Quintin Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone: Wikis

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For the businessman and philanthropist, see Quintin Hogg (merchant)

The Right Honourable
 The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone 
KG CH PC QC

In office
October 1956 – 14 January 1957
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
Preceded by The Viscount Cilcennin
Succeeded by The Earl of Selkirk

In office
14 January – 17 September 1957
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by Sir David Eccles
Succeeded by Geoffrey Lloyd

In office
17 September 1957 – 14 October 1959
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by The Earl of Home
Succeeded by The Earl of Home
In office
27 July 1960 – 16 October 1964
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (1960-1963)
Alec Douglas-Home (1963-1964)
Preceded by The Earl of Home
Succeeded by Herbert Bowden

In office
14 October 1959 – 27 July 1960
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by R.A. Butler (as Lord Privy Seal)
The Lord Poole (as Conservative Party Chairman)
Succeeded by Edward Heath (as Lord Privy Seal)
R.A. Butler (as Conservative Party Chairman)

In office
27 July 1960 – 20 October 1963
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
Preceded by The Earl of Home
Succeeded by The Lord Carrington

In office
1 April – 16 October 1964
Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
Preceded by New position
Sir Edward Boyle, Bart. was Minister of Education
Succeeded by Michael Stewart

In office
20 June 1970 – 4 March 1974
Prime Minister Edward Heath
Preceded by The Lord Gardiner
Succeeded by The Lord Elwyn-Jones
In office
4 May 1979 – 13 June 1987
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
Preceded by The Lord Elwyn-Jones
Succeeded by The Lord Havers

Born 9 October 1907(1907-10-09)
London, United Kingdom
Died 12 October 2001 (aged 94)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Eton College
Christ Church, Oxford

Quintin McGarel Hogg II, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, KG, CH, PC, QC (9 October 1907 – 12 October 2001), formerly 2nd Viscount Hailsham (1950–1963), was a British politician who was known for the longevity of his career, the vigour with which he campaigned for the Conservative Party, and the influence wielded by his political writing. He was considered for the leadership of his party (and becoming Prime Minister) in 1963, and served for more than a decade in the high post formerly held by his father, that of Lord Chancellor.

Contents

Background

Born in London, Hogg was the son of Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham, who was Lord Chancellor under Stanley Baldwin, and grandson of another Quintin Hogg, a merchant, philanthropist, and educational reformer. He attended Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, where he was President of the Oxford Union, and became a Fellow of All Souls in 1931. Although he had originally read classics, he won his prize fellowship in law and was called to the bar in 1932. His favourite hobby was mountain-climbing, and his ankles were broken so many times that in old age he was only able to walk with two canes.[citation needed]

Politics and World War II

Hogg participated in his first election campaign in the 1924 general election, and all subsequent general election campaigns until his death. In 1938, Hogg was chosen as a candidate for Parliament in the Oxford by-election. This election took place shortly after the Munich Agreement and the Labour candidate Patrick Gordon-Walker was persuaded to step down to allow a unified challenge to the Conservatives; A.D. Lindsay, the Master of Balliol College fought as an 'Independent Progressive' candidate. In the end Hogg defeated Lindsay.

Hogg voted against Neville Chamberlain in the Norway Debate of May 1940, and supported Winston Churchill. He served briefly in the desert campaign as a platoon commander with the Rifle Brigade during World War II. His commanding officer had been his contemporary at Eton; after him and the second-in-command, Captain Hogg was the third-oldest officer in the battalion. After a knee wound in August 1941, which almost cost him his right leg, Hogg was deemed too old for further front-line service, and later served on the staff of General "Jumbo" Wilson before leaving the army with the rank of major. In the run-up to the 1945 election, Hogg wrote a response to the book Guilty Men, called The Left was never Right .

Conservative minister

Hogg's father died in 1950 and the younger Hogg was forced to move to the House of Lords as 2nd Viscount Hailsham. Believing his political career to be over he concentrated on the bar for some years, becoming head of his chambers, and did not at first hold office when the Conservatives returned to power in 1951. He later became First Lord of the Admiralty under Eden in 1956, and under Macmillan served as chairman of the party and campaign organiser for the 1959 general election.

