Rabobank (cycling team): Wikis

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Rabobank
The Rabobank team in 2005

The Rabobank team during the
2005 Rund um den Henninger Turm race.

Team information
UCI code RAB
Based  Netherlands
Founded 1996
Discipline(s) Road, Cyclo-cross
Status ProTour
Key personnel
General manager Erik Breukink
Team name history
1984–1986
1987–1989
1990–1992
1993–1994
1995
Kwantum
Superconfex
Buckler
Wordperfect
Novell
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
 
Jersey
Current season

Rabobank (UCI Team Code: RAB[1]) is a professional bicycle racing team, sponsored by the Rabobank. The team consists of three sections: ProTeam (the UCI ProTour team), Continental (a talent team racing in the UCI Europe Tour), and Cyclo-cross. The team formerly rode Colnago frames but as of 1 January 2009 began a two year contract riding Giant frames equipped with Shimano components.[2]

The cycling team was founded for the 1984 season under the name Kwantum, with mostly cyclists coming from the TI-Raleigh cycling team.[3] Since 1984, the team has entered every Tour de France[4] and since the introduction of divisions in 1998, the team has always been in the first division.[5]

Contents

History

In road bicycle racing, teams take name from their main sponsors. The Rabobank team has previously had the following sponsors, and thus names.

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Kwantum Hallen-Decosol-Yoko (1984–1986)

After the season of 1983, the TI-Raleigh team split up because of tension between former world champion Jan Raas and team leader Peter Post[6], with seven cyclists following Post to the new Panasonic-team and six cyclists joining Raas to the Kwantum team[7]. The team captains of the Kwantum team were Guillaume Driessens, Jan Gisbers and Walter Godefroot[8]. In their first year, the team managed to win the red jersey for intermediate sprints and one stage in the 1984 Tour de France, the Amstel Gold Race and the Dutch national road championship.[8] After the 1984 season, Jan Raas stopped as an active cyclist and became team manager. In 1985 the Kwantum team had a successful year. Victories included two Tour de France stage, the Tour of Luxembourg, Paris-Tours, Paris-Brussels, the Tirreno-Adriatico, the Tour of Belgium, again the Dutch national road championship, and the World cycling championship (Joop Zoetemelk)[9]. 1986 was less successful; the most important victory was Tour of Belgium[10].

Superconfex-Yoko (1987–1989)

For the 1987 season, the main sponsor became Superconfex. In that year, the team was officially known as Superconfex - Kwantum - Yoko - Colnago. Jan Raas remained the team leader. After a victory in Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne for Ludo Peeters, the new sprinter Jean-Paul van Poppel (coming from the Skala cycling team) gave the team a great year, with three stage wins in the Tour de France (of which two for van Poppel) and the victory in the points classification in the Tour de France for Jean-Paul van Poppel. Joop Zoetemelk ended his career with a victory in the Amstel Gold Race[11]. From 1988 on, the team was known as Superconfex - Yoko - Opel - Colnago. 1988 was also a successful season for the team, with victories in Paris-Brussels, the Tour of Ireland, the Tour of Belgium, the Amstel Gold Race, and six stages in the Tour de France[12]. In the 1989 season, Jean-Paul van Poppel changed to the Panasonic team. In 1989 his sprinting capacities were missed, and the number of victories was reduced. Still, Paris-Brussels, the Tour of Flanders and Paris-Tours were won, together with two stages in the 1989 Tour de France[13].

Buckler-Colnago-Decca (1990–1992)

After the 1989 season, the main sponsoring was taken over by Buckler. The Tour of Belgium was won again, and the Ronde van Nederland was won as well. That year, the team had the winner of the Dutch national road race championships again, as Peter Winnen won the race[14]. In 1991, the team won the Amstel Gold Race, the Ronde van Nederland and Tour of Flanders. The team had taken over Steven Rooks from the Panasonic team, who immediately became the Dutch national road race champion[15]. The worst year in the team's history was 1992. Only 26 races were won in the season, compared to 64 victories in the successful 1988 season[16]. 1992 also saw a young Erik Dekker entering the team. After that season, Buckler decided to stop sponsoring.

