant issued to Christopher Calthorpe by a court at Elizabeth City in 1631.

She later met the crew at Buckingham Palace.[5]
The 1960s and 1970s saw an acceleration in the decolonisation of Africa and the Caribbean. .Over 20 countries gained independence from Britain as part of a planned transition to self-government.^ As part of the long process towards self-determination in Britain's colony of Gold Coast, the country's first parliament is opened in Accra.

^ (WSJ, 3/21/01, p.A1) 2001 Mar 20, In Buenos Aires thousands demonstrated against plans to cut government spending.
  • Timeline Argentina 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ In 1991, the Resource Management Act 1991 replaced the Town and Country Planning Act as the main planning legislation for local government.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

.In 1965, however, Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith declared unilateral independence from Britain in opposition to moves toward majority black rule.^ Sep 3, Qatar declared independence from Britain.
  • Timeline 1971 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sierra Leone is granted its independence from the United Kingdom , with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister .

^ In Declaration of war declaring war on Germany on 3 September 1939, Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage Michael Savage proclaimed, "Where she goes, we go; where she stands, we stand".
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

.Although the Queen dismissed Smith in a formal declaration and the international community applied sanctions against Rhodesia, Smith's regime survived for another eleven years.^ Although Charles is the formal heir-apparent, there has been continuing speculation that when the Queen dies or abdicates then the crown will pass not to Charles, but to his eldest son.

^ However, we expected that because of the gravity of the problem, in a year, the international community would be considering the issue more seriously.

^ Queen never actually disbanded, although their last album (not including compilations) was released in 1995, four years after Freddie Mercury's death.

[Bond 4]
.In February 1974, an inconclusive United Kingdom general election result meant that, in theory, the outgoing British Prime Minister, Edward Heath, whose Conservative party had won the popular vote, could stay in office if he formed a coalition government with the Liberals.^ It is also the party that won an unpredecented 47% of the vote in the last election.

^ Q:If the general election was tomorrow, which party would you vote for?
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ British prime minister.

.Rather than immediately resign as Prime Minister, Heath explored this option, and resigned only when discussions on forming a cooperative government foundered, after which the Queen asked the Leader of the Opposition, Labour's Harold Wilson, to form a government.^ Would she not then ask the leader of the next largest party to form a government.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ From October 2005 until November 2008, the Labour-led government was in formal coalition with the New Zealand Progressive Party Progressive Party, Jim Anderton being its only MP. In addition, New Zealand First and United Future provided confidence and supply in return for their leaders being ministers outside cabinet.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Cabinet is the most senior policy-making body and is led by the Prime Minister of New Zealand Prime Minister, who is also, by convention, the Parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

[Shawcross 10]
.A year later, at the height of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam was dismissed from his post by Governor-General Sir John Kerr after the Opposition-controlled Senate rejected Whitlam's budget proposals.^ Icelandic foreign and later prime minister.

^ Image:Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand.jpg thumbnail 150px Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II, Monarchy of New Zealand Queen of New Zealand - Image:Anand Satyanand.JPG thumbnail 150px Anand Satyanand, Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General - Image:John Key National Party2.jpg thumbnail 150px John Key, Prime Minister of New Zealand } New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Thailand : General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état , deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan .

[Bond .5][Shawcross 11] The Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives, Gordon Scholes, appealed to the Queen on behalf of the house to reverse Kerr's decision, on the basis that Whitlam's Labor Party still enjoyed the confidence of the house.^ The government can continue to rule only if it retains majority support in the House of Representatives, or can secure the support of other political parties to give it a majority to pass legislation and survive parliamentary confidence votes."
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

.Elizabeth declined, stating that it was not appropriate for her to intervene in affairs that are reserved for the Governor-General alone by the Constitution of Australia.^ Image:Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand.jpg thumbnail 150px Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II, Monarchy of New Zealand Queen of New Zealand - Image:Anand Satyanand.JPG thumbnail 150px Anand Satyanand, Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General - Image:John Key National Party2.jpg thumbnail 150px John Key, Prime Minister of New Zealand } New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Elizabeth II of New Zealand Elizabeth II, as the Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand, is the country's head of state and is represented by a ceremonial Governor-General of New Zealand Governor-General who holds reserve powers.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ The Governor-General exercises the Crown's prerogative powers, such as the power to appoint and dismiss ministers and to dissolve Parliament, and in rare situations, the reserve powers.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

[35] The crisis fuelled Australian republicanism.[Bond 6][Shawcross 12]

Silver Jubilee

.In 1977, Elizabeth marked the Silver Jubilee of her accession.^ In 2002 the Queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of her accession to the throne.

Events took place in many countries throughout the Queen's associated Commonwealth tour, and included a service of thanksgiving at St. Paul's Cathedral attended by dignitaries and other heads of state. .Parties were held throughout the Commonwealth realms, culminating in several Jubilee Days in the United Kingdom, in June.^ The house of Orange-Nassau were given the modern-day Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg to rule, to become known as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.

^ Charles Fremantle arrives in the HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom .

^ The creation in 1988 of the Canadian Heraldic Authority by Letters Patent, signed by The Queen, established Canada as the first Commonwealth realm outside the United Kingdom to have its own heraldic authority.

In Britain, commemorative stamps were issued. .The Jubilee Line of the London Underground (though opened in 1979) was named for the anniversary, as were several other public locations and spaces, including the Jubilee Gardens in London's South Bank.^ Several other films featured their songs, including Iron Eagle , Wayne's World , Small Soldiers and A Knight's Tale .

^ Several notable publications, including The Guardian, The Economist, and numerous tabloids, also profess republicanism.

.In Canada, the Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal was issued.^ Coronation portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Personality and Image .

^ HM Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada was also in London (and on Canadian territory) a few years ago when she visited the recently renovated Canada House in Trafalgar Square.

^ The most notable features of the Canadian constitutional monarchy are: Although Queen Elizabeth II is also monarch of the United Kingdom, this does not mean that the United Kingdom has any sovereignty over Canada (nor that Canada has any sovereignty over the United Kingdom).

.In 1978, she endured a state visit by the brutal communist dictator of Romania, Nicolae Ceauşescu,[Roberts 4][Shawcross 13] but the following year brought two blows: one was the unmasking of Anthony Blunt, Surveyor of the Queen's Pictures, as a communist spy; the other was the assassination of her relative and in-law Earl Mountbatten of Burma by the Provisional Irish Republican Army.^ Two other commentators have also recorded segments, one is the former Features Editor for British Vogue and correspondent for Fashion File and the other is a "Celebrity Lifestylist".

^ Fluent in English (her husband was not), Madame Chiang visited the United States often; she's pictured above with U.S. 1st Lady Eleanor Roosevelt in 1943.

^ Ex had an orange grove and we helped to pick the oranges when we followed the harvest one year.

[Roberts 5]
.According to Paul Martin, Sr., by the end of the 1970s the Queen was worried that the Crown "had little meaning for" Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.^ This short debate took place during The Queen's Canadian homecoming and followed pro-republican comments made by then Liberal Cabinet Minister (and one time Prime Ministerial hopeful) John Manley.

^ "Two minutes for one shot, and I mean two minutes for one shot," growled the British Prime Minister as he lit a cigar.

^ American actress 1968 - A South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes during takeoff at Windhoek , South-West Africa killing 122 1968 - Pierre Trudeau was sworn in as prime minister of Canada.

[36] .Tony Benn said that the Queen found Trudeau to be "rather disappointing".[36] Trudeau's supposed republicanism seemed to be confirmed by his antics, such as sliding down banisters at Buckingham Palace and pirouetting behind the Queen's back in 1977, and the removal of various Canadian royal symbols during his term of office.^ During Thatcher's period in government, an unnamed source in Buckingham Palace reported that the Queen was worried that the right wing policies of the Thatcher government were dividing Britain and hurting the Commonwealth.

