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Raccoon
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Procyon
Species: P. lotor
Binomial name
Procyon lotor
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Native range in red, introduced range in blue
Synonyms
Ursus lotor Linnaeus, 1758
.The raccoon (Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled as racoon,[2] and also known as the common raccoon,[3] North American raccoon,[4] northern raccoon[5] and colloquially as coon,[6] is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.^ Procyon lotor Raccoon ID: 0091 3183 0987 0013 [detail] Gerald and Buff Corsi © 2001 California Academy of Sciences .
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Interim profile, incomplete information Taxonomic name: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms: Common names: araiguma (Japanese-Japan), raccoon (English), raton laveur (French) Organism type: mammal Procyon lotor (raccoon) is an omnivorous mammal native to North America that has been introduced in many countries.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The distinctively marked raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) with water.
  • Raccoon, Procyon lotor, damage control and management information 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC icwdm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result of escapes and deliberate introductions in the mid-20th century, raccoons are now also distributed across the European mainland, the Caucasus region and Japan.^ As a result of escapes and deliberate introductions in the mid-20th century, raccoons are now also distributed across the European mainland, the Caucasus region and Japan.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ As a result, raccoons can now also be found in very small areas in Europe and Asia.

^ Since the turn of the century raccoon populations have grown and their distribution may have expanded.

.Their original habitats are deciduous and mixed forests, but due to their adaptability they have extended their range to mountainous areas, coastal marshes, and even urban areas, where some homeowners consider them pests.^ The raccoon, Procyon lotor , is a free-ranging mammal found throughout urban and rural areas of North America.
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ These furbearers are common from southern Canada to Central America, though they are absent in some of the more mountainous regions in the west.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoon are smart and will find many ways to gain access to areas they suspect has some good food.
  • raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, oposum control, Oposum Control, OPOSUM CONTROL, opposum Control, Opposum Control, OPPOSUM CONTROL, raccoon trapping, Raccoon Trapping, RACCOON TRAPPING, Racoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, Raccoon Control, raccoon control, RACOON CONTROL, Racoon Control, racoon control, OPOSSUM CONTROL, Opossum Control, opossum control, OPPOSSUM CONTROL, Oppossum Control, oppossum control 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bugspray.com [Source type: General]

.With a body length of 41 to 72 cm (16.1–28.0 in) and a weight of 3.6 to 9.0 kg (7.9–19.8 lb), the raccoon is the largest procyonid.^ With a body length of 41 to 72 cm (16.1?28.0 in) and a weight of 3.6 to 9.0 kg (7.9?19.8 lb), the raccoon is the largest procyonid.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Feed 50 72.5cc per feeding (for 5% of body weight) .

^ The tail is shorter than the body is long, about 8-16 inches in length.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The dense underfur, which insulates against cold weather, accounts for almost 90% of the raccoon's grayish coat.^ During cold weather, raccoons will sleep for several days, but do not hibernate.
  • Animal Tracks - Raccoon (Procyon lotor) 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bear-tracker.com [Source type: General]

.Two of its most distinctive features are its extremely dexterous front paws and its facial mask, which are also themes in the mythology of several Native American tribes.^ Two of the most distinctive features of the raccoon are its extremely sensitive front paws and facial mask, which are also themes in the mythology of several Native American tribes.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A rim of white fur outlines the mask, making it a very distinctive feature.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Raccoons are also noted for their intelligence; studies have shown that they are able to remember the solution to tasks up to three years later.^ We chose three study areas in northern California that were known to have large populations of raccoons.
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Life expectancy is 6-8 years, although they can live for up to two times longertime.

^ Remember, even at that age, they are vulnerable, and if not kept with mama raccoon, may die on their own.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

.Raccoons are omnivorous and usually nocturnal; their diet consists of about 40% invertebrates, 33% plant foods and 27% vertebrates.^ Raccoons are omnivorous and usually nocturnal; their diet consists of about 40% invertebrates, 33% plant foods and 27% vertebrates.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Raccoons are omnivorous, eating both plant and animal foods.
  • Raccoon, Procyon lotor, damage control and management information 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC icwdm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons usually live solitary lives, but they will group together for food or shelter needs.
  • Raccoon Control: Trapping, Removal, and Prevention 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC unitedwildlife.com [Source type: General]

.Captive raccoons sometimes douse their food before eating it, which is most likely a vacuum activity imitating foraging at shores.^ What foods do raccoons eat?
  • Raccoon Control: Trapping, Removal, and Prevention 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC unitedwildlife.com [Source type: General]

^ Raccoons often dip food into water before eating it.

^ Captive raccoons sometimes douse their food before eating it, which is most likely a vacuum activity imitating foraging at shores.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Though previously thought to be solitary, there is now evidence that raccoons engage in gender-specific social behaviors.^ Though previously thought to be solitary, there is now evidence that raccoons engage in gender-specific social behaviors.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ If there’s a raccoon family, consisting of a female and a litter of baby raccoons, you will very often hear the very distinct and unique crying and whining of the babies, surefire evidence of raccoon presence.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There’s no effective poison that I know of for raccoons, though I admit that I don’t know much about poisoning animals.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

.Related females often share a common area, while unrelated males live together in groups of up to four animals to maintain their positions against foreign males during the mating season and other potential invaders.^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ Related females often share a common area, while unrelated males live together in groups of up to four animals to maintain their positions against foreign males during the mating season and other potential invaders.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Females are sometimes found temporarily denning with males during the mating season.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Home range sizes vary anywhere from 0.03 km2 (0.01 sq mi or 7.4 acres) for females in cities to 49.5 km2 (19.1 sq mi) for males in prairies.^ Exactly 20:24:49 my use case is completely unrelated 20:25:01 .
  • 2008-03-25 Swhack IRC Log 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC swhack.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Home range diameters are typically from 1 to 3 km, but can be up to 10 km in western areas of their range.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John I'm 18 and I'm wanting to know if I buy another pup to use as a companion I want to get redbone to hunt with my little walker female but I want a male it to be.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

.After a gestation period of about 65 days, two to five young are born in spring.^ The gestation period is about 63 days.
  • Raccoon, Procyon lotor, damage control and management information 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC icwdm.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a 65-day gestation period, two to three kits are born.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The gestation period is 63 to 65 days.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The kits are subsequently raised by their mother until dispersion in late fall.^ The kits are subsequently raised by their mother until dispersion in late fall.
  • Baby Raccoons are called Kits 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Although captive raccoons have been known to live over 20 years, their average life expectancy in the wild is only 1.8 to 3.1 years.^ Life expectancy is 6-8 years, although they can live for up to two times longertime.

^ If they survive their youth, raccoons may live an average of 5 years in the wild.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons live, on average, only about 5 or 6 years in the wild, but can live up to 14 years when cared for in zoos.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hunting and traffic accidents are the two most common causes of death in many areas.^ The primary causes of death are humans (hunting, trapping, cars) and malnutrition.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Etymology

.
The mask of raccoons is often interrupted by a brown-black streak which extends from forehead to nose.
^ It is an 8" plush Ringo the Raccoon with red-toned brown fur and black paws.
  • Stuffed Raccoon - Stuffed Toys - Compare Prices, Reviews and Buy at NexTag - Price - Review 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.nextag.com [Source type: General]

^ The raccoon's head sports the well-known black "bandit" face mask that sweeps out across its cheeks.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons are known for their black masks and arched backs.

[7]
.The word raccoon was adopted into English from the native Powhatan term, as used in the Virginia Colony.^ A chief of the Powhatan, an early Native American tribe near Fort James of the Virginia Colony, presented Captain John Smith with a luxurious coonskin robe in the early 1600s.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first is to fix the holes that the raccoon used to get into the attic in the first place.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was recorded on Captain John Smith's list of Powhatan words as Aroughcun, and on that of William Strachey as Arathkone.^ A chief of the Powhatan, an early Native American tribe near Fort James of the Virginia Colony, presented Captain John Smith with a luxurious coonskin robe in the early 1600s.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ John Smith makes a visit through S. Kentucky, Monticello, Stocktons Valley, and with his old preacher Isaac Denton (Williams p.400ff) .

It has also been identified as a Proto-Algonquian root *ahrah-koon-em, meaning "[the] one who rubs, scrubs and scratches with its hands".[8]
.Similarly, Spanish colonists adopted the Spanish word mapache from the Nahuatl mapachitli of the Aztecs, meaning "[the] one who takes everything in its hands".[9] In many languages, the raccoon is named for its characteristic dousing behavior in conjunction with that language's term for bear, for example Waschbär in German, orsetto lavatore in Italian and araiguma (アライグマ) in Japanese.^ The word "raccoon" is derived from the Algonquian word aroughcoune, "he who scratches with his hands."

^ Interim profile, incomplete information Taxonomic name: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms: Common names: araiguma (Japanese-Japan), raccoon (English), raton laveur (French) Organism type: mammal Procyon lotor (raccoon) is an omnivorous mammal native to North America that has been introduced in many countries.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons seem to "wash" their food before eating it, a behavior reflected in the raccoon's name in other languages—the German word for raccoon is Waschbär, while the Swedish word is Tvättbjörn and the Finnish word is Pesukarhu, all three meaning "washing bear", while the Common Raccoon species is known in French as the raton laveur or "little washing rat" ; the Linnean binomial is Procyon lotor or, roughly, ...

.In French, the washing behavior is combined with that language's term for rat, or raton laveur.^ Raccoons seem to "wash" their food before eating it, a behavior reflected in the raccoon's name in other languages—the German word for raccoon is Waschbär, while the Swedish word is Tvättbjörn and the Finnish word is Pesukarhu, all three meaning "washing bear", while the Common Raccoon species is known in French as the raton laveur or "little washing rat" ; the Linnean binomial is Procyon lotor or, roughly, ...

.The colloquial abbreviation coon is used in words like coonskin for fur clothing and in phrases like old coon as a self-designation of trappers.^ Randy Could use a few suggestions, my english coon hound is 2yr's old, and I am having trouble keeping her treed.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ H.D. I woul like to know what if anything I can do to make my 8month old B&T more aggresive on a coon and bark on the track and tree .
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Jonathan I have a 2 year old bluetick she use to be a good treeing dog but then she had pups and didn't go to the woods for a while then i got her she didn't show any interest in a coonskin.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[10] However, the clipped form is also in use as an ethnic slur.[11] The raccoon's scientific name, Procyon lotor, is neo-Latin, meaning "before-dog washer," with lotor Latin for "washer" and Procyon Latinized Greek from προ-, "before," and κύων, "dog."

Taxonomy

.In the first decades after its discovery by the members of the expedition of Christopher Columbus, who was the first person to leave a written record about the species, taxonomists thought the raccoon was related to many different species, including dogs, cats, badgers and particularly bears.^ It was formerly classified in the raccoon family (Procyonidae), but now many experts, including Wilson and Reeder (1993), classify it as a member of the bear family (Ursidae) or in its own family the Ailuridae.

^ Distemper is also an important raccoon disease, the early stages of which mimic rabies, and it's important that domestic dogs and cats have full vaccinations and are checked for worms once a year.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My Lists related: raccoon stuffed animal , stuffed raccoon toy , raccoon plush , stuffed raccoon animal toys , raccoon toy , raccoon , raccoon tail , stuffed giraffe , stuffed unicorn , stuffed elephant , stuffed santa , stuffed cow , stuffed cat , stuffed turtle All Categories : Toys : Stuffed Toys : .
  • Stuffed Raccoon - Stuffed Toys - Compare Prices, Reviews and Buy at NexTag - Price - Review 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.nextag.com [Source type: General]

[12] .Carl Linnaeus, the father of modern taxonomy, placed the raccoon in the genus Ursus, first as Ursus cauda elongata ("long-tailed bear") in the second edition of his Systema Naturae, then as Ursus Lotor ("washer bear") in the tenth edition.^ The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) is a native mammal, measuring about 3 feet long, including its 12-inch, bushy, ringed tail.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The scientific name for the northern raccoon is procyon lotor (PROH see ahn LOH tuhr), which means “washing bear.” It is easy to see how the raccoon got this name.

^ Often its this type of damage that caused a homeowner to call me out to remove the raccoons in the first place.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[13] .In 1780, Gottlieb Conrad Christian Storr placed the raccoon in its own genus Procyon, which can be translated either to "before the dog" or "doglike".[14] It is also possible that Storr had its nocturnal lifestyle in mind and chose the star Procyon as eponym for the species.^ Is it possible to train dogs to hunt several different species, but still not go after just anything (deer)?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ She’s a pretty little dog and he’s a big raccoon,” Joanna said, explaining that the raccoon attacked just before the dog made it inside the house.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Raccoon: Encyclopedia - Raccoon Procyon cancrivorus Procyon insularis Procyon lotor Raccoons are mammals native to the Americas in the genus Procyon of the Procyonidae family.

[15]

Evolution

.Based on fossil evidence from France and Germany, the first known members of the family Procyonidae lived in Europe in the late Oligocene about 25  million years ago.^ And that was about fifteen years ago.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was formerly classified in the raccoon family (Procyonidae), but now many experts, including Wilson and Reeder (1993), classify it as a member of the bear family (Ursidae) or in its own family the Ailuridae.

^ About a year ago, one cornered me in my mother's backyard (same area) and it would not budge and snarled at me!!
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Similar tooth and skull structures suggest that procyonids and weasels share a common ancestor, but molecular analysis indicates a closer relationship between raccoons and bears.^ No significant difference in rabies-positive age class structure between male and female raccoons was detected ( P > 0.10).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Multiple cases of raccoon rabies occurred at several barns, suggesting that those structures serve as focal points of rabies transmission as a result of denning activities.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This test was also used to test for differences in age class structure between male and female raccoons that were rabies positive.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[17] .After crossing the Bering Strait at least six million years later, the center of the then-existing species' distribution was probably in Central America.^ Raccoon: Encyclopedia - Crab-eating raccoon The crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus) is a species of raccoon native to marshy and jungle areas of Central and South America.

