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2FM
RTÉ 2fm.svg
Broadcast area National -  Ireland
Slogan Livin' the Life, Lovin' the Music
Frequency 90-92 MHz(97 in Northeast)
Digital terrestrial television
DAB
Online
First air date 31 May 1979 AS RTÉ Radio 2
Format Popular music
Owner Raidió Teilifís Éireann
Website 2fm.rte.ie

RTÉ 2fm, or 2FM as it is commonly referred to, is RTÉ's second national radio station. It broadcasts popular music programming aimed at a young Irish audience.

The station commenced broadcasting in 1979 and has undergone numerous name changes and line-up switches throughout its history. The longest running show is The Gerry Ryan Show which has been on air since 1988. In recent years old stalwarts such as Dave Fanning and Larry Gogan have been moved to the weekend to make way for the likes of Rick O'Shea and Nikki Hayes, whilst Ian Dempsey and Tony Fenton have opted for moves to rival radio station Today FM. 2fm have in turn raided Phantom FM for Cormac Battle, Jenny Huston and Dan Hegarty, whilst recent additions Colm & Jim-Jim were poached from FM104

The station is well-known for being the first in the world to play any new single released by U2, due to the band's long-term friendship with Dave Fanning.[1] It celebrated its thirty-year association in September 2009 by airing a special weekend of programmes, including U2's Top 30 Moments.[2] RTÉ has since expanded its young people's music radio output. An all-music (mostly of the rock genre) sister station of 2FM, RTÉ 2XM, designed for students and young adults, now operates on the RTÉ DAB Multiplex. [3] In 2008, the station captured 17% of the national audience, the second most popular station in Ireland after RTÉ Radio 1 (23%).[4]

Contents

History

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Radio 2 (1979 - 1988)

RTÉ Radio 2, as it was originally known, began broadcasting on 31 May 1979. [5] "Like Clockwork" by the Boomtown Rats was the first song on air, played by Larry Gogan. It was developed as a response by RTÉ to the pirate radio craze sweeping Dublin and the rest of the country. Its original slogan was "Radio 2 Comin'atcha" and, as well as broadcasting popular music, it carried a number of other musical strands as well as news and current affairs. Its original broadcast frequencies were 612 kHz MW (until 2004) and 90-92 MHz FM. Original DJs included Larry Gogan, who transferred from RTÉ Radio 1, Mark Cagney, Michael McNamara, Declan Meehan, Vincent Hanley, Ronan Collins, Gerry Ryan and Dave Fanning.

2FM logo used from 1988-1999

2FM (1988 - 1999)

In 1988 after many years presenting a nightly music show called Lights out for around 6 years previously The Gerry Ryan Show, a morning topical radio show, began broadcasts. Not long afterwards, RTÉ began radical changes to Radio 2's format. Most non-pop music programming was dropped. The station was rebranded as "2FM" in 1988. At this stage the basic schedule for the next decade or so was put in place: Ian Dempsey, Gerry Ryan, Larry Gogan, Gareth O'Callaghan, Tony Fenton, and Dave Fanning were staples of this period. Many of these presenters have stayed with 2FM over the years while others have moved to competing stations.

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2FM in this era was at its most popular. Its mobile broadcasting unit, the roadcaster, made regular trips nationwide, with 2FM organising live events throughout Ireland, such as the "Beat on the Street" and "Lark in the Park". New bands would often get their "big break" by being featured on the Dave Fanning Show. Gerry Ryan's radio show became a national institution.

RTÉ 2fm (2000 - present)

However by 2000, this schedule was looking very stale. In addition, 2FM suffered the high profile departure of Ian Dempsey to the newly established commercial national radio station Today FM. Both Today FM and the emerging independent local radio sector had eroded 2FM's once unassailable listenership base. Today FM continues to sign up disillusioned 2FM staff, with Tony Fenton being the most recent departure, in September 2004.

In 1999, veteran producer and disc jockey John Clarke was made Head of 2FM.[6] He rebranded 2FM with a new blue and red logo (as "RTÉ 2fm") and re-arranged the schedule. Ryan Tubridy was poached from RTÉ Radio 1 to present The Full Irish breakfast programme; however in 2005 he returned to Radio 1, heralding an era of instability in breakfast broadcasting as first Ruth Scott and Rick O'Shea took charge of The Rick and Ruth Breakfast Show, before being replaced 5 months later by Marty Whelan in September 2005. Whelan has since been ousted as part of the March 2007 revamp to make way for The Colm & Jim-Jim Breakfast Show as 2fm engaged in a spot of poaching for once in persuading Colm Hayes and Jim-Jim Nugent to leave FM104.[7] DJ Mark McCabe arrived to present a dance music show at weekends. Later, more changes saw Larry Gogan being moved from his lunchtime slot to "drive time". A news programme, Newsbeat, was added to the schedules in response to criticisms that RTÉ 2fm was not fulfilling its remit as a public service broadcaster. Newer alternative DJs such as the "Phantom 3",[8] Canadian Jenny Huston, Dan Hegarty and Kerbdog front-man Cormac Battle have also joined the line-up in recent years. Also joining are the aforementioned Colm & Jim-Jim as well as the Irishwoman Jennifer Greene.