^ This short debate took place during The Queen's Canadian homecoming and followed pro-republican comments made by then Liberal Cabinet Minister (and one time Prime Ministerial hopeful) John Manley.

^ Portraits of the Queen can be found in most Canadian government buildings Canada is a Constitutional Monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state.

[36] .Martin—along with John Roberts and Mark MacGuigan—was sent to the UK in 1980 to discuss the patriation of the Canadian constitution.^ American physicist and winner of the 1972 Nobel Prize for Physics, along with John Bardeen and John Robert Schrieffer, for his role in developing the BCS (for their initials) theory of superconductivity.

^ John Martin was sent to attempt a settlement at Nansemond, on the south side of the James below Jamestown, while Capt.

^ Martin Elam also mentions in his will silver spoons "two of them on old Robert Elam's mark".

.The Queen was interested in the constitutional debate, particularly after the failure of Bill C-60, which would have affected her role as head of state.^ Supporters of the monarchy argue that a republican head of state would cost more, not less, than the current monarchy.

^ Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state and is titled Monarchy in New Zealand Queen of New Zealand under the Royal Titles Act 1974.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ In some countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, North America and the Pacific, a "King" is the hereditary head of a nation-state, except when a queen or other head of state fills the role.

[36] .The entire party found the Queen "better informed on both the substance and the politics of Canada's constitutional case than any of the British politicians or bureaucrats".[36] As a result of the constitutional patriation, the role of the British parliament in the Canadian constitution was removed, but the monarchy was retained.^ Its constitutional independence from Parliament is maintained by non-political appointments and strict rules regarding tenure in office.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ But here’s where it gets a bit tricky: The Constitutional Court just agreed to hear a case seeking to ban the governing party and 71 of its members from politics for five years because they are pursuing an anti-secularist agenda.

^ This is like saying that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has watched more hours of television than all other British monarchs combined.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Trudeau said in his memoirs: "The Queen favoured my attempt to reform the Constitution. .I was always impressed not only by the grace she displayed in public at all times, but by the wisdom she showed in private conversation."^ During my time in IT at Dell in 2003, I not only was related stories of practices which displayed an egregious disregard for employee health, safety and true productivity, I witnessed them.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ I am suspicious about this poll, it smacks of the time the LD surged when it snowed only to find it was a rogue by the polls either side showing it was an aberation.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ She is both a public figure, and, by all accounts, an exceedingly private person.

[37]

1980s

Lady wearing red uniform on a black horse flanked by two other riders dressed as guardsmen
Elizabeth riding "Burmese" at a Trooping the Colour ceremony
.During the 1981 Trooping the Colour ceremony, six blank cartridges were fired at the Queen from close range as she rode down The Mall on her horse "Burmese".[38] Nobody was hurt, and the 17-year-old assailant, Marcus Sarjeant, was later sentenced to five years' imprisonment.^ (AP, 7/8/00) 1990 Sept 10, In Catamarca, Argentina, the body of 17-year-old Maria Soledad Morales was found.
  • Timeline Argentina 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: News]

^ The neighboring island of Nevis was colonized five years later.

^ Queen bees cannot live more then five years.

[39] .The Canadian House of Commons passed a motion praising the Queen's bravery.^ Posted by Young Fogey (www.bloggingyoungfogey.blogspot.com) at 10:02 0 comments Links to this post Labels: Canada House , Canadian War Memorial , Queen of Canada .

^ HM Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada was also in London (and on Canadian territory) a few years ago when she visited the recently renovated Canada House in Trafalgar Square.

^ Canadian House of Commons.

[33] .The following year, the Queen found herself in another precarious situation when she awoke in her bedroom at Buckingham Palace to find a strange man, Michael Fagan, in the room with her.^ Ironically, for the last ten years, the Union Flag has flown above Buckingham Palace every day that The Queen has not been in residence.

^ Queen to open Palace doors Buckingham Palace opened to the public for the first time in a bid to raise funds to repair Windsor Castle.

^ Buckingham Palace press releases ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE PREGNANCY OF THE COUNTESS OF WESSEX 2 July 2007 THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT IS ISSUED BY THE PRESS SECRETARY TO THE QUEEN Their Royal Highnesses The Earl and Countess of Wessex are very pleased to announce that The Countess of Wessex is expecting a baby in December.

.Remaining calm throughout, for about seven minutes, and through two calls to the palace police switchboard, Elizabeth spoke to Fagan while he sat at the foot of her bed until assistance arrived.^ Circumstances intervened and he remained there about seven years.

^ Oh, there were police and passersby standing around and he struggled and called out for a good 20 minutes.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[40] .From April to September that year, the Queen remained anxious[Bond 7] but proud[Shawcross 14] of her son, Prince Andrew, who was serving with British forces during the Falklands War.^ The two had been accused of an 01 April sex crime at their home against a 14-year-old girl.

^ During World War II, British and Canadian troops liberated the Nazi Bergen-Belsen concentration camp .

^ Ferndinand Huddleston has son Colonel William Huddleston who served in the Civil War.

.Though she hosted President Ronald Reagan at Windsor Castle in 1982, and visited his Californian ranch in 1983, she was angered when his administration ordered the invasion of Grenada, one of her Caribbean realms, without her foreknowledge.^ While President Ford, history notes, was a good man, President Reagan loved Americans; President Ford liked Americans, though that is still far better than what we have today.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1981, when Ronald Reagan became president and the era of modern conservative “supply-side” economics began, we were the world’s biggest creditor nation.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Iran-Contra affair : The Tower Commission rebukes American President Ronald Reagan for not controlling his national security staff.

[Bond 8]
.During Margaret Thatcher's tenure as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the 1980s, it was rumoured that Elizabeth was worried that Thatcher's economic policies fostered social divisions, and was reportedly alarmed by high unemployment, a series of riots, the violence of a miners' strike,[41] and Thatcher's refusal to apply sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa.^ Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (1926- ) .
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.org [Source type: Academic]

^ During Thatcher's period in government, an unnamed source in Buckingham Palace reported that the Queen was worried that the right wing policies of the Thatcher government were dividing Britain and hurting the Commonwealth.

^ Farish III is rich enough to extend his largesse even to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, probably the richest individual in the world.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[Shawcross 15][42] The Queen was even said to "cordially dislike" Thatcher.[43] It was claimed that Thatcher told Brian Walden, "the Queen is the kind of woman who could vote SDP [the Social Democratic Party—Thatcher's political opponents]."[41] Despite such speculation, Thatcher later conveyed her personal admiration for the Queen. .In the BBC documentary Queen & Country, Thatcher described the Queen as "marvellous" and "a perfect lady" who "always knows just what to say", referring, in particular, to her final meeting as prime minister.^ People know there are six or more Cabinet Ministers who should be sacked.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ Cabinet is the most senior policy-making body and is led by the Prime Minister of New Zealand Prime Minister, who is also, by convention, the Parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition.
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]
  • The New Zealand Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 20 September 2009 19:20 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: News]

^ Bush confided that he had been coordinating his plans with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, and that he had agreed with her on the necessity for "international cooperation" on green iss ues.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .Belying reports of acrimony between them, after Thatcher retired from politics, Elizabeth conferred on her two personal gifts of the Sovereign: the Order of Merit and the Order of the Garter.^ Appointments to the Order are in the Sovereign's personal gift and ministerial advice is not required."

^ They want to make you and I believe that this is a contest between two men...that we are to choose just between two personalities.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Honours that are within the Queen’s personal gift: the Order of the Garter, the Order of the Thistle, the Order of Merit, and the Royal Victorian Order and Chain, are beyond the influence of the Government and as such should not be regarded as national honours.