[18] .Coatis (Nasua and Nasuella) and raccoons (Procyon) may both be descended from a species in the genus Paranasua from between 5.2 and 6.0 mya.^ I think some people may be confusing these raccoons with the other ring-tailed species you mentioned, but in my mind, it is clearly a common raccoon that I saw.
  • Cryptomundo » New Alux Sighting 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.cryptomundo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A fourth animal, the dwarf Mountain Coati, is not a true coati, and belongs to the genus Nasuella.

^ Raccoon: Encyclopedia - Coati Nasua nasua Nasua narica Nasua nelsoni The name coati is applied to any of three species of small neotropical mammals in the genus Nasua, family Procyonidae, ranging from southern Arizona to north of Argentina.

[19] .This assumption, based on morphological comparisons of fossils, conflicts with a 2006 genetic analysis which suggests that raccoons are more closely related to ringtails.^ Ringtails are not raccoons, but they are close relatives.

^ Raccoons are susceptible to Canine Distemper and three closely related parvoviruses: Feline Panleukopenia (a parvovirus sometimes referred to as cat distemper), Raccoon Parvoviral Enteritis and Mink Enteritis Virus.

^ I think they are more closely related to the weasel family.

[20] .Unlike other procyonids, such as the crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), the ancestors of the common raccoon left tropical and subtropical areas and migrated farther north about 2.5 mya, a migration that has been confirmed by the discovery of fossils in the Great Plains dating back to the middle of the Pliocene.^ The other is the crab-eating raccoon.

^ The common raccoon is Procyon lotor; the crab-eating, P. cancrivorus.

^ Crab-eating raccoons also have thinner fur.

[21]

Subspecies

Skull with dentition: 2/2 molars, 4/4 premolars, 1/1 canines, 3/3 incisors (from left to right)
.Five species of raccoon found only on small Central American and Caribbean islands were often regarded as distinct species after their discovery.^ If there’s a raccoon family, consisting of a female and a litter of baby raccoons, you will very often hear the very distinct and unique crying and whining of the babies, surefire evidence of raccoon presence.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The species is often referred to as simply the Raccoon (or Coon), although it is only the most prevalent of a half-dozen species of raccoons.

^ As a result, raccoons can now also be found in very small areas in Europe and Asia.

.In particular, these are the Bahaman raccoon and Guadeloupe raccoon, which are very similar to each other, the Tres Marias raccoon, which is larger than average and has an angular skull, the Cozumel raccoon, which weighs only 3 to 4 kg (6.6–8.8 lb) and has notably small teeth, and the extinct Barbados raccoon.^ It may be from 25 to 35 inches (64 to 89 cm) long and weigh more than 40 pounds (18 kg).

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ Young raccoons are very social, hate to be alone, and readily accept other baby raccoons, even if their ages are not exactly matched .

.Studies of their morphological and genetic traits in 1999, 2003 and 2005, led all island raccoons, including the Barbados raccoon, but not the Cozumel raccoon (Procyon pygmaeus), to be listed as subspecies of the common raccoon in the third edition of Mammal Species of the World (2005).^ The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) is a native mammal, measuring about 3 feet long, including its 12-inch, bushy, ringed tail.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The raccoon, Procyon lotor , is a free-ranging mammal found throughout urban and rural areas of North America.
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Spatial distribution of raccoon variant rabies cases in Ontario, 1999–2003.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[22][23][24][25]
.The four smallest subspecies with an average weight of 1.8 to 2.7 kg (4.0-6.0 lb) are found along the southern coast of Florida and on the adjacent islands, such as the Ten Thousand Island raccoon (Procyon lotor marinus).^ Young Raccoons (Procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Young Raccoon (Procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Young raccoons (procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

[26] .Most of the other 15 subspecies differ only slightly from each other in coat color, size and other physical characteristics.^ Latrines were identified by the presence of raccoon feces, which have characteristic size, shape, odor, and other physical attributes; typically, they are dark, attenuated scats, approximately 7- to 15-cm long x 2 cm in diameter, have a pungent odor, and contain a variety of seeds and other food items ( 2 , 13,17 ).
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ We identified B. procyonis eggs ( Figure 3 ) on the basis of their size and other morphologic characteristics ( 1,2 ).
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ PIGEON TRAPS The images above shows 3 different types of pigeon traps that can hold as many as 15 to 30 pigeons at a time, depending on the trap size.
  • Wildlife trap supplies,animal traps,raccoon traps,squirrel traps,skunk traps,bird traps 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.critterridders.com [Source type: General]

[27] .The two most widespread subspecies are the Eastern raccoon (Procyon lotor lotor) and the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon (Procyon lotor hirtus).^ Young Raccoons (Procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Movements of two rabid raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in eastern Ontario, Canada.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Young Raccoon (Procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.Both share a comparatively dark coat with long hairs, but the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon is larger than the Eastern raccoon.^ When a raccoon emerges from its winter's den in spring, its coat often appears patchy because the animal has rubbed itself on the den walls all winter long.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both sexes look alike, except boars are about 15% larger than sows.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its fur has long, coarse, black-tipped guard hairs, ranging from light to dark gray.

.The Eastern raccoon occurs in all U. S. states and Canadian provinces to the north of South Carolina and Tennessee.^ The crab-eating raccoon of South America is dark red, but it is marked like the North American raccoon.

^ All other raccoon relatives live in North, Central, and South America, but red pandas live in Asia.

^ It is not legal, in almost all states, to trap a raccoon, stick it in the trunk of your car, drive it off to the woods, and release it.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

.The adjacent range of the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon covers all U. S. states and Canadian provinces to the north of Louisiana, Texas and New Mexico.^ I hope all of you Raccoons had a safe and memorable New Year’s Eve!

^ It is not legal, in almost all states, to trap a raccoon, stick it in the trunk of your car, drive it off to the woods, and release it.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JASON i just purchased a redbone coonhound from north carolina,she arrives here in new mexico this weekend.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[28]

Description

Physical characteristics

Track
.Head to hindquarters, raccoons measure between 41 and 71 cm (16.1–28.0 in), not including the bushy tail which can measure between 19.2 and 40.5 cm (7.6–15.9 in), but is usually not much longer than 25 cm (9.8 in).^ The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) is a native mammal, measuring about 3 feet long, including its 12-inch, bushy, ringed tail.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be from 25 to 35 inches (64 to 89 cm) long and weigh more than 40 pounds (18 kg).

^ Head and body length is 41 to 60 cm, tail length is 20 to 42 cm, height at the shoulder is about 23 cm, and weights range from 2 to 12 kg.

[29] The shoulder height is between 22.8 and 30.4 cm (9.0–12.0 in).[30] .The body weight of an adult raccoon varies considerably with habitat; it can range from 1.8 to 13.6 kg (4.0–30.0 lb), but is usually between 3.6 and 9.0 kg (7.9–19.8 lb).^ Typically, the fecal weight from a single latrine ranged from 30 g to 750 g.
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Weight varies with habitat and region, though, and can range from 1.8 to 10.4kg.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feed 30 35cc per feeding (for 5% of body weight) OR .

.The smallest specimens are found in Southern Florida, while those near the northern limits of the raccoon's range tend to be the largest (see Bergmann's Rule).^ The raccoon, Procyon lotor , is a free-ranging mammal found throughout urban and rural areas of North America.
  • CDC - Raccoon Roundworm Eggs near Homes and Risk for Larva Migrans Disease, California Communities 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The scientific name for the northern raccoon is procyon lotor (PROH see ahn LOH tuhr), which means “washing bear.” It is easy to see how the raccoon got this name.

^ About 77% (17/22) of those rabid raccoons were found from January to May, when raccoons congregate in barns for denning and breeding activities.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[31] .Males are usually 15 to 20% heavier than females.^ Male raccoons are usually bigger than females.

^ Males are usually larger than .

^ Males are usually heavier than females by 10 to 30%.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .At the beginning of winter, a raccoon can weigh twice as much as in spring due to its fat storage.^ Much of the raccoon's native foods have been reduced or eliminated due to people's increasing destruction of wild habitats.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By spring, many raccoons have lost as much as 50% of their total body weight, mostly the fat they put on during autumn.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If late winter and early spring snows are deep, the raccoons may not be able to mate because it is too difficult to move about in the deep snow.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .It is one of the most variably sized of all mammals.^ Most of the decisions had already been written in minutes of various meetings, but even we couldn't have found them all easily if we had to, so putting them on one page was a useful exercise.

^ Made in all the popular sizes for most animals.
  • Wildlife trap supplies,animal traps,raccoon traps,squirrel traps,skunk traps,bird traps 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.critterridders.com [Source type: General]

.The heaviest recorded wild raccoon weighed 28.4 kg (62.6 lb), by far the largest weight recorded for a procyonid.^ Adult raccoons weigh 15 to 40 pounds, their weight being a result of genetics, age, available food, and habitat location.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A raccoon in the wild will probably weigh less than the urbanized raccoon that has learned to live on handouts, pet food, and garbage-can leftovers.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
.The most characteristic physical feature of the raccoon is the area of black fur around the eyes which contrasts sharply with the surrounding white face coloring.^ There are black rings around the animal's eyes, and its muzzle is white.

^ Raccoons have wide patches of black fur around their eyes and across their cheeks.

^ Length 603 to 950 mm (23.74 to 37.4 in) Basal Metabolic Rate The most distinguishable characteristics of the raccoon are its black mask across the eyes and bushy tail with anywhere from four to ten black rings.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This is reminiscent of a "bandit's mask" and has thus enhanced the animal's reputation for mischief.[35] .The slightly rounded ears are also bordered by white fur.^ The rounded, erect ears stand about an inch long and are tipped in silvery white.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is assumed that raccoons recognize the facial expression and posture of other members of their species more quickly due to the conspicuous facial coloration and the alternating light and dark rings on the tail.^ The tip of the tail is dark in color.

^ But ringtails have more rings on their tails than most raccoons do.

^ The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) is a native mammal, measuring about 3 feet long, including its 12-inch, bushy, ringed tail.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36][37] The dark mask may also reduce glare and thus enhance night vision.[37] .On other parts of the body, the long and stiff guard hairs, which shed moisture, are usually colored in shades of gray and, to a lesser extent, brown.^ Another part of odor removal many times involves the removal of dead bodies, nests, feces, wood or other items where the odor originates.
  • raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, oposum control, Oposum Control, OPOSUM CONTROL, opposum Control, Opposum Control, OPPOSUM CONTROL, raccoon trapping, Raccoon Trapping, RACCOON TRAPPING, Racoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, Raccoon Control, raccoon control, RACOON CONTROL, Racoon Control, racoon control, OPOSSUM CONTROL, Opossum Control, opossum control, OPPOSSUM CONTROL, Oppossum Control, oppossum control 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bugspray.com [Source type: General]

^ Its fur has long, coarse, black-tipped guard hairs, ranging from light to dark gray.

^ Look for wear marks, body oil, and hairs on wood and other rough surfaces, particularly around the edges of den entrances.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] .Raccoons with a very dark coat are more common in the German population because individuals with such coloring were among those initially released to the wild.^ Raccoons have adapted well to life in Wisconsin Raccoons have very healthy populations in Wisconsin.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, for years afterward, I was told about the superior raccoon hunting skills of one of these crosses by an individual who got the dog at a very reasonable price.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ A baby raccoon that is raised alone without other baby raccoons has a greatly reduced chance of a successful release, and will be very difficult for you to keep happy.

[39] The dense underfur, which accounts for almost 90% of the coat, insulates against cold weather and is composed of 2.0 to 3.0 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long hairs.[38]
Raccoon baculum or "penis bone"
.The raccoon, whose method of locomotion is usually considered to be plantigrade, can stand on its hind legs to examine objects with its front paws.^ And, like raccoons, they can hold objects with their front paws.

^ Its track consists of paired front and hind paw prints, with the left hind paw placed next to the right front paw as it lumbers along.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A raccoon's front paws leave prints that look like tiny hands.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40] .As raccoons have short legs compared to their compact torso, they are usually not able either to run quickly or jump great distances.^ Comparing movement distances between rabid and nonrabid raccoons for a given demographic, it was observed that the movement of rabid raccoons fell within the mid to low range of maximum distances moved by nonrabid raccoons (Tables 4 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Instead, movement distances and time intervals for different nonrabid raccoon demographics were determined with descriptive statistics, to which we compared the movement of rabid raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Mother raccoons are fiercely protective of their young and when an adult raccoon encounters a youngster they usually defer to it, assuming its mother is right there ready to rush to its defence.

[41] Their top speed over short distances is 16 to 24 km/h (10–15 mph).[42][43] .Raccoons can swim with an average speed of about 4.8 km/h (3.0 mph) and can stay in the water for several hours.^ Raccoons live, on average, only about 5 or 6 years in the wild, but can live up to 14 years when cared for in zoos.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Female raccoons usually have litters averaging about four in Ontario ( Rosatte, 2000 ), with most young being born in April and May.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I’ve seen cases in which a trap was set next to a swimming pool, and the raccoon pulled itself in and drowned, and I was called to fish it out of the water and cremate it.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[44] .For climbing down a tree headfirst, an unusual ability for a mammal of its size, a raccoon rotates its hind feet so that they are pointing backwards.^ Like squirrels, raccoons can rotate their hind feet 180 degrees and descend trees headfirst.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Cats’ claws don’t rotate and they have to back down trees.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) is a native mammal, measuring about 3 feet long, including its 12-inch, bushy, ringed tail.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .Raccoons have a dual cooling system to regulate their temperature; that is they are able to both sweat and pant for heat dissipation.^ Can you see the man hear a scratch and turn around to find himself facing a huge raccoon, startling the both of them so that they ran in opposite directions.
  • The Raccoon Stories 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC blogs.salon.com [Source type: General]

^ I always target the exact raccoon I want, the mother, and I remove both her and all of her young, so they are all out.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mother raccoons do not seem to recognize a baby as their own if its body temperature is not normal, and babies cool down quickly once they lose the insulated protection of the nest.

