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Rhythm and blues
Stylistic origins Jazz
Blues (esp., jump, electric)
Gospel
Traditional pop
Cultural origins 1940s–1950s, USA
Typical instruments Drum kit - Double bass - Saxophone - Horns - Piano - Organ - Electric guitar - Vocals - Background vocalists
Mainstream popularity Significant from 1940s to 1960s; iconic afterwards
Derivative forms Funk - Ska - Soul - Rock and roll
Subgenres
Contemporary R&B - Smooth R&B
Fusion genres
R&B punk
RBcore
Local scenes
New Orleans R&B
Other topics
List of R&B musicians
.Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated to R&B, is a genre of popular African American music that originated in the 1940s.^ A non-profit organization dedicated to Local History * Community Service * Senior Dog Adoption * Classic Rhythm & Blues Music * .
  • The Delaware Valley Rhythm & Blues Society, Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to Classic Rhythm & Blues Music, Local History, Community Service, & Senior Dog Adoption 21 January 2010 4:38 UTC www.dvrbs.com [Source type: General]

^ VH1 Soul, the premier source for all R&B and soul music, is now seen in the Top 20 U.S. markets for African-Americans and is available in nearly 20 million U.S. households.

^ Working across musical genres was like creating a patchwork where I got to weave together various influences and allow them to co-exist in a fresh and original way."

[1] .The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular.^ See also: African American music: an introduction.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ See also: African American music: an introduction .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ The company is dedicated to helping Moms improve the vitality of their families by creating and marketing more wholesome beverages.

[2]
The term has subsequently had a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s and beyond, the term rhythm and blues was frequently applied to blues records.[3] .Starting in the 1960s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll, the term "R&B" became used to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues, as well as gospel and soul music.^ The multistage event brings together some of the best performers in rock 'n' roll, along with dozens of artists in a variety of complementary styles.

^ Career Unlike most of his peers in Southern soul, Carter's musical approach harkened directly back to acoustic country blues.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ PERFORMERS: Blues and rock music; John Mayall, vocals, organ, guitar; in part with Eric Clapton, Mick Taylor, or Jack Bruce, guitars; with assisting instrumentalists.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

By the 1970s, rhythm and blues was used as a blanket term for soul and funk. In the 1980s, a newer style of R&B developed, becoming known as contemporary R&B.

Contents

Etymology

.Jerry Wexler of Billboard magazine coined the term "rhythm and blues" in 1948 as a musical marketing term in the United States.^ Red White and Blue, Our States keep united [text continues].
  • Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: Patriotic covers: Guide. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States Hospital, Beverly, N. J. 1 item : red and blue ink.
  • Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: Patriotic covers: Guide. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .It replaced the term "race music", which originally came from within the black community, but was deemed offensive in the postwar world.^ "The Bonnaroo festival experience is about bringing together a community of people that are passionate about music, art, and comedy," said Kerry Black of the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival.

[5][6] .Writer/producer Robert Palmer defined rhythm & blues as "a catchall term referring to any music that was made by and for black Americans".[7] He has used the term "R&B" as a synonym for jump blues.^ A non-profit organization dedicated to Local History * Community Service * Senior Dog Adoption * Classic Rhythm & Blues Music * .
  • The Delaware Valley Rhythm & Blues Society, Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to Classic Rhythm & Blues Music, Local History, Community Service, & Senior Dog Adoption 21 January 2010 4:38 UTC www.dvrbs.com [Source type: General]

^ The term leprosy in Scripture is used for a number of infectious skin diseases, all of which made the afflicted person socially ostracized and spiritually isolated from religious life.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The album will be released through Non-P's record label, "Rhythm Child" as well as executive producer, Robert Harris's label, "Elevations to New Heights."

[8] However, Allmusic separates it from jump blues because of its stronger, gospel-esque backbeat.[9] Lawrence Cohn, author of Nothing but the Blues, writes that "rhythm and blues" was an umbrella term invented for industry convenience. .According to him, the term embraced all black music except classical music and religious music, unless a gospel song sold enough to break into the charts.^ For then I will change and purify the lips of the people, that they all may call upon the name of the Lord, to serve Him with one accord.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The term leprosy in Scripture is used for a number of infectious skin diseases, all of which made the afflicted person socially ostracized and spiritually isolated from religious life.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the first store where all songs start free and then rise in price based on popularity, up to 98 cents, empowering fans to determine the value of music.