[Roberts .6][Shawcross 16] Both the Queen and Prince Philip attended Thatcher's 80th birthday party.^ Though the Royal House is named Windsor, it was decreed that the descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip should have the personal surname Mountbatten-Windsor.

^ Kelly is warmly regarded by members of the Royal Family and was invited to join the Royal Family on a private cruise and also to attend The Queen's intimate 80th birthday dinner at The Ritz in London.

^ Children of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip .

[45]
.In 1991, Elizabeth became the first British monarch to address a joint session of the United States Congress.^ First offset Skytruck to United States .

^ Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to appear on television .

^ First, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrants , Jorge Bustamante , has released his report on his mission to the United States earlier this year (posted on here and here ).

[46] .The following year, she attempted to save the failing marriage of her eldest son, Charles, by counselling him and his wife, Diana, Princess of Wales, to patch up their differences.^ Although Charles is the formal heir-apparent, there has been continuing speculation that when the Queen dies or abdicates then the crown will pass not to Charles, but to his eldest son.

^ The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand , a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany 's legal action to attempt to save him.

^ I believe that with the marriage of Constable Robert Huddleston and Elizabeth Morgan that the son Robert Huddleston shown actually born in 1734 (2 years after the Constable was married) as evident by the birth of his wife Elizabeth Carter in 1738 and they married in 1759.

[Brandreth 14] She was unsuccessful, and the couple formally separated.

Annus horribilis

Elderly couple in evening wear. She holds a pair of spectacles to her mouth in a thoughtful pose.
Prince Philip and Elizabeth II, October 1992
.The Queen called 1992 her "annus horribilis" in a speech on 24 November 1992.[47] The year saw her daughter divorced, one son separated and another whose marriage was rocky.^ Item I give unto MY DAUGHTER ANNE JACOB five pounds to be paide unto her within one year after my decease.

^ Sir John and Joan had one son, another John born c.1488, (there is a mention of a daughter, Alice in the will of Sir John.

^ The will of Thomas Hansford's son, William Hansford, was recorded July 24, 1709, and mentions a wife, Mary, who seems to have been a sister of David Morce, called in the will "brother-in-law," and three sons, William, Thomas, and David, and one daughter, Elizabeth, all under age.

.Windsor Castle suffered severe fire damage, and the monarchy received increased criticism and public scrutiny.^ Queen to open Palace doors Buckingham Palace opened to the public for the first time in a bid to raise funds to repair Windsor Castle.

^ Fire at the Central library of the City of Los Angeles Public Library , some 400,000 books and other items damaged or destroyed.

[Brandreth 15][Roberts 7][Shawcross 17] In an unusually personal speech, she said that any institution must expect criticism, but suggested it be done with "a touch of humour, gentleness and understanding".[Brandreth 16]
.In the ensuing years, public revelations on the state of Charles and Diana's marriage continued.^ (SFC, 1/21/02, p.E3) 1971 A 29-year litigation began over a federal and state suit to desegregate Mississippi's public universities.
  • Timeline 1971 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[Brandreth .17][Roberts 8][Shawcross 18] Eventually, in consultation with the British Prime Minister John Major, Archbishop of Canterbury George Carey, her private secretary Robert Fellowes, and her husband, she wrote to both Charles and Diana saying that a divorce was now desirable.^ George III 's sixth prime minister.

^ British prime minister.

^ He was captured by Major Robert Beverley, at the house of Colonel George Reade, deceased.

[Brandreth .18] A year after the divorce, Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997. At the time, the Queen was on holiday at Balmoral with her son and grandchildren.^ Mike Tyson is sentenced to a year's imprisonment for the August 31, 1998 assault on two people.

^ She has managed to reflect the expectations of the British public for the role near-perfectly, with one notable exception when she and the other royals were perceived to be unmoved by the public outpouring of grief following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales on August 31, 1997.

In their grief, Diana's two sons wanted to attend church, and so their grandparents took them that morning.[Brandreth .19] For five days, the Queen and the Duke shielded their grandsons from the ensuing press interest by keeping them at Balmoral, where they could grieve in private.^ Could it be they are a little worried about all the negative press that arose from those 30 Muslims?
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Could it be because they see what a failure a privatized system is?
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Once this took place, Richardson and a local delegation decided to travel to St Mary City to negotiate with Calvert so that they could keep their properties.

[Brandreth 19][Bond 9] The royal family's seclusion caused public dismay.[Brandreth .20][Bond 10][Roberts 9][Shawcross 19] Pressured by her family, friends, the new British Prime Minister Tony Blair, and public reaction, the Queen agreed to a live broadcast to the world on 5 September.^ British prime minister.

^ The following question has been posted in a monarchist newsgroup: "On Remembrance Day 2003, HM The Queen of Australia opened a war memorial to the Australian dead of the two World Wars in London, UK. In attendance were her prime minister, John Howard, and the British prime minister, Tony Blair.

^ Posted by Young Fogey (www.bloggingyoungfogey.blogspot.com) at 18:49 3 comments Links to this post Labels: Blair Benedict XVI , Blair Pope , Blair Roman Catholic , Blair Vatican , Prime Minister conversion , Tony Blair conversion .

[Brandreth .21] In it, she expressed admiration for Diana, and her feelings "as a grandmother" for Princes William and Harry.^ The media section was directly across from the area in which TRH Princes William and Harry were seated and we were therefore afforded prime viewing of the show.

^ I was delighted to see the Standard of HRH Prince William of Wales flying at Wembley Stadium during the Concert for Diana.

[Bond 11][Brandreth 22] The public mood was transformed by the broadcast from hostility to respect.[Bond 11]

Golden Jubilee and beyond

Seated elderly lady wearing spectacles, a tiara and a ball gown holds a wine glass of water and smiles into the eyes of a standing middle-aged man in evening wear who leans down towards her with his own glass
Elizabeth II and George W. Bush share a toast during a state dinner at the White House, 7 May 2007
.In 2002, as Elizabeth marked her Golden Jubilee as queen, her sister and mother died in February and March, respectively.^ In 2002 the Queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of her accession to the throne.

^ Norreys was to prosper under Elizabeth, who took the view that his father had died for his loyalty to Queen Anne and who bestowed her friendship on him and his wife.

^ Elizabeth died on March 24, 1603, at Richmond Palace in Surrey and is buried at Westminster Abbey.

.She again undertook an extensive tour of her realms, which began in Jamaica in February, where she called the farewell banquet "memorable" after a power cut plunged the King's House, the official residence of the Governor-General, into darkness.^ The case was settled in Wyatt's instructions of January 1638/39 when he was instructed "Once a year to call a General Assembly and the Governor therein to have a negative voice."

^ This draws me to the conclusion that the presence of the King rendered the position of Viceroy unnecessary and therefore the Viceroy and Governor General could function only as GG (chief administrator).

^ While The Queen's powers in Commonwealth realms are limited to appointing the Governor-General (and even this is done on the advice of the prime minister), her name and image play a prominent role in political institutions and symbols.

[Brandreth 23] As in 1977, there were street parties and commemorative events, and monuments were named to honour the occasion. .Though Elizabeth has enjoyed good health throughout her life, in 2003 she had keyhole surgery on both knees, and in June 2005 she cancelled several engagements after contracting a bad cold.^ Micheal Moore is nothing more than a propgandist, he wont show both sides to any of his movies and him telling me that Canadas health system is sooo good when I have pts from there saying how bad it is.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Reruns and pre-emptions aired in that time slot throughout the following April and May, and in June, CBS announced that The Ed Sullivan Show had been cancelled.
  • Timeline 1971 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC timelines.ws [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The main hospital is the 600-bed Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Bridgetown, and there are several well-equipped health clinics distributed throughout the island.

