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Coordinates: 46°03′15″N 14°30′31.70″E / 46.05417°N 14.508806°E / 46.05417; 14.508806

Radiotelevizija Slovenija
Radio Televizija Slovenija logo.png
Type Broadcast radio, television and online
Country  Slovenia
Launch date 1928 (radio)
1958 (television)
Former names Radio-Televizija Ljubljana
Official Website www.rtvslo.si

Radiotelevizija Slovenija or RTV Slovenija (English: Radio-Television Slovenia or, more commonly, RTV Slovenia) is the national public broadcasting organization of Slovenia. It is based in Ljubljana, with regional broadcasting centres in Koper and Maribor and correspondents around Slovenia, Europe and the world. It was established on October 28, 1928 as Radio Ljubljana, and launched a television service in 1958. RTV Slovenija's national radio services operate under the name Radio Slovenija, while the television division carries the name Televizija Slovenija or TV Slovenija. Sometimes, the names are Anglicised to Radio Slovenia and TV Slovenia, respectively.

The legal foundation for the institution is the Law on RTV Slovenia (Slovene: Zakon o RTV Slovenija). It is the only network in Slovenia with both radio and television stations. The law also requires it to air radio and television services for both indigenous minorities, which is done with the help of the regional broadcasting centres (Maribor for the Hungarian minority, Koper for the Italian minority). Approximately 73% of RTV Slovenia's funding comes from television licence fees [1].

Recently, RTV Slovenia has been increasingly active online, especially after a new multimedia portal has been introduced in 2002. The portal includes regular news updates, broadcast archives and live transmissions of most services, both radio and television, online.

Boy with a Flute by Zdenko Kalin, which stands in front of RTV Slovenija's main building and appears in the company's logo.

Contents

History

Radio Ljubljana signed on the air for the first time on September 1, 1928, with experimental broadcasts. By October 28, the radio station already had a scheduled programme. On April 11, 1941, the station's transmitter in Domžale was destroyed and the station was occupied by Italian Fascists.

On April 1, 1949 the first TV laboratory was established in Ljubljana, but was separate from the radio station. However, the task of setting up a television service was eventually assigned to Radio Ljubljana. On November 28, 1958 the TV channel got a regular schedule, but it was shared by other Yugoslav republics, with TV Ljubljana getting around 30% of airtime. TV Ljubljana produced its first broadcast for Eurovision, showing ski jumping in Planica, in 1960. During that decade, the amount of programming produced exclusively for Slovenian audiences increased substantially. On April 15, 1968, the main evening newscast was broadcast in the Slovenian language for the first time. It had previously originated in Belgrade and was produced in Serbo-Croatian.

In 1971, TV Koper/Capodistria, a subsidiary of RTV Ljubljana, was launched as the first bilingual TV station in Slovenia, serving the Italian community in Slovenia and Croatia. However, it enjoyed huge popularity in many parts of Italy. There, RAI still had a monopoly on television, so many Italians eagerly tuned into the new Yugoslav station, which broadcast mostly in color. Private companies built transmitters and translators in various parts of Italy that made TV Koper-Capodistria (generally known as "Telecapodistria" in Italy) available to millions of Italians. Because the station used the PAL color standard, Italians bought PAL TV sets in large numbers, ending the hopes of the French government that Italy might adopt its SECAM system instead. With the advent of privately owned, purely commercial television in Italy, the station's popularity eventually began to diminish.

During the 1970s, TV Ljubljana's main service was also gradually converted to color. In 1984, teletext was introduced, while in 1989, Radio Ljubljana started transmitting an RDS signal.

RTV Ljubljana also included a record label branch ZKP RTLJ (Založba kaset in plošč Radiotelevizije Ljubljana), today known as ZKP RTVS (Založba kaset in plošč Radiotelevizije Slovenija).

At first, TV Ljubljana's second television network primarily relayed programs from other Yugoslav television stations. In the late 1980s, however, the percentage of TV Ljubljana's own programs on the second network increased dramatically.

A year before Slovenia's independence in 1991, the institution was renamed to Radiotelevizija Slovenija (from RTV Ljubljana). On January 1, 1993, RTV Slovenia was admitted as a full active member of the European Broadcasting Union following the collapse of Yugoslavia, and starte to take part to Eurovision Song Contest.

In the mid- to late 1990s, TV Slovenia began to face increased competition from Slovenia's commercial television stations. The public broadcaster's specific role is still being debated, and overstaffing is widely considered to be a serious problem.

In 2001, RTV Slovenia's Multimedia Centre was established to help introduce new technologies.

RTV Slovenia also finances its own symphony orchestra: Simfonični orkester RTV Slovenija (since 1956) and a big band: Big Band RTV Slovenija.

On November 12, 2005 a law was passed stating that Radio-television Slovenia is “a public institution of special cultural and national importance..." [1]

In May 2008 TV Slovenia began to air new TV program – TV Slovenija 3 for live Parliament coverage.