[46] The dentition—40 teeth with the dental formula
Dentition
3.1.4.2
3.1.4.2
—is adapted to their omnivorous lifestyle: the carnassials are not as sharp and pointed as those of a carnivore, but the molars are not as wide as those of a herbivore.[47] .The penis bone of males is about 10 cm (3.9 in) long and strongly bent at the front end and is often used by biologists to classify reproductive status of specimens.^ "DEATH TO THE DECIBELS") 17:22:07 nsh does not like the decibels 17:24:10 You often want to use sone anyway.
  • 2008-03-25 Swhack IRC Log 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC swhack.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tom There is a product(I have never used it) called TUF-FOOT. It will probably cost you about $10.00 with shipping.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ If necessary they can be kept an extra few weeks (until they are about 20 weeks old) to accomplish this, so long as release is not delayed past the end of September.

[48] .Seven of the 13 identified vocal calls are used in communication between the mother and her kits, one of these being the birdlike twittering of newborns.^ Any of these can be baited with the lures listed above and the double door traps can be used as a single door by simply making the set with one door closed .
  • raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, oposum control, Oposum Control, OPOSUM CONTROL, opposum Control, Opposum Control, OPPOSUM CONTROL, raccoon trapping, Raccoon Trapping, RACCOON TRAPPING, Racoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, Raccoon Control, raccoon control, RACOON CONTROL, Racoon Control, racoon control, OPOSSUM CONTROL, Opossum Control, opossum control, OPPOSSUM CONTROL, Oppossum Control, oppossum control 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bugspray.com [Source type: General]

^ Once you have one of these files, you can launch Raccoon using the -d option, which causes Raccoon to replay the requests stored in that file instead of launching its http server.

^ It's ironic that you want to protect the "mother earth" and being judgemental to others, yet, are the one who is contributing to the problems.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]

Senses

Bottom side of the front paw with visible vibrissae on the tips of the digits
The most important sense for the raccoon is its sense of touch.[50] The "hyper sensitive"[51] front paws are protected by a thin horny layer which becomes pliable when wet.[52] The five digits of the paws have no webbing between them, which is unusual for a carnivoran.[53] .Almost two-thirds of the area responsible for sensory perception in the raccoon's cerebral cortex is specialised for the interpretation of tactile impulses, more than in any other studied animal.^ Adult raccoons were almost four times as likely to carry roundworms than juveniles (which is in contrast to a previous study that found juveniles more likely to be infected), and bigger raccoons (over 2.75 kg) were more than seven times as likely to carry roundworms compared to smaller animals.

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ Besides crabs, these raccoons eat crayfish, frogs, and other freshwater animals.

[54] .They are able to identify objects before touching them with vibrissae located above their sharp, non-retractable claws.^ They have also been known to sit by the water's edge and grasp shallow-swimming fish with their sharp claws and dexterous fingers.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All paws have five toes, each bearing a short, curved, non-retractable claw.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[55] .The raccoon's paws lack an opposable thumb and thus it does not have the agility of the hands of primates.^ A raccoon's front paws leave prints that look like tiny hands.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56] .It is not known why there is no observed negative effect on tactile perception when a raccoon stands in water below 10°C (50°F) for hours.^ There is no registered poison for raccoons.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no legal poison for raccoons.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Log in to Reply nakedbullwinkle says: 66.2.1 December 5, 2008 at 10:19 pm There was no conversation with her.

[57]
.Raccoons are thought to be color-blind or at least poorly able to distinguish color, though their eyes are well-adapted for sensing green light.^ Assume for your sake as well as theirs that baby raccoons have these parasites and de-worm them once they are stable (hydrated and eating well) if their eyes are open.

^ Northern raccoons and other raccoons adapt well to their surroundings.

^ Baby raccoons should be de-wormed as soon as they are stable (hydrated and eating well) if rescued when their eyes are open.

[58] .Although their accommodation of 11 dioptre is comparable to that of humans and they see well in twilight due to the tapetum lucidum behind the retina, visual perception is of subordinate importance to raccoons because of their poor long-distance vision.^ I know that people want to try this method, because they ask me, and because I see many internet searches for the phrase “raccoon poison”.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, it is recommended that raccoons with quills be submitted for rabies testing because they are indicative of an abnormal behavior/condition, possibly because of infection with rabies or distemper virus.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ That means that they will eat what humans or other animals leave behind.

[59] In addition to being useful for orientation in the dark, their sense of smell is important for intraspecific communication. .Glandular secretions (usually from their anal glands), urine and feces are used for marking.^ For urine or fece odors, you will need to use a product developed for cats and dogs called QUICK ACTION .
  • raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, oposum control, Oposum Control, OPOSUM CONTROL, opposum Control, Opposum Control, OPPOSUM CONTROL, raccoon trapping, Raccoon Trapping, RACCOON TRAPPING, Racoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, Raccoon Control, raccoon control, RACOON CONTROL, Racoon Control, racoon control, OPOSSUM CONTROL, Opossum Control, opossum control, OPPOSSUM CONTROL, Oppossum Control, oppossum control 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bugspray.com [Source type: General]

[60] .With their broad auditory range, they can perceive tones up to 50–85 kHz as well as quiet noises like those produced by earthworms underground.^ Raccoons are capable of acheiving body masses made up of 50% body fat, but it is mostly raccoons in the northern parts of the range that become this fat.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evidence suggests raccoon and opossum which have taken up residence inside homes are that much more likely to do so again as well as their young if given the chance.
  • raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, raccoon control, Raccoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, oposum control, Oposum Control, OPOSUM CONTROL, opposum Control, Opposum Control, OPPOSUM CONTROL, raccoon trapping, Raccoon Trapping, RACCOON TRAPPING, Racoon Control, RACCOON CONTROL, Raccoon Control, raccoon control, RACOON CONTROL, Racoon Control, racoon control, OPOSSUM CONTROL, Opossum Control, opossum control, OPPOSSUM CONTROL, Oppossum Control, oppossum control 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bugspray.com [Source type: General]

^ Without OMNR staff in the field, up to 50% of the cases could have gone unreported, with additional infections occurring from those animals.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[61]

Intelligence

.Only a few studies have been undertaken to determine the mental abilities of raccoons, most of them based on the animal's sense of touch.^ Like most animals living in the wild, raccoons have many enemies.

^ Primarily a solitary animal, the only real social groups raccoons form are that of mother and young.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This conclusion is further reinforced by the relative contribution of the juvenile cohort (50%) in the nonrabid raccoon population; juvenile raccoons only represented 22% of the rabid animal sample.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

.In a study by the ethologist H. B. Davis in 1908, raccoons were able to open 11 of 13 complex locks in less than 10 tries and had no problems repeating the action when the locks were rearranged or turned upside down.^ No significant difference in rabies-positive age class structure between male and female raccoons was detected ( P > 0.10).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Raccoon populations generally consist of a high proportion of young animals, with 1/2 to 3/4 of the fall population composed of animals less than one year old.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The majority of raccoons in one Illinois study were less than 3 yr of age, with little difference in the sex ratio ( Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

Davis concluded that they understood the abstract principles of the locking mechanisms and that their learning speed was equivalent to that of rhesus macaques.[62] .Studies in 1963, 1973, 1975 and 1992 concentrated on raccoon memory and have shown that they can remember the solution to tasks for up to three years.^ Remember, even at that age, they are vulnerable, and if not kept with mama raccoon, may die on their own.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you feed raccoons and they decide to stay, you may end up with a highly contaminated raccoon latrine somewhere on your property.

^ When I was about 11 and babysitting three very young children in the Northgate area, about 6 large raccoons chased us up into the house where we closed the sliding glass door behind us, and then they proceeded to climb the screen door!!!
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

[63] .In a study by B. Pohl in 1992, raccoons were able to instantly differentiate between identical and different symbols three years after the short initial learning phase.^ Median movement distances for the different age and sex classes of nonrabid raccoons ranged between 700 and 919 m (Table 4 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ No significant difference in rabies-positive age class structure between male and female raccoons was detected ( P > 0.10).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The majority of raccoons in one Illinois study were less than 3 yr of age, with little difference in the sex ratio ( Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[63] .Stanislas Dehaene reports in his book The Number Sense that raccoons can distinguish boxes containing two or four grapes from those containing three.^ Of those four raccoons, two were vocal and two exhibited ataxia.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Of the rabid raccoons with quills, 25% (4/16) exhibited aggressive behavior toward humans, animals, or inanimate objects, and two of those fought with dogs.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[64]

Behavior

Social behavior

.Studies in the 1990s by the ethologists Stanley D. Gehrt and Ulf Hohmann indicated that raccoons engage in gender-specific social behaviors and are not typically solitary, as was previously thought.^ Percentage of rabid raccoons that exhibited a specific behavior or condition at the time of collection in eastern Ontario.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[65][66] .Related females often live in a so-called fission-fusion society, that is, they share a common area and occasionally meet at feeding or resting grounds.^ In wooded areas, they often rest in trees.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In colder areas they live in burrows.

^ Common raccoons live in hollow trees or rocky dens, often near water.

[67] .Unrelated males often form loose male social groups to maintain their position against foreign males during the mating season or other potential invaders.^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ Primarily a solitary animal, the only real social groups raccoons form are that of mother and young.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Females are sometimes found temporarily denning with males during the mating season.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[68] .Such a group does not usually consist of more than four individuals.^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ In all four yr, nonrabid adult raccoons were observed to typically move less than 1.5 km, although several individuals were observed to move distances of more than 5.1 km during three of the four recapture yr.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[69] .Since some males show aggressive behavior towards unrelated kits, mothers will isolate themselves from other raccoons until their kits are big enough to defend themselves.^ By the time their eyes open, raccoon kits can have intestinal roundworms (baylisascaris procyonis) that have matured enough to start shedding eggs in their feces eggs that if ingested can infect other species including humans.

^ In some situations (for example with late born kits that are not old or big enough for release in the fall) it may be necessary to keep raccoons over their first winter, with release the following spring.

^ Many years ago I even petted a raccoon baby sleeping in the corner o my large deck and the mother let me do it looking on from the other corner.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

[70] .With respect to these three different modes of life prevalent among raccoons, Hohmann called their social structure a three class society.^ No significant difference in rabies-positive age class structure between male and female raccoons was detected ( P > 0.10).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This test was also used to test for differences in age class structure between male and female raccoons that were rabies positive.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Similarly, in Florida, no significant difference was noted in the prevalence of rabies in male or female raccoons ( Bigler et al., 1973 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[71] .Samuel I. Zeveloff, professor of zoology at the Weber State University and author of the book Raccoons: A Natural History, is more cautious in his interpretation and concludes that at least the females are solitary most of the time and, according to Erik K. Fritzell's study in North Dakota in 1978, males in areas with low population densities are as well.^ Juvenile females are in the most extreme left position with male raccoons in a more intermediary position.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Adult raccoons were almost four times as likely to carry roundworms than juveniles (which is in contrast to a previous study that found juveniles more likely to be infected), and bigger raccoons (over 2.75 kg) were more than seven times as likely to carry roundworms compared to smaller animals.

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

[72]
.The shape and size of a raccoon's home range varies depending on gender and habitat, with adults claiming areas more than twice as large as juveniles.^ The size of a raccoon’s home range as well as its nightly hunting area varies greatly depending on the habitat and food supply.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adult raccoons were almost four times as likely to carry roundworms than juveniles (which is in contrast to a previous study that found juveniles more likely to be infected), and bigger raccoons (over 2.75 kg) were more than seven times as likely to carry roundworms compared to smaller animals.

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

[73] .While the size of home ranges in the inhospitable habitat of North Dakota's prairies lay between 6.7 and 49.5 km2 (2.6–19.1 sq mi) for males and between 2.3 and 16.3 km2 (0.89–6.3 sq mi) for females, the average size in a marsh at Lake Erie was 0.49 km2 (0.19 sq mi or 121 acres).^ In a Virginia mountain hollow, resident raccoons traveled between 0.75 and 2.5 km per night, with males traveling slightly farther during fall, winter, and spring, and females traveling longer during summer, when they are foraging with and for their young.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No significant difference in rabies-positive age class structure between male and female raccoons was detected ( P > 0.10).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Home range diameters are typically from 1 to 3 km, but can be up to 10 km in western areas of their range.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74] .Irrespective of whether the home ranges of adjacent groups overlap or not, they are most likely not actively defended outside the mating season if food supplies are sufficient.^ Mating season is from February through June, with most mating in March.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seasonal home ranges of raccoons ( Procyon lotor ), using a common feeding site in rural eastern Ontario: Rabies management implications.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Most of the time, they’ve chosen an attic based on convenience or proximity to their normal home range.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[75] It is assumed that odor marks on prominent spots serve the purpose of establishing home ranges and identifying individuals.[76] .Urine and feces left at shared latrines may provide additional information about feeding grounds, since it has been observed that raccoons meet there later for collective eating, sleeping and playing.^ There’s something sad and beautiful about detailed sculptures that are so far above the ground that no one will ever appreciate them.

^ Clear brush and seal access to basements and attics where raccoons may try to nest or form latrines.

^ During extremely cold, snowy periods raccoons have been observed sleeping for long periods at a time, but do not hibernate.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77]
.Concerning the general behavior patterns of raccoons, Gehrt points out that "typically you'll find 10 to 15 percent that will do the opposite"[78] of what is expected.^ I was pretty well convinced that it was a dog of some sort until you pointed out the lack of inflated frontals and the front paws.
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ In some ways this is handy, because it means you generally don't find raccoon stool all over the place.

^ Group feeding : When you are raising a group of raccoon babies, they will cry mightily when you take one out for its bottle and leave the others behind.