.In October 2006, the Queen cancelled her appointment to officially open the new Emirates Stadium, because of a strained back muscle that had been troubling her since the summer.^ The actor's just back from a visit to Iraq as a "goodwill ambassador" for the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees , a title she's held since summer 2001.

^ Well when this queen story broke today, I said, I have got to get back on the air because I don't know what.

^ "We must decisively win the battle for the January elections in Iraq because this will be a breakthrough and will open up new positive scenarios in Iraq," the president said.

[48] .In December, there were rumours of ill health when she was seen in public with a plaster on her right hand.^ When a given society makes a commitment to healthcare as a right, there is a clear incentive to educate the people of that society on health.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[49] She had been bitten by one of her corgis while she was separating two that were fighting.[50]
.In May 2007, the Queen was reported to be "exasperated and frustrated" by the policies of British Prime Minister Tony Blair.^ British prime minister.

^ During Thatcher's period in government, an unnamed source in Buckingham Palace reported that the Queen was worried that the right wing policies of the Thatcher government were dividing Britain and hurting the Commonwealth.

^ Posted by Young Fogey (www.bloggingyoungfogey.blogspot.com) at 18:49 3 comments Links to this post Labels: Blair Benedict XVI , Blair Pope , Blair Roman Catholic , Blair Vatican , Prime Minister conversion , Tony Blair conversion .

[51] .Elizabeth was rumoured to have shown concern that the British Armed Forces were overstretched in Iraq and Afghanistan, and she was supposed to have raised concerns over rural and countryside issues with Blair repeatedly.^ In celebrating that date, we will be remembering the ingenuity, heroism, the world-beating professionalism, and of course, the sacrifices, of the British armed forces, whose people were then, and are today, the best in the world.

[51] .Elizabeth was, however, reported to admire Blair's efforts to achieve peace in Northern Ireland.^ The Northern Ireland peace talks have ended with an historic agreement called the Good Friday Agreement.

[52] On 20 March 2008, at the Church of Ireland St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh, the Queen attended the first Maundy Service held outside of England and Wales.[53]
.The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary in 2007; their marriage is the longest of any British monarch.^ If the government seriously wants a national celebration of Britishness it should organise major events on Coronation Day or Queen Victoria's birthday.

^ This is like saying that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has watched more hours of television than all other British monarchs combined.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh and members of both families are delighted with the news.

.The Queen's reign is longer than those of her four immediate predecessors combined (Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII, and George VI).^ Edward VII (1901-1910) his son, George V (1910-1936) The House of Windsor .

^ As is visible in the photograph preceding the "Daily Life" section, the queen is noticeably longer than the worker honeybees surrounding her.

^ This is like saying that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has watched more hours of television than all other British monarchs combined.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

.She is the third-longest-reigning monarch of the United Kingdom, the second-longest-serving current monarch of a sovereign state (after King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand), and the oldest reigning British monarch.^ The British monarch or sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament ) legislative power.

^ Had Mohammed Zahir Shah continued to reign until his death he would have reigned for 74 years, easily surpassing the two longest-reigning living monarchs, King Bhumibol (Rama IX) of Thailand and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (and Her other realms).

^ American Revolutionary War : The United Kingdom formally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States of America .

.She has no intention of abdicating,[54] though the proportion of public duties performed by Prince Charles may increase as Elizabeth reduces her commitments.^ The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6 1952) and the Heir Apparent is Charles, Prince of Wales (son of the Queen, born November 14 1948).

[55]
Elizabeth could become the longest-lived British head of state (surpassing Richard Cromwell) on 29 January 2012 at age 85, the longest-reigning monarch in British history and the longest-reigning queen regnant in world history (surpassing Queen Victoria) on 10 September 2015 at age 89, and the longest-reigning monarch in European history (surpassing King Louis XIV of France) on 26 May 2024 at age 98.
.If still reigning, Elizabeth will again address the United Nations on 6 July 2010 as queen of all of her realms,[56] and celebrate in 2012 her Diamond Jubilee as queen, marking 60 years on the throne.^ In 2002 the Queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of her accession to the throne.

^ Elizabeth I (September 7, 1533 - March 24, 1603) was Queen of England (reigned November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603) and the last Tudor ruler.

^ Farish III is rich enough to extend his largesse even to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, probably the richest individual in the world.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Queen Victoria in 1897 is the only other British monarch to have celebrated a Diamond Jubilee.^ This is like saying that Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has watched more hours of television than all other British monarchs combined.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Such a husband is popularly called the prince consort; however, this title has so far been granted officially only to Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

^ The British monarch or sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament ) legislative power.

Public perception and character

.
Two riders on black horses: both riders wear tweed jackets, jodhpurs and riding boots.</span><span class=^ Queen Elizabeth II was born.

^ Farish III is rich enough to extend his largesse even to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, probably the richest individual in the world.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council , stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor , and that her descendants will take the name " Mountbatten-Windsor ".

The gentleman is bare-headed; the lady wears a headscarf." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/3/5/1/09645301580994374.jpg" width="220" height="148" class="thumbimage" />
Elizabeth II and Ronald Reagan riding at Windsor, 1982
Since Elizabeth rarely gives interviews, little is known of her personal feelings. .As a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth has not expressed her own political opinions in a public forum.^ Portraits of the Queen can be found in most Canadian government buildings Canada is a Constitutional Monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state.

^ Queen Elizabeth II There are two situations in which the monarch may have political power.

^ The most notable features of the Canadian constitutional monarchy are: Although Queen Elizabeth II is also monarch of the United Kingdom, this does not mean that the United Kingdom has any sovereignty over Canada (nor that Canada has any sovereignty over the United Kingdom).

.She does have a deep sense of religious and civic duty, and takes her coronation oath seriously.^ But the thing I have to ask is why does it take a Frank J. Gaffney Jr. Isn’t this just common sense?
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Just where does common sense, official duties to the Constitution and the American citizen fit in here exactly?
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[57][Shawcross 20] Her clothes consist mostly of solid-colour overcoats and decorative hats, which allow her to be seen easily in a crowd.[58] Her main leisure interests include equestrianism, photography, and dogs, especially her Pembroke Welsh Corgis.[5]
.In the 1950s, as a young woman at the start of her reign, Elizabeth was depicted as a glamorous "fairytale Queen".[Bond 12] After the trauma of the war, it was a time of hope, a period of progress and achievement heralding a "new Elizabethan age".[Bond 13][Roberts 10][Shawcross 21] Lord Altrincham's accusation in 1957 that she was a "priggish schoolgirl" was an extremely rare criticism.^ Newest posted Saturday, 12 September 2009, at 10:21 p.m.
  • Gloversville.com Message Board - Message Index 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC cygnusio.com [Source type: General]

^ SimonStClare May 31st, 2009 at 12:21 am 500 - Tyson, must be hard to breath and type at the same time when you are as thick as you are!
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ American Civil War : A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addresses his troops for the last time.

[Bond .14][Shawcross 22] In the late 1960s, attempts to portray a more modern image of monarchy were made in the television documentary Royal Family, and by televising Prince Charles's investiture as Prince of Wales.^ The land lay on the north side of the James River above "Shirley" and remained in the Royall family for more than 200 years.

^ (The royal palace in Edinburgh, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, once home to Scottish kings and queens like Mary, Queen of Scots, is now regularly used again, with at least one member of the Royal Family, often the Prince of Wales or Princess Royal frequently in residence).

^ Attempted assassination of Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails.