[10]
.Rhythm and blues bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, and sax.^ Headlining the concert will be Outlandish, a European hip-hop trio consisting of three longtime friends, two Muslims and one Christian.

^ PERFORMERS: Performed by the Vintage Blues Band (Micheal Droz, guitar, vocals; Palmer Utterback, harmonica, vocals ; Jeff Ray, guitar, vocals; Pete "the beat" Burger, drums) DOUGLASS COMPACT DISC CX5743 .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ PERFORMERS: Deb Cleveland (vocals); Tom Wheeler (guitar); Marty Weissbarth (tenor sax); Mike Rubinstein (bass); Jeff Alberts (drums) DOUGLASS COMPACT DISC CX9635 .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

Arrangements were rehearsed to the point of effortlessness and were sometimes accompanied by background vocalists. .Simple repetitive parts mesh, creating momentum and rhythmic interplay producing mellow, lilting, and often hypnotic textures while calling attention to no individual sound.^ The sound of la ilaha il-allah, there is no god but God, drew my attention to the procession.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

While singers are emotionally engaged with the lyrics, often intensely so, they remain cool, relaxed, and in control. Bands dressed in suits and even uniforms. Lyrics seem fatalistic and the music feels somehow inevitable.[11]

History

Precursors

.The migration of African Americans to the urban industrial centers of Chicago, Detroit, New York, Los Angeles and elsewhere in the 1930s created a new market for jazz, blues, and related genres of music, often performed by full-time musicians, either working alone or in small groups.^ At the time, the group had up to twelve musicians.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ See also: African American music: an introduction.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ See also: African American music: an introduction .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

The precursors of rhythm and blues came from jazz and blues, which overlapped in the 1930s through musicians such as Leroy Carr, Cab Calloway, Count Basie, and T-Bone Walker. .There was also increasing emphasis on the electric guitar as a lead instrument, as well as the piano and saxophone.^ Performers: Eddie "Cleanhead" Vinson, voice and alto saxophone; Jay McShann, piano; T-Bone Walker, guitar.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ PERFORMERS: Champion Jack Dupree, piano, vocals; King Curtis, saxophone, Cornell Dupree, guitar; Jerry Jemmott, bass; Oliver Jackson, drums.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

[12]

Late 1940s

.In 1948, RCA Victor was marketing black music under the name "Blues and Rhythm". In that year, Louis Jordan dominated the top five listings of the R&B charts with three songs, and two of the top five songs were based on the boogie-woogie rhythms that had come to prominence during the 1940s.^ For three years, no, for two years and four months, but what are days and months?
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From now on a household of five will be divided, three against two and two against three; a father will be divided against his son and a son against his father, a mother against her daughter and a daughter against her mother, a mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See also: Blues routes ; Boogie Woogie Revisited ; and The story of the blues .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

[13] Jordan's band, the Tympany Five (formed in 1938), consisted of him on saxophone and vocals, along with musicians on trumpet, tenor saxophone, piano, bass and drums.[14][15] .Lawrence Cohn described the music as "grittier than his boogie-era jazz-tinged blues".[16] Robert Palmer described it as "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat".[2] Jordan's cool music, along with that of Big Joe Turner, Roy Brown, Billy Wright, and Wynonie Harris, is now also referred to as jump blues.^ Turner, Big Joe, 1911- 1985 .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ She's a true alchemist in the music lab where she's crafted a liquid mix of new wave, Wall of Sound era pop, dub and twisted beats.

^ See: the UO Jazz Discography: Billie Holiday and Martin Scorsese presents The blues: a musical journey.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

Also in 1948, Wynonie Harris' remake of Roy Brown's 1947 recording "Good Rockin' Tonight" hit the charts in the #2 spot, following band leader Sonny Thompson's "Long Gone" at #1.[17][18]
In 1949, the term "Rhythm and Blues" replaced the Billboard category Harlem Hit Parade.[10] .Also in that year, "The Huckle-Buck", recorded by band leader and saxophonist Paul Williams, was the #1 R&B tune, remaining on top of the charts for nearly the entire year.^ The band's diverse musical influences have made it an enduring influence, one that has sold nearly 25 million records to date.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Billboard's Top 200, making it both the highest debut and highest-charting album of the band's career.