In June 1963 when his fellow Minister John Profumo had to resign after admitting telling lies to Parliament about his private life Lord Hailsham attacked him savagely on television. The following evening Profumo's brother-in-law, Lord Balfour of Inchrye Harold Balfour, 1st Baron Balfour of Inchrye remarked on live television that "When a man has by self-indulgence acquired the shape of Lord Hailsham, sexual continence requires no more than a sense of the ridiculous".[citation needed]

He was Leader of the House of Lords when Harold Macmillan, the Prime Minister, announced his sudden resignation for health reasons at the start of the 1963 Conservative Party conference. At that time there was no formal ballot for the Conservative Party leadership.[citation needed] Lord Hailsham, who was at first Macmillan's preferred successor, announced that he would use the newly-enacted Peerage Act to disclaim his title and fight a by-election and return to the House of Commons. His publicity-seeking antics at the Party Conference (e.g. feeding his newborn baby in public, and allowing his supporters to distribute "Q" (for Quintin) badges) were considered vulgar at the time, so in the end Macmillan did not encourage senior party members to choose Hogg as his successor.[citation needed]

Hogg failed to win the leadership bid but did win his father's old constituency of St Marylebone. He remarked to a journalist "After all, I am only 55. Perhaps about 1970 if there was a Tory government some ass might make me Lord Chancellor" - a remark which caused some amusement when in June 1970 there was a Conservative (also known as "Tory") government and Edward Heath did indeed make him Lord Chancellor.

Hogg as a campaigner was known for his robust rhetoric and theatrical gestures. He was renowned as one of the great Conservative speakers: his addresses to the party as chairman in 1958 and 1959 were remembered for decades afterwards. He was usually in good form in dealing with hecklers, a valuable skill in the 1960s, and was prominent in the 1964 general election. One evening when giving a political address,he was hailed by his supporters as he leaned over the podium pointing at a long haired heckler. He said, "Now, see here, Sir or Madam whichever the case might be, we have had enough of you!" The police ejected the man and the crowd applauded and Hogg went on as if nothing had happened. Another time, when a Labour Party supporter waved a Harold Wilson placard in front of him, Hogg smacked it with his walking stick.[citation needed]

He served in the Conservative shadow cabinet during the Wilson government, and built up his practice at the Bar where one of his clients was the Prime Minister and his political opponent, Harold Wison. When Edward Heath won the 1970 general election he received a life peerage as Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, of Herstmonceaux in the County of Sussex, and became Lord Chancellor. Hogg was the first to return to the House of Lords as a life peer after having disclaimed an hereditary peerage. Hailsham's choice of Lord Widgery as Lord Chief Justice was criticised by his opponents, although he later redeemed himself in the eyes of the profession by appointing Lord Lane to succeed Widgery. In 1971, when asked by an Irish Times journalist on his thoughts regarding U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy's calls for a stronger peace initiative in Northern Ireland Hogg slamed his fist on the table and exclaimed "those Roman Catholic bastards have no right to interfere!"[citation needed]

Retirement and death

Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone announced his retirement after the end of the Heath government in 1974. He coined the term 'elective dictatorship' in 1976, later writing a detailed exposition, The Dilemma of Democracy. However, when his second wife Mary was killed in a riding accident in 1978 in Sydney, he decided to return to active politics and served again as Lord Chancellor from 1979 to 1987 under Margaret Thatcher.

Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone was appointed a Companion of Honour in 1975 and became a Knight of the Garter in 1988. On his death, the viscountcy that he had disclaimed in 1963 was inherited by his son Douglas Hogg. Due to the Labour government's House of Lords Act 1999, which removed the automatic link between hereditary peerages and the right to sit in the House of Lords, it was not necessary for the 3rd Viscount to disclaim his viscountcy to remain as an MP.