Wordperfect-Colnago-Decca (1993–1994)

A new sponsor was found in WordPerfect. Steven Rooks left the team, Raúl Alcalá joined the team. Still, the 1993 season did not turn out a great season, with only 29 victories, the most important being Three Days of De Panne and the Tour DuPont[17]. In 1993 and 1994, Michael Boogerd and Leon van Bon started their professional career in the team, and Viatcheslav Ekimov also came. The Tour du Pont was won again, together with the Tour of Luxembourg. The year still was disappointing with only 25 victories.

Novell Software-Decca (1995)

In 1995, the team was joined by Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, the winner of the points classification in the 1994 Tour de France. Abdoujaparov won one stage in the Tour de France, but other than that, the year was still not what the sponsor's had hoped, so a new sponsor had to be found. The title sponsor of the previous two years, WordPerfect, was a product of Novell Software, which carried the team's name this one season.

Rabobank (1996–present)

Raas became the team manager of the Rabobank team while Theo de Rooy, Adrie van Houwelingen and Zoetemelk were directeur sportifs.[2] As a Dutch cycling team, the team has signed many of the prominent Dutch cyclists of the 1990s including Adrie van der Poel, Richard Groenendaal and Erik Breukink as well as keeping the prominent Dutch cyclists from the Novell team that included Leon van Bon, Erik Dekker and Michael Boogerd. In addition the team had many successful cyclists in Edwig van Hooydonck, Rolf Sorensen, Johan Bruyneel and the neo-pro for the 1996 season Australian Robbie McEwen.[2]

The Rabobank team has dominated the Dutch National championships over several disciplines in cycling for example Elite and Under 23 time trial championships, Elite and Under 23 Road Race, Elite and Under 23 Cyclo-cross disciplines as well as Mountain Bike championships. The team also has had the World Champion in several categories for example Cyclo-cross; in 1996 Adrie van der Poel, in 2000 Richard Groenendaal and in 2004 Sven Nys. Óscar Freire became UCI Road World Champion in 2004. Sven Nys, Thijs Verhagen and Lars Boom were Under 23 Cyclo-cross World Champions in 1997, 2002 and 2007 respectively while Boom was became Under 23 World Time trial champion in 2007.

In the 2000 Cyclo-cross World championships there was a conflict between the commercial team interests and the national team interests. Groenendaal attacked during the first lap and was chased by defending cyclo-cross world champion Mario De Clercq who was followed by Groenendaal's Rabobank teammate Sven Nys. Team manager Jan Raas allegedly told Nys not to cooperate in the chase of his commercial teammate and as a result De Clercq never caught Groenendaal enabling Groenendaal to become World Champion. As a result, Nys received much criticism from the Belgian team manager Erik De Vlaeminck as well as the Belgian public.[18]

Jan Raas was the team manager for the first eight years of the teams existence. In 2003 Raas was removed rather abruptly which surprised the other members of staff including Theo De Rooy as well as riders Erik Dekker and Michael Boogerd.[19] De Rooy was promoted to team manager and a former Rabobank rider who had been at that time working as a PR man for Rabobank, Erik Breukink, was named as the new directeur sportif to replace De Rooy. In August 2007 in the aftermath of the affair in which Michael Rasmussen was removed during the 2007 Tour de France, De Rooij resigned from his position as team manager.[20]

Road Racing team

The road racing team has won several Classics such as the Ronde van Vlaanderen in 1997, Championship of Hamburg in 1998, the Amstel Gold Race in 1999 and 2001, Paris-Tours in 1999 and 2004, Clásica de San Sebastián in 2000 and Milan-Sanremo in 2004 and 2007. Erik Dekker won the UCI World Cup in 2001 due to his Classic win and high placings in many of the classics.

