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Qutub (Sufism): Wikis

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File:Ad-Din Rumi.jpeg
The Qutub Rumi

Quṭub, Qutb, or Kutb (Arabic: قطب‎) is a Muslim Sufi word for the highest form of master. In Arabic it literally means "pivot, hub, or axis." The Qutub is the shaykh who provides a focus for spiritual teachings. [1] Other terms include Pir and Sarkar.

According to the Institute of Ismaili Studies (Ismailism is a branch of the Shīˤa sect of Islam), "In mystical literature, such as the writings of al–Tirmidhi, Abd al–Razzaq and Ibn al–‘Arabi (d. 1240), [Qutb or Kutb] refers to the most perfect human being (al–insan al–kamil) who is thought to be the universal leader of all saints, to mediate between the divine and the human and whose presence is deemed necessary for the existence of the world."[2]

The term quṭub was used by Meher Baba in reference to the five perfect masters: Sai Baba of Shirdi, Upasni Maharaj, Hazrat Babajan, Hazrat Tajuddin Baba and Narayan Maharaj.[3]

The state of a quṭub is quṭubiyyah.[4]

References

  1. ^ Ahmed, Nazeer. Islam in Global History: From the Death of Prophet Muhammed to the First World War, Xlibris Corporation, ISBN 0-7388-5966-4
  2. ^ A glossary of terms, The Institute of Ismaili Studies
  3. ^ Kalchuri, Bhau: "Meher Prabhu: Lord Meher, The Biography of the Avatar of the Age, Meher Baba", Manifestation, Inc. 1986. p. 944
  4. ^ God Speaks, Meher Baba, Dodd Meade, 1955, 2nd Ed. p.315

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