^ He also charted the top of the R&B charts with "How To Love Again", a duet with labelmate Alyson Williams (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alyson_Williams&action=edit).
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

Written by musician and arranger Andy Gibson, the song was described as a "dirty boogie" because it was risque and raunchy.[19] .Paul Williams and His Hucklebuckers' concerts were sweaty riotous affairs that got shut down on more than one occasion.^ The bands are pounding down Monster more than ever.

^ For more than 20 years, the streets of Florida have played a major factor in the ongoing evolution of down south rap.

^ What more can one seek than to know You are there listening, You are there, and when I cannot go on or feel I am beaten, You are there in Jesus to carry me.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their lyrics, by Roy Alfred (who later co-wrote the 1955 hit "(The) Rock and Roll Waltz"), were mildly sexually suggestive, and one teenager from Philadelphia said "That Hucklebuck was a very nasty dance".[20][21] Also in 1949, a new version of a 1920s blues song, "Ain't Nobody's Business" was a #4 hit for Jimmy Witherspoon, and Louis Jordan and the Tympany Five once again made the top 5 with "Saturday Night Fish Fry".[22] Many of these hit records were issued on new independent record labels, such as Savoy (founded 1942), King (founded 1943), Imperial (founded 1945), Specialty (founded 1946), Chess (founded 1947), and Atlantic (founded 1948).^ Jimmy Witherspoon sings the blues with Panama Francis and the Savoy Sultans.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ Premier's ability to make hits for pop stars, rap stars, trap stars and backpackers has made him one of the most sought after names in the business.

^ I’m excited to be a part of this project, and have been busy in the studio recording some new songs with different producers”, she says.

[12]

Early to mid 1950s

.Working with African American musicians, Greek American Johnny Otis, who had signed with the Newark, New Jersey-based Savoy Records, produced many R&B hits in 1951, including: "Double Crossing Blues", "Mistrustin' Blues" and "Cupid's Boogie", all of which hit number one that year.^ I’m excited to be a part of this project, and have been busy in the studio recording some new songs with different producers”, she says.

^ There were 13 charter members who all became officers in the new organization.
  • Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Civil War Commandery of the State of Massachusetts collection: Patriotic covers: Guide. 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC oasis.lib.harvard.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hybrid online store record label has signed New Jersey rapper Tame One to its roster; demonstrating that it has both the business savvy to lure artists away from the majors as well as the integrity to sign talented underground artists.

.Otis scored ten top ten hits that year.^ The album, one of the highest-debuting discs of 2007 and the seventh best-selling album of the year, has already spawned three additional top ten hits ("Bleed It Out," "What's I've Done," "Shadow of the Day"), amplifying an already illustrious career.

.Other hits include: "Gee Baby", "Mambo Boogie" and "All Nite Long".[23] The Clovers, a vocal trio who sang a distinctive sounding combination of blues and gospel, had the #5 hit of the year with "Don't You Know I Love You" on Atlantic Records.^ Do you know who her lovers were?
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don't know a lot of cats who can bring it like you.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Gospel Mt 11:28-30 Jesus said to the crowds: “Come to me, all you who labor and are burdened, and I will give you rest.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

[23][24][25] .Also in July 1951, Cleveland, Ohio DJ Alan Freed started a late-night radio show called "The Moondog Rock Roll House Party" on WJW-AM (850).^ Moody Radio Ohio in Cleveland delivers much-needed quality Christian programming to nurture and nourish souls.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The actual awards show brought down the house to a sold out crowd, tickets sold out so quickly this year that the over-flow of guests were directed to the Pioneer after-party at 6-Degrees.

^ He showcased his talent recently on the promotional HBCU College Tour and opened at the House Of Blues in Cleveland, Ohio with Dwele, Jason Derulo and others.

[26] .Freed's show was sponsored by Fred Mintz, whose R&B record store had a primarily African American clientele.^ Koch Records Inks Deal With MusicSkins LLC Pepsi Celebrates African-American Fathers With Spe...