Writings

Hogg's 1945 book The Left was Never Right was a fierce response to two books in Victor Gollancz's 'Victory Books' series, Guilty Men by Frank Owen and Michael Foot and Your M.P. by Tom Wintringham, both published during the war and largely discrediting Tory M.P.s as appeasers and war profiteers. The Wintringham volume had been republished in the lead up to the 1945 general election, and widely acknowledged at the time as a major factor in shifting public opinion away from the Conservative party. Hogg's book sought to contrast Wintringham's statistics on appeasement with patriotic statistics of his own slanted to show Labour (or 'Socialist') M.P.s to have been lacking in their wartime duties.

Perhaps his most important book, the Penguin paperback "The Case for Conservatism," was a similar response to "Labour Marches On" by John Parker M.P. First published in 1947 in the aftermath of the crushing Conservative election defeat of 1945, and aimed at the mass market and the layman, it presented a well-written and coherent case for Conservatism.

According to the book, the role of Conservatism is not to oppose all change but to resist and balance the volatility of current political fads and ideology, and to defend a middle position that enshrines a slowly-changing organic humane traditionalism.

For example, in the 19th century, Conservatives opposed classic Liberalism, favouring factory regulation, market intervention, and various controls to mitigate the effects of laissez faire capitalism, but in the 20th century, the role of Conservativism was to oppose a danger from the opposite direction, the excessive regulation, intervention, and controls favoured by Socialism.

Lord Hailsham was also known for his writings on faith and belief. In 1975 he published his spiritual autobiography The Door Wherein I Went, which included a brief chapter of Christian apologetics, using legal arguments concerning the evidence for the life of Christ. The book included a particularly moving passage about suicide; when he was a young man his half-brother had taken his own life, and the experience left Lord Hailsham with a deep conviction that suicide is always wrong. His writings on Christianity have been the subject of discussion in the writings of Ross Clifford. Lord Hailsham revisited themes of faith in his memoirs A Sparrow's Flight, and the book's title alluded to remarks about sparrows and faith recorded in Bede's Ecclesiastical History and the words of Christ in the Gospel of Matthew.

Private life

Lord Hailsham was married three times. His first marriage of ten years to Natalie Sullivan ended in divorce when he returned from the war to find her, as he later put it in a television interview, "not alone"; she was in fact with French president Charles de Gaulle's chef de cabinet, François Coulet, with whom she was to spend the rest of her life. His second marriage to Mary Evelyn Martin lasted 34 years until her accidental death, in front of her husband, in a horse riding accident. Hogg remarried in 1986 to Deirdre Margaret Shannon Aft who also predeceased him in 1998.

His children, all by his second wife, Mary Evelyn Martin, are:

  • Rt. Hon. Douglas Martin Hogg, MP (b. 5 February 1945)
  • Hon. Dame Mary Claire Hogg, DBE (b. 15 January 1947)
  • Hon. Frances Evelyn Hogg (b. 11 November 1949)
  • Hon. James Richard Martin Hogg (b. 1951)
  • Hon. Katherine Amelia Hogg, (b. 18 October 1962)

Autobiographies

  • The Door Wherein I Went (London: Collins, 1975).
  • A Sparrow's Flight: Memoirs (London: HarperCollins, 1990).

Discussion of Lord Hailsham's faith

  • Ross Clifford, Leading Lawyers Case for the Resurrection (Alberta: Canadian Institute for Law, Theology and Public Policy, 1996).