Diet

.Though usually nocturnal, the raccoon is sometimes active in daylight to take advantage of available food sources.^ Raccoons are nocturnal and seldom active in the daytime.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons have adapted to include trash and other food available in suburban and urban areas in their diet.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes raccoons rub their food as though they are washing it even when they are not near water.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[79] Its diet consists of about 40% invertebrates, 33% plant material and 27% vertebrates.[80] .Since its diet consists of such a variety of different foods, Zeveloff argues that the raccoon "may well be one of the world's most omnivorous animals".[81] While its diet in spring and early summer consists mostly of insects, worms and other animals already available early in the year, it prefers fruits and nuts, such as acorns, and walnuts which emerge in late summer and autumn and represent a rich calorie source for building up fat needed for winter.^ Thus, most incidents of raccoons in attic are in spring, from February – May.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frogs are a staple of the raccoon's summer diet.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a Virginia mountain hollow, resident raccoons traveled between 0.75 and 2.5 km per night, with males traveling slightly farther during fall, winter, and spring, and females traveling longer during summer, when they are foraging with and for their young.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[82] .Contrary to popular belief, raccoons eat active or large prey such as birds and mammals only occasionally, since they prefer prey which is easier to catch, specifically fish and amphibians.^ Raccoons will eat poultry and their eggs if they can get to them.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons, prey birds, possums, are scroungers.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time baby raccoons are taking 80cc of formula they should be eating some solids, and you should not continue to increase formula amounts past 80cc per feeding.

[83] .When food is plentiful, raccoons can develop strong individual preferences for specific foods.^ In developed areas, raccoon travel along fences, next to buildings, and near food sources.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In older residential areas where food may be abundant, and cover is plentiful, raccoon densities can approach one animal per 12-20 acres.
  • WDNR - Raccoon Fact Sheet 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC dnr.wi.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[84] .In the northern parts of their range, raccoons go into a winter rest, reducing their activity drastically as long as a permanent snow cover makes searching for food impossible.^ They go out in search of food.

^ Keith I have a large raccoon skin I want to make a warm winter cap from.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Raccoons are not so lucky – in the northern and northeastern parts of North America, over 70% of raccoons may be infected with Baylisascaris .

[85]

Dousing

Captive raccoons often douse their food before eating.
.Raccoons sample food and other objects with their front paws to examine them and to remove unwanted parts.^ And, like raccoons, they can hold objects with their front paws.

^ Raccoons have adapted to include trash and other food available in suburban and urban areas in their diet.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They usually pick up food with their front paws before putting it in their mouth.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The tactile sensitivity of their paws is increased if this action is performed underwater, since the water softens the horny layer covering the paws.[86] .However, the behavior observed in captive raccoons in which they carry their food to a watering hole to "wash" or douse it before eating has not been observed in the wild.^ Raccoons will eat poultry and their eggs if they can get to them.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They often dunk food into water before eating it.

^ Raccoons are commonly associated with washing their food.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[87] .Naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707–1788) believed that raccoons do not have adequate saliva production to moisten food, necessitating dousing, but this is certainly incorrect.^ Because raccoons manipulate and moisten food items in water, there is a misconception that raccoons “wash” their food before eating it.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[88] .Captive raccoons douse their food more frequently when a watering hole with a layout similar to a stream is not farther away than 3.0 m (9.8 ft).^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Baby raccoons love to suck, and what they really want, much like human babies, is more sucking rather than more formula.

[89] The widely accepted theory is that dousing is a vacuum activity imitating foraging at shores for aquatic foods.[90] This is supported by the observation that such foods are doused more frequently. .Cleaning dirty food does not seem to be a reason for "washing".[89] Experts have cast doubt on the veracity of observations of wild raccoons dousing food.^ Raccoons are commonly associated with washing their food.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientists once wondered if raccoons really washed their food.

^ A raccoon’s fur looks a lot like that of a grizzly bear, and a raccoon often seems to wash its food.

[91]

Reproduction

.Raccoons usually mate in a period triggered by increasing daylight between late January and mid-March.^ The peak mating period is March to April.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ Breeding for raccoons in Ontario usually occurs during late February and early March ( Rosatte, 2000 ; Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[92] However, there are large regional differences which are not completely explicable by solar conditions. .For example, while raccoons in southern states typically mate later than average, the mating season in Manitoba also peaks later than usual in March and extends until June.^ Mating season is from February through June, with most mating in March.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breeding season Mating occurs from February to June, peaking in March.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The peak mating period is March to April.
  • WDFW -- Living with Wildlife 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC wdfw.wa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[93] .During the mating season, males roam their home ranges in search of females in an attempt to court them during the three-to four-day-long period when conception is possible.^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ Females are sometimes found temporarily denning with males during the mating season.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gestation period 63 to 65 days Birth Mass 80 g (average) (2.82 oz) [ External Source: AnAge ] Time to weaning 70 days (average) Time to independence 10 months (average) Age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female) 8 to 12 months Age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male) 24 months (average) During the mating season, raccoon males frequently expand their home ranges, presumably to include the home ranges of more females as potential mates.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These encounters will often occur at central meeting places.[94] .Copulation, including foreplay, can last over an hour and is repeated over several nights.^ Start to remove their supplemental heat source gradually now, (except with single babies or those that are not well) starting with a few hours a day removing their night heat last.

[95] .It is assumed that the weaker members of a male social group also get the opportunity to mate since the stronger ones cannot mate with all available females.^ This group can consist of many females, but only one male.

^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ Danny Question:I have a male walker and female walker they are both half brother and sister is it all right to breed them still?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[96] .In a study in southern Texas during the mating seasons from 1990 to 1992, about one third of all females mated with more than one male.^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ Females are sometimes found temporarily denning with males during the mating season.
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[97] If a female does not become pregnant or if she loses her kits early, she will sometimes become fertile again 80 to 140 days later.[98]
Kit
.After roughly 63 to 65 days of gestation (although anywhere from 54 to 70 days is possible), a litter of typically two to five young is born.^ You can have two Blueticks breed and end up with a Redtick or two in the litter - although the Bluetick color is dominant).
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Female raccoons usually have litters averaging about four in Ontario ( Rosatte, 2000 ), with most young being born in April and May.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I got two when they were about five weeks old and since they were not brother and sister I would raise litters of baby raccoons every year.

[99] The average litter size varies widely with habitat, ranging from 2.5 in Alabama to 4.8 in North Dakota.[100]; .Larger litters are more common in areas with a high mortality rate, due, for example, to hunting or severe winters.^ However, odor deterrents are more effective due to the concentrated area.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Provide a secure wooden nesting box (24 x 24 x 20 high) or a larger version (24 x 30 x 20) if you have more than three raccons and have to over winter them, attached to a top corner platform, and accessed by ramps.

[101] .While male yearlings usually reach their sexual maturity only after the main mating season, female yearlings can compensate for high mortality rates and may be responsible for about 50% of all young born in a year.^ A male raccoon lives in a den with a female only during mating season.

^ A male raccoon usually keeps a territory to himself, but sometimes females may share part of it with him.

^ It’s very common for a female animal about to bear young to find its way into an attic.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[102] Males have no part in raising young.[103] The kits (also called "cubs") are blind and deaf at birth, but their mask is already visible against their light fur.[104] The birth weight of the ca. 9.5 cm (3.7 in) long kits is between 60 and 75 g (2.1–2.6 oz).[105] .Their ear canals open after around 18 to 23 days, a few days before their eyes open for the first time.^ Fly eggs are whitish specks that will be stuck to the fur or inside/around wounds, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, or genitals hatched eggs are tiny whitish larvae.

^ Eyes-closed infants will be dehydrated and starving, usually having waited for their mother for a day or more before wiggling out of the nest.

^ Eyes open at about 3 weeks of age (19-24 days), and the first baby teeth erupt at about 4 weeks.

[106] .Once the kits weigh about 1 kg (2.2 lb), they begin to explore outside the den, consuming solid food for the first time after six to nine weeks.^ By the time baby raccoons are taking 80cc of formula they should be eating some solids, and you should not continue to increase formula amounts past 80cc per feeding.

^ In these regions baby raccoons born in the spring (March May) should weigh about 15 lbs by the time they are 16 - 18 weeks old and ready for release in late August or September.

^ They wean gradually after about 12 weeks in the wild, but remain with her for close to a year, and den with her over their first winter.

[107] .After this point, their mother suckles them with decreasing frequency; they are usually weaned by 16 weeks.^ In captivity they can be hard to wean, since most love their bottle, so it is best to start introducing solids a bit earlier, at 6-7 weeks.

^ They wean gradually after about 12 weeks in the wild, but remain with her for close to a year, and den with her over their first winter.

^ Also, baby raccoons do not venture far out of their birth den until they are about 8-9 weeks old, but at that point they start to follow their mother on her foraging rounds after dusk.

[108] In the fall, after their mother has shown them dens and feeding grounds, the juvenile group splits up.[109] .While many females will stay close to the home range of their mother, males can sometimes move more than 20 km (12.4 mi) away.^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But they are also so cute and adorable that I couldn’t bring myself to do any more than a halfhearted please-don’t-eat-my-plants .

^ In all four yr, nonrabid adult raccoons were observed to typically move less than 1.5 km, although several individuals were observed to move distances of more than 5.1 km during three of the four recapture yr.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[110] This is considered an instinctive behavior, preventing inbreeding.[111] .However, mother and offspring may share a den during the first winter in cold areas.^ However, the timing of the noise may vary, and sometimes raccoons will stir during the daytime.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the fall, young raccoons become more independent of the AF, travel more, and are in contact with other raccoons as raccoons begin to search for winter dens.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ They wean gradually after about 12 weeks in the wild, but remain with her for close to a year, and den with her over their first winter.

[112]

Life expectancy

.Captive raccoons have been known to live for more than 20 years.^ Personally, I value my kids lives more than raccoons.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Baby raccoons love to suck, and what they really want, much like human babies, is more sucking rather than more formula.

[113] .However, the species' life expectancy in the wild is only 1.8 to 3.1 years, depending on the local conditions in terms of traffic volume, hunting, and weather severity.^ Is it possible to train dogs to hunt several different species, but still not go after just anything (deer)?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Raccoons den during periods of inclement weather in Ontario, which, depending on winter severity, can last from November to April.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I have only been coonhunting for a few years and only know what i have picked up from fellow hunters, which are several different opinions on the question I have.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[114] .It is not unusual for only half of the young born in one year to survive a full year.^ I’v actually only seen one since coming to the city where I currently live for most of the year.

^ With over one million views to date and continued growth past one hundred thousand subscribers (in less than a year), I am only a little surprised at these “changes”.

^ Raccoons have one litter of young a year, usually born in the spring, in March, April or May but there are exceptions and wildlife rehabilitators have seen young baby raccoons from early March to the end of August.

[115] After this point, the annual mortality rate drops to between 10 and 30%.[116] .Young raccoons are vulnerable to losing their mother and to starvation, particularly in long and cold winters.^ A mother raccoon also cares for her young just by lying with them.

^ Raccoons rely on this fat to survive cold winters.

^ During the fall, young raccoons become more independent of the AF, travel more, and are in contact with other raccoons as raccoons begin to search for winter dens.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[117] .The most frequent natural cause of death in the North American raccoon population is distemper, which can reach epidemic proportions and kill most of a local raccoon population.^ The raccoon's death was a sacrifice to the cause.
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ This is consistent with most raccoon populations, in which the sex ratio of males to females is slightly biased toward females or equal ( Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Finally, if it’s a female raccoon with babies, the mother will die, and the babies will be orphaned in the attic, where they will suffer and starve to death, and then die and cause more odor.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[118] .In areas with heavy vehicular traffic and extensive hunting, these factors can account for up to 90% of all deaths of adult raccoons.^ Ballardmom If you take into account that raccoons have no natural predators in the city, it would actually be better for all involved if we had a hunting season on raccoons and put more of a balance into our urban ecosystem.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Try and hit an area that has a heavy concentration of raccoon and therefore increase the odds that what your dog is running is raccon and not something else.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, for years afterward, I was told about the superior raccoon hunting skills of one of these crosses by an individual who got the dog at a very reasonable price.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[119]
The most important natural predators of the raccoon are bobcats, coyotes, and great horned owls which mainly prey on the young. In the Chesapeake Bay, raccoons are the most important mammalian prey for bald eagles.[120] .However, predation is not a significant cause of death, especially because larger predators have been exterminated in many areas inhabited by raccoons.^ The raccoon's death was a sacrifice to the cause.
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ I know that people want to try this method, because they ask me, and because I see many internet searches for the phrase “raccoon poison”.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the main problems are that if the raccoon lives in the attic for enough time, it almost always starts to cause damage – to the drywall, to the ducts, to the vents, to various new areas outside the home.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[121]

Range

Habitat

Taking refuge in tree, Ottawa, Ontario
.Although they have thrived in sparsely wooded areas in the last decades, raccoons depend on vertical structures to climb when they feel threatened.^ This is a common problem for pet owners who live in the woods in outlying areas, and it sounds like with the overpopulation of raccoons now it's a city problem too.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When I was about 11 and babysitting three very young children in the Northgate area, about 6 large raccoons chased us up into the house where we closed the sliding glass door behind us, and then they proceeded to climb the screen door!!!
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Raccoons den during periods of inclement weather in Ontario, which, depending on winter severity, can last from November to April.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[122] .Therefore, they avoid open terrain and areas with high concentrations of beech trees, as beech bark is too smooth to climb.^ Try and hit an area that has a heavy concentration of raccoon and therefore increase the odds that what your dog is running is raccon and not something else.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ DO NOT START A FIRE if you have raccoons in the chimney - you’d have to open the damper to let the smoke out, and they will enter the fireplace instead of climbing out.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[123] .Tree hollows in old oaks or other trees and rock crevices are preferred by raccoons as sleeping, winter and litter dens.^ Many years ago I even petted a raccoon baby sleeping in the corner o my large deck and the mother let me do it looking on from the other corner.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the northern part of raccoon habitat they will likely lose 50% of their body weight over winter so you want them going off to den nice and fat.

^ I got two when they were about five weeks old and since they were not brother and sister I would raise litters of baby raccoons every year.

.If such dens are unavailable or accessing them is inconvenient, raccoons utilize burrows dug by other mammals, dense undergrowth, or tree crotches.^ In northern latitudes such as Ontario, raccoons compete for denning sites during the fall in preparation for winter denning.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Easy climbing access, such as trees adjacent to the house, also increases the probability of animal entry and habituation.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

[124] .In a study in the Solling range of hills in Germany, more than 60% of all sleeping places were used only once, but those used at least ten times accounted for about 70% of all uses.^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ Newborns are small and helpless, weighing about 60-70 grams at birth, with eyes and ears tightly closed.

