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Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE)
RTVE logo.png
Type Broadcast radio and
television
Country Spain Spain
Availability National; international (via TVE Internacional, and rtve.es)
Owner Government of Spain
Key people Alberto Oliart, President
Launch date 19 January 1937 (radio)
28 October 1956 (television)
Official Website rtve.es

The Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española, S.A. (Spanish Radio and Television Corporation) or Corporación Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE) is the state-owned public corporation that assumed the indirect management of the Spanish public radio and television service from Ente Público Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE Public Body) in 2007. RTVE is the largest audiovisual group in Spain broadcasting in the Spanish language. It is financed by both public subsidies and advertising.[1]

Contents

History

The history of RTVE begins in 1937 with the first broadcasts by Radio Nacional de España (RNE -- Spanish National Radio) from the city of Salamanca. In these early years, RNE served as a propaganda tool for the Nationalist forces during the Spanish Civil War; it would later be used by Francisco Franco to inform the Spanish public.

Television was officially introduced in Spain in October 1956, and in October 1973 the two broadcasting networks, RNE and Televisión Española (TVE -- Spanish Television) were consolidated into the Servicio Público Centralizado RadioTelevisión Española (RTVE Centralised Public Service).

Further consolidations followed in 1977, at which time RTVE became an autonomous organization. In 1980, RTVE was configured, by statute, as a legal public entity with its own jurisdiction[2]. According to RTVE's annual report (2003): "This law arose from the Spanish Constitution and the political pluralism which the constitution asserts as a fundamental value of the rule of law; and in this spirit granted RTVE the right to function as a democratic organization."[3]

Creation of Corporación RTVE

RTVE throughout its history has undergone numerous restructurings and reorganizations, and has assumed numerous identities. In accordance with the Ley de la Radio y la Televisión Estatal (Ley 17/2006; Law of State Radio and Television) of 5 June 2006,[4] and in the face of an enormous deficit, the RTVE Public Body and the companies TVE, S.A. and RNE, S.A were dissolved, and on 1 January 2007 the RTVE Corporation came into existence.[5]

This change in the law put Corporación RTVE in control of Spain's public radio and television service. Corporación RTVE is described as a sociedad mercantil estatal (state mercantile society) with special autonomy and independence from the government and the general state administration, and it performs its functions through TVE and RNE. A Consejo de Administración (Administrative Council), consisting of 12 members elected by Parliament, exists to administer and govern the organization, carrying out its executive functions through the corporation's President.[6] The current Consejo and the President (the journalist Luis Fernández Fernández) were elected on 19 December 2006.

As part of the 2007 restructuring, a controversial plan was put into action to reduce the workforce by 4,855 through attrition and retirement incentives, in spite of the fact that RTVE is the European public broadcasting service with the smallest workforce.

Role as a public broadcaster

In the exercise of its public service function, among the obligations of the RTVE Corporation are:

  • Promote dissemination and awareness of constitutional principles and civic values.
  • Guarantee the objectivity and truthfulness of the information provided, while ensuring that a broad range of views is presented.
  • Facilitate democratic debate and the free expression of opinion.
  • Promote the territorial cohesion and linguistic and cultural diversity of Spain.
  • Offer access to different genres of programming and to the institutional, social, cultural, and sporting events that are of interest to all sectors of the audience, paying attention to those topics that are of special interest to the public.
  • To serve the widest audience, ensuring maximum continuity and geographical and social coverage, with a commitment to quality, diversity, innovation, and high ethical standards.

Legal status and structure

The legal status of the Corporation is that of a wholly state-owned public limited company, although RTVE is independent of direct control by the government and the central state administration.

RTVE exercises its functions through two subsidiary companies:

and

RTVE is also responsible for the Instituto Oficial de Radio y Televisión (IORTV, Official Institute of Radio and TV) and the Orquesta Sinfónica y Coro de RTVE (RTVE Symphony Orchestra and Choir). RTVE (as RNE) was admitted to full active membership of the European Broadcasting Union in 1955. The corporation has contributed to the production of more than 300 films, many of which have received awards at international film festivals around the world.

List of Director Generals and Presidents

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Director Generals of Radiodifusión y Televisión

  • José María Revuelta Prieto (1957-1962).
  • Roque Pro Alonso (1962-1964).
  • Jesús Aparicio-Bernal Sánchez (1964-1969).
  • Adolfo Suárez (1969-1973).
  • Rafael Orbe Cano (1973-1974).
  • Juan José Rosón Pérez (1974).
  • Jesús Sancho Rof (1974-1975).
  • Gabriel Peña Aranda (1975-1976).
  • Rafael Anson Oliart (1976-1977).

Director General of Organismo Autónomo RTVE

  • Fernando Arias-Salgado Montalvo (1977-1981).

Director Generals of Ente Público RTVE

  • Fernando Castedo Álvarez (1981).
  • Carlos Robles Piquer (1981-1982).
  • Eugenio Nasarre Goicoechea (1982).
  • José María Calviño Iglesias (1982-1986).
  • Pilar Miró Romero (1986-1989).
  • Luis Solana Madariaga (1989-1990).
  • Jordi García Candau (1990-1996).
  • Mónica Ridruejo Ostrowska (1996-1997).
  • Fernando López-Amor (1997-1998).
  • Pío Cabanillas Alonso (1998-2000).
  • Javier González Ferrari (2000-2002).
  • José Antonio Sánchez Domínguez (2002-2004).
  • Carmen Caffarel Serra (2004-2007).

President of Corporación RTVE

  • Luis Fernández Fernández (2007- ).

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ "La financiación de la Corporación es mixta, mediante los fondos públicos, aprobados por las Cortes españolas; y con la publicidad y otros recursos comerciales, como la venta de programas." (The Corporation's financing is mixed, through public funds, approved by the Cortes; and through advertising and other commercial resources, such as the sale of programs.) "El mayor grupo audiovisual español". Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española. 2007-11-01. http://www.rtve.es/FRONT_PROGRAMAS?go=111b735a516af85ca6718fb8e6a6ee87ea19e3b85f7078618e9d2df45076986687afe171e492044c7c7d5a73d2a8e4f8d6e2bac1ade178fb92639124495b0047220ff2e14d59bf658f94ef494f0dad19. Retrieved 2009-12-24.  
  2. ^ Ley 4/1980, de 10 de enero, de Estatuto de la Radio y la Televisión - Radio and Television Statute passed on 10 January 1980 (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Ente Público RadioTelevisión Española (2004). Informe Anual sobre el Cumplimiento de la Función de Servicio Público del Grupo Radiotelevisión Española en 2003. Madrid: Dirección Gerencia Internacional y Corporativa de RTVE Subdirección de Estudios Corporativos de RTVE(last accessed on 15 April 2007; see page 14) (in Spanish)
  4. ^ Ley 17/2006 de la radio y la televisión de titularidad estatal – the law passed on 5 June 2006 granting Corporación RTVE direct management of the Spanish public broadcasting and television services (in Spanish)
  5. ^ El mayor grupo audiovisual (The Biggest Audiovisual Group) – press release issued by RTVE on 1 January 2007 introducing the new corporation (in Spanish)
  6. ^ Statement on RTVE website about the creation of Corporación TVE (in Spanish)
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Spanish Wikipedia.

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