Freed began referring to the rhythm and blues music he played as "rock and roll".
In 1951, Little Richard Penniman began recording for RCA Records in the jump blues style of late 1940s Joe Brown and Billy Wright. .However, it wasn't until he prepared a demo in 1954, that caught the attention of Specialty Records, that the world would start to hear his new, uptempo, funky rhythm and blues that would catapult him to fame in 1955 and help define the sound of rock 'n' roll.^ Years came to the attention of the rock world with 2005's Autumn Effect which unleashed one of 2005-2006's biggest rock radio hits with the mythic single "Wasteland."

^ SDC was recently inducted into the Rock n' Roll Hall of Fame's "Warped Tour Exhibit."

^ I started thinking to myself, as a Nas fan, 'What kind of beats would I love to hear him over?'

.A rapid succession of rhythm and blues hits followed, beginning with "Tutti Frutti" and "Long Tall Sally", which would influence performers such as James Brown,[27] Elvis Presley,[28] and Otis Redding.^ I am not sure whether at this time my arm was under my control; I thought that if I were to leave my hand to itself, following some unknown and unidentifiable stimulus, without my influencing it in any way, it would begin to move by itself.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Right On Rhythm - THE BLUES YOU WOULD JUST HATE TO LOSE VOL. II .
  • bandVillage :: Paving the way for Independent Musicians 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bandvillage.com [Source type: General]

^ Right On Rhythm - THE BLUES YOU WOULD JUST HATE TO LOSE VOL. I .
  • bandVillage :: Paving the way for Independent Musicians 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bandvillage.com [Source type: General]

[29]
.Ruth Brown on the Atlantic label, placed hits in the top 5 every year from 1951 through 1954: "Teardrops from My Eyes", "Five, Ten, Fifteen Hours", "(Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean" and "What a Dream". Faye Adams's "Shake a Hand" made it to #2 in 1952. In 1953, the R&B record-buying public made Willie Mae Thornton's original recording of Leiber and Stoller's Hound Dog the #3 hit that year.Ruth Brown was very prominent among female R&B stars.^ Snooky Pryor - Shake My hand .
  • bandVillage :: Paving the way for Independent Musicians 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bandvillage.com [Source type: General]

^ Hound dog: the Peacock recordings.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ Her eye lay in the palm of my hand.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ruth Brown’s popularity most likely derived because of “her deeply rooted vocal delivery in African American tradition”[30] [31] That same year The Orioles, a doo-wop group, had the #4 hit of the year with Crying in the Chapel.^ In 1975, Anita joined Chapter 8, the most popular group of Detroit at the time.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ The name was derived from the streets that formed the African American business district of Tulsa, Oklahoma (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulsa%2C_Oklahoma).
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ ESSENCE, for 38 years, continues to be the preeminent lifestyle magazine for African-American women.

[32]
.Fats Domino made the top 30 of the pop charts in 1952 and 1953, then the top 10 with "Ain't That a Shame".[33] Ray Charles came to national prominence in 1955 with "I Got a Woman". Big Bill Broonzy said of Charles' music: "He's mixing the blues with the spirituals...^ Music DVD Top 10 .
  • Forum - Suche Song (Looking for ...) - swisscharts.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC swisscharts.com [Source type: General]

^ Big Bill Broonzy sings country blues.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ The cut (which sampled '60s hits "Apache" and "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida") made it inside the Top 40 on the Hot 100, Pop 100, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hot Rap Tracks, and Hot Digital Songs charts.

I know that's wrong."[34]
.In 1954 The Chords' "Sh-Boom" became the first hit to cross over from the R&B chart to hit the top 10 early in the year.^ The rapper is currently top 5 among MySpace's "Top Hip-Hop Artists - Major," as well as top 10 on the overall "Top Artists - Major" charts.

^ With over 10 top 10 videos in less than a year, it's safe to say that this model/actress is here to stay!

^ From Lil Jon & the EastSide Boyz monster hit Get Low to the chart topping Hurricane Chris smash A Bay Bay, UNWRAPPED 5.0 have it all.

Late in the year, and into 1955, "Hearts of Stone" by The Charms made the top 20.[35]
.At Chess Records in the spring of 1955, Bo Diddley's debut record "Bo Diddley"/"I'm A Man" climbed to #2 on the R&B charts and popularized Bo Diddley's own original rhythm and blues beat that would become a mainstay in rock and roll.^ See also Chess rhythm & roll ; The Country blues and Wizards from the Southside .
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ With mouthwatering beats and rhymes like these, Certified has had fans eagerly anticipating the July release of their 2 Dogs Records independent debut album Seven Days.