[Bond .15][Roberts 11] At her silver jubilee, the crowds and celebrations were genuinely enthusiastic,[Bond 16][Roberts 12][Shawcross 23] but in the 1980s public criticism of the royal family increased, as the personal and working lives of Elizabeth's children came under media scrutiny.^ About 1735, Robert and Elizabeth Carter came to live at Warner Hall with their mother and stepfather.

^ Forty five percent of the respondents use the Internet everyday or almost everyday, 23 pct use it few times a week, 15 pct once a week, 11 pct a few times a month and 4 pct once a month.

^ Or should Moses have told the children of Israel to live in slavery under the pharaohs?
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[Bond .17][Roberts 13] Elizabeth's popularity sank to a low point in the 1990s; under pressure from public opinion she began to pay income tax for the first time, and Buckingham Palace was opened to the public.^ The top 1 percent saw their share of the income tax bill climb even more dramatically, from 17.6 percent in 1981 to 27.5 percent in 1988.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Birkenhead Park , the first civic public park, was opened in Birkenhead .

^ In mid-November the Sejm passed the amended PIT tax law under which taxpeyers with annual income exceeding ca.

[Bond .9] Discontent with the monarchy reached its peak on the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, though the Queen's popularity rebounded after her live broadcast to the world five days after Diana's death.^ Advocates for this suggest that Charles is unsuitable as a monarch because of his divorce from Diana, Princess of Wales.

^ Queen bees cannot live more then five years.

^ She has managed to reflect the expectations of the British public for the role near-perfectly, with one notable exception when she and the other royals were perceived to be unmoved by the public outpouring of grief following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales on August 31, 1997.

[Bond 9] In November 1999, a referendum in Australia on the future of the monarchy favoured its retention.[Roberts .14][Shawcross 24] As her Golden Jubilee year began, the media speculated whether it would be a success or a failure.^ In 2002 the Queen celebrated her Golden Jubilee, marking the 50th year of her accession to the throne.

^ Later in 1887, her golden jubilee brought her to new heights of popularity, and she went on to celebrate a diamond jubilee ten years later.

^ Elizabeth wisely avoided both extremes, and, after a few years, as her hold on the throne was strengthened, it began to seem less likely that she would ever marry or have children.

[Bond .18] The year began sombrely with the death of Elizabeth's sister and mother, but a million people attended each day of the three-day main Jubilee celebration in London.^ Last day of the Assyrian New Year Celebration.

^ The past three days have afforded this Young Fogey such an array of social distraction that he has been unable to attend to his usual routine, which includes blog-writing.

^ Her Majesty has faithfully fulfilled her oath for over 50 years and on this Coronation Day all of her peoples in each of her far-flung realms should give thanks.

[Bond .19] The enthusiasm shown by the public for Elizabeth was greater than many journalists had predicted.^ Many of these same news outlets may respond that the private views of their journalists is not the same as public bias.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[Bond .20] Polls in 2006 revealed strong support for Elizabeth; the majority of respondents desired that she remain on the throne until her death, and many felt that she had become an institution in herself.^ After his death in 1627, she married Governor Francis West and remained in Virginia until her death in 1628.

^ Elizabeth succeeded to the throne following the death of her father in 1952.

^ After twenty years of confinement, Mary Stuart allowed herself to become implicated in yet another plot by Catholic sympathisers, led by Sir Antony Babington to rescue her and place her on the throne in Elizabeth's place.

[59] .Referenda in Tuvalu in 2008 and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 2009 both rejected proposals to abolish the monarchy.^ Referenda on a United Nations plan , which proposes to re-unite the island of Cyprus , take place in both the Republic of Cyprus controlled and Turkish controlled parts.

[60]

Finances

View across a pond to a large Victorian mansion surrounded by lawns and shrubbery
Sandringham House, Elizabeth's private residence in Sandringham, Norfolk
Elizabeth's personal fortune has been the subject of speculation for many years. .Forbes magazine estimated her net worth at around GB£270 million (US$450 million) in 2009,[61] but official Buckingham Palace statements in 1993 called estimates of £100 million "grossly overstated".[62][Hoey 6] The Royal Collection, which includes artworks and the Crown Jewels, is not owned by the Queen personally and is held in trust,[63][64] as are the occupied palaces in the United Kingdom such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle,[65] and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued at £323 million in 2009.[66] As with many of her predecessors, Elizabeth is reported to dislike Buckingham Palace as a residence, and prefers Windsor Castle.^ Usage per 100 million Persons .

^ Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (1926- ) .
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Royal Institute of British Architects 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.ribapix.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Mosbacher's net personal worth is estimated at $200 million.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54] .Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle are privately owned by the Queen.^ Queen Victoria died in 1901, at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight and was buried at Frogmore, Windsor Castle.

^ Quotes The quote is believed to have led to the "castle exception" of self-defense: "A man's house is his castle - for where shall a man be safe if it be not in his own house?"

[65] .Income from the British Crown Estate—with holdings of £6 billion in 2009[67]—is transferred to the British treasury in return for Civil List payments.^ In 1760 King George III agreed to surrender his income from hereditary revenues such as the Crown Estate in exchange for funding from the Civil List, which was funded by taxation.

^ These hereditary revenues of the Crown, the proceeds of which now pass directly into state coffers, far exceed the sum of the annual Civil List.

^ For example, the Crown Estate alone generates annual revenue of approximately £200 million for the Treasury.

.Both the Crown Estate and the Crown Land of Canada—comprising 89% of Canada's area[68]—are owned by the Sovereign in trust for the nation, and cannot be sold or owned by Elizabeth in a private capacity.^ Elizabeth and Hedworth Williamson sold the estates 2.

^ We might expect a similar scenario in the case of our own monarchy, although this cannot be guaranteed as the Regency Act permits the establishment of a regency only where a sovereign exists.

^ Canada does not have fully nationalized health care; its doctors are in private practice and send their bills to the government for reimbursement.
  • Think Progress » Bush Administration Subpoenas Michael Moore 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

Religion

.Aside from her official religious role as Supreme Governor of the established Church of England, Elizabeth personally worships with that church and with the national Church of Scotland.^ Henry VIII of England recognized as supreme head of the Church of England .

^ Information taken from Queen Elizabeth, The Unwanted Queen Reigned 1558-1603 Although she returned the Church of England to power, she showed tolerance toward Catholics at first.

^ Although the Church of England was dis-established as the official Church following the American Revolution and most of the duties of the vestry turned over to county officials, the parishes continued in existence.

[69] She regularly attends Sunday service at Crathie Kirk when in Balmoral.[70] Frequently, the Queen will add a personal note about her faith to her annual Royal Christmas Message broadcast to the Commonwealth, such as in 2000, when she spoke about the theological significance of the millennium marking the 2000th anniversary of the birth of Jesus Christ:
.
To many of us, our beliefs are of fundamental importance.^ These proliferating bureaus with their thousands of regulations have cost us many of our constitutional safeguards.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.For me the teachings of Christ and my own personal accountability before God provide a framework in which I try to lead my life.^ Peter from Putney May 30th, 2009 at 11:02 pm My own personal preference was Balls to CoE, Darling to replace Smith at Home.
  • politicalbetting.com » Blog Archive » Lib Dems move into second place in new ICM poll? 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC politicalbetting.com [Source type: General]

^ I knew him long before he ever dreamed of trying for high office, and I can tell you personally I have never known a man in my life I believe so incapable of doing a dishonest or dishonorable thing.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ It's been accepted that for me to copy that record onto CD, tape or mp3 for my own personal use in the United States, it is perfectly acceptable under the concept of fair use .
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

.I, like so many of you, have drawn great comfort in difficult times from Christ's words and example.^ It’s also likely that many more will be dying in a mad dash in the coming months with the hope of making it in time for your “non-amnesty”.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ By this time, many of the great LBOs had begun to collapse.
  • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In total France makes approximately four times as many awards as Great Britain in any one year.