^ You can find syringes at a vet clinic or drug store ask for o-ring syringes rather than the single use ones which will stick after only a few uses.

[125] .Since amphibians, crustaceans and other animals found around the shore of lakes and rivers are an important part of the raccoon's diet, lowland deciduous or mixed forests abundant with water and marshes sustain the highest population densities.^ Besides crabs, these raccoons eat crayfish, frogs, and other freshwater animals.

^ Please don’t try to poison a raccoon or any other animal.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not leave any food in the cage since you do not want to attract other animals to it, and in that way it remains a safe haven for your released youngsters.

[126] .While population densities range from 0.5 to 3.2 animals per square kilometre (0.2–1.2 animals per square mile) in prairies and do not usually exceed 6 animals per square kilometre (2.3 animals per square mile) in upland hardwood forests, more than 20 raccoons per square kilometre (7.7 animals per square mile) can live in lowland forests and marshes.^ Personally, I value my kids lives more than raccoons.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ If people continue to cut down these forests, these raccoon relatives will soon have nowhere left to live.

[127]

Distribution in North America

.Raccoons are common throughout North America from Canada to Panama, where the subspecies P. l.^ There is a geographic difference in size for raccoons in North America.

pumilus
coexists with the Crab-eating Raccoon (P. cancrivorus).[128] The population on Hispaniola was exterminated as early as 1513 by Spanish colonists who hunted them for their meat.[129] Raccoons were also exterminated in Cuba and Jamaica, where the last sightings were reported in 1687.[130] The Bahaman raccoon (P. l. maynardi), Guadeloupe raccoon (P. l. minor) and Tres Marias Raccoon (P. l. insularis) were classified as endangered by the IUCN in 1996.[131][132][133][134]
racoon
Racoon in the middle of the night looking for food (Sierra-Nevada Montains, California)
.There is evidence that in pre-Columbian times raccoons were numerous only along rivers and in the woodlands of the Southeastern United States.^ If there’s a raccoon family, consisting of a female and a litter of baby raccoons, you will very often hear the very distinct and unique crying and whining of the babies, surefire evidence of raccoon presence.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As stated, the vast majority of the time, the raccoon in the attic is a mother with babies.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I need to know if there is a time..MOST OFTEN...that raccoons come out to hunt.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[135] .As raccoons were not mentioned in earlier reports of pioneers exploring the central and north-central parts of the United States,[136] their initial spread may have begun a few decades before the 20th century.^ Oftentimes people with raccoons in the attic will notice that their pets (and in a few cases themselves) suddenly have fleas that they never had before.
  • Raccoons in the Attic - Guide To Humane Raccoon Removal 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC raccoonatticguide.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A raccoon must be sick with rabies to spread the disease, there is no carrier state.

^ CHART: STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT AND CARE GUIDE FOR RACCOONS BASED ON EXPERIENCE OF WILDLIFE REHABILITATORS IN THE NORTHERN UNITED STATES AND CANADA .

.Since the 1950s, raccoons have expanded their range from Vancouver Island—formerly the northernmost limit of their range—far into the northern portions of the four south-central Canadian provinces.^ Otherwise - WTF? We've had chickens for 3 weeks and tons of raccoons and a possums in our yard since we moved into the neighborhood a decade ago.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Since transitional care is required, especially in northern climates, the raccoons must be released on private property, where caregivers they recognize are present.

^ Ethylene glycol toxicosis in a free-ranging raccoon ( Procyon lotor ) from Prince Edward Island.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[137] .New habitats which have recently been occupied by raccoons (aside from urban areas) include mountain ranges such as the Western Rocky Mountains, prairies and coastal marshes.^ I know you would find our new booklet Raccoon Hunting Basics and Beyond to be a blessing in a number of areas with regard to training hints.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[138] .After a population explosion starting in the 1940s, the estimated number of raccoons in North America in the late 1980s was 15 to 20 times higher than in the 1930s when raccoons were comparatively rare.^ To prepare for these difficult times, raccoons eat more than usual in late summer and fall.

^ Juveniles were underrepresented (22%) compared with the adult/juvenile ratios found in nonrabid Ontario raccoon populations.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In these regions baby raccoons born in the spring (March May) should weigh about 15 lbs by the time they are 16 - 18 weeks old and ready for release in late August or September.

[139] Urbanization, the expansion of agriculture, deliberate introductions and the extermination of natural predators of the raccoon have probably caused this increase in abundance and distribution.[140]

Distribution outside North America

Distribution in Germany: Raccoons killed or found dead by hunters in the hunting years 2000/01, 01/02 and 02/03 in the administrative districts of Germany
.As a result of escapes and deliberate introductions in the mid-20th century, the raccoon is now distributed in several European and Asian countries.^ Multiple cases of raccoon rabies occurred at several barns, suggesting that those structures serve as focal points of rabies transmission as a result of denning activities.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

Sightings have occurred in all the countries bordering Germany, which hosts the largest population outside of North America.[141] .Another stable population exists in northern France, where several pet raccoons were released by members of the U.S. Air Force near the Laon-Couvron Air Base in 1966.[142] 1,243 animals were released in nine regions of the former Soviet Union between 1936 and 1958 for the purpose of establishing a population to be hunted for their fur.^ When a raccoon was recaptured in a given year, several values were possible for time and distance moved between captures.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Since transitional care is required, especially in northern climates, the raccoons must be released on private property, where caregivers they recognize are present.

^ They need time after release to integrate into the wild population and establish a good den site before going off to den in November.

.Two of these introductions were successful: one in the south of Belarus between 1954 and 1958, and another in Azerbaijan between 1941 and 1957. With a seasonal harvest of between 1,000 and 1,500 animals, it was estimated in 1974 that the size of the population distributed in the Caucasus region was around 20,000 animals and the density was four animals per square kilometer (10.4 animals per square mile).^ Again - do all of these in conjunction with one another.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ I had originally thought that it would take me over 1 month to complete if I made about 10 granny squares per day.
  • 7x7ft Raccoon Mario Rug! Featured in NINTENDO POWER!!! - CROCHET 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.craftster.org [Source type: General]

[143] In Japan, up to 1,500 raccoons were imported as pets each year after the success of the anime series Rascal the Raccoon (1977). In 2004, the descendants of discarded or escaped animals lived in 42 of 47 prefectures.[144][145][146]

Distribution in Germany

.On April 12, 1934, two pairs of pet raccoons were released into the German countryside at the Edersee reservoir in the north of Hesse by forest superintendent Wilhelm Freiherr Sittich von Berlepsch, upon request of their owner, the poultry farmer Rolf Haag.^ Please understand that it is vitally important to the raccoons proper socialization and eventual release into the wild that it be raised with other raccoons.

[147] .He released them two weeks before receiving permission from the Prussian hunting office to "enrich the fauna", as Haag's request stated.^ The placement would need to be for at least three weeks before their release so they can become accustomed to the new site, and their new caregivers.

^ After raccoon kits are weaned they should be housed outside in a large pre-release cage before being released at about 16 - 18 weeks of age.

[148] Several prior attempts to introduce raccoons in Germany were not successful.[149] A second population was established in East Germany in 1945 when 25 raccoons escaped from a fur farm at Wolfshagen to the east of Berlin after an air strike. .The two populations are parasitologically distinguishable: 70% of the raccoons of the Hessian population are infected with the roundworm Baylisascaris procyonis, but none of the Brandenburgian population have the parasite.^ By the time their eyes open, raccoon kits can have intestinal roundworms (baylisascaris procyonis) that have matured enough to start shedding eggs in their feces eggs that if ingested can infect other species including humans.

[150] The estimated number of raccoons was 285 animals in the Hessian region in 1956, over 20,000 animals in the Hessian region in 1970 and between 200,000 and 400,000 animals in the whole of Germany in 2008.[118][151]
.The raccoon was a protected species in Germany, but has been declared a game animal in 14 states since 1954.[152] Hunters and environmentalists argue that the raccoon spreads uncontrollably, threatening protected bird species and superseding domestic carnivorans.^ There is no right age to give vaccinations, since it will depend on the individual animal and on how protected from exposure you can keep it before vaccination.

^ A raccoon must be sick with rabies to spread the disease, there is no carrier state.

^ Walkerman If I have a personal protection issued for the state of Indiana to allow me to carry a handgun almost anywhere could I wear this gun while I'm in pursuit of fur bearing game?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[39] .This view is opposed by the zoologist Frank-Uwe Michler, who finds no evidence that a high population density of raccoons has negative effects to the biodiversity of an area.^ The stress of pregnancy might predispose pregnant females to be more susceptible to rabies; however, Hubbard (1985) could find no evidence of this during his study of rabid Virginia raccoons in 1981–82.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[39] .Hohmann holds that extensive hunting cannot be justified by the absence of natural predators, because predation is not a significant cause of death in the North American raccoon population.^ The raccoon's death was a sacrifice to the cause.
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ Management of raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in Ontario, Canada: Do human intervention and disease have significant impact on raccoon populations?
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Do not use chicken wire because it is much too light and easily torn by predators or the raccoons themselves.

[153]

Urban raccoons

On the roof of a house in Albertshausen, Germany
.Due to its adaptability, the raccoon has been able to use urban areas as a habitat.^ The chart below uses weight data based on the experience of wildlife rehabilitators in the northern part of raccoon habitat.

The first sightings were recorded in a suburb of Cincinnati in the 1920s. .Since the 1950s, raccoons have been present in metropolises like Washington, D.C., Chicago, and Toronto.^ Since transitional care is required, especially in northern climates, the raccoons must be released on private property, where caregivers they recognize are present.

[154] .Since the 1960s, Kassel has hosted Europe's first and densest population in a large urban area with about 50 to 150 animals per square kilometer (129–388 animals per square mile), a figure comparable to those of urban habitats in North America.^ This conclusion is further reinforced by the relative contribution of the juvenile cohort (50%) in the nonrabid raccoon population; juvenile raccoons only represented 22% of the rabid animal sample.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I had originally thought that it would take me over 1 month to complete if I made about 10 granny squares per day.
  • 7x7ft Raccoon Mario Rug! Featured in NINTENDO POWER!!! - CROCHET 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.craftster.org [Source type: General]

^ Without OMNR staff in the field, up to 50% of the cases could have gone unreported, with additional infections occurring from those animals.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[154][155] .Home range sizes of urban raccoons are only 0.03 to 0.38 km2 (0.01–0.15 sq mi or 7.4–93.9 acres) for females and 0.08 to 0.79 km2 (0.03–0.31 sq mi or 19.8–195.2 acres) for males.^ January 27, 2010 at 06:15 PM Raccoon Society-- L.A. Recap - Rat Attack - PLUS Random photos from my Blackberry .

^ John I'm 18 and I'm wanting to know if I buy another pup to use as a companion I want to get redbone to hunt with my little walker female but I want a male it to be.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Seasonal home ranges of raccoons ( Procyon lotor ), using a common feeding site in rural eastern Ontario: Rabies management implications.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[156] In small towns and suburbs, many raccoons sleep in a nearby forest after foraging in the settlement area.[154][157] Fruit and insects in gardens and leftovers in municipal waste are easily available food sources.[158] .Furthermore, a large number of additional sleeping areas exist in these areas, such as hollows in old garden trees, cottages, garages, abandoned houses, and attics.^ The den site has been disturbed or destroyed often due to human activity such as tree cutting, or renovation/building work on sheds, garages, decks, roofs, chimneys or attics.

^ They will be in hollow trees, rock dens, ground dens, or old buildings.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

.The percentage of urban raccoons sleeping in abandoned or occupied houses varies from 15% in Washington, D.C. (1991) to 43% in Kassel (2003).^ In the mid-Atlantic and SE US, the percentage of rabid raccoons that acted sick, had uncoordinated movements, or were paralyzed ranged from 7% to 39% ( Winkler and Jenkins, 1991 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[159]

Health

Baylisascaris procyonis larvae
.Raccoons can carry rabies, a lethal disease caused by the neurotropic rabies virus carried in the saliva and transmitted by bites.^ They sometime carry the rabies virus.

^ However, the same cannot be said unequivocally with respect to the raccoon variant of rabies virus in raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ That and the wild one’s usually carry several various diseases including rabies.

Its spread began in Florida and Georgia in the 1950s and was facilitated by the introduction of infected individuals to Virginia and North Dakota in the late 1970s.[160] .Of the 6,940 documented rabies cases reported in the United States in 2006, 2,615 (37.7%) were in raccoons.^ Spatial distribution of raccoon variant rabies cases in Ontario, 1999–2003.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Raccoon contact with dogs was reported in 13–37% of the SE and mid-Atlantic US rabies cases.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In July 1999, the first confirmed case of the raccoon variant of rabies virus was reported in Ontario, Canada ( Wandeler and Salsberg, 1999 ; Rosatte et al., 2001 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[161] .The U.S. Department of Agriculture, as well as local authorities in several U.S. states and Canadian provinces, has developed oral vaccination programs to fight the spread of the disease in endangered populations.^ A raccoon must be sick with rabies to spread the disease, there is no carrier state.

^ In humans, this paralytic disease may develop after some bacterial and viral infections or sometimes after vaccinations or surgery.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[162][163][164] .Only one human fatality has been reported after transmission of the rabies virus from raccoon.^ First human death associated with raccoon rabies—Virginia, 2003.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ However, the same cannot be said unequivocally with respect to the raccoon variant of rabies virus in raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This is critical to minimize the potential for transmission of rabies from pets and domestic animals to humans.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[165] .Among the main symptoms for rabies in raccoons are a generally sickly appearance, impaired mobility, abnormal vocalization and aggressiveness.^ Clinical symptoms of raccoons with the raccoon variant of rabies The most common symptoms or behaviors/conditions noted among the 125 rabid raccoons were aggression (23%), appearance of being sick or unhealthy (19%), impaired mobility or ataxia (15%), fighting with dogs (11%), abnormal vocalizations (13%), and the presence of embedded quills (13%) (Table 3 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Clinical symptoms of raccoons with the raccoon variant of rabies The most common symptoms or behaviors/condition noted among raccoons reported with the raccoon variant of rabies in Ontario during 1999–2003 included aggression, appearance of being sick or unhealthy, ataxia, fighting with dogs, abnormal vocalizations, and the presence of quills.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Thirty-six percent (8/22) of those raccoons exhibited clinical symptoms of rabies.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[166] .There may be no visible signs at all, however, and most individuals do not show the aggressive behavior seen in infected canids; rabid raccoons will often retire to their dens instead.^ Ten percent of the rabid raccoons displayed no abnormal behaviors.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Similarly, in the SE US, between 33% and 47% of the rabid raccoons were aggressive ( Winkler and Jenkins, 1991 ) and in the mid-Atlantic area, 11–24% of the raccoons exhibited aggressive behavior ( Hubbard, 1985 ; Jenkins and Winkler, 1987 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Also, the potential for transmission of rabies in the den was great because raccoons often den communally ( Rosatte, 2000 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[39][150][166] .Organizations like the U.S. Forest Service encourage people to stay away from animals with unusual behavior or appearance, and to notify the proper authorities, such as an animal control officer from the local health department.^ The local game warden told me that if you see one out during the day, stay away, since they are likely ill and will attack.