^ Entrants will be able to download an exclusive Bun B instrumental Mp3 track from Zune Marketplace, record their own original rap over the track, and submit their demo.

.At the urging of Leonard Chess at Chess Records, Chuck Berry had reworked a country fiddle tune with a long history, entitled "Ida Red". The resulting "Maybellene" was not only a #3 hit on the R&B charts in 1955, but also reached into the top 30 on the pop charts.^ Chuck Berry's greatest hits.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chuck Berry's golden hits.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ The cut (which sampled '60s hits "Apache" and "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida") made it inside the Top 40 on the Hot 100, Pop 100, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hot Rap Tracks, and Hot Digital Songs charts.

.Alan Freed, who had moved to the much larger market of New York City, helped the record become popular with white teenagers.^ The 150th Secret Show will take place in New York City on June 8th.

^ We've had 150 amazing shows and I can't think of a better way to celebrate than Gnarls Barkley in New York City."

^ She will be performing at Le Poisson Rouge in New York City, formerly known as the Village Gate, where her mom Nina performed regularly.

Freed had been given part of the writers' credit by Chess in return for his promotional activities; a common practice at the time.[36]

Late 1950s

.In 1956, an R&B "Top Stars of '56" tour took place, with headliners Al Hibbler, Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers, and Carl Perkins, whose "Blue Suede Shoes" was very popular with R&B music buyers.^ Focus on Lightnin' Hopkins: a documentary on the life and music of the popular blues singer.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ Monster Energy Drink Monster Energy supports the music scene from top concert tours like Projekt Revolution to up-and-coming bands on their quest to break through.

^ "We are very excited about Chiba as a huge star in the entertainment industry, not just in music", says IGP Media, Marketing & Media Director, Brian Lassiter.

.Some of the performers completing the bill were Chuck Berry, Cathy Carr, Shirley & Lee, Della Reese, the Cleftones, and the Spaniels with Illinois Jacquet's Big Rockin' Rhythm Band.^ The complete OKeh sessions 1952-'55 PERFORMERS: Big Maybelle, vocals ; with acc.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

^ PERFORMERS: Full text of three-way conversations among Memphis Slim, Big Bill Broonzy, and Sonny Boy Williamson; and the singers' biographies by Matthew Barton.
  • Blues Discography - Individuals 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC libweb.uoregon.edu [Source type: General]

.Cities visited by the tour included Columbia, SC, Annapolis, MD, Pittsburgh, PA, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo, NY, into Canada, and through the mid Western US ending in Texas.^ Let us ask our Lord to work in us and through us, and let us do our utmost to draw Him down into our hearts, for He Himself has said: "Without Me you can do nothing."
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The tour is scheduled to visit six cities across the United States including Tampa, Chicago, Detroit, New York, Los Angeles and Dallas.

^ Today's passage begins by urging an attitude of humility among all Christians, but ends by reminding us that such humility carries over into our relationship with God.
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

In Columbia the concert ended with a near riot as Perkins began his first song as the closing act. Perkins is quoted as saying, "It was dangerous. Lot of kids got hurt. .There was a lot of rioting going on, just crazy, man!^ I'm just getting beats made for it specifically, just matching it up and going from there.

^ You just can't get signed off of a freestyle in the bathroom anymore and go from there,” he says.

^ "I'm just getting beats made for it specifically, just matching it up and going from there.

The music drove 'em insane." .In Annapolis 70,000 to 50,000 people tried to attend a sold out performance with 8,000 seats.^ NABI [12:13] {Threei} all those who sold at .50 are trying to buy back at .45?
  • RealityTrader Trading Log: November 2009 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.realitytrader.com [Source type: General]

^ Over 40,000 people have attended and enjoyed the diversity of Black cinema through the festival.

Roads were clogged for seven hours.[37]
.Film makers took advantage of the popularity of "rhythm and blues" musicians as "rock n roll" musicians beginning in 1956. Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, Big Joe Turner, The Treniers, The Platters, The Flamingos, all made it onto the big screen.^ I just mean rhythm and blues as aposed to Rythm and bass, which is getting called R&B these days, that's all.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In the narrative feature film category, PANMAN, RHYTHM OF THE PALMS, directed by Sander Burger and produced by Ian Vatz, took top honors.