[71][Shawcross 25]
.Elizabeth also demonstrated support for inter-faith relations, often meeting with leaders of other religions, and granting her personal patronage to the Council of Christians and Jews.^ Apparently only Christian holidays deserve "cultural insensitivity", as the loony left would have called it had it been any other religion in question.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City ).

^ Senator Lugar meets with me and other WAC members (Photo courtesy of World Affairs Council) .
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

[72]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

See adjacent text Capital letter E surmounted by a crown and surrounded by a wreath of Tudor roses, in gold on a blue background
Arms 1944–1952
The Queen's Personal Flag

Titles and styles

.Elizabeth has held titles throughout her life, as a granddaughter of the monarch, as a daughter of the monarch, through her husband's titles, and eventually as Sovereign.^ In this will, Samuel Morgan gave to his daughter Elizabeth the Negro woman Hannah for life, then to her children (no names mentioned), one might assume that she was living and had children at that time.

^ Thornas Hansford, of Elizabeth City, married Hanuah, daughter of John Davis, and a granddaughter of John R. Davis (who died in 1784), a lieutenant in the State navy during the Revolution.

^ Then through researching the LDS we learn of an Elizabeth Lewis born in 1726 who was the daughter of John Lewis and Joanna Taylor and an Elizabeth Lewis born in 1696 who was the daughter of John Lewis III and Elizabeth Melson.

In common parlance, she is The Queen or Her Majesty. .Officially, she has a distinct title in each of her realms: Queen of Canada in Canada, Queen of Australia in Australia, etc.^ In Canada The Queen's Official Birthday falls upon Victoria Day, which is the Monday on or before May 24 (the date of the old Empire Day and the date of Queen Victoria's birth).

^ Besides being Queen of the United Kingdom, at her accession she was also Queen of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa (to 1961), Pakistan (to 1956), and Sri Lanka (to 1972).

^ Other realms celebrate the official birthday of HM The Queen on different dates.

.In the Channel Islands and Isle of Man, which are Crown dependencies rather than separate realms, she is known as Duke of Normandy and Lord of Man respectively.^ King Charles declares Virginia, the Bermuda Islands, and New England to be royal colonies directly dependent upon the crown.

^ S hooting the pets of evacuees – that is what law enforcement has begun to do around New Orleans, rather than shooting looters and respecting the right of homeowners to remain.
  • Blogbat: Morals & Ethics Archives 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC blogbat.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The Olive Tree Genealogy So to as to recap(I have been more interested in proving my sources rather than following a chronological line of events); We have Huddleston Lords of Millom.

Additional styles include Defender of the Faith and Duke of Lancaster. When in conversation with the Queen, the practice is to initially address her as Your Majesty and thereafter as Ma'am (to rhyme with "ham").[73]
.Elizabeth has received honours and awards from countries around the world, and has held honorary military positions throughout the Commonwealth, both before and after her accession.^ For 3 decades now the U.S. Department of State each year has issued a report on the human rights practices of other countries throughout the world.

^ She received news from a reliable source that Edward was indeed dead, and promptly sent proclamations throughout the country announcing her accession to the throne.

^ The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts is the third oldest military organization in the world after the Swiss Papal Guard and the Honourable Artillery Company of London.

Arms

From 21 April 1944,[74] Elizabeth's arms consisted of a lozenge bearing the royal coat of arms, differenced with a label of three points argent, the centre bearing a Tudor Rose, and the first and third a cross of St. George.[75] After her accession as Sovereign, she adopted the royal coat of arms undifferenced. .The design of the shield is also used on the Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.^ In the United Kingdom, the term prince consort has been used.

^ Her previous titles were: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York (1926-1936) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (1936-1947) Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (1947-1952) Family .

^ The Queen bears quarterly, I and IV England, II Scotland, III Northern Ireland, which serves as the Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.

.Elizabeth has personal flags for use in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, and elsewhere.^ Similar scenes no doubt occur in Australia and New Zealand on their national holidays.

^ A new red and white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.

^ She also serves as Administrator of the Government , the person who would assume the duties of the Governor-General, the "personal representative of" the "Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand," if the Governor-General should be unable to perform those duties.

[76]

Issue

Name Birth Marriage Issue
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales 14 November 1948 29 July 1981
Divorced 28 August 1996
Lady Diana Spencer Prince William of Wales
Prince Henry of Wales
9 April 2005 Camilla Parker-Bowles
Princess Anne, Princess Royal 15 August 1950 14 November 1973
Divorced 28 April 1992
Mark Phillips Peter Phillips
Zara Phillips
12 December 1992 Timothy Laurence
Prince Andrew, Duke of York 19 February 1960 23 July 1986
Divorced 30 May 1996
Sarah Ferguson Princess Beatrice of York
Princess Eugenie of York
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex 10 March 1964 19 June 1999 Sophie Rhys-Jones Lady Louise Windsor
Viscount Severn