In August 2008 TV Slovenia broadcasted first HD event – Olympic Games 2008 on test DVB-T channel.

Radio services

There are 3 national and 4 regional radio services, which can all be heard online as well.

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National

RTV Slovenia's national radio networks are based in Ljubljana and broadcast in Slovene. They can be heard throughout Slovenia.

  • A1 (first network): A traditional service with a variety of specialized broadcasts, reportages, newscasts, and a wide range of music
  • Val 202 (second network): A more populist service with an emphasis on pop music, newscasts and news updates, talk segments, lifestyle reports, and live sports coverage
  • ARS (third network): A cultural service dominated by classical music, radio drama, and other highbrow programming

Regional

RTV Slovenia's regional radio stations are based in regional RTV centres, and broadcast in Slovenian and/or the languages of the indigenous minorities in the area. They can be heard only in their own regions.

The stations are:

  • Radio Koper (in Slovenian, based in Koper, received in the Slovenian Littoral)
  • Radio Capodistria (in Italian, based in Koper, received in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Slovenian Littoral, and Istria)
  • Radio Maribor (in Slovenian, based in Maribor, received in Northeastern Slovenia)
  • MMR – Pomurski madžarski radio (Hungarian: Muravidéki Magyar Rádió) (broadcasting in Hungarian, based in RTV Maribor's Lendava studio, received in Prekmurje)

Other

Other radio services:

  • Radio Slovenia International (RSi; in English and German, based in Maribor, heard in various places around Slovenia and southeastern Austria; for expatriates, tourists, English-speaking Slovenians, and foreigners)

Television services

RTV Slovenia operates three national and two regional television services. All except Tele M can be watched online.

National

RTV Slovenia's national television networks can be watched all over Slovenia and are based in Ljubljana. They are broadcast in Slovenian.

  • TV Slovenija 1: A general-interest television service with newscasts, feature films, documentaries, talk shows, series, children's programming, variety shows, and live coverage of significant national events.
  • TV Slovenija 2: A more specialized service with programs generally aimed at narrower audiences, sitcoms, a wide range of live sports coverage, but virtually no news.
  • TV Slovenija 3: Specialized service dedicated to airing full unedited proceedings of the Slovenian Parliament and Committees live, it also features documentaries, interviews and news.
  • TV Slovenija HD: TVS 1 in high-definition

Regional

Each of the regional RTV centres has its own television facilities. While TV Koper/Capodistria is bilingual (Italian and Slovenian), the Hungarian public has no regional station, but has regular broadcasts on TV Slovenija 1.

The regional stations are:

  • Tele M (in Slovenian, based in Maribor, received in Northeastern Slovenia) Also has Hungarian language programming.

Ident history

Years Description
September 1990 – today Boy with a Flute and name in two versions: a longer "RADIOTELEVIZIJA SLOVENIJA" or a shorter "RTV SLO".

Logos

Logos used from 1991 – 1997.
Logos used from 1997 – 2001.
Logos used from 2001 – February 2007.
Logos used from February 2007 – present.


Clocks

Clocks on TV Slovenija were introduced in 1959.

The current clock is used from 2007 until now. The clock is white on the blue background, next to the clock is advert. (Was changed slightly in 2009, where the name "TELEVIZIJA SLOVENIJA" was moved from beside the clock to the clock's face and changing tip seconds from white to red.)

Test cards

The test card TV Slovenija is PM5544, introduced in 1970s. Nowadays test cards are rarely broadcast.

  • 1970s–1983 PM5544 with upper text "JRT" and lower text "RTV-LJNA".
  • 1983–1985 The testcard has been modified, where revised upper text "RTV" and lower text "LJUBLJANA".
  • 1985–1990 The testcard has again been modified, where updated upper text to "RTV-1".
  • 1990-now Modified testcard. Upper text is "TV", lower text is "SLOVENIJA".

Closing and Opening Times

SLO1

  • 1960s–1985 opens at 13:00 and close at 23:00 along with other Yugoslavian TVs
  • 1985–1991 opens at 08:00 and close at 00:00 along with other Yugoslavian TVs
  • 1991–1995 opens between 07:45 and 10:30 and close between 23:15 and 01:30
  • 1995–1998 opens between 07:00 and 09:45 and close between 00:00 and 02:15
  • 1998–2000 opens between 06:30 and 08:00 and close between 00:45 and 03:00
  • 2000–2002 opens between 06:00 and 07:00 and close between 01:30 and 03:30
  • 2002–present: 24 hour

SLO2

  • 1970s–1991 opens at 17:00 and close at 01:00 along with other Yugoslavian channel 2's
  • 1991–1993 opens between 12:45 and 16:30 and close between 23:00 and 01:00
  • 1993–1997 opens between 10:00 and 14:30 and close between 00:00 and 02:15
  • 1997–2003 opens between 07:00 and 11:15 and close between 00:45 and 03:00
  • 2003–present: 24 hour

SLO3

  • 2008–2009 opens at 08:00 and close at 00:00
  • 2009–present: 24 hour

References

External links


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