^ Big Joe Shelton - Black Prairie Blues .
  • bandVillage :: Paving the way for Independent Musicians 19 January 2010 8:48 UTC www.bandvillage.com [Source type: General]

[38]
.Two Elvis Presley records made the R&B top five in 1957: "Jailhouse Rock"/"Treat Me Nice" at #1, and "All Shook Up" at #5, an unprecedented acceptance of a non-African American artist into a music category known for being created by blacks.^ From superstars like Romeo and Akon to unsigned and DIY artists, all types of musicians sell their music on AmieStreet.com.

^ But I can't equate that to them being a musical talent on par with EWF. That's all I'm saying.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ In short, she entered my room all made up.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

[39] Nat King Cole, a former jazz pianist who had had #1 and #2 hits on the pop charts in the early 1950s ("Mona Lisa" at #2 in 1950 and "Too Young" at #1 in 1951), had a record in the top 5 in the R&B charts in 1958, "Looking Back"/"Do I Like It".
.In 1959, two black-owned record labels, one of which would become hugely successful, made their debut: Sam Cooke's Sar, and Berry Gordy's Motown Records.^ I burst into laughter involuntarily; it was dry, hideous laughter that made one's hair stand on end, laughter in which I could not recognize my own voice.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So im distributing my own label called Black Music Recordings.
  • XXLmag.com - » Lloyd Banks Rotten Apple 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.xxlmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tour united two of America's biggest independent record labels - Suburban Noize and Strange Music - for one summer music festival that sold out over 40 dates across the country.

[40] .Brook Benton was at the top of the R&B charts in 1959 and 1960 with one #1 and two #2 hits.^ From Lil Jon & the EastSide Boyz monster hit Get Low to the chart topping Hurricane Chris smash A Bay Bay, UNWRAPPED 5.0 have it all.

^ His song 'Move That Booty' hit #1 number on trakheadz.com in their Hip Hop category, as well as being named one of their top up and coming artists.

^ The issue will have two covers one featuring Dollicia and one features MTV's Tila Tequila; the issues hit newsstands on June 3rd!

Benton had a certain warmth in his voice that attracted a wide variety of listeners, and his ballads led to comparisons with performers such as Cole, Sinatra and Tony Bennett.[41] Lloyd Price, who in 1952 had a #1 hit with "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" regained predominance with a version of "Stagger Lee" at #1 and "Personality" at #5 for in 1959.[42][43]
.The white bandleader of the Bill Black Combo, Bill Black, who had helped start Elvis Presley's career, was popular with black listeners.^ A special thanks to the official sponsors of the 2008 Hollywood Black Film Festival, who helped sustain the festivals programming for the inspiring filmmakers and artists of today.

.Ninety percent of his record sales were from black people, and his "Smokey, Part 2" (1959) rose to the #1 position on black music charts.^ "The Bonnaroo festival experience is about bringing together a community of people that are passionate about music, art, and comedy," said Kerry Black of the Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival.

.He was once told that "a lot of those stations still think you're a black group because the sound feels funky and black."^ You're still growing.
  • RealityTrader Trading Log: November 2009 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.realitytrader.com [Source type: General]

^ Do you think you’re beyond God’s reach?
  • Richard Angulo - Internet NetNews - BlogSpot 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.ecademy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ {Threei} right [15:44] {strider} Vad, do you think you're system is profitable without partialling?
  • RealityTrader Trading Log: November 2009 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC www.realitytrader.com [Source type: General]

Hi Records did not feature pictures of the Combo on early records.[44]

1960s and later

.Sam Cooke's #5 hit "Chain Gang" is indicative of R&B in 1960, as is Chubby Checker's #5 hit "The Twist".[45][46] By the early 1960s, the music industry category previously known as rhythm and blues was being called soul music, and similar music by white artists was labeled blue eyed soul.^ "Floatin' hits at the core of soulful music.

^ It is designed for unsigned artists and musicians, label owners, music producers, songwriters, engineers and many more!

^ John Landis said they Blues Brothers turned a new generation on to these old artists thus causing new music from them.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

[47] .Motown Records had its first million-selling single in 1960 with The Miracles' "Shop Around", and in 1961, Stax Records had its first hit with Carla Thomas' "Gee Whiz!^ Anthony Hamilton first rose to fame with his platinum-selling album "Comin' from Where I'm From," which featured the single "Charlene."