Titles from birth to death

  • Quintin Hogg, Esq (1907–1929)
  • The Hon. Quintin Hogg (1929–1938)
  • The Hon. Quintin Hogg, MP (1938–1950)
  • The Rt Hon. The Viscount Hailsham (1950–1953)
  • The Rt Hon. The Viscount Hailsham, QC (1953–1956)
  • The Rt Hon. The Viscount Hailsham, PC, QC (1956–1963)
  • The Rt Hon. Quintin Hogg, QC, MP (1963–1970)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, PC, QC (1970–1975)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, CH, PC, QC (1975–1988)
  • The Rt Hon. The Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone, KG, CH, PC, QC (1988–2001)

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Croft Bourne
Member of Parliament for Oxford
1938–1950
Succeeded by
Lawrence Turner
Preceded by
Sir Wavell Wakefield
Member of Parliament for St Marylebone
1963–1970
Succeeded by
Kenneth Baker
Political offices
Preceded by
Baron Sherwood
Under-Secretary of State for Air
1945
Succeeded by
John Strachey
Preceded by
Viscount Cilcennin
First Lord of the Admiralty
1956–1957
Succeeded by
The Earl of Selkirk
Preceded by
David Eccles
President of the Board of Education
1957
Succeeded by
Geoffrey Lloyd
Preceded by
The Earl of Home
Lord President of the Council
1957–1959
Succeeded by
The Earl of Home
Preceded by
Rab Butler
Lord Privy Seal
1959–1960
Succeeded by
Edward Heath
Preceded by
The Earl of Home
Leader of the House of Lords
1960–1963
Succeeded by
Lord Carrington
Preceded by
The Earl of Home
Lord President of the Council
1960–1964
Succeeded by
Herbert Bowden
Preceded by
(new office)
Minister for Sport
1962–1964
Succeeded by
Denis Howell
Preceded by
(new office)
Secretary of State for Education and Science
1964
Succeeded by
Michael Stewart
Preceded by
Lord Gardiner
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
1970–1974
Succeeded by
Lord Elwyn-Jones
Preceded by
Lord Elwyn-Jones
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
1979–1987
Succeeded by
Lord Havers
Party political offices
Preceded by
Oliver Poole
Chairman of the Conservative Party
1957–1959
Succeeded by
Rab Butler
Academic offices
Preceded by
Rab Butler
Rector of the University of Glasgow
1959–1962
Succeeded by
Albert Lutuli
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Douglas Hogg
Viscount Hailsham
1950–1963
(disclaimed)
Succeeded by
Douglas Hogg
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

The Right Honourable Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, KG, CH, PC (1907-10-092001-10-12), formerly 2nd Viscount Hailsham (1950–1963), was a British Conservative politician.

Sourced

  • Conservatives do not believe that political struggle is the most important thing in life...The simplest among them prefer fox-hunting—the wisest religion.
  • Quintin Hogg, The Case for Conservatism (Penguin, 1947), p. 10.
  • Being Conservative is only another way of being British.
  • Quintin Hogg, The Case for Conservatism (Penguin, 1947).
  • A great party is not to be brought down because of a scandal by a woman of easy virtue and a proved liar.
  • "Lord Hailsham speaks out", The Times, 14 June 1963, p. 9.
  • On the Profumo affair. Interview with Robert McKenzie on "Gallery" for BBC television.
  • Lord Hailsham: But to try to turn it into a party issue, is really beyond belief contemptible.
    Robert McKenzie: Do you feel that the others that have spoken out, the Bishops, The Times and so on, have tried to turn it into a party issue?
    Hailsham: I think you have!
  • Conclusion of the same interview.
  • If the British public falls for this, I think it would be stark, staring bonkers.
  • "Tories to fight like fury, Party chairman says", The Times, 13 October 1964 (p. 12)
  • At a press conference on 12 October 1964 during the general election campaign, referring to the policies of the Labour Party.
  • If you can tell me there are no adulterers on the front bench of the Labour Party you can talk to me about Profumo.
  • Stephen Dorril and Robin Ramsay, "Smear" (Fourth Estate, 1991) p. 48
  • Reply to heckler's cry of "Profumo!" at a public meeting on 13 October 1964. Hogg probably had in mind the Labour Party leader Harold Wilson specifically.
  • There is a sense in which all law is nothing more nor less than a gigantic confidence trick.
  • Speech to Devon Magistrates, The Times 12 April 1972.

Attributed

  • The best way I know of to win an argument is to start by being in the right.

http://forums.theledger.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/4121079265/m/5581075626

External links


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