Rabobank becoming a Grand Tour team

Rabobank team, 2004 Tour de France

The team signed American Levi Leipheimer in 2002 as a rider for the Tour de France. Leipheimer finished eighth in his first Tour but crashed out of the race on the first stage of the 2003 Tour de France. Leipheimer finished ninth overall the following year. The team became more of a Grand Tour team as could be seen by Michael Rasmussen's win in the Mountains Classification of the 2005 Tour de France. When Denis Menchov took the lead in the 2005 Vuelta a Espana, he was not expecting to be competing for the overall classification[21] The Rabobank team at that year's Vuelta were not seen as particularly strong or able to assist Menchov in the mountain stages.[22] Menchov finished second to Roberto Heras which was the highest placing of a Rabobank team rider at a grand tour after Michael Boogerd's fifth place in the 1998 Tour de France. Heras was later disqualified for doping and Menchov was made the winner.[23] The following year Menchov focused on the Tour de France where the team rode strongly with Menchov, Boogerd and Rasmussen.

During the 2007 Tour de France, Rabobank fired Michael Rasmussen (2005 Tour de France, 2006 Tour de France K.O.M.) for code-violations while he was in the yellow jersey[24]. The remaining riders of the Rabobank team were given the choice to start the 17th stage without Michael Rasmussen, or to withdraw. That evening they decided to withdraw, but the team changed its mind and announced the following morning that the riders would be starting the 17th stage.[25] Although he started with the rest of the team, Denis Menchov (team leader on the road, who deferred to Rasmussen when the latter seemed to have a better chance at winning) abandoned the race in the middle of the stage.[26]

The Rabobank team was invited for the 2008 Tour de France[27]. Denis Menchov had decided to focus on the Tour de France. To do that, he did not defend his Vuelta a Espana-title, and rode the 2008 Giro d'Italia as preparation for the Tour de France[28]. Menchov finished 4th place in the 2008 Tour de France, and Óscar Freire won the points classification. The team had to wait until 2009 for the first successes in the Giro d'Italia, when Denis Menchov won two stages; a mountain finish and a time trial. This second win earned him the pink leader jersey, which the team defended to the end of the race, earning Menchov, and Rabobank, their third Grand Tour GC win.

Cyclo-Cross team

The Rabobank cyclo-cross team has dominated the sport in the past with Sven Nys and Richard Groenendaal winning the General Classification competitions such as the Superprestige, the World Cup and the Gazet van Anwerpen trophy over the last eight years. Groenendaal dominated the Dutch cyclo-cross championships for many years. Groenendaal left the team after the 2006-2007 season. He was at that time one of the few remaining Rabobank riders from the 1996 team. Lars Boom joined the team in 2002 as a junior cyclo-cross rider and has already achieved success in the Elite cyclo-cross championships as well as showing promise riding in the UCI Europe Tour with the Rabobank Continental team.

Major results (since 1996)

In 2002, the Rabobank cycling team was split into the normal team and the GS3 team, for cyclo-cross and young talents. In 2005 it was renamed to the Continental team. Since 1996, the team won 1796 races [29], of which 491 were won in the (UCI) ProTour, and 362 in the cyclo-cross protour.

1996: 55 UCI Road World Cup, 25 Cyclo-cross
1997: 43 UCI Road World Cup, 27 Cyclo-cross
1998: 45 UCI Road World Cup, 24 Cyclo-cross
1999: 50 UCI Road World Cup, 32 Cyclo-cross
2000: 34 UCI Road World Cup, 23 Cyclo-cross
2001: 38 UCI Road World Cup, 19 Cyclo-cross
2002: 39 UCI Road World Cup, 26 Cyclo-cross
2003: 27 UCI Road World Cup, 20 Cyclo-cross
2004: 32 UCI Road World Cup, 27 Cyclo-cross
2005: 38 UCI ProTour, 47 Cyclo-cross
2006: 43 UCI ProTour, 46 Cyclo-cross
2007: 47 UCI ProTour, 39 Cyclo-cross

