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RGM-59 Taurus: Wikis

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The RGM-59 Taurus was a United States surface-to-surface missile design intended to serve as a landing force support weapon when troops made shore landings from ship. The initial design was completed in 1964, but plans for the missile were canceled in 1965 prior to the production of any hardware.

History

The missile was conceived in the early 1960s to help fill the gap left left by the United States Navy's dismantling of its big-gun cruiser and battleship fleet during the decade before. The RMG-59 Taurus was the design of the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL), which extensively studied existing technology to determine how best to create a missile that would meet the 1961 landing force support weapon (LFSW) requirements, which mandated that missiles be non-nuclear if to be used against unprotected troops and unarmoured vehicles and also set standards for range and efficiency. The "Taurus" design was given the designation ZRGM-59A in June 1963. The design was expected to enter testing early in 1965, but the designs had not yet been produced when the Taurus was canceled in 1965.

Design

The RGM-59 Taurus was intended to deliver a 450 kg. (1000 lb.) warhead through the existing Terrier launcher, with the assistance of a solid-fuel rocket booster. The Taurus was to have been outfitted with a missile homing beacon, targeted by forward troops, to provide a circular error probability (CEP) of 27 meters (30 yards). Under inertial navigation system, it had an anticipated CEP of 190 m (210 yds).


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