The Full Wiki

More info on Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome

Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome
Classification and external resources
OMIM 262190

Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome is a rare insulin receptor disorder[1] characterized by severe insulin resistance, developmental abnormalities, and acanthosis nigricans.[2] A hypertrophic pineal gland has been reported in some cases.[3]

Contents

Clinical presentation

Rabson and Mendenhall described 3 siblings (2 girls, 1 boy) who initially presented with dental and skin abnormalities, abdominal distention, and phallic enlargement.[4] The children demonstrated early dentition, a coarse, senile-appearing facies, and striking hirsutism. An "adult growth of hair of head" at 5 years of age was pictured in the case of one of the girls. In the older girl the genitalia were large enough at the age of 6 months to permit vaginal examination for diagnosis of a left ovarian tumor which was removed soon afterward. The children were mentally precocious. Prognathism and very thick fingernails as well as acanthosis nigricans were also described. Insulin-resistant diabetes developed, and the patients died during childhood of ketoacidosis and intercurrent infections. At necropsy pineal hyperplasia was found in all three.[4]

Biologically, infants display fasting hypoglycemia, postprandial hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, which progress to permanent hyperglycemia and recurrent diabetic ketoacidosis.

Pathophysiology

Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance.

The condition is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait, and often affects children of consanguineous parents.[3]

As in leprechaunism, of which Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome represents less severe form, the condition is caused by molecular modification of both alleles of the insulin-receptor gene.

Treatment

Treatment of Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome with pharmacologic doses of human leptin may result in improvement of fasting hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, basal glucose, and glucose and insulin tolerance.[5]

References

  1. ^ Kasuga M, Kadowaki T (1994). "Insulin receptor disorders in Japan". Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 24 (Suppl.): 145–151. doi:10.1016/0168-8227(94)90242-9. PMID 7859597.  
  2. ^ "Rabson-Mendenhall Syndrome". WebMD.com. http://children.webmd.com/Rabson-Mendenhall-Syndrome. Retrieved 2007-03-17.  
  3. ^ a b "Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome". orpha.net. http://www.orpha.net/static/GB/rabsonmendenhall_syndrome.html. Retrieved 2007-03-17.  
  4. ^ a b Rabson S, Mendenhall E (1956). "Familial hypertrophy of pineal body, hyperplasia of adrenal cortex and diabetes mellitus; report of 3 cases". Am J Clin Pathol 26 (3): 283–90. PMID 13302174.  
  5. ^ Cochran E, Young J, Sebring N, DePaoli A, Oral E, Gorden P (2004). "Efficacy of recombinant methionyl human leptin therapy for the extreme insulin resistance of the Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome". J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89 (4): 1548–54. doi:10.1210/jc.2003-031952. PMID 15070911.  
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message