World Championships

Tour de France wins

National road race champions

National time trial champions

Other notable races

Recent victories

2007
2008
2009

Teams

ProTour team

As of 1 January 2010

Rider Date of Birth
 Mauricio Ardila (COL) 12 May 1979 (1979-05-12) (age 30)
 Lars Boom (NED) 30 December 1985 (1985-12-30) (age 24)
 Graeme Brown (AUS) 9 April 1979 (1979-04-09) (age 30)
 Stef Clement (NED) 24 September 1982 (1982-09-24) (age 27)
 Rick Flens (NED) 11 April 1983 (1983-04-11) (age 26)
 Óscar Freire (ESP) 15 February 1976 (1976-02-15) (age 34)
 Juan Manuel Gárate (ESP) 24 April 1976 (1976-04-24) (age 33)
 Robert Gesink (NED) 31 May 1986 (1986-05-31) (age 23)
 Dmitri Kozontchuk (RUS) 5 April 1984 (1984-04-05) (age 25)
 Steven Kruijswijk (NED) 7 June 1987 (1987-06-07) (age 22)
 Sebastian Langeveld (NED) 17 January 1985 (1985-01-17) (age 25)
 Tom Leezer (NED) 26 December 1985 (1985-12-26) (age 24)
 Paul Martens (GER) 26 October 1983 (1983-10-26) (age 26)
 Denis Menchov (RUS) 25 January 1978 (1978-01-25) (age 32)
Rider Date of Birth
 Koos Moerenhout (NED) 5 November 1973 (1973-11-05) (age 36)
 Bauke Mollema (NED) 26 November 1986 (1986-11-26) (age 23)
 Grischa Niermann (GER) 3 November 1975 (1975-11-03) (age 34)
 Nick Nuyens (BEL) 5 May 1980 (1980-05-05) (age 29)
 Joost Posthuma (NED) 8 March 1981 (1981-03-08) (age 29)
 Kai Reus (NED) 11 March 1985 (1985-03-11) (age 25)
 Tom Stamsnijder (NED) 15 May 1985 (1985-05-15) (age 24)
 Bram Tankink (NED) 3 December 1978 (1978-12-03) (age 31)
 Laurens ten Dam (NED) 13 November 1980 (1980-11-13) (age 29)
 Maarten Tjallingii (NED) 5 November 1977 (1977-11-05) (age 32)
 Jos van Emden (NED) 27 June 1987 (1987-06-27) (age 22)
 Dennis van Winden (NED) 2 December 1987 (1987-12-02) (age 22)
 Pieter Weening (NED) 5 April 1981 (1981-04-05) (age 28)

Continental team

As of 15 March 2010.[30]

Rider Date of Birth
 Joeri Adams* (BEL) 15 October 1989 (1989-10-15) (age 20)
 Mats Boeve (NED) 24 March 1990 (1990-03-24) (age 19)
 Jetse Bol (NED) 8 September 1989 (1989-09-08) (age 20)
 Jasper Bovenhuis (NED) 27 July 1991 (1991-07-27) (age 18)
 Remco Broers (NED) 15 May 1988 (1988-05-15) (age 21)
 Brian Bulgac (NED) 7 April 1988 (1988-04-07) (age 21)
 Moreno Hofland (NED) 31 August 1991 (1991-08-31) (age 18)
 Martijn Keizer (NED) 25 March 1988 (1988-03-25) (age 21)
 Wilco Kelderman (NED) 25 March 1991 (1991-03-25) (age 18)
 Wesley Kreder (NED) 4 November 1990 (1990-11-04) (age 19)
Rider Date of Birth
 Barry Markus (NED) 17 July 1991 (1991-07-17) (age 18)
 Jasper Ockeloen (NED) 10 May 1990 (1990-05-10) (age 19)
 Ramon Sinkeldam* (NED) 9 February 1989 (1989-02-09) (age 21)
 Tom Jelte Slagter (NED) 1 July 1989 (1989-07-01) (age 20)
 Nicky Van Der Lijcke (NED) 23 September 1991 (1991-09-23) (age 18)
 Niek Van Geffen (NED) 28 June 1990 (1990-06-28) (age 19)
 Boy Van Poppel* (NED) 18 January 1988 (1988-01-18) (age 22)
 Coen Vermeltfoort (NED) 11 April 1988 (1988-04-11) (age 21)
 Maurice Vrijmoed (NED) 8 December 1988 (1988-12-08) (age 21)