On 12 January 2007 RTÉ announced a major revamp of 2fm, with the axing of Marty Whelan's breakfast show[9] and Larry Gogan's move to the weekend two of the main changes. The presenters of FM104's The Strawberry Alarm Clock moved to the station; as FM104 continues to broadcast its breakfast show under the latter title, the 2fm version is known as the Colm and Jim-Jim Breakfast Show (initially referred to in pre-publicity as the 2fm Alarm Clock, however the name was changed after FM104 threathened legal action). During this 2007 revamp Will Leahy formerly of the Saturday Show was promoted to the weekday Drivetime slot, which he broadcasts from his base at the RTÉ Limerick studios on the fifth floor of the Cornmarket.[10][11] This leaves Gerry Ryan the only original Radio 2 presenter to retain a weekday programme with the station. The new schedule launched on 5 March 2007. 2fm DJs Nikki Hayes and Rick O'Shea have since been the subject of criticism for the idle chatter they fill their shows with and from January 2009 have been ordered by their management to play more music.[12]

RTÉ 2fm, like RTÉ Radio 1, technically broadcasts 24 hours a day however programming from 02:00 until 06:00 most days is replays of programmes from the previous day along with live news updates on the hour. The station regularly broadcasts live from large Irish music festivals, such as Oxegen, Electric Picnic and PlanetLove, and latterly has broadcast live music under the title 2fm XtrAlive (formerly 2fm Live), with the most recorded visiting act being Manic Street Preachers.[13] The recent series of shows entitled the 2fm 2moro 2our has maintained the station's reputation for live performance promotion as well as offering career boosts to artists such as The Immediate, The Flaws, Ham Sandwich, Concerto For Constantine and David Geraghty.

John Clarke resigned unexpectedly his position as Head of RTÉ 2fm on 14 August 2009.[14][15] Four days later, and after spending some time presenting on RTÉ Radio 1, it was announced that Dave Fanning would be returning to RTÉ 2fm to present his evening weekday show in his old 19:00 slot.[16][17] The return of Fanning followed the failure by RTÉ 2fm in its attempts to target teenagers.[18] Clarke was replaced by John McMahon the following month.[19] There was comment within the Irish media when, despite electing to target a middle-aged audience, the radio station opted in September 2009 not to playlist David Gray, an English singer-songwriter who is popular with that age group in Ireland.[20] Gray's music is played on Today FM and other stations.[20] McMahon began his reign by bringing in several schedule changes from early 2010, new additions to the station included the arrivals of Hector Ó hEochagáin and Tommy Tiernan live from Galway, and Neil Hannon and Thomas Walsh for weekend shows.Though after being sacked for unknown reasons he was replaced by Neil o Brien who only changed the schedule again slightly since 15th March 2010.

Current presenters and shows

  • Colm & Jim-Jim (The Colm & Jim-Jim Breakfast Show)(Mon-Fri 6-9)
  • Cormac Battle (Sun 22-24)
  • Dan Hegarty (Sat 23-2)
  • Dave Fanning (Mon-Thurs 19-21 & Sat 17-19)
  • Gerry Ryan (The Gerry Ryan Show)(Mon -Fri 9-12 Sun 10-11 replay Tues-sat 2-5 replay)
  • Jenny Greene (Fri 19-21 & Sat 19-22)
  • Jenny Huston (Fri21-23 & Sat 22-24 Sun 20-22)
  • Damian Farrelly (Mon-Thurs 21-1)
  • 2fm Live(Sat 12-14)
  • John Clarke (Ireland's Biggest Jukebox)(Sun 11-14)
  • Larry Gogan (Sat 10-12 Sun 17-19)
  • Mr Spring (The Spring Sessions)( Sat 24-2)
  • 2FM Studio Sessions (Sun 19-20)
  • Nikki Hayes (Sat 14-17 Sun 14-17)
  • Rick O'Shea (The Rick O'Shea Show)(Mon-Fri 12-15)
  • Ruth Scott (Weekend Breakfast Show)(Sat&Sun 7-10)
  • Will Leahy (The Will Leahy Show)(Mon-Fri 16-19)
  • Tommy Tiernan & Hector O hEochogáin (The Tommy and Hecotr Show) (Mon-Fri 15-16 Tues-Sat 5-6 replay)