^ But the people on here and Marina talking to me like friends do I decided to stay.

[167][168] .Since healthy animals, especially nursing mothers, will occasionally forage during the day, daylight activity is not a reliable indicator of illness in raccoons.^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ As a result of predenning and denning activities during October/November to March each year, the potential for intraspecific contact is high with resultant transmission of rabies among raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The local game warden told me that if you see one out during the day, stay away, since they are likely ill and will attack.

[79]
.Unlike rabies and at least a dozen other pathogens carried by raccoons, distemper, an epizootic virus, does not affect humans.^ Epizootic aspects of raccoon rabies in Florida.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ However, the same cannot be said unequivocally with respect to the raccoon variant of rabies virus in raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ However, it is recommended that raccoons with quills be submitted for rabies testing because they are indicative of an abnormal behavior/condition, possibly because of infection with rabies or distemper virus.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[169] .This disease is the most frequent natural cause of death in the North American raccoon population and affects individuals of all age groups.^ The dominant age class for rabid raccoons (29%) was young adults ( 1 and < 2 yr), whereas this age class comprised less than 20% of the nonrabid raccoon population (Fig.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Management of raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) in Ontario, Canada: Do human intervention and disease have significant impact on raccoon populations?
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This is consistent with most raccoon populations, in which the sex ratio of males to females is slightly biased toward females or equal ( Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[118] .For example, 94 of 145 raccoons died during an outbreak in Clifton, Ohio, in 1968.[170] It may occur along with a following inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), causing the animal to display rabies-like symptoms.^ In some situations (for example with late born kits that are not old or big enough for release in the fall) it may be necessary to keep raccoons over their first winter, with release the following spring.

^ Like any mammal raccoons can contract the rabies virus, but despite the high risk classification given this species, rabies incidence in adult raccoons is low and in babies rare.

[160] In Germany, the first eight cases of distemper were reported in 2007.[118]
.Some of the most important bacterial diseases which affect raccoons are leptospirosis, listeriosis, tetanus and tularemia.^ In humans, this paralytic disease may develop after some bacterial and viral infections or sometimes after vaccinations or surgery.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

Although internal parasites weaken their immune system, well-fed individuals can carry a great many roundworms in their digestive tract without showing symptoms.[171] The larvae of the Baylisascaris procyonis roundworm, which can be contained in the feces and seldom causes a severe illness in humans, can be ingested when cleaning raccoon latrines without wearing breathing protection.[172]

Raccoons and people

Conflicts

A skunk and a raccoon share cat food morsels in a Hollywood, California, back yard.
.The increasing number of raccoons in urban areas has resulted in diverse reactions in humans, ranging from outrage at their presence to deliberate feeding.^ By the time baby raccoons are taking 80cc of formula they should be eating some solids, and you should not continue to increase formula amounts past 80cc per feeding.

^ Number of formula feedings per day decreases while amounts fed at each feeding increase as the baby gets older.

^ In Ontario during 1999–2003, there was human contact by only two of the 125 rabid raccoons which subsequently resulted in human rabies postexposure treatment.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[173] .Some wildlife experts and most public authorities caution against feeding wild animals because they might become increasingly obtrusive and dependent on humans as a food source.^ Again, most of these exposures could have been prevented, which indicates a need for increased public education regarding the handling of wild animals.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ There are some wild ones where I live, and they eat the food I put for my little squirrely buddies, but, heck they gotta eat, too.

^ In German the word for racoon is Waschbär, meaning “washbear” because they live near water and wash their food before eating.

[174] .Other experts challenge such arguments and give advice on feeding raccoons and other wildlife in their books.^ We were wondering if there is any type of call you can use to lure a raccoon in so that we can shoot it, such as any type of distress call, mating call, territorial call, or any suggestions you might have to give us?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ INTERNET SITES: There is some good information on the Internet, but other sites give advice that will kill the animals you are trying to help please be very careful.

^ When the book is done, give copies to all the other people affected by the loss.

[175][176] .Raccoons without a fear of humans are a concern to those who attribute this trait to rabies, but scientists point out that this behavior is much more likely to be a behavioral adjustment to living in habitats with regular contact to humans for many generations.^ Many thanks to those who have donated!
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

^ First human death associated with raccoon rabies—Virginia, 2003.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[177] .Although serious attacks on humans by groups of non-rabid raccoons are extremely rare, at least one such attack has been documented.^ In fact, in Ontario during 2004, one live-trapped rabid AF raccoon was found in close proximity (a few meters) to three juvenile raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ About 15% of the rabid raccoons were contacted by domestic animals or humans.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Group feeding : When you are raising a group of raccoon babies, they will cry mightily when you take one out for its bottle and leave the others behind.

[178] .Raccoons usually do not prey on domestic cats and dogs, but individual cases of killings have been reported.^ Raccoons accounted for 98% (125/127) of the reported cases with behaviors/conditions including aggression, fighting with dogs, ataxia, vocalizations, appearance of being sick, and the presence of porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ) quills.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Raccoon contact with dogs was reported in 13–37% of the SE and mid-Atlantic US rabies cases.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In July 1999, the first confirmed case of the raccoon variant of rabies virus was reported in Ontario, Canada ( Wandeler and Salsberg, 1999 ; Rosatte et al., 2001 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[179]
While overturned waste containers and raided fruit trees are just a nuisance to homeowners, it can cost several thousand dollars to repair damage caused by the use of attic space as dens.[180] .Relocating or killing raccoons without a permit is forbidden in many urban areas on grounds of animal welfare.^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Behavior of rabid raccoons found with porcupine quills In Ontario, if a red fox has porcupine quills embedded in its facial area, then that animal is highly suspect for rabies (Arctic fox variant).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

.These methods usually only solve problems with particularly wild or aggressive individuals, since adequate dens are either known to several raccoons or will quickly be rediscovered.^ Multiple cases of raccoon rabies occurred at several barns, suggesting that those structures serve as focal points of rabies transmission as a result of denning activities.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Raccoons den during periods of inclement weather in Ontario, which, depending on winter severity, can last from November to April.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The denning habits of raccoons (i.e., communal denning during the winter months) results in periods of high contact among individual raccoons in the den and makes for an effective mode of rabies transmission.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[168][181] .Loud noises, flashing lights and unpleasant odors have proven particularly effective in driving away a mother and her kits before they would normally leave the nesting place (when the kits are about eight weeks old).^ The placement would need to be for at least three weeks before their release so they can become accustomed to the new site, and their new caregivers.

^ Normally a coon dog is considered a pup until they are about 2 &1/2 years old.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ In these regions baby raccoons born in the spring (March May) should weigh about 15 lbs by the time they are 16 - 18 weeks old and ready for release in late August or September.

[168][182] Typically, though, only precautionary measures to restrict access to food waste and denning sites are effective in the long term.[168][183]
.Amongst all fruits and crops cultivated in agricultural areas, sweet corn in its milk stage is particularly popular among raccoons.^ But if you make sure your cage is set up where you are certain raccoons are you can use peanut butter, sweet corn, etc.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[184] .In a two-year study by Purdue University researchers, published in 2004, raccoons were responsible for 87% of the damage to corn plants.^ Twenty-two percent of the rabid AF raccoons in Ontario had litters during the year in which they were reported rabid.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Twenty-two percent of the AF raccoons that were reported rabid had evidence of producing a litter that year.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I got two when they were about five weeks old and since they were not brother and sister I would raise litters of baby raccoons every year.

[185] .Like other predators, raccoons searching for food can break into poultry houses to feed on chickens, ducks, their eggs or feed.^ Do not treat it like a pet, in the sense of getting it used to free run inside the house, or habituating it to other people or species it should fear (such as dogs) since this will increase the likelihood it will get into trouble with people or pets once it is released.

^ During the fall, young raccoons become more independent of the AF, travel more, and are in contact with other raccoons as raccoons begin to search for winter dens.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Please understand that it is vitally important to the raccoons proper socialization and eventual release into the wild that it be raised with other raccoons.

[168][186] .Since they may enter tents and try to open locked containers on camping grounds, campers are advised to not keep food or toothpaste inside a tent.^ Slightly older eyes-open babies may be scared and wary or they may be desperate enough to approach and follow people.

^ If the dog is running raccoon and you think she/he may be putting the coon up - but is not barking - you might want to try putting a bell on the dog's collar in order to keep track of the dog.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Inside their den they do not pee on their own, the mother raccoon licks away the urine and thus keeps the nest clean.

[187]
.Since raccoons are able to increase their rate of reproduction up to a certain limit, extensive hunting often does not solve problems with raccoon populations.^ He does hunt squirles as well but that is not a problem.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Water bowls are problematic for raccoons since they will often pee in them, or spill them while playing in the water.

^ I need to know if there is a time..MOST OFTEN...that raccoons come out to hunt.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

Older males also claim larger home ranges than younger ones, resulting in a lower population density. .The costs of large-scale measures to eradicate raccoons from a given area for a certain time are usually many times higher than the costs of the damage done by the raccoons.^ When a raccoon was recaptured in a given year, several values were possible for time and distance moved between captures.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ If raccoon kits must be caged all the time, try to make the enclosure as large as possible and add as many interesting climbing opportunities as you can think of.

^ A large sample size ( n = 1,242) of nonrabid raccoons from 5 consecutive yr (1998–2002) of sampling, revealed very few raccoons in Ontario older than 8.5 yr of age.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[39]

Mythology, arts and entertainment

Stylized raccoon skin as depicted on the Raccoon Priests Gorget found at Spiro Mounds
In the mythology of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the raccoon was the subject of folk tales.[188] .Stories such as How raccoons catch so many crayfish from the Tuscarora centered on its skills at foraging.^ Seriously, it scares me how many people are so sadly ignorant of the anatomy of such a common animal.
  • What was the Montauk monster? : Tetrapod Zoology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC scienceblogs.com [Source type: General]

[189] .In other tales, the raccoon played the role of the trickster who outsmarts other animals, like coyotes and wolves.^ This was interpreted to indicate that rabid adult raccoons, particularly adult females (AFs), were more likely to be detected by killing and testing suspect animals than by live trapping.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ And like ermines or apes, I’m pretty sure raccoons would be able to outsmart their owners and wreak all sorts of havoc.

^ This is most likely from juvenile raccoons becoming infected by rabid AFs because AMs generally do not play a role with respect to the family unit during the summer ( Gehrt, 2003 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[190] Among others, the Dakota Sioux believed that the raccoon had natural spirit powers, since its mask resembled the facial paintings, two-fingered swashes of black and white, used during rituals to connect to spirit beings.[191] The Aztecs linked supernatural abilities especially to females whose commitment to their young was associated with the role of wise women in the tribal society.[192]
.The raccoon also appears in Native American art across a wide geographic range.^ Raccoons for sure aren’t rodents, it is their ability to be a nuisance to mankind that has garnered the moniker rodent for this native American species.

.Petroglyphs with engraved raccoon tracks were found in Lewis Canyon, Texas; at the Crow Hollow Petroglyph site in Grayson County, Kentucky;[193][194] and in river drainages near Tularosa, New Mexico and San Francisco, California.^ I live in farmington new mexico near the border of colorado, arizona and utah.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ In Ontario, 30% of the rabid raccoons were found dead (usually in or near a barn); 9% were collected as road kill.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

[195] A true to detail figurine made of quartz stone, the Ohio Mound Builders' Stone Pipe, was found near the Scioto River. The meaning and significance of the Raccoon Priests Gorget which features a stylized carving of a raccoon and was found at the Spiro Mounds, Oklahoma, remains unknown.[196][197]
In Western culture, several autobiographical novels about living with a raccoon have been written, mostly for children. .The best-known is Sterling North's Rascal, which recounts how he raised a kit during World War I.^ If raised in litter-size groups of 3 6, which is best, this will be easier for you to accomplish than if you are trying to raise a single kit.

.In recent years, anthropomorphic raccoons played main roles in the animated television series The Raccoons, the computer-animated film Over the Hedge and the video game series Sly Cooper.^ Thus, AMs cannot be discounted as playing some role in the transmission of rabies to juvenile raccoons.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

Hunting and fur trade

Automobile coat made out of raccoon fur (1906, U.S.)
The fur of raccoons is used for clothing, especially for coats and coonskin caps. Native American tribes not only used the fur for winter clothing, but also used the tails for ornament.[198] Since the late 1700s, various types of scent hounds which are able to tree animals ("coonhounds") have been bred in the United States.[199] .In the 19th century, when coonskins occasionally even served as means of payment, several thousand raccoons were killed each year in the United States.^ Multiple cases of raccoon rabies occurred at several barns, suggesting that those structures serve as focal points of rabies transmission as a result of denning activities.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ When a raccoon was recaptured in a given year, several values were possible for time and distance moved between captures.
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ CHART: STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT AND CARE GUIDE FOR RACCOONS BASED ON EXPERIENCE OF WILDLIFE REHABILITATORS IN THE NORTHERN UNITED STATES AND CANADA .