^ "Bust It Baby Part 2," the first single from "DEFINITON OF REAL," has already proven to be another massive hip-hop hit for Plies.

^ He first came to the attention of the music business in 1964 when his debut single 'Love Has Put Me Down' was released by the Soul City Records label.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

.(Look at His Eyes)".[48][49] Stax's next major hit, the Mar-Keys' instrumental "Last Night" (also released in 1961) introduced the rawer Memphis soul sound that Stax became known for.^ As part of a unique promotional strategy, both songs will be hitting clubs around the U.S. before the release of Major League Ballin'.

^ Were it not for his laughter I should have done this at night when I did not have to look her in the eyes.
  • The Blind Owl 25 September 2009 8:11 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was one last major hit, the ballad "A Penny For Your Thoughts" (#32 Pop, #3 R&B, #15 AC), in 1982, but subsequent releases failed to match this success.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

[50] .Also in the 1960s, R&B and soul influenced British blues, mod and beat music bands such as The Animals, The Yardbirds, The Rolling Stones, The Who, The Kinks and The Beatles.^ The band's diverse musical influences have made it an enduring influence, one that has sold nearly 25 million records to date.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ Career Unlike most of his peers in Southern soul, Carter's musical approach harkened directly back to acoustic country blues.
  • The Funk, Soul, R&B Thread. [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: General]

^ SPECIAL EVENTS: VH1 ROCK HONORS -- PREMIERES THURSDAY JULY 17 AT 9PM* VH1 pays homage to legendary British rock band The Who in the network's third annual "VH1 Rock Honors" celebration of artists who represent the pinnacle of rock music.

It was also a foundation for garage rock and freakbeat. In Jamaica, R&B influenced the development of ska.[51][52][53]
.By the 1970s, the term rhythm and blues was being used as a blanket term for soul, funk, and disco.^ Soul, Funk, latin bugalu, Rhytm and Blue .
  • latin | Postbocks.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC postbocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Funk, Disco, Hip Hop, Breaks, Soul .
  • latin | Postbocks.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC postbocks.com [Source type: General]

Around the same time, earlier R&B was an infuence on British pub rock and later, the mod revival. .In the 2000s, the term R&B is almost always used instead of the full rhythm and blues, and mainstream use of the term usually refers to contemporary R&B, which is a modern version of soul and funk-influenced pop music that originated as disco faded from popularity.^ A non-profit organization dedicated to Local History * Community Service * Senior Dog Adoption * Classic Rhythm & Blues Music * .
  • The Delaware Valley Rhythm & Blues Society, Inc. is a non-profit organization dedicated to Classic Rhythm & Blues Music, Local History, Community Service, & Senior Dog Adoption 21 January 2010 4:38 UTC www.dvrbs.com [Source type: General]

^ Soul, Funk, latin bugalu, Rhytm and Blue .
  • latin | Postbocks.com 9 February 2010 16:016 UTC postbocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Working across musical genres was like creating a patchwork where I got to weave together various influences and allow them to co-exist in a fresh and original way."