Digital sister stations

The launch of digital radio into Ireland has allowed RTÉ to expand their music radio operation. Whereas 2fm has to play a mix of genres and eras of pop, the digital stations can play a wider range of music and focus more tightly on a particular format. RTÉ operates three music-led digital stations, which could be described as sister stations to 2fm:

  • RTÉ 2XM, a station playing new and alternative music;
  • RTÉ Gold, a station playing solely golden oldies; and
  • RTÉ Pulse, a station playing dance and electronic music.

There is also a chillout music service, RTÉ Chill, which shares a broadcast slot with children's station RTÉ Junior.

References

  1. ^ "World premiere for new U2 on RTÉ 2fm". RTÉ. 2009-01-16. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2009/0116/u2.html. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  2. ^ "30 years of U2 on RTÉ this weekend". RTÉ. 2009-09-25. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2009/0925/u2.html. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  3. ^ RTÉ Digital Radio Press Release. RTÉ. Accessed 19 October 2008.
  4. ^ "Tubridy rides crest of airwaves". Irish Independent. 2008-11-14. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/tubridy-rides-crest-of-airwaves-1538956.html. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  5. ^ RTE: History Of 2FM
  6. ^ Jackie Hayden and Chris Donovan (2000-06-08). "2FM Comes Of Age". Hot Press. http://www.hotpress.com/archive/392278.html. Retrieved 2009-12-26. "Last year John Clarke, after many years as a DJ and producer with 2FM, took over as effective head of the station." 
  7. ^ "Don't move the dial . . . you might miss 2fm's next line-up change". Irish Independent. 2007-03-01. http://www.independent.ie/business/irish/dont-move-the-dial----you-might-miss-2fms-next-lineup-change-47471.html. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  8. ^ "Three times lucky?". Hot Press. 2003-07-09. http://66.102.9.104/search?q=cache:Kyr5G3Co2KkJ:www.hotpress.com/archive/2667665.html+Three+times+lucky%3F&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=5&gl=ie. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  9. ^ "'Alarmed' RTE radio axes Marty's show". Irish Independent. 2007-01-13. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/alarmed-rte-radio-axes-martys-show-59201.html. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  10. ^ Leahy, William. The Will Leahy Show. 14 November 2008.
  11. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named RT.C3.89_2fm_announce_New_Year_schedule_changes; see Help:Cite error.
  12. ^ "Idle chatter set to return as 2fm bans all daytime talk". Sunday Tribune. 2009-01-04. http://www.tribune.ie/news/article/2009/jan/04/idle-chatter-set-to-return-as-2fm-bans-all-daytime/. Retrieved 2009-01-09. 
  13. ^ "MANIC STREET PREACHERS LIVE AT OXEGEN O8 - SUNDAY FEB 8 @ 9.30". Official site of Oxegen. 2009-02-03. http://www.oxegen.ie/2008/node/479. Retrieved 2009-02-03. 
  14. ^ "John Clarke stands down as head of RTÉ 2fm". RTÉ. 2009-08-14. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2009/0814/clarkej.html. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  15. ^ "John Clarke to quit as Head of 2fm". Hot Press. 2009-08-13. http://www.hotpress.com/news/John%20Clarke%20to%20quit%20as%20Head%20of%202fm/5737349.html. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  16. ^ "Fanning moves back to 2FM". RTÉ. 2009-08-18. http://www.rte.ie/arts/2009/0818/fanningd.html. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  17. ^ "Fanning moves back to 2fm". Hot Press. 2009-08-17. http://www.hotpress.com/Dave%20Fanning/news/Fanning%20moves%20back%20to%202fm/5737826.html. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  18. ^ Stephen O'Farrell and Laura Noonan (2009-08-18). "Why Miriam is primed to do more on radio". Irish Independent. http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/tv-radio/why-miriam-is-primed-to-do--more-on-radio-1862307.html. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  19. ^ "RTÉ announce new Head of 2fm". Hot Press. 2009-09-25. http://www.hotpress.com/John%20McMahon/news/RT%C3%89%20announce%20new%20Head%20of%202fm/5847951.html. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  20. ^ a b Ken Sweeney (2009-09-20). "No Gray area for 2FM playlists". Sunday Tribune. http://www.tribune.ie/article/2009/sep/20/no-gray-area-for-2fm-playlists/. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 

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