Ancestry

See also


References

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  2. ^ "Queen 'Lilibet' letters unveiled". BBC (BBC). 27 May 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5019736.stm. Retrieved 2 April 2009. 
  3. ^ Rose, Kenneth (1983). King George V. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. 389. ISBN 0-297-78245-2. 
  4. ^ Shawcross, William (2009). Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother: The Official Biography. Macmillan. p. 304. ISBN 9781405048590. 
  5. ^ a b c "80 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Queen Elizabeth". Time. 17 April 2006. http://www.time.com/time/europe/html/060417/facts.html. Retrieved 26 September 2006. 
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  19. ^ Heald, Tim (2007). "Princess Margaret: A Life Unravelled". London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. p. xviii. 
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  35. ^ "The Whitlam Dismissal: Letter from the Queen's Private Secretary". Whitlamdismissal.com. http://whitlamdismissal.com/documents/letter-from-queen.shtml. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  36. ^ a b c d e Heinricks, Geoff (2001). "Trudeau and the Monarchy". Canadian Monarchist News, reprinted from National Post. http://www.monarchist.ca/cmn/2001/opinion.htm. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  37. ^ Trudeau, Pierre Elliott (1993). Memoirs. Toronto: McLelland & Stewart. ISBN 0771085885. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZtMUAAAAYAAJ&q=memoirs+trudeau&dq=memoirs+trudeau&pgis=1. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  38. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY {{|}} 13 {{|}} 1981: Queen shot at by youth". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/13/newsid_2512000/2512333.stm. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 
  39. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY {{|}} 14 {{|}} 1981: Queen's 'fantasy assassin' jailed". news.bbc.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/14/newsid_2516000/2516713.stm. Retrieved 16 February 2010. 
  40. ^ Davidson, Spencer (26 July 1982). "God Save the Queen, Fast". Time: p. 33. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,922952,00.html. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  41. ^ a b Campbell, John (2003). Margaret Thatcher: The Iron Lady. Jonathan Cape. ISBN 0224061569. 
  42. ^ "Newspaper Says Queen Is Upset by Thatcher". The New York Times. 20 July 1986. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0DE4DA153DF933A15754C0A960948260. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  43. ^ White, Roland (19 October 2005). "Atticus". The Sunday Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/article576422.ece. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  44. ^ Bridcut, John (Producer) (2002). "Queen and Country (Documentary)". BBC. 
  45. ^ Wray, James; Stabe, Ulf (14 October 2005). "Thatcher marks 80th birthday with dinner attended by Queen". Monsters and Critics. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/uk/news/article_1054757.php. Retrieved 22 July 2009. 
  46. ^ "Joint Meetings, Joint Sessions, and Inaugurations". Office of the Clerk, US House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/Joint_Meetings/jointAll.html. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  47. ^ "Annus horribilis speech, 24 November 1992". Official website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/ImagesandBroadcasts/Historic%20speeches%20and%20broadcasts/Annushorribilisspeech24November1992.aspx. Retrieved 6 August 2009. 
  48. ^ "Queen cancels visit due to injury". BBC. 26 October 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6087724.stm. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  49. ^ Greenhill, Sam; Hope, Jenny (6 December 2006). "Plaster on Queen's hand: minor cut or IV drip?". Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=420950&in_page_id=1770. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  50. ^ Whittaker, Thomas (14 December 2006). "Corgi put the queen in plaster". The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/article/0,,2-2006570726,00.html. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  51. ^ a b Alderson, Andrew (28 May 2007). "Revealed: Queen's dismay at Blair legacy". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=VUFMK0FTBH0ZPQFIQMFSFFWAVCBQ0IV0?xml=/news/2007/05/27/nqueen27.xml. Retrieved 31 May 2007. 
  52. ^ Alderson, Andrew (27 May 2007). "Tony and Her Majesty: an uneasy relationship". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/05/27/nqueen127.xml. Retrieved 31 May 2007. 
  53. ^ "Historic first for Maundy service". BBC. 20 March 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/7305675.stm. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  54. ^ a b English, Rebecca (20 April 2006). "'The Queen will NEVER consider abdicating'". Associated Newspapers Ltd. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=383595&in_page_id=1770. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  55. ^ "Key aides move to Windsor ahead of Queen's retirement". London Evening Standard. 18 November 2006. http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23375011-details/Key+aides+move+to+Windsor+ahead+of+Queen's+retirement/article.do. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  56. ^ "The Queen to address the United Nations". Royal Household. 22 January 2010. http://www.royal.gov.uk/LatestNewsandDiary/Pressreleases/2010/TheQueentoaddresstheUnitedNations.aspx. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
  57. ^ "Queen 'will do her job for life'". BBC. 19 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4921120.stm. Retrieved 4 February 2007. 
  58. ^ Cartner-Morley, Jess (10 May 2007). "Elizabeth II, belated follower of fashion". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group): p. 2, G2 section. http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,,2076067,00.html. Retrieved 10 May 2007. 
  59. ^ "Monarchy poll". Ipsos MORI. April 2006. http://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/poll.aspx?oItemId=378. Retrieved 24 July 2009. 
  60. ^ "Vincies vote "No"". BBC. 26 November 2009. http://www.bbc.co.uk/caribbean/news/story/2009/11/091126_nib.shtml. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 
  61. ^ von Zeppelin, Cristina (19 August 2009). "The 100 Most Powerful Women #42 Queen Elizabeth II". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/11/power-women-09_Queen-Elizabeth-II_88G5.html. Retrieved 11 March 2009. 
  62. ^ Pierce, Andrew (23 January 2009). "Value of land owned by Queen and Prince Charles rises 10 per cent". Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group Limited). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/theroyalfamily/4317209/Value-of-land-owned-by-Queen-and-Prince-Charles-rises-10-per-cent.html. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  63. ^ "What is the Royal Collection?". The Royal Collection. http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/default.asp?action=article&ID=9. Retrieved 12 November 2008. 
  64. ^ "The Royal Collection". Official website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/The%20Royal%20Collection%20and%20other%20collections/TheRoyalCollection/TheRoyalCollection.aspx. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  65. ^ a b "The Royal Residences: Overview". Official website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/TheRoyalResidences/Overview.aspx. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  66. ^ "Accounts, Annual Reports and Investments". Duchy of Lancaster. 1 October 2009. http://www.duchyoflancaster.co.uk/output/Accounts-Annual-Reports-and-Investments.aspx. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  67. ^ "The Crown Estate Annual Report 2009: Financials: Balance sheet". Crown Estate. 31 March 2009. http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/annual_report/financials/balance-sheet.html. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  68. ^ Neimanis, V. P.. "Crown Land". The Canadian Encyclopedia: Geography. Historica Foundation of Canada. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0002049. Retrieved 9 December 2009. 
  69. ^ "Queen, State and Kirk". Church of Scotland official website. http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/organisation/orgqueen.htm. Retrieved 19 November 2009. 
  70. ^ "Kirk's invite leads Queen to break Sunday tradition". The Scotsman. http://news.scotsman.com/inverness/Kirks-invite-leads-Queen-to.2552540.jp. Retrieved 19 November 2009. 
  71. ^ Elizabeth II (2000). "Historic speeches: Christmas Broadcast 2000". Official website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/ImagesandBroadcasts/TheQueensChristmasBroadcasts/ChristmasBroadcasts/ChristmasBroadcast2000.aspx. Retrieved 28 July 2009. 
  72. ^ "Presidents, Vice Presidents and Trustees". Council of Christians and Jews. http://www.ccj.org.uk/Presidents.html. Retrieved 19 November 2009. 
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  74. ^ Velde, François (19 April 2008). "Marks of cadency in the British royal family". Heraldica. http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm. Retrieved 12 October 2008. 
  75. ^ "Heraldty Traditions". Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia. 2007. http://www.ltgov.bc.ca/govhouse/heraldry.htm. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  76. ^ "Personal flags". Official website of the British Monarchy. http://www.royal.gov.uk/MonarchUK/Symbols/Personalflags.aspx. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  • Bond, Jennie (2006). Elizabeth: Eighty Glorious Years. London: Carlton Publishing Group. ISBN 1844422607
  1. ^ p. 8
  2. ^ p. 10
  3. ^ p.10
  4. ^ p. 66
  5. ^ p. 96
  6. ^ p. 96
  7. ^ p. 115
  8. ^ p. 188
  9. ^ a b c p. 134
  10. ^ p. 134
  11. ^ a b p. 134
  12. ^ p. 22
  13. ^ p. 35
  14. ^ p. 35
  15. ^ pp. 66–67, 84, 87–89
  16. ^ p. 97
  17. ^ p. 117
  18. ^ p. 156
  19. ^ pp. 166–167
  20. ^ p. 157
  • Brandreth, Gyles (2004). .Philip and Elizabeth: Portrait of a Marriage.^ Elizabeth's life was spared, but Mary's marriage to Philip II of Spain made it seem possible that an heir would be born and that England would return to the Catholic faith.

    London: Century. ISBN 0712661034
  1. ^ p. 103
  2. ^ p. 103
  3. ^ a b pp. 108–110
  4. ^ p. 105
  5. ^ pp. 105–106
  6. ^ p. 124
  7. ^ pp. 133–139
  8. ^ pp. 132–136, 166–169
  9. ^ pp. 226–238
  10. ^ pp. 240–241
  11. ^ pp. 245–247
  12. ^ p. 278
  13. ^ p. 374
  14. ^ p. 349
  15. ^ p. 377
  16. ^ p. 377
  17. ^ p. 356
  18. ^ p. 357
  19. ^ a b p. 358
  20. ^ p. 358
  21. ^ pp. 358–359
  22. ^ p. 359
  23. ^ p. 31
  1. ^ p. 26
  2. ^ p. 85
  3. ^ pp. 104–114
  4. ^ pp. 114–119
  5. ^ pp. 137–141
  • Hoey, Brian (2002). Her Majesty: Fifty Regal Years. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0006531369
  1. ^ p. 40
  2. ^ pp. 55–56
  3. ^ a b p. 58
  4. ^ p. 59
  5. ^ pp. 69–70
  6. ^ Lord Chamberlain Lord Airlie quoted p. 225
  1. ^ p. 74
  2. ^ p. 82
  3. ^ a b c p. 84
  4. ^ pp. 88–89
  5. ^ pp. 88–89
  6. ^ p. 101
  7. ^ p. 94
  8. ^ p. 94
  9. ^ p. 98
  10. ^ p. 82
  11. ^ pp. 84–86
  12. ^ p. 87
  13. ^ p. 91
  14. ^ p. 101
  • Shawcross, William (2002). Queen and Country. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 0771080565
  1. ^ p. 21
  2. ^ pp. 21–22
  3. ^ p. 25
  4. ^ p.16
  5. ^ Charteris quoted p. 17
  6. ^ p. 59
  7. ^ p. 75
  8. ^ p. 76
  9. ^ p. 83
  10. ^ pp. 109–110
  11. ^ p. 110
  12. ^ p. 110
  13. ^ p. 178
  14. ^ p. 127
  15. ^ pp. 129–132
  16. ^ p. 139
  17. ^ p. 204
  18. ^ p. 168
  19. ^ p. 8
  20. ^ pp. 194–195
  21. ^ p. 50
  22. ^ p. 76
  23. ^ pp. 114–117
  24. ^ p. 218
  25. ^ pp. 236–237
  • Lacey, Robert (2003). .Monarch: The Life and Reign of Elizabeth II.^ Elizabeth's life was spared, but Mary's marriage to Philip II of Spain made it seem possible that an heir would be born and that England would return to the Catholic faith.

