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Ragnar Arthur Granit
Born October 30, 1900
Vantaa, Finland
Died March 12, 1991 (aged 90)
Stockholm, Sweden
Residence Finland, Sweden
Citizenship Finnish (1900-1991)
Swedish (1940-1991)
Fields Physiology
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1967)

Ragnar Arthur Granit (October 30, 1900, Vantaa, Finland – March 12, 1991, Stockholm, Sweden) was a Finnish/Swedish scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1967 along with Haldan Keffer Hartline and George Wald.

Granit graduated in 1927 from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Helsinki, Finland. When Finland became the target of a massive Soviet attack in 1940 during the Winter War (1939 - 1940), Granit sought refuge - and peaceful surroundings for his studies and research work - in the neighbouring capital of Sweden, Stockholm, at the age of 40.

In the same year, 1940, Granit also received Swedish citizenship, which made it possible for him to go on with his work and live without having to worry about the war, which lasted until 1945 in Finland. Granit kept his Finnish citizenship as well, and he remained a patriotic Finn throughout his life. After the Finnish-Russian Wars, Granit kept homes both in Finland and Sweden.

Granit was professor of neurophysiology at the Karolinska Institutet from 1946 to his retirement in 1967.

Granit said that his Nobel prize "belongs fifty-fifty to Finland and Sweden".

References

  • Kernell, D (December 2000). "Ragnar Granit 100 years--memories and reflections". Journal of the history of the neurosciences 9 (3): 280–5. doi:10.1076/jhin.9.3.280.1791. PMID 11232369.  
  • Noguera Palau JJ (April 2000). "[Ragnar Granit. Helsinki (1900-1991)]". Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología 75 (4): 293–4. PMID 11151162.  
  • Raju, T N (August 1999). "The Nobel Chronicles. 1967: George Wald (1906-97); Ragnar A Granit (1900-91); and Haldan Keffer Hartline (1903-83)". Lancet 354 (9178): 605. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)77968-X. PMID 10470741.  
  • Shampo, M A; Kyle R A (November 1998). "Ragnar Granit--Nobel Laureate in Medicine". Mayo Clin. Proc. 73 (11): 1082. PMID 9818044.  
  • Grillner, S (. 1995). "Ragnar Granit - 30 October 1900--11 March 1991". Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain) 41: 183–97. PMID 11615354.  
  • Bouman, H D (February 1968). "Ragnar Granit, M.D., Ph.D". American journal of physical medicine 47 (1): 1. PMID 4868641.  
  • Dolwing, J E; Ratliff F (October 1967). "Nobel prize: 3 named for medicine, physiology award (George Wald, Ragnar Granit and Haldan Keffer Hartline)". Science 158 (800): 468–73. doi:10.1126/science.158.3800.468. PMID 4860394.  

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Simple English


Ragnar Arthur Granit (Born 30 October, 1900 in Riihimäki, Finland - died 31 March 1990, in Stockholm, Sweden) was a Finnish doctor and scientist who won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the eye.

History

His father was a forester, Arthur Wilhelm Granit, and his mother was Albertina Helena Malmberg Granit. Granit married Baroness Marguerite Emma Bruun ("Daisy") in 1929. Their son Michael Granit (b. 1930) is an architect.

For his research into the internal electrical impulses that take place as the eye processes vision, Ragnar Granit was given the 1967 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology.

Granit obtained dual citizenship with Sweden during World War II, and once said that his Nobel Prize "belongs fifty-fifty to Finland and Sweden".

Education

  • High School: Swedish Normallyceum, Helsinki (1919)
  • University: Åbo Akademi University (1919)
  • University: BS Medicine, University of Helsinki (1924)
  • University: BS Philosophy, University of Helsinki (1924)
  • Medical School: MD, University of Helsinki (1927)
  • Scholar: Oxford University (1927-28)
  • Scholar: Physiology, University of Helsinki (1929, 1932-33)
  • Scholar: Medical Physics, University of Pennsylvania (1929-31)
  • Professor: Physiology, University of Helsinki (1935-40)
  • Professor: Physiology, Rockefeller University (1956-66)
  • Scholar: Royal Caroline Institute, Stockholm (1940-46)
  • Professor: Neurophysiology, Royal Caroline Institute, Stockholm (1946-67)


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