Note: (*) are cyclo-cross specialists

References

  1. ^ "UCI Professional Continental Teams 2008". Union Cycliste Internationale. 1997-2008. http://www.uci.ch/templates/UCI/UCI2/layout.asp?MenuId=MTUyNzM. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  2. ^ a b c "Rabobank team to ride Giant bicycles for the 2009 season". Velonews.com. http://www.velonews.com/article/82382/rabobank-team-to-ride-giant-bicycles-for-the-2009-season. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  3. ^ "Kwantum - decosol - yoko" (in Dutch). Cyclebase. http://www.cyclebase.nl/?lang=nl&news=nl&pc=normal&page=ploeg&db=m&id=KWA&yr=1984. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  4. ^ "71ème Tour de France 1984" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. 2008. http://memoire-du-cyclisme.net/eta_tdf_1978_2005/tdf1984.php. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  5. ^ "Accès équipes Rabobank" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. http://www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net/pelotons/lexsponsors.php?l=rabobank. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  6. ^ Holthausen, Joop (2005). Het geheim van Raleigh. Amsterdam: Arbeiderspers. ISBN 90 8096 76 37. 
  7. ^ "New teams of the TI-Raleigh cyclists" (in Dutch). http://home.quicknet.nl/qn/prive/harold.schav/ploegen/ned/raleigh.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  8. ^ a b "Kwantum Hallen - Yoko 1984" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=6455. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  9. ^ "Kwantum Hallen - Yoko 1985" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=6695. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  10. ^ "Kwantum Hallen - Yoko 1986" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=6964. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  11. ^ "Superconfex - Yoko 1987" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=7312. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  12. ^ "Superconfex - Yoko 1988" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=7622. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  13. ^ "Superconfex - Yoko 1989" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=7869. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  14. ^ "Buckler 1990" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=8046. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  15. ^ "Buckler 1991" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=8276. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  16. ^ "Buckler 1992" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=8543. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  17. ^ "WordPerfect 1993" (in Dutch). dewielersite. http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/ploegfiche.php?id=8859. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  18. ^ "Rabobank win:at what cost?". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/results/2000/jan00/ccworlds00/elite.shtml. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  19. ^ "Raas out of Rabobank". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/news/?id=2003/dec03/dec10news. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  20. ^ "De Rooy steps down from Rabobank". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/news.php?id=news/2007/aug07/aug04news. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  21. ^ "Menchov first in gold". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/road/2005//vuelta05/?id=results/vuelta051. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  22. ^ "Menchov gives Rabobank its best Grand Tour result". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/news.php?id=news/2005/sep05/sep19news2. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  23. ^ "Quiet celebration for Menchov and Rabobank". Cyclingnews.com. http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/news.php?id=news/2006/feb06/feb11news. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  24. ^ Rasmussen out of Tour de France
  25. ^ "Het plezier is weg bij Boogerd" (in Dutch). NOS. 2007-07-26. http://www.nos.nl/nosstudiosport/artikelen/2007/7/26/26071315hetplezieriswegbijboogerd.html. Retrieved 2007-07-27. 
  26. ^ "Menchov houdt Tour voor gezien" (in Dutch). Nieuws.nl. 2007-07-26. http://www.nieuws.nl/472234. Retrieved 2007-07-27. 
  27. ^ "The 2008 Tour: twenty teams invited". ASO. 2008-03-20. http://www.letour.fr/2008/TDF/COURSE/us/actus.html#zone12. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  28. ^ "Rabobank with 6 new riders - Menchov will not defend Vuelta title". Cyclingheroes. 2008-01-07. http://www.cyclingheroes.info/id1075.html. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  29. ^ "Alle wieleruitslagen van de Raborenners" (in Dutch). sportstats.nl. http://www.sportsstats.nl/?ra_resize=yes&ra_width=800&ra_height=600&ra_toolbar=yes&ra_menubar=yes. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  30. ^ http://www.uci.ch/templates/BUILTIN-NOFRAMES/Template1/layout.asp?MenuId=MTU4MTU&LangId=1

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