    ^ Portraits of the Queen can be found in most Canadian government buildings Canada is a Constitutional Monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state.

    ^ Queen Elizabeth II There are two situations in which the monarch may have political power.

    .New York: Free Press.^ Citation: New York: Columbia University Press, 1904.

    ISBN 0743236696
  1. ^ pp. 150–151
Further reading
  • Erickson, Carolly (2004). Lillibet: An Intimate Portrait of Elizabeth II. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0312287348
  • Pimlott, Ben (2002). .The Queen: Elizabeth II and the Monarchy.^ Coronation portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Personality and Image .

    ^ In all matters of state, Queen Elizabeth II as Queen of Canada is advised exclusively by her governments in Canada.

    ^ Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom .

    London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0007114362

External links




Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom article)

From Wikiquote

We are a moderate, pragmatic people, more comfortable with practice than theory.
.Queen Elizabeth II (born April 21, 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.^ Coronation portrait of Queen Elizabeth II Personality and Image .

^ A van has crashed into the gates of the Palace of Holyroodhouse - the official Scottish residence of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II. ...

^ An Elizabeth Lewis born About 1704 Of, King And Queen, Virginia married James Shackelford Marriage: About 1734, Gloucester, Virginia and her death About 1756, Spotsylvania, Virginia.

.She is head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.^ The monarch is also Supreme Governor of the Church of England as well as Head of the Commonwealth and head of state of 15 other Commonwealth Realms.

^ She is Lord of Mann, and the Supreme Governor of the Church of England 6 but although taking a personal interest in the church, and attending church services regularly, she delegates authority to the Archbishop of Canterbury .
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A8466339 6 February 2010 13:11 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ She's also Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Duke of Normandy, Lord of Mann, and Paramount Chief of Fiji.
  • Venn diagram showing the difference between England, Great Britain, the British Isles and the United Kingdom : reddit.com 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
  • I declare before you all that my whole life whether it be long or short shall be devoted to your service and the service of our great imperial family to which we all belong.^ The Archbishop of Canterbury: "Will you to your power cause Law and Justice, in Mercy, to be executed in all your judgments?"

    ^ BUT if you or your sons at all turn from following Me, and do NOT keep My commandments and My statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods and worship them, THEN I WILL CUT OFF [DESTROY] ISRAEL FROM THE LAND which I have given them; and this house [Temple] which I have sanctified for My name I will cast out of My sight.
    • Does Queen Elizabeth II Sit On a Throne of David? 31 January 2010 12:40 UTC www.hope-of-israel.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But most of all in order to act in kind to our "friends" like Polygram, we demand that you degrade yourselves before humanity...
    • Choosing a world leader | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    .
  • My Husband and I....^ The Royal Mint is today (21.03.06) issuing a special commemorative GBP 5 crown to mark the 80th birthday of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II. ...

    ^ London - London's Buckingham Palace launched a special website Wednesday to mark the 80th birthday of Queen Elizabeth II on April 21.

    .
    • Thought by many to be her catchphrase, but she does not use it much presently.^ The paint used does no harm to the queen, and makes her much easier to find when necessary.

      .[1]
  • 1992 is not a year on which I shall look back with undiluted pleasure.^ If you look back over the years, and at the gifts various Presidents have given her, I doubt she asked for a bronze of a cowgirl “with personal inscription” — that was what I would call “spontaneous” — an unbidden gift.
    • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Smart power: Obama gets the queen … an iPod 11 January 2010 19:40 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

    .In the words of one of my more sympathetic correspondents, it has turned out to be an 'Annus Horribilis'.
    • After a fire at Windsor Castle and several personal scandals in the royal family.^ The land lay on the north side of the James River above "Shirley" and remained in the Royall family for more than 200 years.

      ^ As it turned out, the Bush Democrats in the Senate proved more than willing to approve Gates.
      • George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography - Part 8 of 8 15 September 2009 2:19 UTC www.padrak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ The police woke us up one year and informed my dad that the purpose of a hotel was to sleep in and not to camp out behind.

      .Annus horribilis is Latin for "horrible year"; the letter to which the Queen was referring was sent by Sir Edward Ford.
    • Speech at the Guildhall, London, to mark the 40th anniversary of her Accession (24 November 1992)
  • We are a moderate, pragmatic people, more comfortable with practice than theory.^ He collected them for more than 30 years.

    ^ Letter to sir Edward Sandys.

    ^ Paintings by George Stubbs Queen Elizabeth II: 1991 Europa in Space Queen Elizabeth II: 1991 Greetings Booklet 'Smiles' Queen Elizabeth II: 1991 Greetings Booklet Stamps Queen Elizabeth II: 1991 Scientific Achievements Queen Elizabeth II: 1991 World Student Games, Sheffield and World Cup Rugby Championship London Queen Elizabeth II: 1992 150th Birthday Anniversary of Sir Arthur Sullivan (composer) Gilbert and Sullivan Operas Queen Elizabeth II: 1992 350th Anniversary of the Civil War Queen Elizabeth II: 1992 40th Anniversary of Accession Queen Elizabeth II: 1992 Castles High Value Definitives Queen Elizabeth II: 1992 Christmas Stamps.
    • Queen Elizabeth II stamps stamps 1952 - Present 6 February 2010 13:11 UTC www.stamp-exchange.co.uk [Source type: General]

    .
    • Speech in reply to Addresses from both Houses of Parliament in Westminster Hall in the year of Her Golden Jubilee (30 April 2002)
  • Oh, dear, I hope it wasn't anyone important.^ Although all laws must be passed by both houses of the parliament, money bills (those that impose taxes or spend public funds) can originate only in the House.

    ^ House of Commons Journal Volume 1 25 April 1621 Sponsor: History of Parliament Trust Publication: House of Commons Journal Volume 1 Author: Year published: 1802 From the same journal on page 598 01 May 1621 Merchant Adventurers.

    ^ Both Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun will commit suicide the next day on 30 April 1945 .

    .
  • Football's a difficult business and aren't they prima donnas?^ Apparently did not attend a meeting of the Privy Council after July 10th.

    ^ While some view the Queen's role as Head of State with either strong enthusiasm or passive indifference, others view her as an obstacle to true ' symbolic independence' from the United Kingdom.

    ^ Mostly because they're aggressive and short.
    • Venn diagram showing the difference between England, Great Britain, the British Isles and the United Kingdom : reddit.com 27 January 2010 23:49 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: Original source]

    • The Queen gives her opinion to Premier League chairman Sir David Richards, as quoted in BBC News (2 January 2007)]

External links

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