See also

References

  1. ^ The new blue music: changes in rhythm & blues, 1950-1999, p.172
  2. ^ a b Palmer, Robert (1982-07-29). Deep Blues: A Musical and Cultural History of the Mississippi Delta (paperback ed.). Penguin. p. 146. ISBN 978-0140062236. 
  3. ^ The new blue music: changes in rhythm & blues, 1950-1999, p.8
  4. ^ Sacks, Leo (1993-08-29). "The Soul of Jerry Wexler". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7D7163BF93AA1575BC0A965958260. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  5. ^ Cohn, Lawrence; Aldin,Mary Katherine; Bastin,Bruce. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press. p. 314. 
  6. ^ Jerry Wexler, famed record producer, dies at 91, Nekesa Mumbi Moody, AP Music Writer, Dallas Morning News, 15 August 2008
  7. ^ Palmer, Robert (1995-kk09-19). Rock & Roll: An Unruly History. Harmony. ISBN 978-0517700501. 
  8. ^ Palmer, Robert. Deep Blues: A Musical and Cultural History of the Mississippi Delta. Viking Adult. ISBN 978-0670495115. 
  9. ^ Allmusic.com
  10. ^ a b Cohn, Lawrence; Aldin,Mary Katherine; Bastin,Bruce. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press. 
  11. ^ Go Cat Go! Craig Morrison. 1952. University of Illinois Press. page 30. ISBN 0-252-06538-7
  12. ^ a b Tad Richards, "Rhythm and Blues", St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture, 2002
  13. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1947". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1947. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Louis Jordan at All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. http://www.allaboutjazz.com/php/musician.php?id=8211. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  16. ^ Cohn, Lawrence; Aldin, Mary Katherine; Bastin,Bruce. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press. p. 173. 
  17. ^ The Vocal Group Harmony Web Site
  18. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1948". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1948. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  19. ^ Andy Gibson (II) - Biography
  20. ^ Hucklebuck!
  21. ^ Hucklebuck!
  22. ^ Billboard.com - Year End Charts - Year-end Singles - Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs
  23. ^ a b Billboard.com - Biography - Johnny Otis
  24. ^ The Vocal Groups
  25. ^ Clovers Don't You Know I Love You & Other Favorites CD
  26. ^ Digital Case - Search Results
  27. ^ White, Charles. (2003), p. 231. The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Authorised Biography. Omnibus Press.
  28. ^ White (2003), p. 227
  29. ^ White (2003), p. 231
  30. ^ Floyd, Samuel Jr.The Power of Black Music (1995). Oxford University Press INC. p. 177. 
  31. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1953". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1953. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  32. ^ "The Orioles Record Label Shots". http://www.colorradio.com/orioles.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  33. ^ Go, Cat, Go! by Carl Perkins and David McGee 1996 pages 111 Hyperion Press ISBN 0-7868-6073-1
  34. ^ Cohn, Lawrence; Aldin,Mary Katherine; Bastin,Bruce. Nothing but the Blues: The Music and the Musicians. Abbeville Press. p. 173. 
  35. ^ Go, Cat, Go! by Carl Perkins and David McGee 1996 page 111 Hyperion Press ISBN 0-7868-6073-1
  36. ^ Billboard.com - Biography - Chuck Berry
  37. ^ Go, Cat, Go! by Carl Perkins and David McGee 1996 pages 188, 210, 212-214 Hyperion Press ISBN 0-7868-6073-1
  38. ^ Don't Knock the Rock (1956), Rock Around the Clock(1956), Rock, Rock, Rock (1956), Rumble on the Docks (1956), Shake, Rattle & Rock! (1956), The Girl Can't Help It (1956), Rock Baby, Rock It (1957), Untamed Youth (1957), Go, Johnny, Go! (1959)
  39. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1957". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1957. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  40. ^ Palmer, Robert (1995-09-19). Rock & Roll: An Unruly History. Harmony. p. 82. ISBN 978-0517700501. 
  41. ^ Simon, Tom. "Brook Benton Biography". http://www.shewins.com/bio.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  42. ^ "Information Not Found". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1952. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  43. ^ "Information Not Found". Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1959. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  44. ^ The Blue Moon Boys—The Story of Elvis Presley's Band. Ken Burke and Dan Griffin . 2006. Chicago Review Press. pages 138, 139. ISBN 1-55652-614-8
  45. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1959". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1959. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  46. ^ "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs 1960". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/charts/yearend_chart_display.jsp?f=Hot+R%26B%2FHip-Hop+Songs&g=Year-end+Singles&year=1960. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  47. ^ Palmer, Robert (1995-09-19). Rock & Roll: An Unruly History. Harmony. p. 82. ISBN 978-0517700501. 
  48. ^ Palmer, Robert (1995-09-19). Rock & Roll: An Unruly History. Harmony. p. 83,84. ISBN 978-0517700501. 
  49. ^ [2] sample of "Gee Whiz"
  50. ^ sample
  51. ^ "allmusic". allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=77:386~T00. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  52. ^ "The Origins of Ska, Reggae and Dub Music". Potentbrew.com. 1999-08-03. http://www.potentbrew.com/skaregdu.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 
  53. ^ "The Beginning". Web.fccj.edu. http://web.fccj.edu/~ivanhoof/ska/TheBeginning.html. Retrieved 2010-01-07. 

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to R & B article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Abbreviation

R & B
  1. rhythm and blues

Anagrams


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 23, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Rhythm and blues, which are similar to those in the above article.








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