[200] This number rose quickly when automobile coats became popular after the turn of the century. In the 1920s, wearing a raccoon coat was regarded as status symbol among college students.[201] .Attempts to breed raccoons in fur farms in the 1920s and 1930s in North America and Europe turned out not to be profitable, and farming was abandoned after prices for long-haired pelts dropped in the 1940s.^ There is a geographic difference in size for raccoons in North America.

[202][203] Although raccoons had become rare in the 1930s, at least 388,000 were killed during the hunting season of 1934/35.[204]
Coonskin cap
.After persistent population increases began in the 1940s, the seasonal hunt reached about one million animals in 1946/47 and two million in 1962/63.[205] The 1948 senatorial campaign of Estes Kefauver, who wore such a cap for promotional purposes,[206] and the broadcast of three television episodes about the frontiersman Davy Crockett and the film Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier in 1954 and 1955 led to a high demand for coonskin caps in the United States (though the caps supplied to the fad were typically made of faux fur with a raccoon tail attached[citation needed]).^ The purpose of this page is to ask technical questions about raccoon hunting.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Denis Leary had some funnt stuf to say about animals in one of his shows (Locked and Loaded).

^ While knowing that Russians have fine fur hats, I wonder if there are Raccoons in Russia, and what kind of fur a Russian hat is made of?

.Ironically, it is unlikely that either Crockett or the actor who played him, Fess Parker, actually wore a cap made from raccoon fur.^ While knowing that Russians have fine fur hats, I wonder if there are Raccoons in Russia, and what kind of fur a Russian hat is made of?

[207] .The seasonal hunt reached an all-time high with 5.2 million animals in 1976/77 and ranged between 3.2 and 4.7 million for most of the 1980s.^ I figured, being a free dog and all, I was willing to take some time and see if she show any intrest in hunting.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Movements from the time of initial release and collection for rabies testing ranged between 1,564 and 4,143 m, with a median value of 1,689 m (Table 4 ).
  • BEHAVIOR, MOVEMENTS, AND DEMOGRAPHICS OF RABID RACCOONS IN ONTARIO, CANADA: MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS -- Rosatte et al. 42 (3): 589 -- Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.jwildlifedis.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I need to know if there is a time..MOST OFTEN...that raccoons come out to hunt.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

.In 1982, the average pelt price was $20.[208] In the first half of the 1990s, the seasonal hunt dropped to 0.9 to 1.9 million due to decreasing pelt prices.^ This is her first real hunting season.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[209] .As of 1987, the raccoon was identified as the most important wild furbearer in North America in terms of revenue.^ Please understand that it is vitally important to the raccoons proper socialization and eventual release into the wild that it be raised with other raccoons.

^ There is a geographic difference in size for raccoons in North America.

[210]
.In many parts of the United States, raccoon hunting is still done at night with dogs, usually breeds of coonhounds.^ Is it possible to train dogs to hunt several different species, but still not go after just anything (deer)?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ You might want to order our book Raccoon Hunting Basics and Beyond because it tells you some of the things you can do to get your dog started.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Have you heard of many dogs getting rabies from Racoon hunting?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

.The dogs track the raccoon until it seeks refuge, usually in a tree, where it is either harvested or left for future hunts.^ You might want to order our book Raccoon Hunting Basics and Beyond because it tells you some of the things you can do to get your dog started.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ If the dog is running raccoon and you think she/he may be putting the coon up - but is not barking - you might want to try putting a bell on the dog's collar in order to keep track of the dog.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ This dog loves a coon, when the other dogs make a tree he will be there in a flash, when you get there he will be on the wood and treeing like a pro and he loves to get his mouth on a coon.My question is this what do we do to get him running track with the other dogs?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

Hunters can tell the progress of tracking by the type of bark emitted by the dogs; a unique bark indicates that the raccoon has been "treed".

Foodways

While primarily hunted for their fur, raccoons were also a source of food for Native Americans[211] and barbecued raccoon was a traditional food on American farms.[212] It was often a festive meal. .Raccoon was eaten by American slaves at Christmas,[213] but it was not necessarily a dish of the poor or rural; in San Francisco's The Golden Era of December 21, 1856, raccoon is among the specialties advertised for the holiday, and US President Calvin Coolidge's pet raccoon Rebecca was originally sent to be served at the White House Thanksgiving Dinner.^ Log in to Reply pedantickarl says: 30.4 December 5, 2008 at 7:21 pm Hey originalistrick, Marina has already shown us the cameltoe in one of her videos.

^ Log in to Reply Bob says: 58.1.1 December 6, 2008 at 3:09 am The house is possessed by a devil raccoon, though.

^ Log in to Reply cufan71 says: 10 December 5, 2008 at 3:42 pm Homework Very cute lesson Marina I don’t have a pet raccoon.

[214][215] The first edition of The Joy of Cooking, released in 1931, contained a recipe for preparing raccoon.
Because raccoons are generally thought of as endearing, cute, and/or varmints, the idea of eating them is repulsive to mainstream consumers.[216][217] However, many thousands of raccoons are still eaten each year in the United States.[218][219] .Although the Delafield (Wisconsin) Coon Feed has been an annual event since 1928, its culinary use is mainly identified with certain regions of the American South like Arkansas where the Gillett Coon Supper is an important political event.^ Joey I have recently moved to South Texas (Corpus Christi) and would like some info on any coon hunting organizations in my area.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Some use certain coon dog breeds to hunt mountain lions and bear or wild pigs.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[220][221]

As pets

Pen with climbing facilities, hiding places and a watering hole (on the lower left side)
.As with most exotic pets, owning a raccoon often takes a significant amount of time and patience.^ By the time baby raccoons are taking 80cc of formula they should be eating some solids, and you should not continue to increase formula amounts past 80cc per feeding.

^ On the other hand, we spend a lot of time with our dogs, love them, bring them in often to visit and take very good care of them.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ I need to know if there is a time..MOST OFTEN...that raccoons come out to hunt.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[222] .Raccoons may act unpredictably and aggressively and it can be quite difficult to teach them to obey and understand commands.^ You may need to teach your dog to jump on command (e.g.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[223] .In places where keeping raccoons as pets is not forbidden, such as in Wisconsin and other U.S. states, an exotic pet permit may be required.^ Place the baby raccoon in one and fill the other one with water.

^ If the dog is running raccoon and you think she/he may be putting the coon up - but is not barking - you might want to try putting a bell on the dog's collar in order to keep track of the dog.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ A baby raccoon that is raised alone without other baby raccoons has a greatly reduced chance of a successful release, and will be very difficult for you to keep happy.

[224][225]
.Sexually mature raccoons often show aggressive natural behaviors such as biting during the mating season.^ We were wondering if there is any type of call you can use to lure a raccoon in so that we can shoot it, such as any type of distress call, mating call, territorial call, or any suggestions you might have to give us?
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

^ Often there is a history of a bite by a raccoon 7-14 days before the signs started, but not always.
  • Raccoon Hunting Questions 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.rockdove.com [Source type: General]

[226] Neutering them at around five or six months of age decreases the chances of aggressive behavior developing.[227] .Raccoons can become obese and suffer from other disorders due to poor diet and lack of exercise.^ By about 6 weeks of age baby raccoons become more active and need more space to play and exercise.

[228] .When fed with cat food over a long time period, raccoons can develop gout.^ Baby raccoons rely on their mother for a long time.

^ Try feeding baby raccoons that are sucking on each other smaller amounts more frequently and allow them to suck on your fingers after each feeding for as long as you can spare the time.

[229] .With respect to the research results regarding their social behavior, it is now required by law in Austria and Germany to keep at least two individuals to prevent loneliness.^ Please keep wild babies separate from your pets and quarantine them for at least two weeks.

[230][231] .Raccoons are usually kept in a pen (indoor or outdoor), also a legal requirement in Austria and Germany, rather than in the apartment where their natural curiosity may result in damage to property.^ Baby raccoons love to suck, and what they really want, much like human babies, is more sucking rather than more formula.

[230][231][232]
When orphaned, it is possible for kits to be rehabilitated and reintroduced to the wild. .However, it is uncertain whether they re-adapt well to life in the wild.^ They’re also well known vectors for the rabies virus, so do NOT get yourself bitten by one.

^ But at the same time, I understand they’re wild animals and need to be respected and treated as such.

[233] .Feeding unweaned kits with cow milk rather than a kitten replacement milk or a similar product can be dangerous to their health.^ When you resume feeding if the baby continues to suck too strongly, try to hold the syringe plunger back a bit rather than depressing it.

^ KMR is a kitten milk replacement formula, and Esbilac is a puppy milk replacement formula, that you should be able to purchase at a vet clinic or pet store (both products are made by PetAg).

[234]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Timm, R., Cuarón, A.D., Reid, F. & Helgen, K. (2008). Procyon lotor. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ Seidl, Jennifer; McMordie, W. (1982). Fowler, F. G.; Fowler, H. W.; Sykes, John Bradbury. ed. TheF Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 851. ISBN 978-0191958724. 
  3. ^ Zeveloff, p. 42
  4. ^ Zeveloff, p. 1
  5. ^ Larivière, Serge (2004). "Range expansion of raccoons in the Canadian prairies: review of hypotheses". Wildlife Society Bulletin (Lawrence, Kansas: Allen Press) 32 (3): 955–963. doi:10.2193/0091-7648(2004)032[0955:REORIT2.0.CO;2]. ISSN 0091-7648. 
  6. ^ Zeveloff, p. 2
  7. ^ MacClintock, p. 5
  8. ^ Holmgren, p. 23; Zeveloff, p. 2
  9. ^ Holmgren, p. 52
  10. ^ Holmgren, pp. 75–76; Zeveloff, p. 2
  11. ^ FOXNews.com - Radio Talk Show Host Fired for Racial Slur Against Condoleezza Rice - Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party | Political Spectrum
  12. ^ Holmgren, pp. 47–67
  13. ^ Holmgren, pp. 64–67; Zeveloff, pp. 4–6
  14. ^ Holmgren, pp. 68–69; Zeveloff, p. 6
  15. ^ Hohmann, p. 44; Holmgren, p. 68
  16. ^ Zeveloff, p. 19
  17. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 16–18, 26
  18. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 20, 23
  19. ^ Zeveloff, p. 24
  20. ^ Koepfli, Klaus-Peter; Gompper, Matthew E.; Eizirik, Eduardo; Ho, Cheuk-Chung; Linden, Leif; Maldonado, Jesus E.; Wayne, Robert K. (June 2007). "Phylogeny of the Procyonidae (Mammalia: Carnivora): Molecules, morphology and the Great American Interchange" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (Amsterdam: Elsevier) 43 (3): 1076–1095. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.10.003. ISSN 1055-7903. http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/bitstream/10088/6026/1/Koepfli_2007phylogeny_of_the_procy.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  21. ^ Hohmann, p. 46; Zeveloff, p. 24
  22. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 42–46
  23. ^ Helgen, Kristofer M.; Wilson, Don E. (January 2003). "Taxonomic status and conservation relevance of the raccoons (Procyon spp.) of the West Indies". Journal of Zoology (Oxford: The Zoological Society of London) 259 (1): 69–76. doi:10.1017/S0952836902002972. ISSN 0952-8369. 
  24. ^ Helgen, Kristofer M.; Wilson, Don E. (2005). "A Systematic and Zoogeographic Overview of the Raccoons of Mexico and Central America". in Sánchez-Cordero, Víctor; Medellín, Rodrigo A.. Contribuciones mastozoológicas en homenaje a Bernardo Villa. Mexico City: Instituto de Ecología of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. pp. 230. ISBN 978-9703226030. http://books.google.de/books?id=PQphdAd9KKcC. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  25. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds). ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 627–628. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14001658. 
  26. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 59, 82–83
  27. ^ MacClintock, p. 9; Zeveloff, pp. 79–89
  28. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 79–81, 84
  29. ^ Hohmann, p. 77; Lagoni-Hansen, p. 15; Zeveloff, p. 58
  30. ^ Lagoni-Hansen, p. 16
  31. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 58–59
  32. ^ Lagoni-Hansen, p. 18
  33. ^ Hohmann, p.47–48; MacClintock, p. 44; Zeveloff, p. 108
  34. ^ MacClintock, p. 8; Zeveloff, p. 59
  35. ^ Bartussek, p.6; Zeveloff, p. 61
  36. ^ Hohmann, pp. 65–66
  37. ^ a b MacClintock, pp. 5–6; Zeveloff, p. 63
  38. ^ a b Zeveloff, p. 60
  39. ^ a b c d e Michler, Frank-Uwe; Köhnemann, Berit A. (May 2008). "Ökologische und ökonomische Bedeutung des Waschbären in Mitteleuropa – Eine Stellungnahme" (in German). „Projekt Waschbär“. http://www.projekt-waschbaer.de/aktuelles/stellungnahme/. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  40. ^ Hohmann, p. 57; Zeveloff, p. 71–72
  41. ^ Hohmann, p. 93; Zeveloff, p. 72
  42. ^ MacClintock, p. 28
  43. ^ Saunders, Andrew D. (March 1989). "Raccoon". Adirondack Mammals. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press. pp. 256. ISBN 978-0815681151. http://www.esf.edu/aec/adks/mammals/raccoon.htm. 
  44. ^ MacClintock, p. 33; Zeveloff, p. 72
  45. ^ MacClintock, p. 30; Zeveloff, p. 72
  46. ^ MacClintock, p. 29; Zeveloff, p. 73
  47. ^ Zeveloff, p. 64
  48. ^ Hohmann, p. 27; MacClintock, p. 84
  49. ^ Hohmann, p. 66; MacClintock, p. 92; Zeveloff, p. 73
  50. ^ Bartussek, p. 13; Hohmann, p. 55; Zeveloff, p. 70
  51. ^ Hohmann, p. 55
  52. ^ Hohmann, pp. 56–59; MacClintock, p. 15
  53. ^ Zeveloff, p. 69
  54. ^ Hohmann, p. 56
  55. ^ Hohmann, p. 57; Zeveloff, p. 70
  56. ^ MacClintock, p. 15; Zeveloff, p. 70
  57. ^ Hohmann, pp. 60–62
  58. ^ Hohmann, p. 63; MacClintock, p. 18; Zeveloff, p. 66
  59. ^ Hohmann, pp. 63–65; MacClintock, pp. 18–21; Zeveloff, pp. 66–67
  60. ^ Hohmann, pp. 67–70; MacClintock, p. 17; Zeveloff, pp. 68–69
  61. ^ Hohmann, pp. 66, 72; Zeveloff, p. 68
  62. ^ Davis, H. B. (October 1907). "The Raccoon: A Study in Animal Intelligence". The American Journal of Psychology (Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press) 18 (4): 447–489. doi:10.2307/1412576. 
  63. ^ a b Hohmann, pp. 71–72
  64. ^ Dehaene, Stanislas (1997). The number sense. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 12. ISBN 0-19-511004-8. 
  65. ^ Gehrt, Stanley D. (1994). Raccoon social organization in South Texas.  (Dissertation at the University of Missouri-Columbia)
  66. ^ Hohmann, pp. 133–155
  67. ^ Bartussek, pp. 10–12; Hohmann, pp. 141–142
  68. ^ Hohmann, pp. 152–154
  69. ^ Bartussek, p. 12; Hohmann, p. 140
  70. ^ Hohmann, pp. 124–126, 155
  71. ^ Hohmann, p. 133
  72. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 137–139
  73. ^ MacClintock, p. 61
  74. ^ MacClintock, pp. 60–61
  75. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 137–138
  76. ^ Zeveloff, pp. 68–69
  77. ^ Hohmann, pp. 142–147
  78. ^ Riddell, Jill (2002). "The City Raccoon and the Country Raccoon". Chicago Wilderness Magazine. Chicago Wilderness Magazine. http://chicagowildernessmag.org/issues/summer2002/raccoons.html. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  79. ^ a b Bartussek, p. 10; Zeveloff, p. 99
  80. ^ Hohmann, p. 82
  81. ^ Zeveloff, p. 102
  82. ^ Hohmann, pp. 85–88; MacClintock, pp. 44–45
  83. ^ Hohmann, p. 83
  84. ^ MacClintock, p. 44
  85. ^ MacClintock, pp. 108–113
  86. ^ Hohmann, p. 55; Zeveloff, p. 7
  87. ^ Lagoni-Hansen, p. 41; MacClintock, pp. 56–57
  88. ^ Holmgren, p. 70; Lagoni-Hansen, p. 41; MacClintock, p. 57; Zeveloff, p. 7
  89. ^ a b MacClintock, p. 57
  90. ^ Hohmann, pp. 44–45; Lagoni-Hansen, pp. 41–42; MacClintock, p. 57; Zeveloff, p. 7
  91. ^ Holmgren, p. 22 (pro); Lagoni-Hansen, p. 41 (contra); MacClintock, p. 57 (contra)
  92. ^ Hohmann, p. 150; MacClintock, p. 81; Zeveloff, p. 122
  93. ^ Zeveloff, p. 122
  94. ^ Hohmann, pp. 148–150; Lagoni-Hansen, p. 47; MacClintock, pp. 81–82
  95. ^ Hohmann, pp. 150–151
  96. ^ Hohmann, pp. 153–154
  97. ^ Gehrt, Stanley; Fritzell, Erik K. (March 1999). "Behavioural aspects of the raccoon mating system: determinants of consortship success". Animal behaviour (Amsterdam: Elsevier) 57 (3): 593–601. doi:10.1006/anbe.1998.1037. ISSN 0003-3472. 
  98. ^ Hohmann, p. 125; Lagoni-Hansen, p. 45; Zeveloff, p. 125
  99. ^ Hohmann, p. 131; Zeveloff, pp. 121, 126
  100. ^ Lagoni-Hansen, p. 50; Zeveloff, p. 126
  101. ^ Bartussek, p. 32; Zeveloff, p. 126
  102. ^ Hohmann, p. 163; MacClintock, p. 82; Zeveloff, pp. 123–127
  103. ^ Bartussek, p. 12; Hohmann, p. 111; MacClintock, p. 83
  104. ^ Hohmann, pp. 114, 117; Zeveloff, p. 127
  105. ^ Zeveloff, p. 127
  106. ^ Hohmann, p. 117
  107. ^ Hohmann, p. 119; MacClintock, pp. 94–95
  108. ^ Zeveloff, p. 129
  109. ^ Hohmann, pp. 126–127. Zeveloff, p. 130
  110. ^ Hohmann, p. 130; Zeveloff, pp. 132–133
  111. ^ Hohmann, p. 128; Zeveloff, p. 133
  112. ^ Zeveloff, p. 130
  113. ^ Bartussek, p. 6
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References

  • Bartussek, Ingo (2004) (in German). Die Waschbären kommen. Niedenstein, Germany: Cognitio. ISBN 978-3932583100. 
  • Hohmann, Ulf; Bartussek, Ingo; Böer, Bernhard (2001) (in German). Der Waschbär. Reutlingen, Germany: Oertel+Spörer. ISBN 978-3886273010. 
  • Holmgren, Virginia C. (1990). Raccoons in Folklore, History and Today's Backyards. Santa Barbara, California: Capra Press. ISBN 978-0884963127. 
  • Lagoni-Hansen, Anke (1981) (in German). Der Waschbär. Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-037-0. 
  • MacClintock, Dorcas (1981). A Natural History of Raccoons. Caldwell, New Jersey: The Blackburn Press. ISBN 978-1930665675. 
  • Zeveloff, Samuel I. (2002). Raccoons: A Natural History. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books. ISBN 978-1588340337. 

External links

.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.RACCOON (or RAcooN), a name borne by the typical representative of a group of American arboreal placental mammals belonging to the order Carnivora and the family Procyonidae.^ Raccoons belong to the raccoon family, Procyonidae.
  • Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Orders and families of recent mammals of the world.
  • Wildlife and Nature: Raccoon - British Columbia.com 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.britishcolumbia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoon Relatives The northern raccoon belongs to a large group of related mammals known as the Procyonidae family.
  • Resource Library - Other Animal Information - Northern Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bigrunwolfranch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The word is a corruption of the North-American Indian "arrathkune" or "arathcone." The Fr. raton or raton laveur, Ger. .Waschbdr, and other European names are derived from a curious habit the raccoon has of dipping or washing its food in water before eating it.^ Most names given to raccoons have to do with their habits.
  • Raccoon Page 2 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.iwrc-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This name originated from the myth that raccoons wash their food before eating.
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bio.davidson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do raccoons actually clean and wash their food?
  • Raccoon 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC home.sou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC home.sou.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The typical raccoon (Procyon lotor) is a thickly built animal about the size of a badger, with a coat of long coarse greyish-brown hairs, short ears, and a bushy black-and-white-ringed tail.^ Animal control will NOT do anything about raccoons.
  • Ballard family attacked by raccoon » My Ballard 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.myballard.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The bushy tail has from four to ten black rings.
  • Raccoon Photos and Facts (Procyon lotor) 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.nyfalls.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology .
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bio.davidson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its range extends over the whole of the United States, and stretches on the west northwards The Raccoon (Procyon lotor). to Alaska and southwards well into Central America, where it attains its maximum size.^ The raccoon, Procyon lotor , is native to North and Central America .
  • raccoon@Everything2.com 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology .
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bio.davidson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young Raccoons (Procyon lotor) .
  • Raccoon Stock Photos and Images. 493 Raccoon pictures and royalty free photography available to search from over 100 stock photo brands. 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.The following notes on the habits of the raccoon are from Dr C. Hart Merriam's The Mammals of the Adirondacks:- " Raccoons are omnivorous beasts and feed upon mice, small birds, birds' eggs, turtles and their eggs, frogs, fish, crayfish, molluscs, insects, nuts, fruits, maize and sometimes poultry.^ Crayfish, insects, birds, eggs, fish and young rabbits are eaten when available.
  • Nebraska Game and Parks Commission - Wildlife Species Guide - Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.ngpc.state.ne.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Crayfish, insects, rodents, frogs, and bird eggs are all possible components of a raccoon's diet.
  • Procyon lotor [raccoon] 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.islc.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their prey includes small animals and fruits or bird eggs making them omnivorous.
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bio.davidson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Excepting alone the bats and flying-squirrels, they are the most strictly nocturnal of all our mammals, and yet I have several times seen them abroad on cloudy days.^ With their bandit's mask and ringed tail, raccoons ( Procyon lotor ) are one of North America's most charismatic and recognizable species—even if they are not frequently seen due to their nocturnal habits.
  • Raccoons | The Humane Society of the United States 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoons are nocturnal, although they are sometimes active during the daytime, especially on cloudy days and in the spring.
  • Kness Raccoon Facts 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.kness.com [Source type: General]

^ Raccoon aren't known for their hunting abilities, however they will catch smaller mammals such as rats, mice, and squirrels for food.

.They haunt the banks of ponds and streams, and find much of their food in these places, such as crayfish, mussels and fish, although they are unable to dive and pursue the latter under water, like the otter and mink.^ He also became angry when they find food.

^ They make themselves right at home, whether in a forest or city, and they find food anywhere, whether in a pristine stream or garbage dump.
  • Resource Library - Other Animal Information - Northern Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bigrunwolfranch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raccoon aren't known for their hunting abilities, however they will catch smaller mammals such as rats, mice, and squirrels for food.

.They are good swimmers and do not hesitate to cross rivers that lie in their path..^ They walk like bears, with all four feet flat on the ground, and are good swimmers.
  • Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They spend a lot of time near waterways and are good swimmers.
  • Illinois Furbearer Guide: Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.dnr.state.il.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shadow says that they have crossed paths before and he explains how he got to her world.
  • Marine the Raccoon - Sonic News Network, the Sonic Wiki - Sonic heroes, villains, games, and more 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC sonic.wikia.com [Source type: General]

.. .The raccoon hibernates during the severest part of the winter, retiring to its nest rather early, and appearing again in February or March, according to the earliness or lateness of the season.^ Raccoon diets vary according to season.
  • Raccoon -- Procyon kyon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC enabled-gardener.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reproduction:   Mating season is from February to March.
  • Raccoon Photos and Facts (Procyon lotor) 16 September 2009 21:52 UTC www.nyfalls.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reproduction: Raccoons mate in the late winter or early spring.
  • Raccoon 28 January 2010 0:43 UTC www.esf.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It makes its home high up in the hollow of some large tree, preferring a dead limb to the trunk itself.^ They normally prefer the use of hollow trees, caves, or abandoned animal burrows for dens.
  • Racoon Traps for Trapping Raccoons. The #1 Humane Raccoon Trap 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.wildlife-traps.com [Source type: General]

^ They create homes called dens, and though they prefer to make a den in a tree, they will easily move into attics, basements, abandoned farmhouses, barns, and sewers.

^ Bird Feeders: To discourage the raiding of bird feeders by squirrels, wet area around bird feeder, including pole, tree limbs, trunk and leaves.
  • "GET AWAY"® Squirrel & Raccoon Repellent 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.biconet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It does little in the way of constructing a nest, and from four to six young are commonly born at a time, generally early in April in this region.^ Since raccoons are very solitary (spend most of their time alone), the mother often moves her young between nests to avoid contact with other raccoons.
  • Raccoon -- Procyon kyon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC enabled-gardener.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From four to six young are born in a single litter each spring, and family members live and travel together for about one year.

^ Three to six young are born in a hollow tree den in April or May.
  • Animal Tracks - Raccoon (Procyon lotor) 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bear-tracker.com [Source type: General]
  • http://www.humboldt.net/~tracker/coon.html 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.humboldt.net [Source type: General]

.The young remain with the mother about a year."^ Cubs are weaned at about 2 months, but they may remain with their mother through their first winter.
  • Raccoons | The Humane Society of the United States 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.hsus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From four to six young are born in a single litter each spring, and family members live and travel together for about one year.

^ Young are weaned at about 12 weeks and disperse in the fall or early winter; or they may stay with the mother until the following spring.

.The South-American species, P. cancrivorus, the crab-eating raccoon, is very similar to P. lotor, but differs by its shorter fur, larger size, proportionally more powerful teeth and other minor characters.^ It resembles the North American raccoon but has shorter, coarser fur.
  • raccoon (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other is the crab-eating raccoon.

^ Both northern and crab-eating raccoons eat crabs.
  • Raccoon 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.worldbook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It extends over the whole of South America, as far south as the Rio Negro, and is common in all suitable localities.^ All other raccoon relatives live in North, Central, and South America, but red pandas live in Asia.

^ Raccoons live from South Central Canada, all throughout the United States, and into the Northern part of South America.
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor) Socioecology 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.bio.davidson.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most common and well-known is the North American raccoon ( Procyon lotor ), which ranges from northern Canada and most of the United States southward into South America .
  • raccoon (mammal) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its habits are similar to those of the North-American species.^ North American Mammals, Smithsonian Institution Animal Diversity Web Global Invasive Species Database CalPhotos .
  • Discover Life - Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) - Raccoon, Common raccoon, Northern raccoon, Ursus 2 February 2010 9:30 UTC www.discoverlife.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]



Simple English

Common Raccoon (or Racoon)
File:Procyon lotor (Common raccoon).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Procyon
Species: P. lotor
Binomial name
Procyon lotor
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The Raccoon (Procyon lotor), also known as the Northern Raccoon, Common Raccoon, Washer Bear or Coon, is a widespread, medium-sized, omnivorous mammal native to North America.

Description

Recognized by its striped face and ringed tail, the raccoon has invaded almost every habitat and is commonly found even in towns and cities. The raccoon is curious, clever, and solitary and deceptively cuddly-looking. It owes its success to its ability to live in a wide variety of habitats and survive on a flexible diet. It usually dies because of traffic accidents and hunting.

Habitat

Although most raccoons live in the wild, close contact with humans does not bother them. They often nest in empty buildings, garages, sheds, and even the attics of houses. Since raccoons are nocturnal animals, they are most active at night. Raccoons do not hibernate in the winter, but those that live farther north, where it is colder, grow thick coats to keep them warm and spend long periods sleeping. Raccoons, when they are captured, can live up to 20 years, but they usually live in the wild only 1-3 years.

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Look up Procyon lotor in Wikispecies, a directory of species



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